<Date>{28/04/2020}28.4.2020</Date>
<NoDocSe>A9-0093/2020</NoDocSe>
PDF 209kWORD 87k

<TitreType>REPORT</TitreType>     <RefProcLect>***I</RefProcLect>

<Titre>on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 as regards the introduction of capacity limits for Eastern Baltic cod, data collection and control measures in the Baltic Sea, and Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 as regards permanent cessation for fleets fishing for Eastern Baltic cod</Titre>

<DocRef>(COM(2019)0564 – C9-0161/2019 – 2019/0246(COD))</DocRef>


<Commission>{PECH}Committee on Fisheries</Commission>

Rapporteur: <Depute>Niclas Herbst</Depute>

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 as regards the introduction of capacity limits for Eastern Baltic cod, data collection and control measures in the Baltic Sea, and Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 as regards permanent cessation for fleets fishing for Eastern Baltic cod

(COM(2019)0564 – C9-0161/2019 – 2019/0246(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2019)0564),

 having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 43(2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C9-0161/2019),

 having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

 having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 23 January 2020[1],

 having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

 having regard to the report of the Committee on Fisheries (A9-0093/2020),

1. Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2. Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3. Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

 

<RepeatBlock-Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>1</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Title</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Proposal for a

Proposal for a

REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 as regards the introduction of capacity limits for Eastern Baltic cod, data collection and control measures in the Baltic Sea, and Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 as regards permanent cessation for fleets fishing for Eastern Baltic cod

amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 as regards capacity reductions in the Baltic Sea, and Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 as regards permanent cessation for fleets fishing for Eastern Baltic cod, Western Baltic cod and Western Baltic herring

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>2</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) Article 3(3) of Regulation (EU) No 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council3 commits to implement the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management in order to ensure that negative impacts of fishing activities on the marine ecosystem are minimised. The plan is to be coherent with Union environmental legislation, in particular with the objective of achieving good environmental status by 2020 as set out in Article 1(1) of Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council4.

(1) Article 3(3) of Regulation (EU) No 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council3 commits to implement the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management in order to ensure that negative impacts of fishing activities on the marine ecosystem are minimised. The plan is to be coherent with Union environmental legislation, in particular with the objective of achieving good environmental status by 2020 as set out in Article 1(1) of Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council4. It is essential that the plan contributes to having a healthy stock, which is then linked to sustainable fishing.

_________________

_________________

3 Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 establishing a multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2187/2005 and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1098/2007 (OJ L 191, 15.7.2016, p. 1).

3 Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 establishing a multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2187/2005 and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1098/2007 (OJ L 191, 15.7.2016, p. 1).

4 Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (OJ L 164, 25.6.2008, p. 19)

4 Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (OJ L 164, 25.6.2008, p. 19)

</Amend>

 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>3</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 2 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a) Those high nutrient inputs result inter alia from insufficiently implemented Directives such as Council Directive 91/676/EEC1a and Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council1b.

 

______________________

 

1a Council Directive 91/676/EEC of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources (OJ L 375, 31.12.1991, p. 1).

 

1b Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

</Amend>

 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>4</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 3</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  The declining condition of Eastern Baltic cod (Gadus morhua) has been linked to that situation. According to ICES, the stock suffers from an unsustainably low biomass due to a combination of declining recruitment, environmental factors and changes in the ecosystem leading to a high natural mortality (about three times the fishing mortality), and an excessive fishing mortality given the status of the stock. The biomass of commercial sized cod is presently at the lowest level observed since the 1950s. Moreover, ICES estimates that the spawning stock biomass will remain below the sustainability reference point in the medium-term (2024) even with no fishing at all. In its stock advice for 2020 ICES therefore advises zero catches.

(3)  The declining condition of Baltic cod (Gadus morhua) has been linked to that situation. According to ICES, the stocks suffer from an unsustainably low biomass due to a combination of declining recruitment, environmental factors, low availability of prey species, and changes in the ecosystem (for instance oxygen depletion, increased temperature or pollution) leading to a high natural mortality (about three times the fishing mortality), and an excessive fishing mortality given the status of the stocks. The biomass of commercial sized cod is presently at the lowest level observed since the 1950s. Moreover, ICES estimates that the Eastern Baltic cod spawning stock biomass will remain below the sustainability reference point in the medium-term (2024) even with no fishing at all and therefore advises zero catches in its stock advice for 2020.

