<Date>{23/01/2020}27.1.2020</Date>
<NoDocSe>A9-0012/2020</NoDocSe>
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<TitreType>RECOMMENDATION</TitreType>     <RefProcLect>***</RefProcLect>

<Titre>on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (2019-2024)</Titre>

<DocRef>(08928/2019 – C9‑0011/2019 – 2019/0090(NLE))</DocRef>


<Commission>{PECH}Committee on Fisheries</Commission>

Rapporteur: <Depute>João Ferreira

</Depute>

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON DEVELOPMENT
 OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON BUDGETS
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (2019-2024)

(08928/2019 – C9‑0011/2019 – 2019/0090(NLE))

(Consent)

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the draft Council decision (08928/2019),

 having regard to the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (08894/2019),

 having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 43, Article 218(6), second subparagraph, point (a) (v), and Article 218(7) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (C9-0011/2019),

 having regard to its non-legislative resolution of ... [1] on the draft decision,

 having regard to Rules 105(1) and (4) and Rule 114(7) of its Rules of Procedure,

 having regard to the opinions of the Committee on Development and the Committee on Budgets,

 having regard to the recommendation of the Committee on Fisheries (A9-0012/2020),

1. Gives its consent to the conclusion of the Protocol;

2. Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States and of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

 

The Republic of Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau has 1.8 million inhabitants from 11 ethnic groups. Half of the population lives in urban areas. This figure is expected to rise. Approximately 60% of the population is under the age of 25. The country has both a high fertility rate and a high infant mortality rate (54.8 deaths per thousand births). More than 40% of the population is illiterate. The country is ranked 178th out of 188 in the United Nations Human Development Index (UNDP, 2015).

Domestic natural resources have always been the mainstay of Guinea-Bissau’s economy. The contribution of agriculture to national GDP and to exports stands at 56% and 90%, respectively, and is based around a single crop – cashew nuts. One of the main challenges facing the country is to diversify production.

 

Despite the relative abundance of fishery resources in its Exclusive Economic Zone, the fisheries sector contributes relatively little to the Guinea-Bissau’s wealth, accounting for only 3.5% of GDP.

 

In 2008, almost a third of public revenue came from international donors, with a third of this amount coming from the EU. The funding provided through the Fisheries Partnership Agreement (SFPA, in its most recent version) between the EU and Guinea-Bissau as compensation for access to resources make a significant contribution to the country’s national public finances.

 

The public revenue structure is likely to become more fragile when the unilaterally granted tariff preferences come to an end and the so-called Economic Partnership Agreements enter into force, representing, in addition to other constraints on the country’s development, a potential revenue shortfall.

 

Guinea-Bissau’s broad continental shelf, fed by rivers, and the seasonal upwelling of ocean currents help to ensure rich stocks of both coastal and oceanic fish species.

 

The main stocks of commercial value include demersal species, small pelagic species, large migratory pelagic species, crustaceans (shrimp, including deep-water shrimp) and cephalopods (squid and octopus).

 

Artisanal fishing, including subsistence fishing, provides a livelihood for several thousand fishermen and their families, some of whom come from neighbouring countries (the numbers vary according to different estimates). Three-quarters of the almost 1 500 boats registered in 2009 were canoe-type boats (made from tree trunks).

 

Trade in fisheries products with the EU has been impeded owing to the country’s inability to comply with EU health standards, despite its best efforts. It is hoped that the strengthening of Guinea-Bissau’s capacities in this field, thanks to the creation and – following a long process – accreditation of a quality control and analysis laboratory (in July 2014), can help to change the situation.

 

EU-Guinea-Bissau Fisheries Agreement

 

The first fisheries agreement concluded between the Republic of Guinea-Bissau and the European Community dates back to 1980. Fleets from EEC/EU Member States have had access to fishing opportunities in Guinea-Bissau waters since that time. In 2007, both parties signed the Fisheries Partnership Agreement. Since then, successive protocols implementing the Agreement have been tacitly renewed and/or negotiated. The Agreement was suspended at the EU’s initiative between April 2012 and October 2014, following a military coup. More recently, talks on the Protocol highlighted the need for a review of the financial contributions provided in exchange for fishing opportunities for EU fleets under the Protocol.

