Procedure : 2019/2028(BUD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A9-0035/2019

Texts tabled :

A9-0035/2019

Debates :

PV 26/11/2019 - 13
CRE 26/11/2019 - 13

Votes :

PV 27/11/2019 - 6.5
CRE 27/11/2019 - 6.5
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P9_TA(2019)0071

<Date>{20/11/2019}20.11.2019</Date>
<NoDocSe>A9-0035/2019</NoDocSe>
PDF 285kWORD 85k

<TitreType>REPORT</TitreType>

<Titre>on the joint text on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020 approved by the Conciliation Committee under the budgetary procedure</Titre>

<DocRef>(00000/2019 – C9‑0000/2019 – 2019/2028(BUD))</DocRef>


<Commission>{CODE}European Parliament delegation to the Conciliation Committee</Commission>

Rapporteurs:  <Depute>Monika Hohlmeier (Section III – Commission)</Depute>

 <Depute>Eider Gardiazabal Rubial (other sections)</Depute>

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 ANNEX
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the joint text on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020 approved by the Conciliation Committee under the budgetary procedure

(00000/2019 – C9‑0000/2019 – 2019/2028(BUD))

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the joint text approved by the Conciliation Committee and the relevant Parliament, Council and Commission statements (00000/2019 – C9‑0000/2019),

 having regard to the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020, which the Commission adopted on 5 July 2019 (COM(2019)0400),

 having regard to the position on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020, which the Council adopted on 3 September 2019 and forwarded to Parliament on 13 September 2019 (11734/2019 – C9‑0119/2019),

 having regard to Letter of amendment No 1/2020 to the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020, which the Commission presented on 15 October 2019,

 having regard to its resolution of 23 October 2019 on the Council position on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020[1] and to the budget amendments contained therein,

 having regard to Article 314 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

 having regard to Article 106a of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community,

 having regard to Council Decision 2014/335/EU, Euratom of 26 May 2014 on the system of own resources of the European Union[2],

 having regard to Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2018/1046 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 July 2018 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union, amending Regulations (EU) No 1296/2013, (EU) No 1301/2013, (EU) No 1303/2013, (EU) No 1304/2013, (EU) No 1309/2013, (EU) No 1316/2013, (EU) No 223/2014, (EU) No 283/2014 and Decision No 541/2014/EU and repealing Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012[3],

 having regard to Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 of 2 December 2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020[4],

 having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013 between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management[5],

 having regard to Rule 95 and Rule 96 of its Rules of Procedure,

 having regard to the report of its delegation to the Conciliation Committee (A9-0035/2019),

1. Approves the joint text;

2. Confirms the joint statements by Parliament, the Council and the Commission annexed to this resolution;

3. Takes note of the Commission statements annexed to this resolution;

4. Instructs its President to declare that the general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020 has been definitively adopted and to arrange for its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union;

5. Instructs its President to forward this legislative resolution to the Council, the Commission, the other institutions and bodies concerned and the national parliaments.


ANNEX

FINAL
Budget 2020 – Elements for joint conclusions

 

These joint conclusions cover the following sections:

1. Budget 2020

2. Statements

Summary overview

According to the elements for joint conclusions:

- The overall level of commitment appropriations in the 2020 budget is set at EUR 168 688,1 million, leaving a margin below the MFF ceilings for 2020 of EUR 1 492,3 million.

 This corresponds to an overall increase of EUR 400,0 million in comparison with the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020.

- The overall level of payment appropriations in the 2020 budget is set at EUR 153 566,2 million.

 This corresponds to an overall decrease of EUR 49,1 million in comparison with the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020.

 

 

Commitments

Payments

Final level of appropriations (in EUR million)

168 688,1

153 566,2

As % of 28 GNI

0,99%

0,90%

 

 The Flexibility Instrument for 2020 is mobilised in commitment appropriations for an amount of EUR 778,1 million for heading 3 Security and Citizenship.

- The Global margin for commitments is used at a level of EUR 269,6 million for headings 1a Competitiveness for Growth and Jobs and 1b Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion.

- The Contingency margin mobilised in 2017 is offset for EUR 252,0 million against the unallocated margins under heading 5 Administration.

- The 2020 payment appropriations related to the mobilisation of the Flexibility Instrument in 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020 are estimated by the Commission at EUR 849,8 million.

- The remaining availabilities for the year 2020 are summarised in the following table:

In EUR million (2019 prices)

Commitment margin below the MFF ceilings for 2020

1 492,3

Special instruments currently available

1 216,9

Flexibility Instrument

141,3

Global margin for commitments (from 2018)

1 075,6

Additional special instruments available in 2020

1 463,5

Flexibility Instrument

 

From lapsing amounts (2019) of the European Globalisation and Adjustment Fund

173,5

From lapsing amounts (2018) of the European Union Solidarity Fund

-

Global margin for commitments (from 2019)

1 290,0

Total

4 172,7


1. Budget 2020

1.1. 'Closed' lines

Unless stated otherwise below in these conclusions, all budget lines not amended by either Council or Parliament, and those for which Parliament accepted Council's amendments during their respective reading, are confirmed.

For the other budget lines, the Conciliation Committee has agreed on the conclusions included in sections 1.2 to 1.7 below.

 

1.2. Horizontal issues

Decentralised agencies

The EU contribution (in commitment and payment appropriations and the number of posts) for all decentralised agencies are set at the level proposed by the Commission in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020 with the exception of:

 Under heading 1a:

o The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA, budget article 02 03 03) for which the level of commitment and payment appropriations is decreased by EUR 1 000 000.

o The European GNSS Agency (GSA, budget article 02 05 11) for which 5 additional posts are allocated and the level of commitment and payment appropriations is increased by EUR 370 000.

o The European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP, budget article 04 03 13) for which the level of commitment and payment appropriations is decreased by EUR 300 000.