</Amend>

 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>5</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 3 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) Fisheries management in the Baltic Sea also suffers from an imbalance between active fleet segments and available fishing opportunities as set out in the Commission Communication of 7 June 2019 on the State of Play of the Common Fisheries Policy and Consultation on the Fishing Opportunities for 2020.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>6</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 5</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) Based on the stock assessment for Eastern Baltic cod, the Commission adopted Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/12485, prohibiting until 31 December 2019 to fish for cod in ICES subdivisions 24 to 26.

(5) Based on the stock assessment for Eastern Baltic cod, the Commission adopted Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/12485, prohibiting until 31 December 2019 to fish for cod in ICES subdivisions 24 to 26. That prohibition has had a significant impact on the Eastern Baltic region, especially on the small artisanal fishing sector. The prohibition also has had an impact on the Western Baltic fisheries.

__________________

__________________

5 Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/1248 of 22 July 2019 establishing measures to alleviate a serious threat to the conservation of the Eastern Baltic cod (Gadus morhua) stock (OJ L 195, 23.7.2019, p. 2)

5 Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/1248 of 22 July 2019 establishing measures to alleviate a serious threat to the conservation of the Eastern Baltic cod (Gadus morhua) stock (OJ L 195, 23.7.2019, p. 2)

</Amend>

 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>7</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 5 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) Eastern Baltic cod is also caught by fishermen from third countries, which has an impact on the stock of the species as well.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>8</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 6</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) On 15 October 2019, the Council adopted a political agreement on fishing opportunities for 2020 in the Baltic Sea. That agreement entails a necessary and unprecedented reduction of 92% of fishing opportunities for 2020 compared to 2019 for Eastern Baltic cod, and limits the use of this TAC to by-catches only. No targeted fishery for this stock is therefore to be allowed. Since in ICES subdivision 24 mostly Eastern Baltic cod is present, the use of the Western Baltic cod TAC in subdivision 24 is also limited to by-catches of Eastern Baltic cod.

(6) On 15 October 2019, the Council adopted a political agreement on fishing opportunities for 2020 in the Baltic Sea. That agreement entails a necessary and unprecedented reduction of 92% of fishing opportunities for 2020 compared to 2019 for Eastern Baltic cod, and limits the use of this TAC to by-catches only. No targeted fishery for this stock is therefore to be allowed. Fishing operations conducted for the purpose of scientific investigations is always to be possible to follow the trends in stock biomass. Since in ICES subdivision 24 mostly Eastern Baltic cod is present, the use of the Western Baltic cod TAC in subdivision 24 is also limited to by-catches of Eastern Baltic cod.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>9</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 7</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) The fishing fleets so far dependent on Eastern Baltic cod do not have the possibility to fish for other stocks as an alternative. It is estimated that offsetting the economic losses caused by the Eastern Baltic cod closure would require additional catches of around 20,000 tonnes in alternative species. However, the Council also agreed severe reductions for other stocks, and notably a reduction of 65% for Western Baltic herring, 60% for Western Baltic cod, 32% for plaice, 27% for herring in the Gulf of Bothnia and 22% for sprat.

(7) The fishing fleets so far dependent on Eastern Baltic cod do not have the possibility to fish for other stocks as an alternative. It is estimated that offsetting the economic losses caused by the Eastern Baltic cod closure would require additional catches of around 20,000 tonnes in alternative species. However, the Council also agreed severe reductions for other stocks, and notably a reduction of 65% for Western Baltic herring, 60% for Western Baltic cod, 32% for plaice, 27% for herring in the Gulf of Bothnia and 22% for sprat. The Western Baltic herring TAC was significantly reduced for the third consecutive year. The TAC for Western Baltic cod was also significantly reduced. Western Baltic cod and Western Baltic herring are therefore subject to reductions that are similar in impact to those which apply to Eastern Baltic cod.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>10</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 8</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) Commission analysis shows that the fleet segments with the highest dependency on Eastern Baltic cod encompass more than 300 vessels, mainly trawlers and netters in Lithuania, Latvia and Poland, and to a lesser extent, Denmark. These fleet segments are of significant socioeconomic importance, representing between roughly 20% and 50% of the respective national fleet in Lithuania, Latvia and Poland, expressed in full-time equivalents. Only a minority seem resilient enough to survive a short-term – but not a medium or long-term – closure. The rest either suffer already from a poor situation that will be worsened by the closure or will see their profitability completely erode. Indeed, the quota uptake for Eastern Baltic cod has been below 60% for many years already, dropping further to 40% in 2018 and even lower in 2019 until the start of the Commission emergency measures in mid-July (19%), reflecting the biological problem with this fishery. Given that Eastern Baltic cod is not expected to recover to healthy levels even in the medium term, there will be a persistent structural imbalance for these fleet segments, thus justifying the restructuring of the fleet.

