Procedure : 2014/2161(BUD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0075/2014

Texts tabled :

A8-0075/2014

Debates :

Votes :

PV 17/12/2014 - 10.9
Explanations of votes
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2014)0094

REPORT     
PDF 162kWORD 75k
15.12.2014
PE 541.357v04-00 A8-0075/2014

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the mobilisation of the European Union Solidarity Fund, in accordance with point 11 of the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013 between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management (Floods in Serbia, Croatia and Bulgaria)

(COM(2014)0648 – C8‑0223/2014 – 2014/2161(BUD))

Committee on Budgets

Rapporteur: José Manuel Fernandes

MOTION FOR A EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION
 ANNEX: DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE

MOTION FOR A EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the mobilisation of the European Union Solidarity Fund, in accordance with point 11 of the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013 between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management (Floods in Serbia, Croatia and Bulgaria)

(COM(2014)0648 – C8‑0223/2014 – 2014/2161(BUD))

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to the Commission proposal to the European Parliament and the Council (COM(2014)0648 – C8‑0223/2014),

–       having regard to the Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002 of 11 November 2002 establishing the European Union Solidarity Fund(1), and in particular Article 4 (3) thereof,

–       having regard to Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 of 2 December 2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020(2), and in particular Article 10 thereof,

–       having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013 between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management(3), and in particular point 11 thereof,

–       having regard to the Joint conclusions agreed by the Parliament and the Council on 8 December 2014;

–       having regard to the report of the Committee on Budgets (A8-0075/2014),

1.      Approves the decision annexed to this resolution;

2.      Instructs its President to sign the decision with the President of the Council and arrange for its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union;

3.      Instructs its President to forward this resolution, including its annex, to the Council and the Commission.

(1)

OJ L 311, 14.11.2002, p. 3.

(2)

OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 884.

(3)

OJ C 373, 20.12.2013, p. 1.


ANNEX: DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

on the mobilisation of the European Union Solidarity Fund

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to the Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002 of 11 November 2002 establishing the European Union Solidarity Fund(1), and in particular Article 4 (3) thereof,

Having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013 between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management(2), and in particular point 11 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

Whereas:

(1)         The European Union has created a European Union Solidarity Fund (the "Fund") to show solidarity with the population of regions struck by disasters.

(2)         Article 10 of Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 (3) allows the mobilisation of the Fund within the annual ceiling of EUR 500 million (2011 prices).

(3)         Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002 contains the provisions whereby the Fund may be mobilised.

(4)         Serbia has submitted an application to mobilise the Fund, concerning floods.

(5)         Croatia has submitted an application to mobilise the Fund, concerning floods.

(6)         Bulgaria has submitted an application to mobilise the Fund, concerning floods.

HAVE ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

For the general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2014, the European Union Solidarity Fund shall be mobilised to provide the sum of EUR 79 726 440 in commitment appropriations.

For the general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2015, the European Union Solidarity Fund shall be mobilised to provide the sum of EUR 79 726 440 in payment appropriations

Article 2

This Decision shall be published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at

For the European Parliament                      For the Council

The President                                                The President

(1)

              OJ L 311, 14.11.2002, p. 3.

(2)

              OJ C 373, 20.12.2013, p. 1.

(3)

              Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 of 2 December 2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013), p. 884.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

The Commission proposes to mobilise the European Solidarity Fund in favour of floods in Serbia and Croatia in May 2014 and to floods in Bulgaria in June 2014 on the basis of point 11 of the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013.

During the month of May 2014, severe weather hit major parts of the Republic of Serbia and to a lesser degree Croatia, leading to some of the worst floods in living memory, causing massive destruction of public and private infrastructure, as well as damaging hundreds of thousands of households. A month later, intense and heavy rainfall exceeding up to four times the monthly climatic norms affected parts of the Republic of Bulgaria leading to serious flooding and disruption.

The Commission has carried out a thorough examination of all three applications in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002 establishing the European Union Solidarity Fund as amended by Regulation (EU) No 661/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council (hereafter "the Regulation"),and in particular with Articles 2, 3 and 4 thereof.

The flooding is of natural origin and therefore falls within the field of application of the Solidarity Fund.

Serbia - Major parts of Serbia were affected by severe weather conditions during May 2014, leading to some of the worst floods in living memory that caused massive destruction of public and private infrastructure, as well as damaging hundreds of thousands of households. The hardest hit economic sectors are energy, mining, and agriculture but significant damages were also inflicted on transport infrastructure (roads, bridges and railways), as well as on numerous facilities for flood and coastal protection.

The Serbian authorities estimate the total direct damage caused by the disaster at EUR 1,1 billion. It is based on the results of the Recovery Needs Assessment carried out with the participation of the EU and international organisations in the immediate aftermath of the disaster. This amount represents 3,8 % of Serbia’s GNI and exceeds the threshold for mobilising the Solidarity Fund of EUR 174,7 million applicable to Serbia in 2014 (i.e. 0,6 % of GNI based on 2012 data). As the estimated total direct damage exceeds the threshold the disaster qualifies as a “major natural disaster”, according to Article 2(2) of the Regulation. The financial assistance may only be used for essential emergency and recovery operations as defined in Article 3 of the Regulation.

Croatia – The east part of Croatia was affected by the same weather conditions that affected Serbia, causing serious damage, albeit to a lesser degree. The flood caused considerable damage to residential, commercial, communal and infrastructure facilities, as well as to agricultural crops and livestock. Over 26 000 people had to be evacuated. Energy networks failed, roads and bridges were seriously damaged and/or buried in landslides or washed-up mud. Some 2 700 residential buildings and over 4 000 farm buildings were flooded, many of which suffered structural damage.

