Procedure : 2016/2271(INI)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0183/2017

Texts tabled :

A8-0183/2017

Debates :

PV 31/05/2017 - 20
CRE 31/05/2017 - 20

Votes :

PV 01/06/2017 - 7.9
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2017)0240

REPORT     
PDF 471kWORD 108k
10.5.2017
PE 595.761v03-00 A8-0183/2017

on digitising European industry

(2016/2271(INI))

Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

Rapporteur: Reinhard Bütikofer

AMENDMENTS
MOTION FOR A EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs
 OPINION of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection
 OPINION of the Committee on Transport and Tourism
 OPINION of the Committee on Culture and Education
 INFORMATION ON ADOPTION IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

MOTION FOR A EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION

on digitising European industry

(2016/2271(INI))

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to Article 173 (Title XVII) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), which concerns EU industrial policy and refers, among other things, to the competitiveness of the Union's industry,

–  having regard to Articles 9, 11 and 16 TFEU,

  having regard to Protocol No 1 to the TFEU on the role of national parliaments in the European Union,

  having regard to Protocol No 2 to the TFEU on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality,

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 19 April 2016 entitled ‘Digitising European Industry - Reaping the full benefits of a Digital Single Market’ (COM(2016)0180),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 19 April 2016 entitled ‘European Cloud Initiative - Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe’ (COM(2016)0178),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 19 April 2016 entitled ‘ICT Standardisation Priorities for the Digital Single Market’ (COM(2016)0176),

–  having regard to the Commission staff working document of 19 April 2016 entitled ‘Quantum technologies’ (SWD(2016)0107),

–  having regard to the Commission staff working document of 19 April 2016 entitled ‘Advancing the Internet of Things in Europe’ (SWD(2016)0110),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 2 July 2014 entitled ‘Towards a thriving data-driven economy’ (COM(2014)0442),

–  having regard to its resolution of 19 January 2016 entitled ‘Towards a Digital Single Market Act’(1),

–  having regard to its resolution of 9 March 2011 entitled ‘An Industrial Policy for the Globalised Era’(2),

–  having regard to its resolution of 16 June 2010 on EU 2020(3),

–  having regard to its resolution of 15 June 2010 on Community innovation policy in a changing world(4),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 28 October 2010 entitled ‘An Integrated Industrial Policy for the Globalised Era - Putting Competitiveness and Sustainability at Centre Stage’ (COM(2010)0614),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 3 March 2010 entitled ‘Europe 2020 – A Strategy for Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth’ (COM(2010)2020),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 6 October 2010 entitled ‘Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative: Innovation Union’ (COM(2010)0546),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 4 July 2007 entitled ‘Mid-term review of industrial policy - A contribution to the EU's Growth and Jobs Strategy’ (COM(2007)0374),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 6 May 2015 entitled ‘A Digital Single Market Strategy for Europe’ (COM(2015)0192), the accompanying Commission staff working document (SWD(2015)0100) and the subsequent legislative and non-legislative proposals,

–  having regard to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 September 2013 laying down measures concerning the European single market for electronic communications and to achieve a Connected Continent, and amending Directives 2002/20/EC, 2002/21/EC and 2002/22/EC and Regulations (EC) No 1211/2009 and (EU) No 531/2012 (COM(2013)0627),

–  having regard to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 March 2013 on measures to reduce the cost of deploying high-speed electronic communications networks (COM(2013)0147),

–  having regard to the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 February 2013 concerning measures to ensure a high common level of network and information security across the Union (COM(2013)0048),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 10 October 2012 entitled ‘A Stronger European Industry for Growth and Economic Recovery’ (COM(2012)0582),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 22 January 2014 entitled ‘For a European Industrial Renaissance’ (COM(2014)0014),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 3 October 2012 entitled ‘Single Market Act II – Together for new growth’ (COM(2012)0573),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 13 April 2011 to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions entitled ‘Single Market Act: Twelve levers to boost growth and strengthen confidence’ (COM(2011)0206),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 27 October 2010 to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions entitled ‘Towards a Single Market Act: For a highly competitive social market economy – 50 proposals for improving our work, business and exchanges with one another’ (COM(2010)0608),

  having regard to the Commission communication of 10 January 2017 to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions entitled ‘Building a European Data Economy’ (COM(2017)0009),

–  having regard to its resolution of 15 January 2014 on reindustrialising Europe to promote competitiveness and sustainability(5),

–  having regard to its resolution of 10 December 2013 on unleashing the potential of cloud computing in Europe(6),

–  having regard to its resolution of 12 September 2013 entitled ‘The Digital Agenda for Growth, Mobility and Employment: time to move up a gear’(7),

–  having regard to its resolution of 12 June 2012 entitled ‘Critical information infrastructure protection ‒ achievements and next steps: towards global cyber-security’(8),

  having regard to its resolution of 13 December 2016 on a coherent EU policy for cultural and creative industries(9),

–  having regard to its resolution of 5 May 2010 entitled ‘Á new Digital Agenda for Europe: 2015.eu’(10),

–  having regard to its resolution of 15 June 2010 on the Internet of Things(11),

  having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 14 July 2016, entitled ‘Industry 4.0 and digital transformation: Where to go’,

–  having regard to Rule 52 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy and the opinions of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, the Committee on Transport and Tourism and the Committee on Culture and Education (A8-0183/2017),

A.  whereas energetic efforts with concrete policies, actions and incentives to reindustrialise the EU and its Member States should be pursued with the aim of combining competitiveness and sustainability, quality job creation and inclusiveness; recalling the EU’s target that 20 % of Union GDP should be based on industry by 2020, which must necessarily take into account the structural transformation of the industrial sector resulting from digital disruption and the emergence of new business models;

B.  whereas European industry represents the basis of Europe’s economy and wealth, and is facing major challenges arising from faster globalisation and innovation trends;

C.  whereas the digitisation of industrial manufacturing helps increase the resilience, energy and resource efficiency, innovation sustainability and competitiveness of our economies, thus transforming business models, manufacturing, products, processes and value creation and having a fundamental impact on the balance of opportunities and challenges for European industries and workers;

D.  whereas Europe, in view of its industrial heritage, its network of industrial sectors and value chains, its innovative strengths, strategic public investment in R&D, availability of private investment, efficient administration, its skilled labour force and its integration of industrial development with societal challenges, and the fact that it has over 30 national and regional initiatives for digitising industry, has a strong base from which to become a leader in the digital transformation; whereas there is an opportunity for the strengthening of EU industry if we manage to build fully integrated value chains for digitally enhanced industrial products and product-service bundles;

E.  whereas 5G will fundamentally transform our economies, putting digitisation at the centre of industrial development and social services;

F.  whereas it is imperative for a successful European industrial strategy to create a digital single market that boosts economic growth and employment in a socially conscious manner;

G.  whereas a well-designed technology-neutral strategy for digitisation of industrial manufacturing, which increasingly links people and machines as well as services across borders within the whole global value chain, is an important stepping-stone for increasing the resilience, sustainability and competitiveness of our economy and creating new jobs;

H.  whereas digitisation should tap into the potential of increasing efficient use of resources, energy and capital, thus contributing to a more integrated circular economy, lower material intensity and greater industrial symbiosis;

I.  whereas digitisation can boost the tourism industry to the benefit of travellers and their mobility, enabling, inter alia, easy access to real-time information and a wide variety of services;

J.  whereas well-developed language technologies can help industry to overcome language barriers that are obstacles to the development of the digital market;

K.  whereas digitisation creates new opportunities in the transport sector for manufacturers, operators, investors, workers and passengers, and is a precondition for the transport industry to remain both competitive and operational and increase its efficiency, and for transport services to become more sustainable and better-performing;

L.  whereas digitisation can contribute to safer working conditions, to greater product safety, and to the individualisation and decentralisation of production;

M.  whereas a large gender gap exists in employment and training in the ICT sector, with strong negative implications for equality in the labour market;

N.  whereas digitisation and the individualisation and decentralisation of production will lead to changing working conditions and will have a range of social effects; whereas safe and decent working conditions and high standards of product safety must remain a shared concern;

O.  whereas there are many studies highlighting that digitisation in industrial manufacturing will bring changes to labour market demand and employment in Europe; whereas this may have an impact on existing rules governing workers’ rights and participation; whereas it is clear that there is a need to meet these changes by training the workforce in new ICT skills and increasing digital skills in society as a whole;

Developing an integrated Industrial Digitalisation Strategy (IDS) for the EU

1.  Welcomes the Commission’s communication on digitising European industry;

2.  Strongly believes that an IDS is of critical importance in contributing to solving Europe’s most pressing economic and societal challenges, by:

(a)  strengthening economic dynamic, social and territorial cohesion and resilience vis-à-vis technological transformations and disruptions, through the modernisation and interconnection of Europe's industries and economic value chains and through increasing public and private investments in the real economy, and providing investment opportunities in a context of sustainable modernisation;

(b)   fostering quality job creation and reshoring opportunities, improving working standards and the attractiveness of industrial sector jobs, contributing to providing consumers with more opportunities and information, pursuing a socially conscious transformation and an inclusive labour market with more diverse job models and work time schemes, and better conditions and integration of employment and lifelong learning;

(c)  making more efficient use of resources and reducing the material intensity of manufacturing industry thanks to a strengthened European circular economy, recalling that this is critical for the material conditions of a European high-tech sector, as well as for digitised industrial production and its products;

(d)  strengthening European cohesion through a reliable and ambitious European investment policy (paying particular attention to rolling out state-of-the-art digital infrastructure), utilising diverse European financing instruments including EFSI, regional funds, Horizon 2020 and others, as well as ensuring a coordinated, technology-neutral European industrial policy based on fair competition between a plurality of actors, innovation and sustainable modernisation, and technological, social and business model innovation that boosts the digital single market and the integration and modernisation of all European industry;

(e)  supporting Europe's goals in climate policy by increasing energy and resource efficiency as well as the circularity of industrial production, reducing emissions, and making the sustainability of industry go hand in hand with competitiveness;

(f)  strengthening economic, policy and social innovation through the principles of openness and accessibility of public and private data and information, while always protecting sensitive data in exchanges between businesses, workers and consumers and allowing for the better integration of economic sectors of all types and any policy fields, including creative and cultural industries;