(8) Analysis shows that the fleet segments with the highest dependency on Eastern Baltic cod encompass more than 300 vessels, mainly trawlers and netters in Lithuania, Latvia and Poland, and to a lesser extent, Denmark and Germany. These fleet segments are of significant socioeconomic importance, representing between roughly 20% and 50% of the respective national fleet in Lithuania, Latvia and Poland, expressed in full-time equivalents. Only a minority seem resilient enough to survive a short-term – but not a medium or long-term – closure. The rest either suffer already from a poor situation that will be worsened by the closure or will see their profitability completely erode. Indeed, the quota uptake for Eastern Baltic cod has been below 60% for many years already, dropping further to 40% in 2018 and even lower in 2019 until the start of the Commission emergency measures in mid-July (19%), reflecting the biological problem with this fishery. Given that Baltic cod stocks are not expected to recover to healthy levels even in the medium term, there will be a persistent structural imbalance for these fleet segments, thus justifying the restructuring of the fleet.

</Amend>

 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>11</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 11</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11)  According to ICES advice published on 29 May 2019, approximately 70% of the cod landings in subdivisions 24-28 were taken by trawlers with a BACOMA with a 120 mm escape window or T90, and 15% of the cod landings were taken by gillnetters with mesh sizes between 110 mm and 156 mm. These métiers are generally considered to target cod and the minimum mesh sizes for them are set out in Regulation (EU) 2019/1241 of the European Parliament and of the Council.7 The other métiers in the top 15 in terms of the amount of cod landings each contributed less than 5% to the total cod landings. It is important to ensure that the capacity levels of fleets fishing for Eastern Baltic cod do not increase and permanent cessation with public funds delivers an effective reduction of fleet capacity. The Member State capacity level of these two fleet segments should be capped at levels of active vessels in the most recent years before the application of emergency measures, i.e. 2017 and 2018, and should be reduced when vessels are withdrawn with public aid, with the aim of rebuilding the stock of Eastern Baltic cod.

(11) It is important to ensure that the capacity levels of fleets fishing for Baltic cod do not increase and permanent cessation with public funds delivers an effective reduction of fleet capacity. The Member State capacity level of the fleet segments concerned should be reduced to below the levels of active vessels in two of the five years immediately preceding the application of emergency measures, i.e. the years 2014 - 2018, and should be reduced when vessels are withdrawn with public aid, with the aim of rebuilding the stocks of Baltic cod.

___________

 

7 Regulation (EU) 2019/1241 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 on the conservation of fisheries resources and the protection of marine ecosystems through technical measures, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1967/2006, (EC) No 1224/2009 and Regulations (EU) No 1380/2013, (EU) 2016/1139, (EU) 2018/973, (EU) 2019/472 and (EU) 2019/1022 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 894/97, (EC) No 850/98, (EC) No 2549/2000, (EC) No 254/2002, (EC) No 812/2004 and (EC) No 2187/2005 (OJ L 198, 25.7.2019, p. 105).

 

</Amend>

 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>12</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 16</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) In order to mitigate the adverse economic effects caused by the exceptional and persistent environmental situation in the Baltic Sea and the resulting severe reductions in fishing opportunities and in view of the specific measures provided for in the Multiannual plan for the Baltic Sea, public support for the permanent cessation of fishing activities through the scrapping of fishing vessels should be available to allow Member States to meet the objectives of their action plans under Article 22 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 and reduce any identified structural imbalance in the fishing segments covered by the Baltic multiannual plan. Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 should therefore be amended accordingly to reintroduce support for permanent cessation for the vessels that have significant dependence on Eastern Baltic cod.