 Under heading 2:

o The European Environment Agency (EEA, budget article 07 02 06) for which 5 additional posts are allocated and the level of commitment and payment appropriations is increased by EUR 1 300 000.

 Under heading 3:

o The European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (EUROPOL, budget article 18 02 04) for which 10 additional posts are allocated and the level of commitment and payment appropriations is increased by EUR 13 000 000.

o The European Medicine Agency (EMA, budget item 17 03 12 01) for which 5 additional posts are allocated and the level of commitment and payment appropriations is increased by EUR 2 000 000.

o The European Asylum Support Office (EASO, budget article 18 03 02) for which the level of commitment and payment appropriations in reserve is decreased by EUR 24 685 306.

o The European Body for the Enhancement of Judicial Cooperation (EUROJUST, budget article 33 03 04) for which the level of commitment and payment appropriations is increased by EUR 1 700 000.

o The European Agency for the Operational Management at the External Borders (FRONTEX, budget article 18 02 03) for which the level of commitment and payment appropriations is decreased by EUR 8 734 813.

o The European Public Prosecutor's Office (EPPO, budget article 33 03 05) for which 5 additional posts are allocated.

 

Executive agencies

The EU contribution (in commitment and payment appropriations and the number of posts) for executive agencies are set at the level proposed by the Commission in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020.

 

Pilot Projects/Preparatory Actions

A comprehensive package of 78 pilot projects/preparatory actions (PP/PA), for a total amount of EUR 140,0 million in commitment appropriations is agreed.

When a pilot project or a preparatory action appears to be covered by an existing legal basis, the Commission may propose the transfer of appropriations to the corresponding legal basis in order to facilitate the implementation of the action.

This package fully respects the ceilings for pilot projects and preparatory actions set in the Financial Regulation.

 

1.3. Expenditure headings of the financial framework - commitment appropriations

 

After taking into account the above conclusions on 'closed' budget lines, agencies and pilot projects and preparatory actions, the Conciliation Committee has agreed on the following:

 

Heading 1a – Competitiveness for Growth and Jobs

Commitment appropriations are set at the level proposed by the Commission in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020 but with the adjustments, agreed by the Conciliation Committee, detailed in the following table:

 

 

 

 

In EUR

Budget line / Programme

Name

Variation in commitment appropriations

DB 2020 (incl. AL1)

Budget 2020

Difference

1.1.31

Horizon 2020

 

 

302 000 000

02 04 03 01

Achieving a resource-efficient and climate change resilient economy and a sustainable supply of raw materials

93 815 989

131 326 358

37 510 369

05 09 03 01

Securing sufficient supplies of safe and high quality food and other bio-based products

322 162 041

358 411 695

36 249 654

06 03 03 01

Achieving a resource-efficient, environmentally-friendly, safe and seamless European transport system

82 293 876

102 593 682

20 299 806

08 02 02 02

Enhancing access to risk finance for investing in research and innovation

463 764 801

390 264 801

-73 500 000

08 02 03 01

Improving lifelong health and well-being

648 685 745

675 046 838

26 361 093

08 02 03 03

Making the transition to a reliable, sustainable and competitive energy system

378 723 375

437 834 269

59 110 894

08 02 03 04

Achieving a European transport system that is resource-efficient, environmentally friendly, safe and seamless

266 184 054

291 118 104

24 934 050

08 02 03 05

Achieving a resource-efficient and climate change resilient economy and a sustainable supply of raw materials

335 790 132

357 285 003

21 494 871

08 02 04

Spreading excellence and widening participation

133 166 041

138 566 660

5 400 619

08 02 07 32

Innovative Medicines Initiative 2 (IMI2) Joint Undertaking

249 947 970

243 447 970

-6 500 000

08 02 08

SME instrument

587 742 199

659 742 199

72 000 000

09 04 01 01

Strengthening research in future and emerging technologies

446 952 871

453 036 200

6 083 329

09 04 02 01

Leadership in information and communications technology

877 375 691

893 597 902

16 222 211

09 04 03 01

Improving lifelong health and well-being

179 751 775

187 862 880

8 111 105

09 04 03 02

Fostering inclusive, innovative and reflective European societies

53 632 314

54 632 314

1 000 000

09 04 03 03

Fostering secure European societies

78 153 053

68 153 053

-10 000 000

15 03 01 01

Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions — generating, developing and transferring new skills, knowledge and innovation

1 024 532 312

1 032 643 417

8 111 105

18 05 03 01

Fostering secure European societies

195 504 220

185 504 220

-10 000 000

32 04 03 01

Making the transition to a reliable, sustainable and competitive energy system

397 880 594

456 991 488

59 110 894

1.1.32

Euratom Research and Training Programme

 

 

-2 200 000

08 03 01 02

Euratom — Nuclear fission and radiation protection

74 754 023

73 354 023

-1 400 000

10 03 01

Euratom activities of direct research

13 701 830

12 901 830

-800 000

1.1.4

Competitiveness of enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises (COSME)

 

 

5 000 000

02 02 02

Improving access to finance for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the form of equity and debt

264 160 000

269 160 000

5 000 000

1.1.5

Education, Training and Sport (Erasmus+)

 

 

50 000 000

15 02 01 01

Promoting excellence and cooperation in the European education and training area and its relevance to the labour market

2 497 651 602

2 538 161 453

40 509 851

15 02 01 02

Promoting excellence and cooperation in the European youth area and the participation of young people in European democratic life

187 211 158

194 795 054

7 583 896

15 02 02

Promoting excellence in teaching and research activities in European integration through the Jean Monnet Activities worldwide

47 056 540

48 962 793

1 906 253

1.1.6

Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI)

 

 

-2 000 000

04 03 02 01

Progress — Supporting the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of Union employment and social policy and working conditions legislation