The Croatian authorities estimate the total direct damage caused by the disaster at EUR 297,6 million. This amount represents 0,7 % of Croatia’s GNI and exceeds the threshold for mobilising the Solidarity Fund of EUR 254,2 million applicable to Croatia in 2014 (i.e. 0,6 % of GNI based on 2012 data). As the estimated total direct damage exceeds the threshold the disaster qualifies as a “major natural disaster”.

As regards the implementation of Union legislation on disaster risk prevention and management related to the nature of the disaster Croatia is in the process of implementing Directive 2007/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks (the “Floods Directive”) . Preliminary flood risk assessments have been carried out. Flood hazard maps and flood risk maps were established for two pilot areas and are in progress for other areas. Flood risk management plans are in the preparatory phase but have not yet been established.

Bulgaria – A month later, some areas in Bulgaria were affected by intense and heavy rainfall exceeding up to four times the monthly climatic norms leading to serious flooding. There was damage to public infrastructure and facilities in the areas of energy, water and water resources, telecommunications, transport, health, education, emergency services, cultural heritage and protected natural areas. Abundant deposits of washed up soil and waste, sewerage overflow and discharge of waste water have worsened the living conditions in the affected areas.

The Bulgarian authorities estimate the total direct damage caused by the disaster at EUR 311,3 million. This amount represents 0,8 % of Bulgaria’s GNI and exceeds the threshold for mobilising the Solidarity Fund of EUR 232,5 million applicable to Bulgaria in 2014 (i.e. 0,6 % of GNI based on 2012 data). As the estimated total direct damage exceeds the threshold the disaster qualifies as a “major natural disaster”.

As regards the implementation of Union legislation on disaster risk prevention and management related to the nature of the disaster Bulgaria has transposed Directive 2007/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks (the “Floods Directive”) in 2010 into national law and a preliminary flood risk assessment for each river basin district has been conducted based on a methodology for flood risk and flood hazard assessment developed by the Ministry of Environment and Water.

The Bulgarian authorities indicated that damage amounting to some EUR 2,3 million in the health sector is covered by insurance. This amount was deducted from eligible cost.

In the light of the examination of the applications(1) and considering the maximum possible grant from the Fund as well as the scope for reallocating appropriations, the Commission proposes to mobilise the European Union Solidarity Fund for a total amount of EUR 79 726 440.

The methodology for calculating Solidarity Fund aid was set out in the 2002-2003 Annual Report on the Solidarity Fund and accepted by the Council and the European Parliament.

It is proposed to apply the same percentages and to grant the following aid amounts:

Disaster

Direct damage(million EUR)

 

Major disaster threshold(million EUR)

 

Total cost of eligible operations(million EUR)

 

2.5% of direct damage up to threshold

(EUR)

6% of direct damage above threshold

(EUR)

Capping applied

Total amount of aid proposed

(EUR)

Serbia

1 105,622

174,649

381,967

4 366 225

55 858 380

no

60 224 605

Croatia

297,629

254,229

108,799

6 355 725

2 604 000

no

8 959 725

Bulgaria

311,328

232,502

285,440

5 812 550

4 729 560

no

10 542 110

TOTAL

 

79 726 440

This is the second proposal for mobilisation decision of 2014, and the total amount of aid proposed above complies with the provisions of the Multi-Annual Financial Framework (MFF) regulation foreseeing a total amount of EUR 530,6 million (EUR 500 million in 2011 prices).

In conclusion, it is proposed to mobilise the Solidarity Fund for each of these cases and to enter the total appropriations for Croatia and Bulgaria of EUR 19 501 835 into budget 2014 on budget article 13 06 01 and the corresponding appropriations of EUR 60 224 605 for Serbia on budget article 13 06 02 (dedicated to accession countries), both in commitment and in payment appropriations.

As the Solidarity Fund is a special instrument as defined in the MFF regulation, the corresponding appropriations should be budgeted outside the corresponding MFF ceilings.

In parallel to the proposal to mobilise the Solidarity Fund the Commission has presented a draft amending budget (DAB No 7/2014 of 17/10/2014.) in order to enter in the 2014 budget the corresponding commitment as foreseen in point 26 of the IIA, and the corresponding payment appropriations are shifted into 2015 budget. The position of the Council on DAB No 7/2014, concerning the financing of this decision, modifies the initial proposal of the Commission. The position of the Parliament will be set out when adopting its position on DAB No 7/2014.

According to point 26 of the IIA of 17 May 2006, when presenting this proposal to deploy the Fund, the Commission initiates the simplified trilogue procedure in view of securing the agreement of the two arms of the Budgetary Authority on the need to use the Fund and the amount required.

The Rapporteur recommends the approval of the Commission proposal for a decision annexed to this report.

(1)

              C(2014) 7380.


RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE

Date adopted

15.12.2014

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

36

1

0

Members present for the final vote

Jean Arthuis, Richard Ashworth, Reimer Böge, Lefteris Christoforou, Jean-Paul Denanot, Gérard Deprez, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, Iris Hoffmann, Monika Hohlmeier, Bernd Kölmel, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Vladimír Maňka, Sophie Montel, Clare Moody, Siegfried Mureşan, Victor Negrescu, Jan Olbrycht, Younous Omarjee, Pina Picierno, Paul Rübig, Petri Sarvamaa, Patricija Šulin, Eleftherios Synadinos, Isabelle Thomas, Inese Vaidere, Marco Valli, Monika Vana, Daniele Viotti, Marco Zanni

Substitutes present for the final vote

Tamás Deutsch, Pablo Echenique, Ernest Maragall, Andrej Plenković, Sergei Stanishev, Nils Torvalds

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