Procedure : 2015/0296(CNS)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0063/2016

Texts tabled :

A8-0063/2016

Debates :

Votes :

PV 12/04/2016 - 5.4
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2016)0097

REPORT     *
PDF 438kWORD 243k
18.3.2016
PE 575.288v03-00 A8-0063/2016

on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC on the common system of value added tax, with regard to the duration of the obligation to respect a minimum standard rate

(COM(2015)0646 – C8‑0009/2016 – 2015/0296(CNS))

Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs

Rapporteur: Peter Simon

AMENDMENTS
DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC on the common system of value added tax, with regard to the duration of the obligation to respect a minimum standard rate

(COM(2015)0646 – C8‑0009/2016 – 2015/0296(CNS))

(Special legislative procedure – consultation)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to the Council (COM(2015)0646),

–  having regard to Article 113 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Council consulted Parliament (C8‑0009/2016),

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (A8-0063/2016),

1.  Approves the Commission proposal as amended;

2.  Regrets that the Commission published its proposal so late which means that the application of a minimum standard rate of VAT will be retroactive;

3.  Calls on the Commission to alter its proposal accordingly, in accordance with Article 293(2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union;

4.  Calls on the Council to notify Parliament if it intends to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

5.  Asks the Council to consult Parliament again if it intends to substantially amend the Commission proposal;

6.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – point 1

Directive 2006/112/EC

Article 97

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

From 1 January 2016 until 31 December 2017, the standard rate may not be lower than 15 %.

From 1 January 2016 until 31 December 2018, the standard rate may not be lower than 15%.

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

The VAT Directive provides that from 1 January 2011 until 31 December 2015, the standard rate may not be less than 15 %. This provision based on Article 113 TFEU stipulates that the Council shall adopt provisions for the harmonisation of legislation concerning turnover taxes to the extent that such harmonisation is necessary to ensure the establishment and functioning of the internal market and to avoid distortion of competition.

With a view to establishing the internal market on 1 January 1993, the Commission presented proposals intended to set up a definitive system of tax harmonisation.

However, when it became clear that it would be impossible to adopt the Commission's proposals before 1 January 1993, the Council decided to adopt a transitional system. With regard to VAT rates, it adopted Directive 92/77/EEC.

That Directive introduced a system of minimum rates. It stipulated that from 1 January 1993 to 31 December 1996, the standard rate could not be set lower than 15 % in any Member State. This provision has been extended five times and applied until 31 December 2015.

Minimum rates in the field of VAT are justified by the fact that VAT at origin, rather than destination, is still applied to cross-border shopping and distance sales below a threshold. Hence, a minimum standard rate applied in all Member States – as is currently the case – provides a useful safeguard to the proper functioning of the internal market.

Considering that all Member States currently levy a standard rate above 15 %, the current arrangement for a minimum standard rate of 15 % also ensures room for manoeuvre for Member States, allowing for VAT reforms intending to reduce the standard rate by broadening the VAT base and limiting the use of reduced rates.

On 6 December 2011, the Commission adopted a Communication on the future of VAT which proposed that the origin principle be abandoned and described several ways of achieving taxation at destination. In 2016 the Commission will publish an action plan for a simple, efficient and fraud-proof definitive system of value added tax tailored to the single market.

The action plan will set out the directions for future work following the achievements attained since the 2011 Communication. It will in particular set out the main features of the definitive VAT regime for intra-EU trade that the Commission wants to propose and the reforms it envisages to adapt the existing rules on VAT rates to a definitive regime characterised by the destination principle.

In these circumstances, and pending the decisions on the final shape of the definitive regime, your rapporteur agrees with the Commission's proposal to retroactively maintain the principle of a minimum standard VAT rate of 15 %, and to propose that the current arrangements be extended for three years (until 31 December 2018).

Your rapporteur agrees that this time frame would ensure that stakeholders have the necessary legal certainty, and allows a more comprehensive discussion on VAT rates in connection with the forthcoming action plan on VAT.

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Common system of value added tax, with regard to the duration of the obligation to respect a minimum standard rate

References

COM(2015)0646 – C8-0009/2016 – 2015/0296(CNS)

Date of consulting Parliament

15.1.2016

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ECON

21.1.2016

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

JURI

21.1.2016

 

 

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

JURI

28.1.2016

 

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Peter Simon

21.1.2016

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

22.2.2016

16.3.2016

 

 

Date adopted

16.3.2016

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

41

5

4

Members present for the final vote

Gerolf Annemans, Udo Bullmann, Esther de Lange, Fabio De Masi, Markus Ferber, Jonás Fernández, Elisa Ferreira, Roberto Gualtieri, Brian Hayes, Gunnar Hökmark, Danuta Maria Hübner, Cătălin Sorin Ivan, Diane James, Petr Ježek, Othmar Karas, Georgios Kyrtsos, Werner Langen, Sander Loones, Bernd Lucke, Ivana Maletić, Marisa Matias, Emmanuel Maurel, Costas Mavrides, Bernard Monot, Luděk Niedermayer, Stanisław Ożóg, Dariusz Rosati, Pirkko Ruohonen-Lerner, Alfred Sant, Molly Scott Cato, Peter Simon, Theodor Dumitru Stolojan, Paul Tang, Michael Theurer, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Ernest Urtasun, Marco Valli, Cora van Nieuwenhuizen, Miguel Viegas, Jakob von Weizsäcker, Steven Woolfe

Substitutes present for the final vote

Matt Carthy, Mady Delvaux, Ashley Fox, Eva Paunova, Michel Reimon, Siôn Simon, Antonio Tajani, Romana Tomc

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Vladimir Urutchev

Date tabled

18.3.2016

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