78 400 000

77 900 000

-500 000

04 03 02 03

Microfinance and Social Entrepreneurship — Increasing access to, and the availability of, financing for legal and physical persons, especially those furthest from the labour market, and social enterprises

15 735 000

14 235 000

-1 500 000

1.1.81

Energy

 

 

95 800 000

32 02 01 01

Further integration of the internal energy market and the interoperability of electricity and gas networks across borders

394 706 000

450 506 000

55 800 000

32 02 01 02

Enhancing Union security of energy supply

394 528 000

414 528 000

20 000 000

32 02 01 03

Contributing to sustainable development and protection of the environment

394 498 586

414 498 586

20 000 000

1.1.82

Transport

 

 

37 000 000

06 02 01 01

Removing bottlenecks, enhancing rail interoperability, bridging missing links and improving cross-border sections

1 732 979 805

1 764 429 805

31 450 000

06 02 01 02

Ensuring sustainable and efficient transport systems

333 547 370

339 097 370

5 550 000

1.1.DAG

Decentralised agencies

 

 

-930 000

02 03 03

European Chemicals Agency — Chemicals legislation

59 827 657

58 827 657

-1 000 000

02 05 11

European GNSS Agency

34 232 619

34 602 619

370 000

04 03 13

European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop)

18 115 490

17 815 490

-300 000

1.1.OTH

Other actions and programmes

 

 

-200 000

26 02 01

Procedures for awarding and advertising public supply, works and service contracts

7 200 000

7 000 000

-200 000

1.1.PPPA

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

 

 

85 365 000

1.1.SPEC

Actions financed under the prerogatives of the Commission and specific competences conferred to the Commission

 

 

-1 500 000

02 03 01

Operation and development of the internal market of goods and services

32 027 000

31 027 000

-1 000 000

09 02 01

Definition and implementation of the Union’s policy in the field of electronic communications

3 815 000

3 315 000

-500 000

 

Total

 

 

568 335 000

As a consequence, the agreed level of commitment appropriations is set at EUR 25 284,8 million, with no margin left under the expenditure ceiling of heading 1a and the use of the Global Margin for Commitments for an amount of EUR 93,8 million.

The Conciliation Committee also agrees not to make commitment appropriations available again in accordance with Article 15.3 of the Financial Regulation.

 

Heading 1b – Economic, social and territorial Cohesion

Commitment appropriations are set at the level proposed by the Commission in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020 but with the adjustment, agreed by the Conciliation Committee, detailed in the following table:

 

 

 

 

In EUR

Budget line / Programme

Name

Variation in commitment appropriations

DB 2020 (incl. AL1)

Budget 2020

Difference

1.2.5

Youth Employment initiative (specific top-up allocation)

 

 

28 333 333

04 02 64

Youth Employment Initiative

116 666 667

145 000 000

28 333 333

1.2.PPPA

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

 

 

5 600 000

 

Total

 

 

33 933 333

As a consequence, the agreed level of commitment appropriations is set at EUR 58 645,8 million, with no margin left under the expenditure ceiling of heading 1b and the use of the Global Margin for Commitments for an amount of EUR 175,8 million.


Heading 2 – Sustainable Growth: Natural Resources

Commitment appropriations are set at the level proposed by the Commission in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020 but with the adjustments, agreed by the Conciliation Committee, detailed in the following table:

 

 

 

 

In EUR

Budget line / Programme

Name

Variation in commitment appropriations

DB 2020 (incl. AL1)

Budget 2020

Difference

2.0.10

European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) — Market related expenditure and direct payments

 

 

-72 000 000

05 03 01 10

Basic payment scheme (BPS)

16 189 000 000

16 117 000 000

-72 000 000

2.0.4

Environment and climate action (LIFE)

 

 

10 000 000

34 02 01

Reducing Union greenhouse gas emissions

80 328 388

85 883 944

5 555 556

34 02 02

Increasing the resilience of the Union to climate change

44 350 000

47 524 603

3 174 603

34 02 03

Better climate governance and information at all levels

16 298 500

17 568 341

1 269 841

2.0.DAG

Decentralised agencies

 

 

1 300 000

07 02 06

European Environment Agency

40 418 782

41 718 782

1 300 000

2.0.PPPA

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

 

 

22 514 881

 

Total

 

 

-38 185 119

As a consequence, the agreed level of commitment appropriations is set at EUR 59 907,0 million, leaving a margin of EUR 514,0 million under the expenditure ceiling of heading 2.

 

Heading 3 – Security and Citizenship

Commitment appropriations are set at the level proposed by the Commission in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020 but with the adjustments, agreed by the Conciliation Committee, detailed in the following table:

 

 

 

 

In EUR

Budget line / Programme

Name

Variation in commitment appropriations

DB 2020 (incl. AL1)

Budget 2020

Difference

3.0.11

Creative Europe

 

 

7 500 000

09 05 01

MEDIA Sub-programme — Operating transnationally and internationally and promoting transnational circulation and mobility

115 923 000

120 923 000

5 000 000

15 04 01

Strengthening the financial capacity of SMEs and small and very small organisations in the European cultural and creative sectors, and fostering policy development and new business models

38 241 000

39 241 000

1 000 000

15 04 02

Culture Sub-programme — Supporting cross-border actions and promoting transnational circulation and mobility

75 246 000

76 746 000

1 500 000

3.0.5

Rights, Equality and Citizenship

 

 

1 200 000

33 02 01

Ensuring the protection of rights and empowering citizens

28 605 000

29 805 000

1 200 000

3.0.6

Union Civil protection Mechanism

 

 

-15 000 000

23 03 01 01

Disaster prevention and preparedness within the Union

137 788 000

122 788 000

-15 000 000

3.0.7

Europe for Citizens

 

 

1 000 000

18 04 01 01

Europe for citizens — Strengthening remembrance and enhancing capacity for civic participation at the Union level

25 959 000

26 959 000

1 000 000

3.0.8

Food and feed

 