(g)  improving the livelihoods of citizens in urban and non-urban areas and their awareness of and ability to take advantage of the opportunities offered by digitisation;

(h)  stimulating technological and social innovation in EU research through an industrial digitisation policy with a clear focus and vision;

(i)  improving energy security and reducing energy consumption through a digitised, more flexible and efficient industrial production that will allow better energy demand management;

(j)  partnering with other macro-regions in the world in developing innovative and fair digital open markets;

(k)  being aware of the need for a fairer and more effective European taxation policy, clarifying questions such as tax base in an era of globally connected digital markets and digitised production;

(l)  attracting investment and leading researchers and expertise at world level, thus contributing to economic growth and European competitiveness;

(m)  supporting new business models and innovative start-ups driven by digitisation and technological development;

3.  Stresses the importance of creating a competitive business environment that facilitates private investment, an enabling regulatory framework that avoids bureaucratic road-blocks, a build-up of state-of-the-art European digital infrastructure, and an EU coordination structure for the digitisation of industry that facilitates the coordination of national, regional, and of U-wide initiatives and platforms on industrial digitisation; calls on the Commission to ensure achievement of the 20 % target for industry’s share of GDP by 2020; stresses that in order to allow the EU to exert global industrial leadership, the digitisation of industry needs to be linked to a broader EU industrial strategy; underlines the importance of advancing digitisation particularly in those Member States, regions and sectors that are lagging behind and among those people who are affected by the digital divide; welcomes in this regard the proposed high-level Roundtable and European Stakeholder Forum; underlines the importance of cooperation between relevant actors, and expects that, besides industry leaders and social partners, academia, SMEs, standardisation organisations, policymakers, public administrations at national and local level and civil society will also be invited to play an active role;

4.  Asks the Commission to continue its important work in examining manufacturing and digitisation trends, as well as trends in non-technical disciplines (such as law, policy, administration, communications, etc), studying pertinent development in other regions, identifying new key technologies and striving to ensure that European leadership in these areas is maintained and new trends are integrated into policies and actions while taking into account the concepts of security by design and privacy by design and by default, and examining whether this work could be done via a specific industrial foresight network including national research and technology organisations (RTOs);

5.  Welcomes the Commission communication on ‘Digitising European Industry - Reaping the full benefits of a Digital Single Market’ (COM(2016)0180), but regrets that, as its focus on the transport sector is limited to connected and automated driving, it does not sufficiently address all existing challenges; recalls that although connected and automated vehicles represent one of the most exciting upcoming digital transformations in the sector, there is potential for digitisation in all modes of transport, in both operational and administrative processes and throughout the value chain from manufacturers to passengers and freight, as well as for coordination with all the new technologies used in the sector, such as the European global satellite-based navigation systems EGNOS and Galileo, from which results can be expected in the near future; asks the Commission to focus on digital transformations in all modes of transport, including transport- and tourism- related services;

6.  Points out that the digitisation process has not been beneficial to the same extent throughout the transport sector, and that this has created a detrimental fragmentation within the internal market, both between different modes of transport and within the same mode; underlines that there are significant and increasing disparities between Member States in transport competitiveness and digitisation, reflected also between regions, companies and SMEs; believes that developing a coordinated IDS for the EU could help overcome such fragmentation and disparities and attract investment in digital projects; stresses that the objective should not be just another policy paper but a real strategy reflecting innovation trends and market potential, the implementation of which would be continuously evaluated;

7.  Considers that an IDS will contribute to solving some of the most pressing challenges in the transport and tourism sectors; calls on the Commission, therefore, to further support digitisation in order to:

(a)  improve the overall safety, quality and environmental performance of the transport sector;

(b)  improve barrier-free accessibility for everyone, including older people and persons with reduced mobility or disabilities, and develop awareness of alternative mobility solutions providing passengers with more choices, more user-friendly and customised products and more information, throughout the EU and in both urban and less developed regions;

(c)  reduce transport costs such as maintenance costs, and improve the efficiency of the use of existing transport infrastructure capacity (e.g. platooning, cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS), the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) and River Information Services (RIS));

(d)  improve competitiveness by fostering the emergence of new players, especially SMEs and start-ups, in order to challenge existing monopolies;

(e)  facilitate the proper and harmonised enforcement of EU legislation, through the development of traffic management systems, intelligent transport systems, digital tachographs, electronic toll systems, etc, and create regulatory frameworks suitable for real new situations that may arise from the application of advanced technologies;

(f)  cut administrative burdens for small and medium-sized transport operators and start-ups, for instance in the freight and logistics sector, by simplifying administrative procedures, providing for cargo tracking and tracing, and optimising schedules and traffic flows;

(g)  continue safeguarding passenger rights, including data protection, also in multimodal journeys;

(h)  diminish the problems related to information asymmetry in the transport market;

(i)  foster the attractiveness and development of the tourism sector, which helps generate around 10 % of European GDP, and of creative industries in urban, rural and outermost areas, for instance through a better integration of mobility and tourism services, including to lesser-known destinations;

8.  Points out that uninterrupted and high-performance connectivity is a precondition for fast, safe and reliable connections for all transport modes and for further digitisation of the transport sector; regrets the great fragmentation of digital coverage within the EU; considers that investments in broadband and the fair allocation of spectrum are crucial for the digitisation of the transport sector; highlights in this respect the need to have a cross-sectorial vision, for instance covering electronics, telecoms, transport and tourism; calls on the Commission and the Member States to meet their commitment to provide such a type of connectivity for main transport paths and hubs no later than 2025 and to initiate full coverage all over the EU;

Creating conditions for successful industrial digitisation: infrastructure, investment, innovation and skills

9.  Underlines that an IDS offers the opportunity to advance innovation, efficiency and sustainable technologies that raise competitiveness and modernise the EU’s industrial base, as well as removing obstacles to the development of the digital market; stresses that an integrated industrial digitisation must be based on strong enabling conditions ranging from a first-rate, future-proof digital infrastructure, R&D and an investment-supportive environment to an appropriate up-to-date innovation-nudging legislative framework, a deepened digital single market, high levels of skills and entrepreneurship, and a strengthened social dialogue;

10.  Highlights the need to advance public and private investment in high-speed connectivity, for example through 5G, fibre optics, navigation and satellite communications infrastructure, in order to ensure a robust digital infrastructural backbone in the urban and industrial areas; highlights the importance of harmonisation in spectrum allocation, aimed at increasing demand for connectivity and enhancing the predictability of the network investment environment; highlights the need to establish leadership in digital industrial value chains and key technologies such as 5G, quantum technologies, high-performance computing, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, big data analytics, the Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, automation (including Highly-Automated Driving) and Distributed Ledger Technology; in this regard, supports the Commission working documents accompanying its communication;

11.  Notes that the digital transformation in the transport and tourism sectors, in particular the development of the on-demand and collaborative economies, contributes to considerably reshaping passengers’ and consumers’ behaviour as regards mobility and tourism, as well as to the need for infrastructure adaptation; invites the Commission to assess the effects of digitisation in transport, mobility and tourism services, with particular emphasis on the behaviour and choices of the users of those services, and to further unleash the potential of this societal change;

12.  Notes that growing digitisation in the distribution of travel tickets means that more information is readily available to consumers over the internet, but increasingly in a way that makes it difficult to compare offers; considers that it is therefore necessary to reinforce transparency and neutrality safeguards in distribution, and particularly internet distribution, so that consumers can make informed choices based on reliable information, regarding not only price but other parameters as well, including quality of service and ancillary offers; believes that such transparency will both promote competition and support the development of multimodal transport;

13.  Believes that digitisation should provide consumers with more choice, more user-friendly and customised products, and more information, in particular on the quality of products or services;

14.  Points out that the impact of language barriers on industry and its digitisation has not been adequately considered or evaluated in documents on the digital market; urges the Commission and the Member States to promote the development of language technologies that will, alongside the digitisation of industry, reduce the fragmentation of the European market;

15.  Stresses that special support for ‘analogue’ multilingualism in Europe is beneficial both in terms of digitising European industry and teaching comprehensive digital skills; stresses, therefore, that considerably more attention must be paid to basic research on statistical, intelligent and machine-supported translation and learning software;

16.  Underlines that regions need to focus on their productive strengths and foster their development through Smart Specialisation, Smart Chains and clusters; believes that clusters and synergies between SMEs, industrial and social players, the skilled crafts sector, start-ups, academia, research centres, consumer organisations, the creative industry sector, finance and other stakeholders can be successful models in advancing digital manufacturing and innovation; encourages research, innovation and structural cohesion in the EU; stresses the importance of accelerator programmes and venture capital to help the scale-up of start-ups; notes the importance of utilising digitisation for advancing business model innovations such as ‘pay-per-output’ systems and mass customisation;

17.  Believes that particular attention should be paid to the specific problems faced by SMEs in circumstances where the relative gains from digitisation efforts, in terms of energy, resource efficiency and production efficiency, would be the highest; favours the strengthening of SME associations and their outreach via digitisation programmes, the development of centres for applied sciences with a focus on digitisation, and co-funding for SMEs’ in-house R&D; considers that attention should be paid to data ownership and data access, and to developing a European programme for digital apprenticeship;

18.  Welcomes the establishment of the Smart Specialisation Platform for Industrial Modernisation, and, particularly, the Commission’s proposal, included in the Action Plan on digitisation of industry, to create a network of Competence Centres (CCs) and Digital Innovation Hubs (DIHs) to strengthen industrial digitisation and digital innovation for SMEs in all regions; notes that the skilled crafts sector should not be ignored in this regard; calls on the Commission to particularly drive forward the establishment of DIHs and digital competence centres in less digitised European regions; calls on the Commission to provide more funding for DIHs through different European resources (Horizon 2020, Structural Funds, etc), to support Member States’ efforts and strategies aimed at developing a national DIH network, and to consider experimenting with a ‘sandbox’ approach in which cross-sectorial experiments in a controlled environment will not be blocked by standing regulation; calls on Member States to increase transnational cooperation among their DIHs; believes that designated DIHs should specialise in industrial digital innovations contributing to tackling Europe’s societal challenges; believes, in this regard, that Horizon 2020 funding for the DIHs could be combined with funding from that programme for societal challenges; notes the option of ICT innovation vouchers for SMEs as regards accessing advice, best-practice sharing and DIH expertise;