The current Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (2019-2024) was applied provisionally from the date of signature, i.e. 15 November 2018. This fisheries agreement allows vessels from a number of EU Member States to fish in Guinea-Bissau waters.

The Protocol provides for fishing opportunities in the following categories: freezer shrimp trawlers; freezer fin-fish and cephalopod trawlers; small pelagic trawlers; tuna freezer vessels and longliners; pool-and-line tuna vessels: For the first three categories, fishing opportunities are expressed in terms of fishing effort (GRT) for the first two years and as catch limits (TACs) for the last three years.

The Agreement is multi-species and covers tuna, cephalopods, shrimps and demersal species. The Agreement is part of a network of tuna agreements in West Africa and is one of only three multi-species agreements in the region (the others being with Morocco and with Mauritania).

The fishing opportunities provided for in the Agreement are based on the best scientific advice available and on the recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT).

The EU contribution includes payments from shipowners and a public financial contribution. The EU’s annual public financial contribution is EUR 15 600 000, and includes:

(a) an amount for access to fishery resources for the categories provided for in the Protocol, set at EUR 11 600 000 per year, for the entire duration of the Protocol;

(b) support for the development of Guinea-Bissau’s sectoral fisheries policy and blue economy, amounting to EUR 4 000 000 per year, for the entire duration of the Protocol.

The rapporteur hopes that the new protocol will enable the EU and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau to work more closely in order to promote the sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources in Guinea-Bissau waters and to support the country’s efforts to develop the national fisheries sector and related areas.

The previous Protocol recorded only average results. For every euro invested under the Agreement, EUR 2.02 of total added value was generated: 42% for the EU, 38% for ACP countries and 20% for Guinea-Bissau. The Guinean authorities are therefore justified in expecting their capacity to capture the added value generated by the Agreement to increase.

However, despite the fact that the EU has had fisheries agreements with Guinea-Bissau since the early 1980s, the development cooperation component of these agreements (sectoral support) has yielded noticeably few results. Indeed, the local fisheries sector and related activities have not seen any significant development.

Owing to the lack of infrastructure, catches by EU vessels are not landed and are not processed or marketed in Guinea-Bissau – Dakar, Senegal, is the port of preference.

Recent investment by the African Development Bank and other investors (e.g. China) in infrastructure, as well as a fishing port for artisanal fishing (landing and processing) in Alto Bandim, represent an opportunity for the country, but are insufficient to meet needs. Developing infrastructure for landing, storing and processing fish for use by industrial fleets operating in Guinea-Bissau waters would be of particular importance, not only for operational purposes, but also for the development of the country’s fisheries sector, and would allow for the creation of markets, distribution and marketing structures as well as laboratories for quality analysis.

The rapporteur is of the opinion that the Agreement should help to make the country more self-sufficient, to sustain its development strategy and to guarantee its sovereignty.

He therefore recommends that Parliament approve the conclusion of this SFPA and its Protocol, given its importance for both the Republic of Guinea-Bissau and the EU fleets already operating in that country’s waters.

However, he believes that a more detailed assessment and study of this Agreement, its background and its future perspectives are needed. In view of Parliament’s role and powers in this area, he considers it appropriate and necessary to adopt a non-legislative resolution on this agreement, setting out considerations and recommendations that the Commission should take into account while the current Protocol is in force (which, regrettably, it has not always done in the past).

The rapporteur wishes to highlight the following issues, in addition to those mentioned above, as requiring particular attention.

The Agreement must promote genuine sustainable development in the Guinean fisheries sector and related industries and activities, increasing the added value that stays in the country as a result of the exploitation of its natural resources.

Better coordination is needed between the sectoral support provided under the Fisheries Agreement and the instruments available in the area of development cooperation, namely the European Development Fund (EDF), either through relevant national programmes or through regional programmes for West Africa. The rapporteur takes this opportunity to make the Commission aware of the need, through the EDF, to promote studies, projects and the construction of infrastructure supporting the fisheries sector, in particular an industrial fishing port that provides the capacity to land, conserve and process fish.