 

-1 500 000

17 04 01

Ensuring a higher animal health status and high level of protection of animals in the Union

171 000 000

169 500 000

-1 500 000

3.0.DAG

Decentralised agencies

 

 

-16 720 119

17 03 12 01

Union contribution to the European Medicines Agency

32 285 000

34 285 000

2 000 000

18 02 03

European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex)

420 555 842

411 821 029

-8 734 813

18 02 04

European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (Europol)

139 964 760

152 964 760

13 000 000

18 03 02

European Asylum Support Office (EASO)

133 012 725

108 327 419

-24 685 306

33 03 04

European Union Agency for Criminal Justice Cooperation (Eurojust)

39 640 496

41 340 496

1 700 000

3.0.PPPA

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

 

 

22 520 119

3.0.SPEC

Actions financed under the prerogatives of the Commission and specific competences conferred to the Commission

 

 

1 000 000

09 05 05

Multimedia actions

20 732 000

21 732 000

1 000 000

 

Total

 

 

0

As a consequence, the agreed level of commitment appropriations is set at EUR 3 729,1 million, with no margin left under the expenditure ceiling of heading 3, and the mobilisation of EUR 778,1 million through the Flexibility Instrument.

 

Heading 4 – Global Europe

Commitment appropriations are set at the level proposed by the Commission in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020, but with the adjustments, agreed by the Conciliation Committee, detailed in the following table:

 

 

 

 

In EUR

Budget line / Programme

Name

Variation in commitment appropriations

DB 2020 (incl. AL1)

Budget 2020

Difference

4.0.1

Instrument for Pre-accession assistance (IPA II)

 

 

-85 000 000

05 05 04 02

Turkey - Support for economic, social and territorial development and related progressive alignment with the Union acquis

28 178 364

18 178 364

-10 000 000

22 02 03 01

Turkey - Support for political reforms and related progressive alignment with the Union acquis

160 000 000

150 000 000

-10 000 000

22 02 03 02

Turkey - Support for economic, social and territorial development and related progressive alignment with the Union acquis

65 000 000

0

-65 000 000

4.0.10

Macro-financial Assistance (MFA)

 

 

-7 000 000

01 03 02

Macro-financial assistance

27 000 000

20 000 000

-7 000 000

4.0.2

European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI)

 

 

25 000 000

22 04 01 03

Mediterranean countries — Confidence building, security and the prevention and settlement of conflicts

401 220 115

421 220 115

20 000 000

22 04 02 01

Eastern Partnership — Human rights, good governance and mobility

251 379 012

252 879 012

1 500 000

22 04 02 02

Eastern Partnership — Poverty reduction and sustainable development

385 828 623

389 328 623

3 500 000

4.0.3

Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)

 

 

20 000 000

21 02 07 01

Environment and climate change

216 473 403

222 473 403

6 000 000

21 02 07 02

Sustainable energy

96 210 401

110 210 401

14 000 000

4.0.5

European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR)

 

 

-5 000 000

19 04 01

Improving the reliability of electoral processes, in particular by means of election observation missions

48 442 462

43 442 462

-5 000 000

4.0.OTH

Other actions and programmes

 

 

2 000 000

13 07 01

Financial support for encouraging the economic development of the Turkish Cypriot community

33 762 000

35 762 000

2 000 000

4.0.PPPA

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

 

 

4 000 000

 

Total

 

 

-46 000 000

As a consequence, the agreed level of commitment appropriations is set at EUR 10 261,6 million, leaving a margin of EUR 248,4 million under the expenditure ceiling of heading 4.

 

Heading 5 – Administration

The number of posts in the establishment plans of the Institutions and the appropriations proposed by the Commission in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020 are agreed by the Conciliation Committee with the following exceptions

 The section of the Parliament, for which the following increases in commitment and payment appropriations resulting from Members' Statute and the postponement of the United Kingdom withdrawal of the European Union decided on 28 October 2019 by the European Council, are approved: EUR 410 000 on budget line 1 0 0 0 Salaries, EUR 408 000 on budget line 1 0 0 4 Ordinary travel expenses, EUR 12 000 on budget line 1 0 0 5 Other travel expenses, EUR 900 000 on budget line 1 0 0 6 General expenditure allowance, EUR 6 050 000 on budget line 1 0 2 Transitional allowances, EUR 12 000 on budget line 3 2 2 Documentation expenditure, EUR 68 000 on budget line 3 2 4 4 Organisation and reception of visitors, Euroscola programme and invitations to opinion multipliers from third countries and EUR 1 463 000 on budget line 4 2 2 Expenditure relating to parliamentary assistance;

 The section of the Council, for which its reading is approved.

 

Also, the impact in the Budget 2020 of the automatic salary update to be applied from 1 July 2019 (2.0 % instead of 3.1 %) is integrated in all sections of the Institutions as follows:

 

in EUR

Parliament

-10 922 000

Council

-3 627 000

Commission (including pensions)

-52 453 000

Court of Justice

-3 393 000

Court of Auditors

-1 380 000

European Economic & Social Committee

-819 672

Committee of the Regions

-610 000

Ombudsman

-111 000

European Data Protection Supervisor

-64 000

European External Action Service

-3 529 000

Total

-76 908 672

 

As a consequence the agreed level of commitment appropriations is set at EUR 10 272,1 million, leaving a margin of EUR 729,9 million under the expenditure ceiling of heading 5, after the use of EUR 252,0 million of the margin to offset the mobilisation of the Contingency margin in 2017.

Special instruments: EGF, EAR and EUSF

Commitment appropriations for the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF), for the Emergency Aid Reserve (EAR) and for the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) are set at the level proposed by the Commission in the Draft Budget.