19.  Notes the important role of cities and local governments in developing new business models and providing digital infrastructure and support for SMEs, and other industrial actors, as well as the immense opportunities that digital-industrial innovation holds for cities, for example via zero-waste local manufacturing, closer integration of industrial production and local and urban logistics and transport, as well as energy production, consumption, manufacturing and 3D printing; considers that cities should also be able to access the DIHs; asks the Commission to look into local, national and international best practices and to foster their exchange; welcomes the publication of a European Digital City Index and initiatives to promote data and systems interoperability among European cities; notes that the SMART Cities initiative plays a role in this context; highlights the positive experience of regional advisory fora;

20.  Highlights the role that public procurement and legal requirements for registration of business and reporting business activity or disclosure can play in advancing new industrial digital technology; asks the Commission to consider how public procurement could be employed as an innovation-pull mechanism; asks the EC to include a digital check in its REFIT Programme, so as to ensure that regulations are up to date for the digital context, and to facilitate exchange of best practices between public authorities on the use of the innovation criteria in public tenders; recommends accelerating the adaptation of the legal and technological environment, such as IPv6 transition, to the needs of industry digitisation and Internet of Things take-off;

21.  Stresses the importance of unlocking sufficient public and private finance for the digitisation of Europe’s industry, with a better use of the European Fund for Strategic Investment (EFSI); believes that this must be significantly scaled up and public investments into digital infrastructure must be increased; underlines the centrality of financing from private and collaborative platforms; asks the Commission to establish a Finance Roundtable for Industrial Digitisation which will study the matter and come up with innovative financing proposals; regrets that the resources allocated to digital policies in the EU budget are too scarce to make a real impact; recognises the need to boost the European economy through productive investments: considers that the availability of existing European financial instruments, such as the European Structural and Investment Funds and Horizon 2020, should ensure that this objective is achieved; believes that the combination of these funds should be coherent with national resources and state aid regulations; recognises the role played by public-private partnerships and joint undertakings;

22.  Calls on the Member States, in order to support an efficient industrial digitisation, to provide fiscal incentives for businesses and enterprises realising digital and smart production systems;

Securing European technology leadership and security in industrial digitisation: mergers and acquisitions (M&A), cybersecurity, data flows, standardisation

23.  Recognises the imperative need to strengthen research and development (R&D); calls on the Commission to support both in-house and external R&D efforts and to foster innovation networks and cooperation between start-ups, established corporate players, SMEs, universities, etc, in a digital ecosystem; asks the Commission to study how to maximise the transfer to the market of Horizon 2020 research results and their exploitation by European companies; requests the Commission to increase the proportion of Horizon 2020 research projects generating patents and IPRs and to report thereon;

24.  Emphasises the importance of safeguarding sensitive European technologies and know-how which form the basis of future industrial strength and economic resilience; highlights the potential risks in regard to strategic state and industrial policy-driven foreign direct investment (FDI), particularly by state-owned enterprises by means of mergers and acquisitions (M&A); highlights the fact, regarding FDI, that some external investors have been increasingly interested in acquiring sensitive European technologies via M&A; welcomes the Commission’s initiative of studying the experience of the CFIUS (Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States); underlines that equal market access for investment should be enforced by establishing global rules;

25.  Stresses that developments in regard to automation, robotics and the application of artificial intelligence in production, as well as the deep integration of technical components of different origin, are raising new questions as regards liability for products and production facilities; calls on the Commission to clarify as soon as possible the safety and liability rules for autonomously acting systems, including the conditions for testing;

26.  Recognises that openness and connectivity also have potential effects on vulnerability as regards cyberattacks, sabotage, manipulation of data or industrial espionage, and underlines in this context the importance of a common European cybersecurity approach; recognises the need to raise awareness on enhancing cybersecurity; considers cyber-resilience as a crucial responsibility for business leaders and national and European industrial and security policymakers; believes that producers are responsible for ensuring safety and cybersecurity standards as core design parameters in all digital innovations according to the available state-of-the-art technology and the principles of ‘secure by design’ and ‘secure by default’, but that under certain conditions and criteria this producer responsibility can be deviated from; notes that cybersecurity requirements for the IoT and IT security standards, for example based on the reference architecture RAMI4.0 and ICS, would strengthen European cyber-resilience; believes that the European standardisation bodies have a special role to play here and should not be sidelined; asks the Commission to study different models for advancing cybersecurity for the IoT; calls on public institutions, however, to make cybersecurity requirements mandatory for public procurement with regard to IT equipment and IoT products; considers that offering cybersecurity checks and advice to SMEs for their digitised industrial products is of great importance; believes that best-practice sharing between EU Member States could facilitate European cyber-resilience in that regard;

27.  Believes that there should be common criteria for critical infrastructure and its digital security, and that the EU directive on security of network and information systems (NIS Directive) marks the first step towards achieving a high common level of security for network and information systems within the Union; calls on the Commission to push for its consistent and timely transposition by the Member States; stresses the need to strengthen the role that the governing bodies referred to in the NIS Directive have in establishing trust in future technologies; notes that cyberthreat monitoring mechanisms and horizon scanning should be recognised as important for the security of the EU’s digital industries, with special emphasis on protecting SMEs and consumers;

28.  Stresses that specific attention has to be paid to questions of collecting and accessing industrial or production-related data and information; underlines that in this regard particular emphasis has to be put on the principles of data sovereignty, open and standardised access and availability of data, on strengthening innovation and productivity, new services and business models, and on security auditability, while allowing for fair competition; stresses that new forms of regulation of data ownership and access to data need to be addressed very carefully and may only be introduced following extensive consultation with all relevant stakeholders; believes that both innovation and the privacy concerns of workers and consumers have to be protected and safeguarded in line with the general data protection regulation; stresses in addition that disclosure of and access to information for public interest and scientific purposes should be promoted; notes the Commission’s proposal for a data economy in this regard in order to promote a common European data market; considers that in the ongoing debate on the data regime two essential aspects must be underlined with a view to fostering the development of technical solutions for reliable identification and exchange of data, i.e., on the one hand, default contract rules, and on the other, introducing an unfairness check in B2B contractual relations;

29.  Stresses that the European Cloud Initiative, together with the legislative proposal for the free flow of data, which aim to remove unjustified data location restrictions, have the potential to further incentivise the process of digitisation of European industry, especially SMEs and start-ups, and to avoid fragmentation in the EU single market; calls on the Commission to monitor the adoption and coherent implementation of the European Cloud Initiative in order to enable the fair, swift, trustworthy and seamless flow and use of data; reminds the Commission of its commitment in its communication to present a legislative proposal on the free flow of data within the EU, in order to remove or prevent unjustified localisation requirements in national legislation or regulation;

30.  Strongly believes that, especially in the transport sector, open data, big data and data analytics remain essential elements for reaping the full benefits of the Digital Single Market and fostering innovation; regrets that initiatives to facilitate the flow of data remain fragmented; stresses that more legal certainty, especially in terms of ownership and responsibility, is needed, on a basis of full respect for privacy and data protection;

31.  Recognises the potential of digitising industry for the purposes of sectoral data retrieval and governance by public and semi-public authorities and market participants;

32.  Underlines the role of integrating openness of architecture as a design principle of digital components;

33.  Recognises the importance of protecting technical know-how as regards the exchange and interlinkage of industrial-digital components while at the same time allowing and furthering interoperability and end-to-end connectivity;

34.  Stresses that European leadership in industrial digitisation requires a strong standardisation strategy, to be coordinated with the Member States and the Commission, including interoperability in the digital domain; emphasises the important and unique make-up of Europe's standardisation bodies, with their inclusive and consensus-based approach integrating societal stakeholders and, particularly, SMEs; calls on the Commission to promote the development of open standards, and welcomes its intention to guarantee access to and efficient licensing of standard essential patents under FRAND (fair, reasonable, non-discriminatory) ,conditions and recognises that this is essential for promoting innovation and R&D in the EU; believes that the circular economy could be a major driver for a coherent standardisation of communication flows along industrial value chains; calls for an EU-wide coordinated approach through the European standards organisations (CEN, CENELEC and ETSI) in relation to international fora and consortia; believes that it is desirable to aim for global and universal standards, but also underlines that there is willingness to proceed with European standards should international cooperation in standardisation fora be proceeding unconstructively; considers interoperability necessary in particular in the domain of the IoT so as to ensure that the development of new technologies improves opportunities for consumers, who should not be locked in with only a few specific suppliers;

35.  Stresses that trade barriers in the field of digitisation hinder the international activity of European industry and harm European competitiveness; believes that fair trade agreements between the EU and third countries can strongly contribute to common international rules in the field of data protection, data flows and data use and standardisation;

The social dimension: skills, education and social innovation

36.  Believes that great efforts with regard to education, taxation and social security systems have to be undertaken in order to integrate the transformative effects into our European social and economic models; highlights that the digital transformation of industry is having a big societal impact, ranging from employment, working conditions and workers' rights to education and skills, eHealth, the environment and sustainable development; stresses the need to pursue security within this change; calls on the Commission to adequately assess and address the social effects of industrial digitisation and, as appropriate, to propose further measures to close the digital divide and promote an inclusive digital society while boosting European competitiveness;

37.  Recalls that the European Court of Justice has defined the concept of ‘worker’ on the basis of an employment relationship characterised by certain criteria such as subordination, remuneration and the nature of work(12); calls for legal certainty on what constitutes ‘employment’ in the digital labour market in order to ensure compliance with labour and social legislation; states that all workers in the platform economy are either employed or self-employed, on the basis of the primacy of facts, and should be classified accordingly, regardless of the contractual situation;