The rapporteur considers that the Commission should take the necessary measures – including a possible revision and increase of the sectoral support component of the agreement, as well as finding new and better ways of improving the take-up rate of this support – in order to reverse the low take-up trend of recent decades. Continued efforts need to be made to ensure that some positive developments seen in recent years can be fostered to produce noticeable and long-lasting results.

As is the case for other countries in the region, detailed and more reliable data on catches, on the conservation status of fishery resources and on the state of ecosystems in general are needed. Guinea-Bissau should, as far as possible, be supported so that it can develop its own capabilities to obtain such data. The same applies to the surveillance and control capacities of the Exclusive Economic Zone of Guinea, with the fight against IUU (illegal, unreported and unregulated) fishing a constant challenge.

Finally, the rapporteur stresses that the European Parliament should, at each stage, be fully and promptly informed of the procedures related to the Protocol, its renewal and its implementation, as detailed in the non-legislative resolution accompanying this recommendation.


 

 

OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON DEVELOPMENT (20.12.2019)

<CommissionInt>for the Committee on Fisheries</CommissionInt>


<Titre>on the proposal for a Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (2019-2024)</Titre>

<DocRef>(08928/2019 – C9‑0011/2019– 2019/0090(NLE))</DocRef>

Rapporteur for opinion: <Depute>Caroline Roose</Depute>

 

 

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a mixed agreement which entered into force on 15 April 2008. The previous Protocol to the Agreement entered into force on 24 November 2014 and expired on 23 November 2017.

 

Like its previous incarnation, the new Protocol for 2019-2024 must comply with the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) Regulation, which places emphasis on sustainable fisheries and good governance in particular, while recognising the importance of policy consistency between the CFP and the EU’s development cooperation objectives.

 

A financial contribution of EUR 15.6 million per year has been allocated to the new Protocol. That total amount comprises EUR 11.6 million per year for access to fish stocks in the categories laid down in the Protocol, and EUR 4 million per year to support the development of Guinea-Bissau’s sectoral fisheries policy, as well as its blue economy.

 

With regard to the sector-specific support, the funding is intended to help implement the national fisheries and blue economy strategy, in particular by boosting the monitoring, control and surveillance of fishing activities, building up scientific knowledge of fish stocks, supporting local communities, developing infrastructure, stepping up international cooperation and supporting the blue economy. 

 

The rapporteur believes that the new Protocol has the potential to promote the responsible and sustainable exploitation of fish stocks, and that it is in keeping with the objectives of agreements on sustainable fisheries and development cooperation.

 

The rapporteur emphasises the importance of promoting ecosystem protection and maintaining fish stocks above the levels required to obtain the maximum sustainable yield, as more abundant fish stocks are essential for the development of coastal fishing communities, in line with the FAO Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries.

 

The rapporteur also takes the view that more emphasis should be placed on stepping up the control and surveillance of fishing activities in order for illegal fishing to be tackled more effectively.

 

******

The Committee on Development calls on the Committee on Fisheries, as the committee responsible, to recommend approval of the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (2019-2024).


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (2019-2024)

References

08928/2019 – C9-0011/2019 – 2019/0090(NLE)

Committee responsible

 

PECH

 

 

 

 

Opinion by

 Date announced in plenary

DEVE

15.7.2019

Rapporteur

 Date appointed

Caroline Roose

4.9.2019

Discussed in committee

7.11.2019

 

 

 

Date adopted

3.12.2019

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

21

2

0

Members present for the final vote

Hildegard Bentele, Dominique Bilde, Charles Goerens, Pierrette Herzberger-Fofana, György Hölvényi, Martin Horwood, Rasa Juknevičienė, Beata Kempa, Pierfrancesco Majorino, Lukas Mandl, Norbert Neuser, Michèle Rivasi, Louis Stedman-Bryce, Marc Tarabella, Tomas Tobé, Chrysoula Zacharopoulou, Bernhard Zimniok

Substitutes present for the final vote

Alessandra Basso, Stéphane Bijoux, Marlene Mortler, Rory Palmer, Caroline Roose, Carlos Zorrinho

 


 

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

21

+

PPE

Hildegard Bentele, György Hölvényi, Rasa Juknevičienė, Lukas Mandl, Marlene Mortler, Tomas Tobé