 

1.4. Payment appropriations

The overall level of payment appropriations in the 2020 Budget is set at the level of the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020 with the following adjustments agreed by the Conciliation Committee:

1. First, account is taken of the agreed level of commitment appropriations for non-differentiated expenditure, for which the level of payment appropriations is equal to the level of commitment appropriations. This includes the additional reduction of agricultural expenditure by -EUR 72,0 million. This approach is applied, by analogy, to the EU contribution of decentralised agencies. The combined effect is a decrease of -EUR 156,4 million;

2. The payment appropriations for all new pilot projects and preparatory actions proposed by the Parliament are set at 25% of the corresponding commitment appropriations, or at the level proposed by Parliament if lower. In the case of extension of existing pilot projects and preparatory actions the level of payment appropriations is the one defined in the Draft Budget plus 25% of the corresponding new commitment appropriations, or at the level proposed by Parliament if lower. The combined effect is an increase of EUR 35,0 million;

3. The adjustments on the following budget lines are agreed as a result of the evolution in commitment appropriations for differentiated expenditure:

 

 

 

 

In EUR

Budget line / Programme

Name

Variation in payment appropriations

DB 2020 (incl. AL1)

Budget 2020

Difference

1.1.31

Horizon 2020

 

 

87 754 856

02 04 03 01

Achieving a resource-efficient and climate change resilient economy and a sustainable supply of raw materials

68 500 000

79 753 000

11 253 000

05 09 03 01

Securing sufficient supplies of safe and high quality food and other bio-based products

246 618 066

257 493 066

10 875 000

06 03 03 01

Achieving a resource-efficient, environmentally-friendly, safe and seamless European transport system

72 392 254

78 482 254

6 090 000

08 02 02 02

Enhancing access to risk finance for investing in research and innovation

120 856 938

98 806 938

-22 050 000

08 02 03 01

Improving lifelong health and well-being

597 667 007

605 575 007

7 908 000

08 02 03 03

Making the transition to a reliable, sustainable and competitive energy system

371 904 517

389 637 517

17 733 000

08 02 03 04

Achieving a European transport system that is resource-efficient, environmentally friendly, safe and seamless

281 336 863

288 816 863

7 480 000

08 02 03 05

Achieving a resource-efficient and climate change resilient economy and a sustainable supply of raw materials

270 375 566

276 823 566

6 448 000

08 02 04

Spreading excellence and widening participation

134 355 325

135 975 325

1 620 000

08 02 07 32

Innovative Medicines Initiative 2 (IMI2) Joint Undertaking

184 313 342

179 520 198

-4 793 144

08 02 08

SME instrument

532 049 827

553 649 827

21 600 000

09 04 01 01

Strengthening research in future and emerging technologies

466 500 000

468 325 000

1 825 000

09 04 02 01

Leadership in information and communications technology

711 700 000

716 567 000

4 867 000

09 04 03 01

Improving lifelong health and well-being

147 200 000

149 633 000

2 433 000

09 04 03 02

Fostering inclusive, innovative and reflective European societies

47 700 000

48 000 000

300 000

09 04 03 03

Fostering secure European societies

55 400 000

52 400 000

-3 000 000

15 03 01 01

Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions — generating, developing and transferring new skills, knowledge and innovation

862 725 632

865 158 632

2 433 000

18 05 03 01

Fostering secure European societies

168 549 256

165 549 256

-3 000 000

32 04 03 01

Making the transition to a reliable, sustainable and competitive energy system

398 861 189

416 594 189

17 733 000

1.1.32

Euratom Research and Training Programme

 

 

-1 100 000

08 03 01 02

Euratom — Nuclear fission and radiation protection

92 297 374

91 597 374

-700 000

10 03 01

Euratom activities of direct research

12 000 000

11 600 000

-400 000

1.1.4

Competitiveness of enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises (COSME)

 

 

5 000 000

02 02 02

Improving access to finance for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the form of equity and debt

210 000 000

215 000 000

5 000 000

1.1.5

Education, Training and Sport (Erasmus+)

 

 

50 000 000

15 02 01 01

Promoting excellence and cooperation in the European education and training area and its relevance to the labour market

2 375 000 000

2 415 509 851

40 509 851

15 02 01 02

Promoting excellence and cooperation in the European youth area and the participation of young people in European democratic life

180 000 000

187 583 896

7 583 896

15 02 02

Promoting excellence in teaching and research activities in European integration through the Jean Monnet Activities worldwide

46 000 000

47 906 253

1 906 253

1.1.6

Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI)

 

 

-2 000 000

04 03 02 01

Progress — Supporting the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of Union employment and social policy and working conditions legislation

59 400 000

58 900 000

-500 000

04 03 02 03

Microfinance and Social Entrepreneurship — Increasing access to, and the availability of, financing for legal and physical persons, especially those furthest from the labour market, and social enterprises

23 000 000

21 500 000

-1 500 000

1.1.81

Energy

 

 

28 740 000

32 02 01 01

Further integration of the internal energy market and the interoperability of electricity and gas networks across borders

131 500 000

148 240 000

16 740 000

32 02 01 02

Enhancing Union security of energy supply

128 200 000

134 200 000

6 000 000

32 02 01 03

Contributing to sustainable development and protection of the environment

128 300 000

134 300 000

6 000 000

1.1.82

Transport

 

 

11 100 000

06 02 01 01

Removing bottlenecks, enhancing rail interoperability, bridging missing links and improving cross-border sections

980 000 000

989 435 000

9 435 000

06 02 01 02

Ensuring sustainable and efficient transport systems

95 000 000

96 665 000

1 665 000

1.1.OTH

Other actions and programmes

 

 

-200 000

26 02 01

Procedures for awarding and advertising public supply, works and service contracts

7 200 000

7 000 000

-200 000

1.1.SPEC

Actions financed under the prerogatives of the Commission and specific competences conferred to the Commission

 

 

-1 200 000

02 03 01

Operation and development of the internal market of goods and services

26 610 000

25 810 000

-800 000

09 02 01

Definition and implementation of the Union’s policy in the field of electronic communications