38.  Stresses that education, training and lifelong learning are the cornerstone of social cohesion in a digital society; stresses that Europe faces a digital gap in this regard; calls for the implementation of a skills guarantee, after consultation and with participation of the social partners, and calls on the Member States to find ways to satisfy citizens’ needs for continuous (re-)training, uptraining and lifelong learning in order to ensure a smooth transition to a smart economy; emphasises the importance of ensuring the promotion and recognition of digital skills, and of the new trend towards ‘multi-skilling’; believes that employers should make use of the European Social Fund for such training and in order to promote a digital toolbox for upskilling in collaboration with industry and the social partners; welcomes the development of teaching material and sector-specific curricula; asks the EC to study options for establishing a certification system for continued education programmes for digital skills;

39.  Underlines that digital skills must be integrated into national education curricula; notes that examples of initiatives supported by the European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA), such as the European Cyber Security Month and the European Cyber Security Challenge, should be further developed in pursuit of this goal; emphasises the importance of specialised teacher training for digital skills and that digital skills should be taught to all children; calls on the Member States to ensure that all schools are equipped with Wi-fi and up-to-date IT material; notes that coding also plays an important role; calls for the exchange of best practices between Member States with a view to learning from established practices such as the Fit4Coding programme, digital academy initiatives, e-learning programmes, or coding schools such as Webforce3; asks the Commission to promote the integration of digital skills testing in the IGCU/Pisa studies so as to allow competition and comparison between EU Member States; calls on the Member States, in cooperation with the Commission, to devise interdisciplinary study programmes aimed at integrating several competences, such as IT together with business management or engineering and data sciences; stresses that all Member States should develop comprehensive national digital skills strategies with targets, as they have been invited to do by the Commission; stresses the key role that the social partners and other stakeholders can play in the development and implementation of such strategies; notes that so far only half of EU Member States have created national coalitions for digital jobs; stresses that a specific budget line supporting the activities of the Digital Skills and Jobs Coalition would strengthen the dissemination of information and further activities;

40.  Emphasises the importance of investing in the digitisation of vocational training and the skilled crafts sector; highlights that digital skills also need to be combined with engineering skills and the promotion of education in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM subjects), as well as the promotion of soft skills such as communications, team coordination and cross-sectoral thinking;

41.  Demands that the gender perspective be incorporated in all digital initiatives, ensuring that the ongoing digital transformation also becomes a driving force for gender equality; emphasises the need to address the severe gender gap within the ICT sector, since this is essential for Europe's long-term growth and prosperity;

42.  Notes the potential of digitisation with regard to the accessibility of social services and other public services, as well as the inclusion of persons with disabilities and persons with limited mobility in the labour market; stresses, in particular, the importance of teleworking in this context;

43.  Points out that, as evidenced by the Europeana initiative, the digitisation of European works represents a significant opportunity to improve their accessibility, distribution and promotion, and that digital innovation can provide the impetus for a revolution in how cultural goods are exhibited and accessed; stresses the importance of promoting in particular the use of 3D technologies for data collection and the reconstruction of destroyed cultural goods and heritage; emphasises the need to guarantee funding for the digitisation, preservation and online availability of the European cultural heritage;

44.  Regrets the fact that historical and cultural sites are often not easily accessible for those with a disability, and highlights the opportunities that a stronger digital cultural platform presents in improving engagement and making cultural experiences, sites and artefacts throughout Europe more accessible regardless of geographical location;

45.  Encourages research on, and the development of, assistive technologies which could be used and become new industrial products for the inclusion of disabled people;

46.  Favours the establishment of a regular exchange of best practices, a biannual progress review, and recommendations on the digitisation of industry;

47.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the Member States.

(1)

Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0009.

(2)

OJ C 199 E, 7.7.2012, p. 131.

(3)

OJ C 236 E, 12.8.2011, p. 57.

(4)

OJ C 236 E, 12.8.2011, p. 41.

(5)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2014)0032.

(6)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2013)0535.

(7)

OJ C 93, 9.3.2016, p. 120.

(8)

OJ C 332 E, 15.11.2013, p. 22.

(9)

Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0486.

(10)

OJ C 81 E, 15.3.2011, p. 45.

(11)

OJ C 236 E, 12.8.2011, p. 24.

(12)

See ECJ C 596/12, paragraph 17 and ECJ C 232/09, paragraph 39.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Industry plays a key role in Europe’s economy. It provides jobs, economic dynamism and can crucially contribute with solutions to mastering grand societal challenges that the European Union faces ranging from the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and climate change to changing demographics, social precariousness and loss of biodiversity. At the same time the world is in the midst of a new industrial revolution based on digitalisation and automation. This is changing business models, value chains, production and consumption. New key technologies are emerging such as big data, the Internet of Things (IoT), 5G, cloud computing, robotics, artificial intelligence, quantum technologies, and so on. A global race is emerging on who can take on these new developments and adapt to them in a sustainable and social way the fastest.

For European industry to remain competitive it is essential that it leads this new industrial revolution with innovation and on the basis of sustainability. The European Union has clear industrial advantages in this regard. It has the know-how, R&D, skilled workers, a large single market, a strong industrial base and history bringing together manufacturing and services. In this context, Europe needs an ambitious industrial modernisation strategy digitalising its manufacturing base. The European Commission’s Communication is an important first step in the right direction.

Such a strategy needs a holistic approach based on the following pillars:

•  European coordination and vision

•  Setting the right framework conditions (infrastructure, investment, innovation)

•  Emphasising security as a European specificity in developing new key technologies

•  Increasing social resilience via skills, education and social innovation.

The EU needs a common strategic approach. 28 separate national strategies, platforms and approaches does not make use of the European added-values, furthers fragmentation, risks undermining the single market, and leads to inefficiencies. That’s why a European approach with a European coordinating platform is crucial to ensure that national strategies are embedded in a larger context taking a European perspective. Particularly, a common European vision is needed. Digitalisation by itself cannot be the leitmotif. Digitalisation is an enabler to advance competitiveness, sustainability and good work. Digitalisation of products and services would add more than 110 billion EUR of revenue for industry per year in the next 5 years. In Germany alone, it would bring 8% of productivity growth over the next decade according to the European Commission. It can also generate socio-economic and environmental benefits. According to BT, ICT has the potential to reduce EU carbon emissions by over 1.5 Gt CO2e in 2030 via energy and resource efficiency, and e-health could generate 14 billion EUR in space savings enabled by fewer in-person consultations.

Adapting to these new industrial trends, however, will not be possible if Europe doesn’t provide the right framework conditions. That means ensuring the best infrastructure for Europe’s economy, for example, via 5G and fibre optics, promoting innovation and R&D, as well as stimulating investments in new technologies and modernisation. According to the European Commission, roughly over the last 15 years, “investments in ICT related products in the EU represented about a third of those made in the US”. Investment levels are too low. That’s why framework conditions need to be put in place that transform a situation of austerity towards investment. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are particularly important in this context. According to surveys, the majority of European SMEs consider themselves lagging behind in the uptake of digital technologies and lack investment in such. This must be addressed through a SME-tailored digitalisation drive.

Different security aspects must also get greater attention in this new digital industrial era. This ranges from ensuring that key European strategic technologies aren’t sold for cheap to foreign competitors without inhibiting free markets. It also means ensuring cybersecurity in the digitised factory and the Internet of Things, where every digitised product or service can suddenly be “weaponised” via hacking. For this clear cybersecurity rules are necessary. A framework that ensures the free flow of data while protecting data sovereignty and setting clear rules for data management for b2b relations will also be crucial as will be standardisation. Europe’s competitors are already strongly pushing their own standardisation strategies in order to advance their own industrial actors. In this context, Europe must flank its industrial digitalisation strategy with a clear standardisation drive together with the European Standardisation Organisations.

It is clear, that the digitalisation of Europe’s industry is also bringing challenges. There is the absurd situation where new technologies could, according to different studies, bring job-losses and social precariousness all the while Europe lacks skilled workers. Year on year Europe currently is missing around 180.000 IT specialists. That’s why an industrial digitalisation strategy must have a strong social dimension. This includes a right to training and a skills guarantee, promoting lifelong learning, and ensuring that digital skills are taught from a young age and included in school curricula. Digital skills also need to be advanced transversally. Not just in large industries but also for SMEs and the crafts sector. Bringing together digital skills and vocational training is also essential in this regard.


OPINION of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (28.3.2017)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on digitising European industry

(2016/2271(INI))

Rapporteur: Marju Lauristin

SUGGESTIONS

The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following suggestions into its motion for a resolution:

A.  whereas the information and communications technology (ICT) sector currently employs six million people in Europe; whereas 40 % of European workers have insufficient digital skills and encounter difficulties in lifelong learning; whereas education and training systems need to be adjusted and further strengthened to match the requirements of the digital labour market;

B.  whereas a large gender gap exists in employment and training in the ICT sector, with strong negative implications for equality in the labour market;

C.  whereas the digitisation of industry penetrates deeply into all parts of the sector, thereby increasing its competitiveness through the innovative and sustainable production of goods and services, driving economic growth and creating jobs and prosperity, but also posing challenges that require the active involvement of social partners and public authorities in pursuit of a fair digital transition;

D.  whereas the relative weight of industrial value-added and employment have been declining for decades, which has contributed to economic imbalances and has had negative effects on social and regional cohesion in some cases;

E.  whereas digitisation could lead to new networking relationships between people, groups, machines and systems, thereby engendering synergies between human creativity and artificial intelligence;

F.  whereas an average of 9 % of jobs are at high risk of being automated, while for another 25 % of jobs, half of the tasks will change significantly as a result of automation;

G.  whereas, according to the Commission, the demand for highly qualified digital workers continues to grow and, if adequate measures are not taken, could reach up to 756 000 unfilled positions by 2020, thereby jeopardising European growth and competitiveness; whereas current education and training systems should be revised, where necessary, in order to better meet the needs of the digital labour market and increase employment levels;

H.  whereas adjustments to technical developments and the resulting changes in the world of work represent an ongoing task which will occupy businesses, trade unions and policy makers for some time to come; whereas one of the key challenges will be to bring education and training systems in line with the needs of the digital labour market and to ensure that the digitisation of industry remains complementary to human work;