S&D

Pierfrancesco Majorino, Norbert Neuser, Rory Palmer, Marc Tarabella, Carlos Zorrinho

Renew

Stéphane Bijoux, Charles Goerens, Martin Horwood, Chrysoula Zacharopoulou

Verts/ALE

Pierrette Herzberger‑Fofana, Michèle Rivasi, Caroline Roose

ECR

Beata Kempa

ID

Alessandra Basso, Bernhard Zimniok

 

2

-

ID

Dominique Bilde

NI

Louis Stedman‑Bryce

 

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 


 

 

OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON BUDGETS (26.11.2019)

<CommissionInt>for the Committee on Fisheries</CommissionInt>


<Titre>on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (2019-2024)</Titre>

<DocRef>(08928/2019 – C9‑0011/2019 – 2019/0090(NLE))</DocRef>

Rapporteur for opinion: <Depute>José Manuel Fernandes</Depute>

 

 

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau[2] entered into force on 15 April 2008. The Commission conducted negotiations with the Government of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau resulting in a new protocol which was initialled on 15 November 2018 and repeals the previous protocol, which had expired on 23 November 2017.

The new Protocol provides fishing opportunities for Union vessels in Guinea-Bissau waters, on the basis of the best available scientific advice and following the recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). This new Protocol takes into account the results of an evaluation of the previous Protocol (2014-2017) and of a forward-looking assessment of whether a new Protocol should be concluded. Both were carried out by external experts. The Protocol will also enable the European Union and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau to work more closely on promoting sound exploitation of fishery resources in Guinea-Bissau waters and to support efforts by Guinea-Bissau to develop its blue economy, in the interests of both parties.

The Protocol provides for fishing opportunities in the following categories:

(a) shrimp freezer trawlers;

(b) fin-fish and cephalopod freezer trawlers;

(c) small pelagic trawlers;

(d) tuna freezer seiners and longliners;

(e) pole-and-line tuna vessels.

For the first three categories, fishing opportunities are expressed in terms of fishing effort for the first two years and in terms of catch limit for the last three years.

The negotiation of a new protocol to the Fisheries Partnership Agreement with Guinea-Bissau forms part of the Union’s external action in relation to ACP countries and takes into account, in particular, Union objectives on respecting democratic principles and human rights. The Protocol covers a period of five years from the date of its provisional application.

The annual financial contribution from the European Union is EUR 15 600 000, based on:

 an annual amount for access to fishery resources for the categories provided for in the Protocol, set at EUR 11 600 000 per year for the entire duration of the Protocol;

 support for the development of the sectoral fisheries policy and the blue economy of Guinea-Bissau for an amount of EUR 4 000 000 per year for the entire duration of the Protocol. This support meets the objectives of Guinea-Bissau’s national policy on the sustainable management of its continental and maritime fishery resources for the entire duration of the Protocol.

This shall contribute to the implementation of the national strategy for fisheries and the blue economy. It aims to support the sustainable management of fishery resources and the development of the sector, in particular by: - strengthening: (i) the monitoring, control and surveillance of fishing activities (including by putting in place the Electronic Reporting System ERS and ensuring it is operational); (ii) the collection and processing of data for scientific purposes and the capacity to analyse and assess fishery resources and fisheries; (iii) the capacity of operators in the fisheries sector; (iv) international cooperation; - supporting small-scale fishing; improving the conditions for exporting fishery products and promoting investment in the sector; developing infrastructure relevant to fisheries; supporting the blue economy and developing aquaculture.

The annual amount for commitment and payment appropriations is established during the annual budgetary procedure, including for the reserve line for protocols not having entered into force at the beginning of the year[3].

The Commission would be authorised to approve, on behalf of the Union, the amendments to the Protocol to be adopted by the Joint Committee set up under the Partnership Agreement.

 

******

 

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on Fisheries, as the committee responsible, to recommend that Parliament give its consent to the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau and of the Protocol on the implementation of that Partnership Agreement.