3 000 000

2 600 000

-400 000

1.2.5

Youth Employment initiative (specific top-up allocation)

 

 

3 000 000

04 02 64

Youth Employment Initiative

600 000 000

603 000 000

3 000 000

2.0.4

Environment and climate action (LIFE)

 

 

5 000 001

34 02 01

Reducing Union greenhouse gas emissions

42 000 000

44 777 778

2 777 778

34 02 02

Increasing the resilience of the Union to climate change

22 500 000

24 087 302

1 587 302

34 02 03

Better climate governance and information at all levels

15 000 000

15 634 921

634 921

3.0.11

Creative Europe

 

 

6 000 000

09 05 01

MEDIA Sub-programme — Operating transnationally and internationally and promoting transnational circulation and mobility

99 200 000

103 200 000

4 000 000

15 04 01

Strengthening the financial capacity of SMEs and small and very small organisations in the European cultural and creative sectors, and fostering policy development and new business models

29 200 000

30 000 000

800 000

15 04 02

Culture Sub-programme — Supporting cross-border actions and promoting transnational circulation and mobility

66 000 000

67 200 000

1 200 000

3.0.5

Rights, Equality and Citizenship

 

 

1 200 000

33 02 01

Ensuring the protection of rights and empowering citizens

28 800 000

30 000 000

1 200 000

3.0.6

Union Civil protection Mechanism

 

 

-15 000 000

23 03 01 01

Disaster prevention and preparedness within the Union

63 000 000

48 000 000

-15 000 000

3.0.7

Europe for Citizens

 

 

1 000 000

18 04 01 01

Europe for citizens — Strengthening remembrance and enhancing capacity for civic participation at the Union level

25 000 000

26 000 000

1 000 000

3.0.SPEC

Actions financed under the prerogatives of the Commission and specific competences conferred to the Commission

 

 

1 000 000

09 05 05

Multimedia actions

22 000 000

23 000 000

1 000 000

4.0.1

Instrument for Pre-accession assistance (IPA II)

 

 

-75 000 000

22 02 03 01

Turkey - Support for political reforms and related progressive alignment with the Union acquis

58 772 300

48 772 300

-10 000 000

22 02 03 02

Turkey - Support for economic, social and territorial development and related progressive alignment with the Union acquis

463 786 099

398 786 099

-65 000 000

4.0.3

Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)

 

 

20 000 000

21 02 07 01

Environment and climate change

157 900 000

163 900 000

6 000 000

21 02 07 02

Sustainable energy

50 250 000

64 250 000

14 000 000

4.0.5

European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR)

 

 

-5 000 000

19 04 01

Improving the reliability of electoral processes, in particular by means of election observation missions

42 000 000

37 000 000

-5 000 000

4.0.OTH

Other actions and programmes

 

 

2 000 000

13 07 01

Financial support for encouraging the economic development of the Turkish Cypriot community

35 000 000

37 000 000

2 000 000

9.0.3

European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF)

 

 

-50 000 000

13 06 01

Assistance to Member States in the event of a major natural disaster with serious repercussions on living conditions, the natural environment or the economy

100 000 000

50 000 000

-50 000 000

 

Total

 

 

72 294 857

 

1.5. Reserves

Reserves in the 2020 Budget are set in accordance with the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020 except for budget articles 13 06 01 (European Union Solidarity Fund) and 18 03 02 (European Asylum Support Office - EASO) for which the corresponding reserves are cancelled.


1.6. Budget remarks

Unless otherwise specifically addressed in previous paragraphs, amendments introduced by the European Parliament or the Council to the text of budget remarks are agreed, with the exception of those on budget lines listed in the following tables:

 Budget lines for which the amendments introduced by the European Parliament are approved with the modification proposed by the Commission in its Executability Letter.

Budget line

Name

15 02 01 01

Promoting excellence and cooperation in the European education and training area and its relevance to the labour market

19 05 01

Cooperation with third countries to advance and promote Union and mutual interests

21 02 07 03

Human development

21 02 08 01

Civil society in development

21 07 01

Cooperation with Greenland

 Budget lines for which the respective budget remark as proposed in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020, are approved.

Budget line

Name

02 04 03 01

Achieving a resource-efficient and climate change resilient economy and a sustainable supply of raw materials

06 01 04 01

Support expenditure for Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) — Transport

07 02 06

European Environment Agency

08 02 03 03

Making the transition to a reliable, sustainable and competitive energy system

08 02 03 05

Achieving a resource-efficient and climate change resilient economy and a sustainable supply of raw materials

08 02 07 33

Bio-Based Industries (BBI) Joint Undertaking — Support expenditure

09 02 01

Definition and implementation of the Union’s policy in the field of electronic communications

13 04 61 01

Cohesion Fund — Operational technical assistance

21 01 04 05

Support expenditure for the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC)

32 04 03 01

Making the transition to a reliable, sustainable and competitive energy system

 Budget lines for which the respective budget remark as proposed in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter are approved with the following modifications.

Budget line

Name

04 03 02 01

Progress — Supporting the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of Union employment and social policy and working conditions legislation

Amend text as follows:
- to encourage job creation, promote youth employment and fight poverty by promoting increased social convergence by means of the Social Mark of decent jobs in terms of stable employment and social rights, promoting acceptable employment for young people and combatting poverty by promoting social convergence.