(16) In order to mitigate the seriously harmful socio-economic consequences for coastal communities and businesses engaged in fishing caused by the persistent and negative environmental situation in the Baltic Sea and the resulting severe reductions in fishing opportunities and in view of the specific measures provided for in the Multiannual plan for the Baltic Sea, public support for the permanent cessation of fishing activities through the scrapping of fishing vessels should be available to allow Member States to meet the objectives of their action plans under Article 22 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 and reduce any identified structural imbalance in the fishing segments covered by the Baltic multiannual plan. Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 should therefore be amended accordingly to reintroduce support for permanent cessation for the vessels that have significant dependence on Baltic cod.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>13</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 17</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) In order to ensure the consistency of fleet structural adaptation in the Baltic Sea with the conservation objectives laid down in the Multiannual plan, support for the permanent cessation of fishing activities through the scrapping of fishing vessels that have significant dependence on Eastern Baltic cod should be strictly conditional and linked to the achievement of the adjustment targets and tools defined in the action plans for imbalanced segments.

(17) In order to ensure the consistency of fleet structural adaptation in the Baltic Sea with the conservation objectives laid down in the Multiannual plan, support for the permanent cessation of fishing activities through the scrapping of fishing vessels that have significant dependence on Eastern and Western Baltic cod should be strictly conditional and linked to the achievement of the adjustment targets and tools defined in the action plans for imbalanced segments.

</Amend>

 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>14</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 19 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(19a) Article 30 of Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 states that the EMFF may support investments that contribute to the diversification of the income of fishermen through the development of complementary activities.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>15</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 21</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21) In view of the bad economic situation of Union fishing vessels with a significant dependence on Eastern Baltic cod and the need to ensure the availability of support under the EMFF for permanent cessation of fishing activities of those vessels, it was considered appropriate to provide for an exception to the eight-week period referred to in Article 4 of Protocol No 1 on the role of national Parliaments in the European Union, annexed to the TEU, to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and to the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community,

(21) In view of the bad economic situation of Union fishing vessels with a significant dependence on Eastern Baltic cod and the need to ensure the availability of support under the EMFF for permanent cessation of fishing activities of those vessels, it was considered appropriate to act as swiftly as possible while respecting the full democratic rights of all Union institutions.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>16</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 1</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2016/1139</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 8a – title</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Capacity reduction for Eastern Baltic cod

Capacity reduction for Eastern Baltic cod, Western Baltic cod and Western Baltic herring

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>17</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 1</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2016/1139</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 8a – paragraph 2</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Paragraph 1 shall apply to vessels equipped with the following gear categories:

deleted

(a) towed gear with a mesh size of at least 120 mm constructed from T90 or at least 105 mm fitted with a Bacoma exit window of 120 mm;

 

(b) static nets with a mesh size of at least 110 mm and not more than 156 mm.

 

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>18</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 1 a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) No 508/2014</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 34 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. In Article 34(2), the following subparagraph is added:

 

"In the case of Eastern Baltic cod the reference in points (a) and (b) of the first subparagraph to the two last calendar years shall be understood as referring to the years 2017 and 2018."

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>19</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 2</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) No 508/2014</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 34 – paragraph 4 – point b</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) the multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks, established by Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council*, with regard to the vessels under the overall capacity limit for Eastern Baltic cod as set out in paragraph 2 of Article 8a of Regulation (EU) No 2016/1139.

(b) the multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks, established by Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council*, with regard to vessels that have targeted Eastern Baltic cod, Western Baltic cod or Western Baltic herring as set out in Article 8a of Regulation (EU) No 2016/1139.

_____________________

_________________________

* Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 establishing a multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2187/2005 and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1098/2007 (OJ L 191, 15.7.2016, p.1)

* Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 establishing a multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2187/2005 and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1098/2007 (OJ L 191, 15.7.2016, p.1)

</Amend>

</RepeatBlock-Amend>

 

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

The ecosystem in the Baltic Sea has been in a fragile state for decades. According to the findings of the most recent scientific studies of the state of the Baltic Sea, in addition to fishing a range of environmental factors, such as oxygen depletion, pollution levels, warming, lack of food, the prevalence of parasites and increased numbers of predators, are responsible for this worrying state of affairs.