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (2019-2024)

References

08928/2019 – C9-0011/2019 – 2019/0090(NLE)

Committee responsible

 

PECH

 

 

 

 

Opinion by

 Date announced in plenary

BUDG

15.7.2019

Rapporteur

 Date appointed

José Manuel Fernandes

23.7.2019

Discussed in committee

6.11.2019

 

 

 

Date adopted

25.11.2019

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

24

5

3

Members present for the final vote

Rasmus Andresen, Clotilde Armand, Robert Biedroń, Olivier Chastel, Lefteris Christoforou, David Cormand, Paolo De Castro, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Valentino Grant, Francisco Guerreiro, Valerie Hayer, Niclas Herbst, John Howarth, Mislav Kolakušić, Moritz Körner, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Hélène Laporte, Pierre Larrouturou, Janusz Lewandowski, Margarida Marques, Siegfried Mureşan, Jan Olbrycht, Karlo Ressler, Nicolae Ştefănuță, Nils Ušakovs, Angelika Winzig

Substitutes present for the final vote

Matteo Adinolfi, Derk Jan Eppink, Henrike Hahn, Eero Heinäluoma, Younous Omarjee

 


 

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

24

+

ECR

Derk Jan Eppink, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk

NI

Mislav Kolakušić

PPE

Lefteris Christoforou, José Manuel Fernandes, Niclas Herbst, Janusz Lewandowski, Siegfried Mureşan, Jan Olbrycht, Karlo Ressler, Angelika Winzig

RENEW

Clotilde Armand, Olivier Chastel, Valerie Hayer, Moritz Körner, Nicolae Ştefănuță

S&D

Robert Biedroń, Paolo De Castro, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Eero Heinäluoma, John Howarth, Pierre Larrouturou, Margarida Marques, Nils Ušakovs

 

5

-

GUE/NGL

Younous Omarjee

VERTS/ALE

Rasmus Andresen, David Cormand, Francisco Guerreiro, Henrike Hahn

 

3

0

ID

Matteo Adinolfi, Valentino Grant, Hélène Laporte

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 


 

 

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (2019-2024)

References

08928/2019 – C9-0011/2019 – 2019/0090(NLE)

Date of consultation / request for consent

19.6.2019

 

 

 

Committee responsible

 Date announced in plenary

PECH

15.7.2019

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

 Date announced in plenary

DEVE

15.7.2019

BUDG

15.7.2019

 

 

Rapporteurs

 Date appointed

João Ferreira

23.7.2019

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

23.7.2019

12.11.2019

 

 

Date adopted

21.1.2020

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

23

1

2

Members present for the final vote

Clara Aguilera, Christian Allard, Pietro Bartolo, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Rosanna Conte, Richard Corbett, Chris Davies, Diane Dodds, João Ferreira, Søren Gade, Francisco Guerreiro, Niclas Herbst, France Jamet, Pierre Karleskind, Nosheena Mobarik, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Manuel Pizarro, Ruža Tomašić, Peter van Dalen, Theodoros Zagorakis

Substitutes present for the final vote

Nicolás González Casares, Nuno Melo, Caroline Roose, Maria Walsh

Substitutes under Rule 209(7) present for the final vote

Jeroen Lenaers, Antonio López-Istúriz White

Date tabled

27.1.2020

 


 

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

23

+

ECR

Nosheena Mobarik, Ruža Tomašić

GUE/NGL

João Ferreira

ID

Rosanna Conte

PPE

Peter van Dalen, Niclas Herbst, Jeroen Lenaers, Antonio López-Istúriz White, Nuno Melo, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Maria Walsh, Theodoros Zagorakis

RENEW

Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Chris Davies, Søren Gade, Pierre Karleskind

S&D

Clara Aguilera, Pietro Bartolo, Richard Corbett, Nicolás González Casares, Manuel Pizarro

VERTS/ALE

Christian Allard, Francisco Guerreiro

 

1

-

ID

France Jamet

 

2

0

NI

Diane Dodds

VERTS/ALE

Caroline Roose

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 

[1] Texts adopted, P9_TA(0000)0000.

[2] OJ L 342, 17.12.2007, p. 5.

[3] In accordance with the Interinstitutional Agreement on cooperation in budgetary matters (2013/C 373/01).

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