08 02 03 01

Improving lifelong health and well-being

Amend text as follows:
Lifelong health and well-being for all, high-quality and economically sustainable health and care systems, with health care becoming more personalised for more efficacy, and opportunities for new jobs and growth in the health sector and its related industries are the aims of this activity. To that respect activities will focus on effective health promotion and disease prevention (e.g. understanding the determinants of health, developing better preventive vaccines). Particular attention will be paid to gender- and age-related health specificities. In addition, emphasis will be placed on managing, treating and curing disease (notably via an increased personalisation of medicine), including fighting cancer, disability and reduced functionality (e.g. by transferring knowledge to clinical practice and scalable innovation actions, better use of health data, independent and assisted living). Furthermore, efforts will be made to improve decision-making in prevention and treatment provision, identify and support the dissemination of best practice in the health care sector, and support integrated care and the uptake of technological, organisational and social innovations empowering in particular older persons as well as disabled persons to remain active and independent. Finally, activities will be based on a gender-sensitive approach that recognises, amongst other things, the position of women in both the informal and the formal care sector.

08 02 03 03

Making the transition to a reliable, sustainable and competitive energy system

Add the following text:
Attention shall be paid to helping to close the research and innovation divide in Europe, without undermining the excellence criteria.

08 02 08

SME instrument

Amend text as follows:
In accordance with Article 15(3) of the Financial Regulation, an amount of EUR 72 000 000 in commitment appropriations is available for this budget article further to decommitments made in 2018 as a result of total or partial non-implementation of research projects.

09 04 02 01

Leadership in information and communications technology

Add the following text:
This could cover further research work in the field of developing European internet search engines.

09 04 03 02

Fostering inclusive, innovative and reflective European societies

Amend text as follows:
The aim of the second challenge is ‘to contribute to an understanding of Europe’s intellectual basis and cultural heritage: its history and the many European and non-European influences; as an inspiration for our lives today’, as well as to facilitate the access and exploitation of this cultural heritage, including towards the future European Cultural Heritage Cloud.

32 04 03 01

Making the transition to a reliable, sustainable and competitive energy system

Add the following text:
Attention shall be paid to helping to close the research and innovation divide in Europe, without undermining the excellence criteria.

32 02 77 12

Preparatory action — Establishing comprehensive support for coal and carbon-intensive regions in transition

Add the following text:

 set up a cross-DG team to (a) identify areas of possible Union policy/programme synergies with a view to ensuring the most effective financial and policy support post-2020; (b) assist regions (central and local authorities) in developing sustainable transition strategies by providing more targeted tools for intra-regional exchanges on best practices, including on comprehensive roadmaps for low-emission reindustrialisation.

 refocus existing stakeholder fora, including social dialogue and dialogue with civil society in general, on establishing just transition and economic strategies,

 provide additional financial support, on top of existing funding schemes without redeployment from other programmes, for the establishment of regional/local just transition roadmaps towards EU carbon neutrality by 2050 in the regions and communities most affected. Extra funding should also support existing or future territorial/community projects that are based on the involvement of workers and communities affected through consultation and empowerment.

 strengthen the Platform for Coal Regions in Transition and its Secretariat (established by the preparatory action in 2018 and continued in 2019) in order to achieve the EU’s climate goals and fulfil its commitments under the Paris Agreement, while ensuring a just energy transition in which coal regions are not left behind, by providing an increased budget in 2020 and extending the scope of the action to:

 further technical assistance and capacity building in coal and carbon intensive regions in the EU in areas such as strategy preparation, project development, project financing and private investment facilitation (there were 20 pilot regions participating in the EU initiative as of March 2019, compared with four regions in 2017);

 engagement with Energy Community members and observers on coal regions in transition by organising regional outreach in cooperation with international financial institutions and international partners;

 development of a social dimension to the Platform for Coal Regions in Transition, applying best social innovation practices: reskilling and upskilling of workers and programmes for young people and retired miners.

34 02 01

Reducing Union greenhouse gas emissions

Add the following text:

As regards integrated projects, a distributional element in the selection of projects to facilitate geographical balance shall be taken into account. This is of an indicative nature and should not suggest secured funds or allocations per Member State.

34 02 02

Increasing the resilience of the Union to climate change

Add the following text:
As regards integrated projects, a distributional element in the selection of projects to facilitate geographical balance shall be taken into account. This is of an indicative nature and should not suggest secured funds or allocations per Member State.

34 02 03

Better climate governance and information at all levels

Add the following text:
As regards integrated projects, a distributional element in the selection of projects to facilitate geographical balance shall be taken into account. This is of an indicative nature and should not suggest secured funds or allocations per Member State.

This is with the understanding that amendments introduced by the European Parliament or the Council cannot modify or extend the scope of an existing legal base, or impinge on the administrative autonomy of institutions, and that the action can be covered by available resources.

 

1.7. Budget nomenclature

The budget nomenclature proposed by the Commission in the Draft Budget, as amended by Amending Letter 1/2020, is agreed with the inclusion of the new pilot projects and preparatory actions taking account of the following modifications.

Budget line according to EP reading

Heading

Name / New name

New budget line

New heading

02 04 77 08

1a

Pilot project — Aviation resilience to GNSS jamming and cyber-threatsspoofing

02 04 77 08

1a

06 02 77 25

1a

Pilot project — Eco labelling for aviation / Demonstration project for the introduction of a voluntary Green Label system in Aviation based on EASA Eco Portal

06 02 77 25

1a

06 02 77 26

2

Pilot project — Urban mobility interconnection with air transport infrastructure

06 02 77 26

1a

06 02 77 27

2

Pilot project — Revitalisation of cross-border night trains

06 02 77 27

1a

06 02 77 28

2

Pilot project — Capacity for greening of European sea ports

06 02 77 28

1a

09 02 77 15

2

Pilot project — Smart urban mobility by autonomous vehicles

09 02 77 15

1a

13 03 77 30

1b

Pilot project — BEST Culture: Programme to support cultural diversity in the European overseas

13 03 77 30

1b

14 03 77 05

1a

Pilot project — Feasibility study for a European asset registry in the context of the fight against money laundering and tax evasion

12 02 77 11

1a

15 04 77 22

1a

Preparatory action — Finance, Learning, Innovation and Patenting for Cultural and Creative Industries (FLIP for CCIs)

15 04 77 22

3

15 04 77 23

1a

Preparatory action — Protecting the Jewish Cemeteries of Europe: A full mapping process with research and monitoring and individual costed proposals for protection.