1.  Stresses that the digitisation of industry represents major challenges and opportunities, both in terms of the creation and loss of jobs and in the organisation of work; stresses that the digitisation of industry requires targeted responses from the Commission and the Member States, in consultation with the social partners, regarding employment, social, education and taxation policies, the enhancement of collective bargaining, as well as the provision of up-to-date infrastructure; underlines that the digitisation of industry should be shaped so that it contributes to an improvement of working conditions;

2.  Points out that new forms of work based on digitisation often uncouple the place of work from the enterprise, which poses a challenge regarding the applicable labour law, social protection and collective agreements, including the principle of equal treatment at the same workplace; is concerned about the increase of precarious work in the industrial field, including bogus self-employment and abusive zero-hour contracts; stresses that the protection of workers must be ensured equally across the board in the digital labour market;

3.  Notes the strong regional differences as regards the digitisation of industry, which have consequences for jobs, productivity and growth, in particular for SMEs; notes that there is not only a regional, but also a social divide as regards digitisation, as well as differences between enterprises; calls, therefore, for efforts to be stepped up in developing inclusive digital infrastructures, including access to broadband, and in supporting SMEs, particularly in regions lagging behind; calls on the Union to support investments in the digital infrastructure and to make better use of European funds in this regard; highlights the need to promote universal access to the internet, including for disadvantaged groups and people living in rural areas;

4.  Considers public digital innovation and open standards as a way to counter the concentration of digital knowledge in a few industrial companies, thus promoting balanced digital development across Member States;

5.  Stresses the importance of networking and cooperation of the already established national digitisation initiatives such as Industrie 4.0, and calls for increased efforts to support regions and sectors currently lagging behind in order to ensure equal opportunities, and promote enhanced economic, social and territorial cohesion; stresses the potential of digital competence centres in supporting the digitisation of industry, increasing the competitiveness of existing companies and encouraging the creation of new ones;

6.  Points out that digital transformation is a complex phenomenon that needs to be dealt with also at European level in order to avoid the fragmentation of the single market, and that the close cooperation with national and regional stakeholders is desired in this context;

7.  Calls on the Commission and the Member States, in cooperation with the social partners, to regularly monitor and assess the impact of digitisation on the quality, number and types of jobs, as well as the demands for skills and qualifications, and to adjust related policies accordingly in order to protect workers’ rights, guarantee fair competition and ensure that digitisation contributes to rising social and labour standards; points out that, owing to the digitisation of industry, the differential between the creation and loss of different types of jobs may have consequences on the financial sustainability of social security schemes, pension systems and unemployment insurance systems of the Member States; recalls that not all future jobs are equally affected by the digitisation of industry and that the importance of human interaction should not be underestimated;

8.  Notes the effects that new business models based on digital technologies are having on the labour market as well as on the demand for digital skills of workers and service providers; stresses that digitisation offers opportunities to reshore manufacturing; calls on the Commission and the Member States to develop reshoring strategies to promote growth and jobs in the Union;

9.  Recalls the risk of digitisation aggravating the unequal distribution of wealth by deepening the digital divide such that it could split society, Member States and regions into those who are able to profit from increased digital productivity and those who are not; calls on the Commission and the Member States, therefore, to investigate possible ways of reducing inequalities rising through automation;

10.  Recognises the opportunities and challenges related to the digitisation of industry; notes the positive effects that the digitisation of industry has as it increases flexible working arrangements that can create a better work-life balance, diversify choices through mobile telework, and allow people from rural and secluded areas to join the labour market (provided that they are equipped with the necessary infrastructure), thereby fostering economic growth; recognises, at the same time, that the digitisation-driven trend towards increased flexibility may increase the danger of unstable and precarious employment; stresses that new forms of work must not be used to circumvent existing labour and social legislation as regards the protection of workers’ and consumer rights; points out that traditional industries and businesses in the platform economy must be on an equal footing;

11.  Calls on the Commission and the Member States to gather data in order to monitor and evaluate the impact of digitisation on forms of employment and working conditions, and to undertake necessary initiatives in order to clarify the legal situation of platform workers, in particular by distinguishing between self-employed and employees, and adjust existing legislation where necessary to ensure that all jobs are properly covered by labour law; underlines that all workers have the same social rights enshrined in the Treaties and the European Charter of Fundamental Rights, which should be upheld, including the right of free movement, the freedom of association, the right to conclude collective agreements and the right to industrial action; stresses the need for a proportionate regulatory and administrative environment for the platform economy that takes the rights and obligations of all stakeholders into account;

12.  Recalls that the European Court of Justice has defined the concept of ‘worker’ on the basis of an employment relationship characterised by certain criteria such as subordination, remuneration and the nature of work(1); calls for legal certainty on what constitutes ‘employment’ in the digital labour market in order to ensure compliance with labour and social laws; states that all workers in the platform economy are either employed or self-employed, based on the primacy of facts, and should be classified accordingly, regardless of the contractual situation;

13.  Is concerned about the significant divergences in the level of digital skills of workers within and between different Member States; stresses the need to bridge these gaps, which have negative impacts on development opportunities and the labour market;

14.  Calls on the Commission and the Member States to ensure that digitisation of industry and the consequent increase in new forms of work will not be detrimental to social security contributions and that all contributions will be paid for all forms of work; notes that digital solutions can facilitate the collection of taxes and social security contributions;

15.  Calls on the Commission and the Member States to involve the social partners regularly when adapting the regulatory framework for the digital economy; calls on the social partners to conclude collective agreements for the platform economy;

16.  Calls on the Member States to ensure access to training in 21st century skills, in particular digital skills, critical thinking, problem solving, teamworking and using big data, in order to allow equal participation of all citizens in the digital single market; highlights, in this context, the importance of transversal competences, which enable workers to take informed decisions and develop a sense of initiative and self-awareness; stresses the role of employers in organising and funding suitable training that allows workers to enhance their digital skills and qualifications; draws particular attention to workers in jobs that are at risk of being eliminated as a result of the ongoing digitisation of industry;

17.  Emphasises the importance of lifelong learning for all workers in the digital era; calls on the Commission and the Member States to ensure that workers losing their jobs have rapid access to retraining in digital skills, if they so wish; calls for a modernisation of social protection systems to reflect working and career patterns shaped by digitisation;

18.  Highlights the importance of matching educational systems with the needs of the digital economy in order to provide students with relevant knowledge and skills; reiterates its call on the Commission and the Member States to promote interdisciplinary thinking in schools in order to satisfy the growing demand for digital and complementary skills; calls on the Member States to focus not only on the up-skilling of the workforce, but to promote teaching and interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), as well as in entrepreneurial and relevant soft skills, from an early age; stresses that particular efforts must be made to overcome the severe gender gap in the ICT sector; calls on the Member States to involve social partners as well as education and training institutions in the development of skills strategies and occupational training programmes for the digital age;

19.  Notes that the skills mismatch in the digital economy is not only about lacking skills, but also the result of poor working conditions, making some of the best-skilled workers choose to work elsewhere, and of poor management of human resources resulting in failures to fully tap into the skills and knowledge of the digital generation;

20.  Welcomes the initiatives undertaken by the Commission with the aim of overcoming shortages of highly-qualified workers, such as the Digital Skills and Jobs Coalition; emphasises that lasting success in this area can only be achieved through the involvement of all relevant stakeholders, including social partners, education and training institutions, and NGOs;

21.  Stresses that workers are not subsidiary to robotised production systems or digitised platforms, but play an important role in shaping their working environment and the digitisation of industry; highlights, therefore, the need to strengthen the right of consultation and participation in company matters, as well as the involvement of social partners at all levels to ensure a fair digital transition;

22.  Stresses the need to identify and analyse both the positive effects stemming from the digitisation of industry and the occupational health and safety risks they pose, including new psychological risks and the impact of robot-human interaction, so as to take appropriate measures where necessary; underlines the need to involve social partners in this context; points to the psychological and neurological effects of digitisation on employees, as constant accessibility presents a risk of work-related mental health problems such as burnout; advocates, therefore, that workers be entitled to a ‘right to disconnect’ outside agreed working hours;

23.  Calls on the Commission and its agencies, in particular EU-OSHA, to examine the effects of digitisation, robotics and artificial intelligence on mental strain, and to make policy recommendations where necessary; points to the effects that constant supervision using digital techniques can have on the working environment and with regard to stress at work; stresses, in this context, that research clearly indicates that higher pressure and supervision tend to increase not performance but health risks, mistakes and accidents(2);

24.  Calls on the Member States to launch, together with the social partners, nation-wide consultations on the future of work and digitisation; believes that the Commission should play a key role in disseminating and coordinating such national initiatives;

25.  Notes that the increasing use of new technologies and means of electronic communication at the workplace raises questions concerning workers’ privacy and the new possibilities of monitoring and surveillance; stresses, therefore, the urgent need to discuss and develop better policy frameworks as regards data usage, processing, storage and ownership of employee-related data, in line with Regulation 2016/679, to prevent an infringement of workers’ fundamental rights and ensure a right to data access for workers;

26.  Notes the potential of digitisation with regard to the accessibility of social services and other public services, as well as the inclusion of persons with disabilities and persons with limited mobility in the labour market; stresses, in particular, the importance of teleworking in this context;

27.  Notes the increase in platform work and expects it to spread further in the industrial sector, given the possibilities for decentralisation and flexibility afforded by digitisation; reiterates its concerns on the usage of platform work to circumvent tax legislation and worker rights, including minimum wages, health and safety obligations, maximum working times and the rights to social security in some cases; calls on the Commission and the Member States to develop a framework which ensures that platform workers enjoy the same rights as workers in the traditional economy, and that there is a level playing field when it comes to tax payments and social contributions of individuals and businesses with a view to safeguarding the long-term stability of public finances and social security systems.