 

Following the emergency measures for Eastern Baltic cod taken by the Commission on 23 July 2019, which are continuing to have a direct impact on the fisheries sector throughout the Baltic Sea region, on 15 October 2019 the Council adopted the quotas for 2020, including for Western and Eastern Baltic cod and Western Baltic herring. The TAC for Western Baltic herring was significantly reduced for the third year in a row (2018 -39%; 2019 -48%; 2020 -65%). The TAC for Western Baltic cod was also significantly reduced (-60%) and is now at the 2017/2018 level, which followed substantial cuts in 2017 (-56%) and 2016 (-20%). The reduction for Eastern Baltic cod in 2020 was particularly severe. The Council effectively banned fishing; only by-catches of cod are still allowed.

 

These results of these exceptional measures will be redundant fleet capacities and severe socio-economic problems for the relevant coastal communities and fishing businesses throughout the Baltic Sea region. As those affected in the fisheries sector can do nothing to mitigate the adverse consequences themselves, it is only right that the EU should take appropriate measures to reduce the impact. These should include the unbureaucratic provision of support to cushion the financial impact of the measures to reduce the capacity of the fleets concerned (permanent cessation). Where fishing capacity is out of kilter with fishing opportunities, Member States must develop and implement appropriate national action plans and inform the Commission of the progress made with them at least once a year. As an additional control measure, the principle of designated ports should be retained and relaxed only if stocks recover.

 

Introducing aid for permanent cessation is a response to an exceptional situation. This support will be made available in an unbureaucratic, flexible and prompt manner by redeploying existing funds within the EMFF, on the basis of co-financing at national level. This includes investments that contribute to the diversification of fishermen’s incomes. Support granted in the past for the temporary cessation of fishing activities will not count towards aid for the permanent cessation of fishing activities. They are two different forms of support which should not be lumped together.


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 as regards the introduction of capacity limits for Eastern Baltic cod, data collection and control measures in the Baltic Sea, and Regulation (EU) No 508/2014 as regards permanent cessation for fleets fishing for Eastern Baltic cod

References

COM(2019)0564 – C9-0161/2019 – 2019/0246(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

31.10.2019

 

 

 

Committee responsible

 Date announced in plenary

PECH

13.11.2019

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

 Date announced in plenary

EMPL

13.11.2019

REGI

13.11.2019

 

 

Not delivering opinions

 Date of decision

EMPL

4.12.2019

REGI

5.12.2019

 

 

Rapporteurs

 Date appointed

Niclas Herbst

27.11.2019

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

11.11.2019

20.1.2020

 

 

Date adopted

23.4.2020

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

20

8

0

Members present for the final vote

Clara Aguilera, Pietro Bartolo, François-Xavier Bellamy, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Isabel Carvalhais, Rosanna Conte, Rosa D’Amato, Fredrick Federley, Giuseppe Ferrandino, Søren Gade, Francisco Guerreiro, Anja Hazekamp, Niclas Herbst, France Jamet, Pierre Karleskind, Predrag Fred Matić, Francisco José Millán Mon, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Grace O’Sullivan, Caroline Roose, Bert-Jan Ruissen, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Peter van Dalen, Theodoros Zagorakis

Substitutes present for the final vote

Ivo Hristov, Petros Kokkalis, Elżbieta Rafalska, Annalisa Tardino

Date tabled

29.4.2020

 

 


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

20

+

ECR

Elżbieta Rafalska, Bert‑Jan Ruissen

ID

Rosanna Conte, France Jamet, Annalisa Tardino

NI

Rosa D'Amato

PPE

François‑Xavier Bellamy, Niclas Herbst, Francisco José Millán Mon, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Annie Schreijer‑Pierik, Peter van Dalen, Theodoros Zagorakis

Renew

Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Fredrick Federley, Søren Gade, Pierre Karleskind

Verts/ALE

Francisco Guerreiro, Grace O'Sullivan, Caroline Roose

 

8

-

GUE/NGL

Anja Hazekamp, Petros Kokkalis

S&D

Clara Aguilera, Pietro Bartolo, Isabel Carvalhais, Giuseppe Ferrandino, Ivo Hristov, Predrag Fred Matić

 

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 

[1] OJ C 106, 31.3.2020, p. 10.

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