15 04 77 23

3

32 02 77 16

1a

Preparatory action — Establishing comprehensive support for coal and carbon-intensive regions in transition

32 02 77 12

1a

32 02 77 17

1a

Preparatory action — Teaching Islands how to tender for renewable energy projects

32 02 77 16

1a

32 02 77 18

1a

Preparatory action — Strengthening the cooperation on climate action among villages within the EU and beyond through the creation of a rural identity within the Covenant of Mayors

32 02 77 17

1a

32 02 77 19

1b

Pilot project — Energy Communities Repository – Monitoring and Support to Energy Communities in the EU

32 02 77 18

1a

32 02 77 20

2

Pilot project — Engaging Companies for Energy Transition

32 02 77 19

1a

33 04 77 07

3

Pilot project — Inclusive Web Accessibility for Persons with Cognitive Disabilities (Web inclusiveness: access for all)

09 04 77 29

3

33 04 77 08

2

Preparatory action — Assessing alleged differences in the quality of products sold on the Single Market

33 04 77 07

1a

 

2. Statements

 

2.1  Joint statement by the European Parliament, Council and Commission on the funding of EASO

The European Parliament and the Council take note of the Commission’s intention to review the funding requirements of the European Union Agency for Asylum (EASO) for the financial year 2020, once the legislative proposal of 12 September 2018 to reinforce the Agency’s operational support capabilities is adopted

The European Parliament and the Council undertake to treat a possible request for a reinforcement of the EU contribution to EASO in 2020, which may require a budget authority transfer or a draft amending budget, with due regard for its urgency.

 

2.2. Joint statement by the European Parliament, Council and Commission on the payment appropriations

The European Parliament and the Council recall the need to ensure, in the light of implementation, an orderly progression of payments in relation to the appropriations for commitments so as to avoid any abnormal level of unpaid invoices at year-end.

The European Parliament and the Council call on the Commission to continue closely and actively monitoring the implementation of the 2014-2020 programmes (particularly in sub-heading 1b and Rural Development). To that end, they invite the Commission to present, in a timely manner, updated figures concerning the state of implementation and estimates regarding 2020 payment appropriations.

If the figures show that the appropriations entered in the 2020 budget are insufficient to cover the needs, the European Parliament and the Council invite the Commission to present as soon as possible an appropriate solution, inter alia an amending budget, to allow the Budgetary Authority to take any decisions necessary in due time for justified needs. Where applicable, the European Parliament and the Council will take into account the urgency of the matter. For the Council, this could entail shortening the eight-week period for a decision if deemed necessary.

 

2.3 Joint statement by the European Parliament, Council and Commission on the Youth Employment Initiative

The European Parliament, the Council and the Commission recall that reducing youth unemployment remains a high and shared political priority, and to this end they reaffirm their determination to make the best possible use of budgetary resources available to tackle it, and in particular through the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI).

The European Parliament and the Council invite the Commission to observe closely the implementation trend of this initiative and to submit a report before 30 June 2020.

Should the Commission assessment confirm the need for an increase of the YEI, the Commission will present in parallel a draft amending budget increasing the YEI specific allocation by EUR 50 million.

The Council and the European Parliament undertake to process swiftly any such draft amending budget for 2020 put forward by the Commission.

 

2.4. Unilateral statement by the Commission on the Youth Employment Initiative

The increase of the YEI specific allocation requires a technical amendment of the Common Provisions Regulation.

As was the case in the previous years, this amendment will be strictly limited to the modifications necessary to accommodate the additional YEI envelope and will have no impact on the implementation of the cohesion policy.

2.5. Unilateral statement by the Commission on getting closer to the 20% climate-related spending target during 2014-2020

The Commission will monitor closely the implementation of the budget in the course of the year 2020. In case of under-implementation in the relevant headings, the Commission will make the appropriate budgetary proposals to reinforce climate-related expenditure where possible.


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

General budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020

References

00000/2019 – C9‑0000/2019 – 2019/2020(BUD)

Delegation Chair: President

David Maria Sassoli

Committee responsible
 Chair

BUDG
Johan Van Overtveldt

Rapporteur(s)

Monika Hohlmeier

Eider Gardiazabal Rubial

Draft acts considered

COM(2019)0400, COM(2019)0487

Council position
 Date adopted

 Date announced in plenary

11374/2019 – C9‑0119/2019

5.9.2019

16.9.2019

Date of Parliament’s position

23.10.2019

P9_TA(2019)0038

Date of Council letter on non-approval of Parliament amendments

23.10.2019

Conciliation Committee meetings

4.11.2019

15.11.2019

18.11.2019

 

Date of adoption by Parliament’s delegation under Article 314(5) TFEU

18.11.2019

Members present

Rasmus Andresen, Clotilde Armand, Erik Bergkvist, Olivier Chastel, Lefteris Christoforou, David Cormand, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Valerie Hayer, Monika Hohlmeier, Moritz Körner, Pierre Larrouturou, Margarida Marques, Andrey Novakov, Jan Olbrycht, Bogdan Rzońca, Nils Ušakovs, Johan Van Overtveldt, Angelika Winzig

Date of agreement in Conciliation Committee

18.11.2019

Date on which the co-Chairs established that the joint text had been approved and forwarded it to Parliament and the Council

18.11.2019

Date tabled

20.11.2019

 

[1] Texts adopted of that date, P9_TA(2019)0038.

[2] OJ L 168, 7.6.2014, p. 105.

[3] OJ L 193, 30.7.2018, p. 1.

[4] OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 884.

[5] OJ C 373, 20.12.2013, p. 1.

Last updated: 21 November 2019Legal notice