INFORMATION ON ADOPTION IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Date adopted

22.3.2017

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

43

1

2

Members present for the final vote

Mara Bizzotto, Enrique Calvet Chambon, David Casa, Ole Christensen, Lampros Fountoulis, Rina Ronja Kari, Jan Keller, Ádám Kósa, Jean Lambert, Jérôme Lavrilleux, Patrick Le Hyaric, Jeroen Lenaers, Javi López, Thomas Mann, Dominique Martin, Anthea McIntyre, Joëlle Mélin, Emilian Pavel, João Pimenta Lopes, Georgi Pirinski, Marek Plura, Terry Reintke, Sofia Ribeiro, Robert Rochefort, Maria João Rodrigues, Claude Rolin, Anne Sander, Sven Schulze, Jutta Steinruck, Romana Tomc, Yana Toom, Marita Ulvskog, Renate Weber, Tatjana Ždanoka, Jana Žitňanská

Substitutes present for the final vote

Maria Arena, Georges Bach, Tania González Peñas, Krzysztof Hetman, Marju Lauristin, Alex Mayer, Joachim Schuster, Jasenko Selimovic, Csaba Sógor, Michaela Šojdrová, Neoklis Sylikiotis

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

43

+

ALDE

ECR

ENF

GUE/NGL

EPP

 

S&D

Green/EFA

Enrique Calvet Chambon, Robert Rochefort, Jasenko Selimovic, Yana Toom, Renate Weber

Anthea McIntyre; Jana Žitňanská

Dominique Martin, Joëlle Mélin

Tania González Peñas, Rina Ronja Kari, Patrick Le Hyaric, Neoklis Sylikiotis

Georges Bach, David Casa, Krzysztof Hetman, Ádám Kósa, Jérôme Lavrilleux, Jeroen Lenaers, Thomas Mann, Marek Plura, Sofia Ribeiro, Claude Rolin, Anne Sander, Sven Schulze, Michaela Šojdrová, Csaba Sógor, Romana Tomc

Maria Arena, Ole Christensen, Jan Keller, Marju Lauristin, Javi López, Alex Mayer, Emilian Pavel, Georgi Pirinski, Maria João Rodrigues, Joachim Schuster, Jutta Steinruck, Marita Ulvskog

Jean Lambert, Terry Reintke, Tatjana Ždanoka

1

-

NI

Lampros Fountoulis

2

0

ENF

GUE/NGL

Mara Bizzotto

João Pimenta Lopes

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

(1)

See ECJ C 596/12, paragraph 17 and ECJ C 232/09, paragraph 39.

(2)

European Agency for Safety and Health at Work: ‘Work-related stress and risk assessment. A European campaign on risk assessment’; retrieved 14 June 2013 from https://osha.europa.eu/en/surveys-and-statistics-osh/esener.


OPINION of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (7.2.2017)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on Digitising European Industry

(2016/2271(INI))

Rapporteur: Sergio Gaetano Cofferati

SUGGESTIONS

The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following suggestions into its motion for a resolution:

1.  Welcomes the Commission communication on ‘Digitising European Industry’ (COM(2016)0180); recalls the objective of raising the contribution of industry to EU GDP to 20 % by 2020; underlines the important role that digitalisation can play in this context and the business opportunities it can provide; stresses the urgent need to establish an ambitious and coherent EU strategy bringing together the different EU initiatives and coordinating the respective national and regional strategies, while avoiding fragmentation and maximising opportunities for consumers, workers and businesses;

2.  Stresses that all sectors of the economy have been shaken up by digitalisation and that Europe has to seize this opportunity to boost its competitiveness at international level; urges the Commission and the Member States to further develop the EU single market in order to strengthen European industry, including SMEs and start-ups, ensure a coherent regulatory framework and remove unjustified regulatory barriers, cut red tape and modernise regulation;

3.  Stresses the need for adequate investment and a coherent regulatory framework in research and innovation, infrastructures, cybersecurity, data protection, eGovernment and digital skills, in order to ensure a well-functioning digital single market; stresses that the EU is lagging behind its competitors in this respect and more resources are needed for such investment, and that full use should be made of the potential and synergies offered by existing funds and incentivising private investment; believes that further efforts from the Commission should address those challenges in an efficient manner; urges the Commission to introduce more clarity on the financing of the undertaken and upcoming initiatives facilitating the digitisation process, in particular with regard to the role of the EFSI, ESIF, H2020 and potential synergies between them, as well as on the estimated contribution from the Member States’ national budgets; calls on the Commission to investigate the impact of PPP and JTI in the context of the forthcoming interim evaluation of Horizon 2020;

4.  Recalls that 30 parallel national and regional initiatives currently exist; highlights the importance of building synergies and transnational collaboration among them in order to ensure better visibility, added value and an efficient use of resources; regrets the increasing geographical divide in industry competitiveness and digitalisation; calls for the extension of landline and mobile very high speed network infrastructure to be made available for all geographical areas, including in rural or locked-in areas; urges the Commission to develop comprehensive statistics which complement existing ones, such as the DESI index, in order to better evaluate digitalisation processes in different areas and sectors;

5.  Welcomes the Commission’s intention to create Digital Innovation Hubs around Europe that should bring together existing EU and national initiatives; stresses that these hubs should offer coaching and consultancy and provide for the exchange of best practices; calls on the Commission to ensure that cooperation and investment at European level in industry digitalisation lead to a progressive reduction in the geographical digital divide, the better coordination of existing funds and increased opportunities for the digitalisation of SMEs; stresses in this regard the importance of providing a digital-friendly environment for micro, small and medium-sized enterprises;

6.  Highlights the risk of profits shifting from industrial players towards the owners of proprietary digital platforms and of market concentration into the hands of a few actors, thus creating de facto monopolies, in particular with regard to platforms; considers that there is a need for effective and consistent action by the competition authorities and, where necessary, for legislative initiatives, to ensure fair competition between a plurality of actors, also in the digital environment;

7.  Highlights the need to put forward an effective plan for standardisation urgently and to ensure full interoperability in the field of industry digitalisation, including for the Internet of Things and autonomous systems, as today’s EU level supply chains and digitalisation raise challenges in this respect which can only be addressed at European level; calls on the Commission to promote the development of open, interoperable and demand-driven standards in all key domains, and welcomes its intention to guarantee access to standard essential patents under FRAND (fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory) conditions; reminds the Commission of the need to consider all relevant aspects in the development of standards, and to ensure adequate participation of all relevant stakeholders, including social partners and new actors, in standardisation processes at the appropriate global, European, national and regional level;

8.  Takes the view that data and IT infrastructure security and trust in the digital environment are essential for unlocking the full potential of growth and innovation connected with industry digitalisation for the benefit of workers, consumers and businesses, including SMEs and start-ups; encourages, furthermore, producers of commercial software and hardware to ensure safety and security standards in accordance with the available state of the art technology; calls on the industry to implement fully, in addition to the ‘privacy by design’ and ‘by default’ principles, a ‘security by design’ principle;

9.  Promotes further European efforts in the field of cybersecurity; calls on Member States to transpose the NIS Directive in a timely and consistent manner and to comply strictly with the General Data Protection Regulation, as well as to engage in effective cooperation in order to guarantee a safe environment for citizens and businesses in the EU; recalls that 80 % of European companies have experienced at least one cybersecurity incident over the last year(1); requests a series of new and concrete initiatives to provide guidance to businesses, especially SMEs, on how to strengthen their resilience against cyber-attacks and welcomes the new public-private partnership on cybersecurity recently launched by Commission;

10.  Believes that digitalisation should provide consumers with more choice, more user-friendly and customised products and more information, in particular on the quality of products or services;

11.  Calls on the Commission and the Member States to take the necessary measures to ensure the full respect of citizens’ right to privacy and to protection of their personal data in the digital environment; emphasises the importance of the correct implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), ensuring the full application of the principle of ‘privacy by design and by default’; notes the increasing importance of clarifying the concerns over data access, ownership and liability issues and calls on the Commission to assess further the current regulatory framework with regard to these issues; believes that consumers should be able to freely and fully use and exploit the products and services they buy (including a free choice of repairers) and should not be obstructed by data issues; calls on the Commission, in the framework of the GDPR implementation, to clarify and define some minimum requirements with regard to data gathered at the workplace;

12.  Stresses that the European Cloud Initiative, together with the legislative proposal for the Free Flow of Data, that aim to remove unjustified data location restrictions have the potential to further incentivise the process of digitisation of European industry, especially SMEs and start-ups, and to avoid fragmentation in the EU Single Market; calls on the Commission to monitor the adoption and coherent implementation of the European Cloud Initiative in order to enable the fair, swift, trustworthy and seamless flow and use of data; reminds the Commission of its commitment in its Communication to present a legislative proposal on the Free Flow of Data within the EU, in order to remove or prevent unjustified localisation requirements in national legislation or regulation;

13.  Calls on the Commission to clarify as soon as possible safety and liability rules for autonomously acting systems (such as vehicles and drones), to ensure fast and effective legal compensation in case of incident and to harmonise the conditions for testing; considers interoperability necessary in particular in the domain of the Internet of Things (IoT) to ensure that the development of new technologies improves opportunities for consumers, who should not be locked in with only a few specific suppliers; stresses the challenges relating to safety, security and liability with regard to IoT, apps and non-embedded software; stresses, with respect to the Internet of Things, that producers are the key starting point for tightening up liability regimes which will lead to a better quality of products and a more secure environment in terms of external access and a documented possibility for updates;

14.  Notes the very important consequences, opportunities and challenges of ongoing digitalisation, and in particular of industry digitalisation, for society, business and employment models and jobs demand; regrets the lack of analysis on the part of the Commission of the social effects of the digitalisation of industry and urges the Commission to conduct an in-depth analysis on the impact of the digitalisation of industry in this respect, and to present this to the European Parliament and the Council by the end of 2017;

15.  While recognising the opportunities offered by industry digitalisation, stresses also that it poses certain challenges to job demands, working conditions and workers’ rights, in particular in non-standard employment relationships, and highlights the need to ensure the full respect of employment rights and adequate social security coverage in the digital sphere; believes it is necessary to involve social partners in the definition of European and national initiatives on industry digitalisation; welcomes the Commission’s commitment to address the concerns related to the social aspects of digitalisation together with all stakeholders as part of a comprehensive dialogue and by holding high-level roundtables and a European stakeholders forum on digitalisation;

16.  Notes the importance of digital skills for the labour market nowadays, for the inclusiveness and competitiveness of European regions, as well as for fighting digital exclusion, especially in the framework of the EU New Skills Agenda; urges the Commission to promote and coordinate high-quality education, lifelong learning and vocational training, including in the field of basic and advanced digital qualifications and skills such as computing, coding, programming and cryptography, and calls for the necessary public and private investment in these areas;

17.  Calls for the encouragement of larger regional participation in order to reduce the innovation gap and to attract professionals for the development of the European regions; stresses the need to work with the social partners in order to anticipate digital skills needs in the long term and welcomes the establishment of the Digital Skills and Jobs Coalition and of other European initiatives in this field; encourages the Commission and the Member States to ensure mutual recognition of digital qualifications by establishing a European certificate or grading system;

18.  Takes the view that a collaborative digital environment needs to be developed, along with platforms that contribute to a cyberspace conducive to the development of industry digitalisation, with the aim of boosting the competitiveness of European industry.

RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Date adopted

6.2.2017

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

30

1

0

Members present for the final vote

Dita Charanzová, Carlos Coelho, Sergio Gaetano Cofferati, Daniel Dalton, Nicola Danti, Vicky Ford, Evelyne Gebhardt, Sergio Gutiérrez Prieto, Liisa Jaakonsaari, Philippe Juvin, Antonio López-Istúriz White, Eva Maydell, Marcus Pretzell, Virginie Rozière, Christel Schaldemose, Andreas Schwab, Olga Sehnalová, Igor Šoltes, Richard Sulík, Marco Zullo

Substitutes present for the final vote

Pascal Arimont, Biljana Borzan, Birgit Collin-Langen, Anna Hedh, Kaja Kallas, Roberta Metsola, Julia Reda, Adam Szejnfeld, Marc Tarabella, Ulrike Trebesius

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Andrea Bocskor

(1)

The Global State of Information Security®, http://www.pwc.com/gx/en/issues/cyber-security/information-security-survey.html


OPINION of the Committee on Transport and Tourism (11.4.2017)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on digitising European industry

(2016/2271(INI))

Rapporteur: Pavel Telička

SUGGESTIONS

The Committee on Transport and Tourism calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following suggestions into its motion for a resolution:

A.  whereas digitalisation creates new opportunities in the transport sector for manufacturers, operators, investors, workers and passengers and is a precondition for the transport industry to remain both competitive and operational and increase its efficiency, and for transport services to become more sustainable and better-performing;

B.  whereas digitalisation creates new opportunities for SMEs and start ups and favours the emergence of new business models, including the development of the collaborative economy in the transport sector in such fields as car-pooling, car-sharing, bike-sharing and cargo-pooling;

C.  whereas digitalisation has already contributed to the transformation of the transport sector, allowing in particular the gradual automation of transport modes and facilitation of transport services;

D.  whereas digitalisation must continue being one of the top priorities for the transport sector in order to foster its attractiveness and ensure its strong economic position in Europe and vis-à-vis third countries;

E.  whereas digitalisation can boost the tourism industry to the benefit of travellers and their mobility, enabling, inter alia, easy access to real-time information and a wide variety of services;

1.  Welcomes the Commission communication on ‘Digitising European Industry - Reaping the full benefits of a Digital Single Market’ (COM(2016)0180), but regrets that, as its focus on the transport sector is limited to connected and automated driving, it does not sufficiently address all existing challenges; recalls that, although connected and automated vehicles represent one of the most exciting upcoming digital transformations in the sector, there is potential for digitalisation in all modes of transport, both in operational and administrative processes, and throughout the value chain from manufacturers to passengers and freight, as well as for coordination with all the new technologies used in the sector, such as the European global satellite-based navigation systems EGNOS and Galileo, from which results can be expected in the near future; asks the Commission to focus on digital transformations in all modes of transport, including transport- and tourism- related services;

2.  Points out that the digitalisation process has not been beneficial to the same extent throughout the transport sector, and that this has created a detrimental fragmentation within the internal market both between different modes of transport and within the same mode; underlines that there are significant and increasing disparities between Member States in transport competitiveness and digitalisation, reflected also between regions, companies and SMEs; believes that developing a coordinated Industrial Digitalisation Strategy (IDS) for the EU could help overcome such fragmentation and disparities and attract investment in digital projects; stresses that the objective should not be just another policy paper but a real strategy reflecting innovation trends and market potential, the implementation of which would be continuously evaluated;

3.  Considers that an IDS will contribute to solving some of the most pressing challenges in the transport and tourism sectors; calls on the Commission, therefore, to further support digitalisation in order to:

  a)  improve the overall safety, quality and environmental performance of the transport sector;

  b)  improve barrier-free accessibility for everyone, including older people and persons with reduced mobility or disabilities, and develop awareness of alternative mobility solutions providing passengers with more choices, more user-friendly and customised products and more information, throughout the EU and in both urban and less developed regions;

  c)  reduce transport costs, such as maintenance costs, and improve the efficiency of the use of existing transport infrastructure capacity (e.g. platooning, C-ITS, ERTMS, RIS);

  d)  improve competitiveness by fostering the emergence of new players, especially SMEs and start-ups, in order to challenge existing monopolies;

  e)  facilitate the proper and harmonised enforcement of EU legislation, through the development of traffic management systems, intelligent transport systems, digital tachographs, electronic toll systems, etc, and create regulatory frameworks suitable for real situations that may newly arise from the application of advanced technologies;

  f)  cut administrative burdens for small and medium sized transport operators and start-ups, for instance in the freight and logistics sector, by simplifying administrative procedures, providing for cargo tracking and tracing, and optimising schedules and traffic flows;

  g)  continue safeguarding passenger rights, including data protection, also in multimodal journeys;

  h)  diminish the problems related to information asymmetry in the transport market;

  i)  foster the attractiveness and development of the tourism sector, which helps generate around 10 % of European GDP, and of creative industries in urban, rural and outermost areas, for instance through a better integration of mobility and tourism services including to lesser-known destinations;

4.  Points out that uninterrupted and high-performance connectivity is a precondition for fast, safe and reliable connections for all transport modes and for further digitalisation of the transport sector; regrets the great fragmentation of digital coverage within the EU; considers that investments in broadband and the fair allocation of spectrum are crucial for the digitalisation of the transport sector; highlights in this respect the need to have a cross-sectorial vision, for instance between electronics, telecoms, transport and tourism; calls on the Commission and the Member States to meet their commitment to provide such a type of connectivity for main transport paths and hubs no later than 2025 and to initiate full coverage all over the EU;

5.  Underlines the need to mobilise and attract public and private investments in order to adequately finance the transition towards digital processes and support the development of associated infrastructure; calls on the Commission to ensure that cooperation and investments at European level in transport industry digitalisation lead to progressive convergence between areas, including through increased opportunities for SMEs’ digitalisation through existing EU funds; believes that a better and more efficient coordination and use could be made of existing EU funds (including in the context of the cohesion policy), in particular the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI), which has so far not delivered sufficiently on projects of a truly innovative nature;

6.  Points out that autonomous transport could rapidly grow in the near future, and therefore calls on the Commission to clarify as soon as possible safety and liability rules for fully autonomous transport in order to set the legal conditions to ensure its fast and effective integration into the market;

7.  Strongly believes that, especially in the transport sector, open data, big data and data analytics remain essential elements for reaping the full benefits of the Digital Single Market and fostering innovation; regrets that initiatives to ease the flow of data remain fragmented; stresses that more legal certainty, especially in terms of ownership and responsibility, is needed, on a basis of full respect of privacy and data protection;

8.  Acknowledges the contribution of start-ups and SMEs to the digitalisation process, and stresses the importance of providing them with adequate support and tools, including financially where appropriate, in order to ensure the application of their innovations, and favour their integration into the market; supports, for instance, the idea of further developing digital innovation hubs across the EU where new competence centres and cluster partnerships could be created;

9.  Notes that growing digitalisation in the distribution of travel tickets means that more information is readily available to consumers over the internet, but increasingly in a way that makes it difficult to compare offers; considers that it is therefore necessary to reinforce transparency and neutrality safeguards in distribution, and particularly internet distribution, so that consumers can make informed choices based on reliable information, regarding not only price but other parameters as well, including quality of service and ancillary offers; believes that such transparency will both promote competition and support the development of multimodal transport;

10.  Notes that the digital transformation in the transport and tourism sectors, in particular the development of the on-demand and collaborative economies, contributes to considerably reshaping passengers’ and consumers’ behaviour as regards mobility and tourism, as well as to the need for infrastructure adaptation; invites the Commission to assess the effects of digitalisation in transport, mobility and tourism services, with particular emphasis on the behaviour and choices of the users of those services, and to further unleash the potential of this societal change;

11.  Recalls that digitisation is not just a technological issue, but has wider social, work and economic implications and in this respect calls on the Commission to carry out, as soon as possible, an in-depth analysis of those implications; notes that, in order to reap the full potential of digitalisation, including in terms of job creation and requalification of employees, and to avoid Europe having an enormous shortage of qualified ICT-skilled employees in the upcoming years, the massive upskilling of employees and investment in vocational training are needed at all levels to prepare for the integration of digital technologies; invites Member States to give priority to policies in this sense and to incorporate digitalisation into their national transport sector strategies.

INFORMATION ON ADOPTION IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Date adopted

11.4.2017

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

43

2

0

Members present for the final vote

Daniela Aiuto, Lucy Anderson, Inés Ayala Sender, Georges Bach, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Deirdre Clune, Michael Cramer, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Andor Deli, Isabella De Monte, Ismail Ertug, Jacqueline Foster, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Merja Kyllönen, Miltiadis Kyrkos, Bogusław Liberadzki, Peter Lundgren, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Jens Nilsson, Salvatore Domenico Pogliese, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Gabriele Preuß, Dominique Riquet, Massimiliano Salini, David-Maria Sassoli, Claudia Schmidt, Claudia Țapardel, Keith Taylor, Pavel Telička, István Ujhelyi, Peter van Dalen, Wim van de Camp, Elissavet Vozemberg-Vrionidi, Janusz Zemke, Roberts Zīle, Kosma Złotowski, Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska

Substitutes present for the final vote

Jakop Dalunde, Maria Grapini, Franck Proust, Matthijs van Miltenburg, Henna Virkkunen

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

John Stuart Agnew, Jiří Maštálka

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

43

+

ALDE

Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Dominique Riquet, Pavel Telička, Matthijs van Miltenburg

ECR

Jacqueline Foster, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Roberts Zīle,, Kosma Złotowski, Peter van Dalen

EFDD

Daniela Aiuto

GUE/NGL

Merja Kyllönen, Jiří Maštálka

PPE

Georges Bach, Deirdre Clune, Andor Deli, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Salvatore Domenico Pogliese, Franck Proust, Massimiliano Salini, Claudia Schmidt, Henna Virkkunen, Elissavet Vozemberg-Vrionidi, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Wim van de Camp

S&D

Lucy Anderson, Inés Ayala Sender, Isabella De Monte, Ismail Ertug, Maria Grapini, Miltiadis Kyrkos, Bogusław Liberadzki, Jens Nilsson, Gabriele Preuß, David-Maria Sassoli, Claudia Țapardel, István Ujhelyi, Janusz Zemke

Verts/ALE

Michael Cramer, Jakop Dalunde, Keith Taylor

2

-

EFDD

Peter Lundgren, John Stuart Agnew

0

0

 

 

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


OPINION of the Committee on Culture and Education (30.1.2017)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on digitising European industry

(2016/2271(INI))

Rapporteur: Angel Dzhambazki

SUGGESTIONS

The Committee on Culture and Education calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following suggestions into its motion for a resolution:

1.  Recalls that, with some 40 % of EU workers lacking adequate digital skills, which impacts negatively on their participation in society and their ability to work, and noting that six out of the top ten skills requirements are technical or digital skills, the Union faces a digital skills gap; takes note of the Commission’s recent Communications on ‘Digitising European industry’ and ‘A New Skills Agenda for Europe’ as a first step in the right direction with regard to improving the digital literacy and skills of European citizens; highlights, nevertheless, the need to adopt additional systemic initiatives, which should provide for a comprehensive framework to raise awareness among European citizens of the importance of such skills and to embed their use into daily life;

2.  Calls on the Commission to place digital skills at the heart of its upcoming revision of the Key Competences Framework; encourages the Member States to further develop primary, secondary and tertiary education curricula, as well as vocational training programmes, to meet the needs of an increasingly digital labour market and a digitally mediated democracy, providing citizens with skills for active participation and interaction with the government; emphasises the need for proper teacher training, which helps update teaching methodology and increases innovative digital and distance learning opportunities, leading to better possibilities for students to meet new digital skills requirements in the labour market;

3.  Highlights the opportunity that education through digitisation presents to young Europeans not in education or employment and calls for measures that will, in turn, improve inclusion both socially and in the labour market;

4.  Emphasises the need to address the steadily widening divide in access to the internet and digital skills, with targeted support for unemployed individuals, adults with a low literacy level and those groups who typically experience ‘interrupted learning’ and ‘learning at a distance’ educational barriers, such as the Traveller community;

5.  Believes that basic digital skills – taught as part of primary and secondary education curricula – should encompass knowledge of the possibilities that digital skills offer, advanced use of basic digital tools, safe internet behaviour and search methodologies to identify credible sources, and promote awareness-raising about rights online; further underlines the need to include media literacy in school curricula and in the programmes of cultural education institutions, allowing citizens to have a critical understanding of different forms of media and thereby increasing and enhancing the resources and opportunities offered by ‘digital literacy’; stresses that emphasis should be placed on learning-by-doing approaches;

6.  Stresses the importance of incorporating a digital skills agenda into lifelong learning programmes for the working-age population and especially for senior citizens, who represent 18.9 % and rising of the total population of the European Union and who will thus gain significant employment potential in addition to their long work experience;

7.  Highlights the considerable disparity across Member States in terms of digitisation and digital literacy and skills, and considers it imperative to promote greater convergence in this area; emphasises that promoting best practice exchange and dialogue can bridge that gap; highlights the potential of the Grand Coalition for Digital Jobs in this respect; reiterates that such specific initiatives need to be embedded in a wider, more ambitious framework of digital actions;

8.  Stresses that special support for ‘analogue’ multilingualism in Europe is beneficial both in terms of digitising European industry and teaching comprehensive digital skills; stresses, therefore, that considerably more attention must be given to basic research on statistical, intelligent and machine-supported translation and learning software;

9.  Welcomes the multi-stakeholder approach inherent in the Commission’s ‘digital innovation hub’ model; notes that close collaboration between universities and businesses can help shape a more diverse agenda and provide on-the-job education and training opportunities;

10.  Emphasises that Cultural and Creative Industries (CCIs) are both drivers and beneficiaries of digital innovation; points out that, as they are often small and micro-enterprises, CCIs need targeted support to help them ‘go digital’ and develop their activities in a secure, durable and effective manner;

11.  Points out that, as evidenced by the Europeana initiative, the digitisation of European works represents a significant opportunity to improve their accessibility, distribution and promotion and that digital innovation can provide the impetus for a revolution in the way that cultural goods are exhibited and accessed; stresses the importance of promoting in particular the use of 3D technologies for data collection and the reconstruction of destroyed cultural goods and heritage; emphasises the need to guarantee funding for the digitisation, preservation and online availability of European cultural heritage;

12.  Regrets the fact that historical and cultural sites are often not easily accessible for those with a disability and highlights the opportunities that a stronger digital cultural platform presents in improving engagement and making cultural experiences, sites and artefacts throughout Europe more accessible regardless of geographical location;

13.  Stresses that digitisation should complement, and not substitute for, physical interaction with original cultural goods, such as museum exhibits or books; insists that any commercial agreements for the digitisation of cultural goods should be framed in such a way as not to jeopardise the broadest possible public access to those goods;

14.  Recommends that all new audiovisual works should be systematically registered with an international standard identifier such as the International Standard Audiovisual Number (ISAN) or the Entertainment Identifier Registry (EIDR) to improve the identification and discoverability of audiovisual content online and to achieve interoperability among film databases and catalogues in Europe;

15.  Emphasises the importance of promoting and fostering the digital production of high-quality cultural, creative and educational content, which helps strengthen the know-how and competitiveness of European industry in these fields;

16.  Encourages research on, and the development of, assistive technologies, which could be used and become new industrial products for the inclusion of disabled people.

RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Date adopted

24.1.2017

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

26

0

0

Members present for the final vote

Dominique Bilde, Andrea Bocskor, Silvia Costa, Mircea Diaconu, Angel Dzhambazki, Jill Evans, María Teresa Giménez Barbat, Giorgos Grammatikakis, Petra Kammerevert, Andrew Lewer, Svetoslav Hristov Malinov, Curzio Maltese, Luigi Morgano, Momchil Nekov, John Procter, Michaela Šojdrová, Yana Toom, Helga Trüpel, Sabine Verheyen, Julie Ward, Bogdan Brunon Wenta, Theodoros Zagorakis, Bogdan Andrzej Zdrojewski, Milan Zver, Krystyna Łybacka

Substitutes present for the final vote

Therese Comodini Cachia


INFORMATION ON ADOPTION IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Date adopted

25.4.2017

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

59

1

1

Members present for the final vote

Bendt Bendtsen, Xabier Benito Ziluaga, José Blanco López, David Borrelli, Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Reinhard Bütikofer, Jerzy Buzek, Edward Czesak, Jakop Dalunde, Pilar del Castillo Vera, Christian Ehler, Ashley Fox, Adam Gierek, Rebecca Harms, Roger Helmer, Hans-Olaf Henkel, Eva Kaili, Krišjānis Kariņš, Seán Kelly, Jeppe Kofod, Jaromír Kohlíček, Miapetra Kumpula-Natri, Janusz Lewandowski, Paloma López Bermejo, Edouard Martin, Angelika Mlinar, Dan Nica, Angelika Niebler, Morten Helveg Petersen, Miroslav Poche, Carolina Punset, Michel Reimon, Herbert Reul, Paul Rübig, Massimiliano Salini, Algirdas Saudargas, Jean-Luc Schaffhauser, Neoklis Sylikiotis, Dario Tamburrano, Patrizia Toia, Evžen Tošenovský, Claude Turmes, Vladimir Urutchev, Kathleen Van Brempt, Martina Werner, Lieve Wierinck, Hermann Winkler, Anna Záborská, Carlos Zorrinho

Substitutes present for the final vote

Pilar Ayuso, Amjad Bashir, Soledad Cabezón Ruiz, Isabella De Monte, Francesc Gambús, Constanze Krehl, Werner Langen, Olle Ludvigsson, Gesine Meissner, Clare Moody, Michèle Rivasi, Anne Sander, Theodor Dumitru Stolojan, Pavel Telička

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Georgi Pirinski


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

59

+

ALDE

Gesine Meissner, Angelika Mlinar, Morten Helveg Petersen, Carolina Punset, Pavel Telička, Lieve Wierinck

ECR

Amjad Bashir, Edward Czesak, Ashley Fox, Hans-Olaf Henkel, Evžen Tošenovský

EFDD

David Borrelli, Dario Tamburrano

GUE/NGL

Xabier Benito Ziluaga, Jaromír Kohlíček, Paloma López Bermejo, Neoklis Sylikiotis

EPP

Bendt Bendtsen, Jerzy Buzek, Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Christian Ehler, Francesc Gambús, Krišjānis Kariņš, Seán Kelly, Werner Langen, Janusz Lewandowski, Angelika Niebler, Herbert Reul, Paul Rübig, Massimiliano Salini, Anne Sander, Algirdas Saudargas, Theodor Dumitru Stolojan, Vladimir Urutchev, Hermann Winkler, Anna Záborská, Pilar del Castillo Vera

S&D

José Blanco López, Isabella De Monte, Adam Gierek, Eva Kaili, Jeppe Kofod, Constanze Krehl, Miapetra Kumpula-Natri, Olle Ludvigsson, Edouard Martin, Clare Moody, Dan Nica, Georgi Pirinski, Miroslav Poche, Patrizia Toia, Kathleen Van Brempt, Martina Werner, Carlos Zorrinho

Greens/EFA

Reinhard Bütikofer, Jakop Dalunde, Rebecca Harms, Michel Reimon, Claude Turmes

1

-

EFDD

Roger Helmer

1

0

ENF

Jean-Luc Schaffhauser

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Legal notice - Privacy policy