Procedure : 2019/0017(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A9-0144/2020

Texts tabled :

A9-0144/2020

Debates :

PV 14/09/2020 - 23
CRE 14/09/2020 - 23

Votes :

Texts adopted :

P9_TA(2020)0219

<Date>{29/07/2020}29.7.2020</Date>
<NoDocSe>A9-0144/2020</NoDocSe>
PDF 327kWORD 151k

<TitreType>REPORT</TitreType>     <RefProcLect>***I</RefProcLect>

<Titre>on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2015/757 in order to take appropriate account of the global data collection system for ship fuel oil consumption data</Titre>

<DocRef>(COM(2019)0038 – C8-0043/2019 – 2019/0017(COD))</DocRef>


<Commission>{ENVI}Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety</Commission>

Rapporteur: <Depute>Jutta Paulus</Depute>

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORT AND TOURISM
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2015/757 in order to take appropriate account of the global data collection system for ship fuel oil consumption data

(COM(2019)0038 – C8-0043/2019 – 2019/0017(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2019)0038),

 having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8-0043/2019),

 having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

 having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 15 May 2019[1],

 after consulting the Committee of the Regions,

 having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

 having regard to the report of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (A9-0144/2020),

1. Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2. Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3. Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.


<RepeatBlock-Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>1</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital -1 (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(-1) The unprecedented threat posed by climate change requires enhanced ambition on the part of and increased climate action by the Union and at global level. The Union is committed to stepping up efforts to tackle climate change and to delivering on the implementation of the Paris Agreement1a in line with the latest available science. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special report of 2018 entitled 'Global warming of 1.5°C' confirmed that significant emissions reductions in all sectors are crucial to limit global warming to under 1.5°C. The IPCC special report of 2019 entitled 'The Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate' further stated that climate mechanisms depend on the health of ocean and marine ecosystems currently affected by global warming, pollution, overexploitation of marine biodiversity, acidification, deoxygenation and coastal erosion. The IPCC recalls that the oceans are part of the solution as regards mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change and underlines the necessity of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and pollution of ecosystems, as well as of enhancing natural carbon sinks.

 

__________________

 

1a Paris Agreement (OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p.4).

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>2</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) Maritime transport has an impact on the global climate, as a result of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from shipping. In 2015, it emitted 13% of the total Union greenhouse gas emissions from transport15 . International maritime shipping remains the only means of transportation not included in the Union's commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

(1) Maritime transport has an impact on climate change, on marine biodiversity, on air quality and public health, as a result of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and other emissions that it generates, such as methane, nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, particulate matter and black carbon. In 2015, it emitted 13% of the total Union greenhouse gas emissions from transport15. Global maritime emissions are expected to increase by between 50% and 250% by 205015a. Unless further action is taken, EEA-related maritime emissions are expected to increase by 86% above 1990 levels by 2050, despite the adoption of minimum ship efficiency standards by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO). International maritime shipping remains the only means of transportation not included in the Union's commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. IMO adopted on 13 April 2018 its Initial Strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships. Measures to implement that strategy are urgently needed both at global and Union-level to ensure that immediate actions are taken to reduce maritime emissions, contribute to the implementation of the Paris Agreement and achieve the Union-wide climate-neutrality objective, without undermining the climate efforts undertaken by other sectors.

__________________

__________________

15 https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/transport-emissions-of-greenhouse-gases/transport-emissions-of-greenhouse-gases-10.

15 https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/transport-emissions-of-greenhouse-gases/transport-emissions-of-greenhouse-gases-10.

 

15a https://gmn.imo.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/GHG3-Executive-Summary-and-Report_web.pdf.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>3</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 2</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) All sectors of the economy should contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in line with the commitment of the co-legislators as expressed in Regulation (EU) 2018/842 of the European Parliament and of the Council16 and Directive (EU) 2018/410 of the European Parliament and of the Council17 .

(2) All sectors of the economy should contribute to the joint effort to complete the transition to net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as soon as possible and by 2050 at the latest in line with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement and the European Council conclusions on climate change of 12 December 2019.

__________________

 

16 Regulation (EU) 2018/842 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 contributing to climate action to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 (OJ L 156, 19.6.2018, p. 26).

 

17 Directive (EU) 2018/410 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2018 amending Directive 2003/87/EC to enhance cost-effective emission reductions and low-carbon investments, and Decision (EU) 2015/1814 (OJ L 76, 19.3.2018, p. 3).

 

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>4</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 3</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) The European Parliament's Resolution of February 2014 on a 2030 framework for climate and energy policies called on the Commission and the Member States to set a binding Union 2030 target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% compared to 1990 levels. The European Parliament also noted that all sectors of the economy would need to contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions if the Union is to deliver its fair share of global efforts.

(3) The European Parliament's Resolution of 14 March 2019 on climate change supported by a large majority the objective of reaching climate neutrality as early as possible and by 2050 at the latest. The European Parliament has also repeatedly called on the Commission and the Member States to increase the binding Union 2030 target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 55% compared to 1990 levels. The European Parliament also noted that all sectors of the economy, including international aviation and maritime transport, must contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions if the Union is to reach its climate targets and deliver its fair share of global efforts. Rapid efforts to decarbonise the maritime transport sector are all the more important in view of the declaration by the Parliament on 28 November 2019 of a climate and environment emergency.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>5</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 3 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) The European Parliament in its resolution of 28 November 2019 on the 2019 UN Climate Change Conference in Madrid, Spain (COP25) stressed the need for additional Union actions to address GHG emissions from the maritime sector in light of the slow and insufficient progress made by IMO. The European Parliament supported, in particular, the inclusion of the maritime sector in the Union system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading (the ‘EU ETS’), as well as the introduction of ship efficiency standards at Union level. Market-based emissions reduction policies alone are not sufficient to meet the Union's emissions reduction targets, and should be accompanied by binding regulatory emissions reduction requirements that are properly enforced.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>6</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 4</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) In its Conclusions of 24 October 2014, the European Council endorsed a binding Union target of an at least 40% domestic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990. The European Council also stated the importance of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and risks related to fossil fuel dependency in the transport sector and invited the Commission to examine further instruments and measures for a comprehensive and technology-neutral approach, including for the promotion of emissions reduction, renewable energy sources, and energy efficiency in transport.

(4) In its Conclusions of 12 December 20191a, the European Council endorsed the objective of achieving a climate-neutral EU by 2050. The European Council also stated that all relevant EU legislation and policies need to be consistent with, and contribute to, the fulfilment of the climate neutrality objective while respecting a level playing field.

 

__________________

 

1a https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/41768/12-euco-final-conclusions-en.pdf

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>7</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 4 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) Currently, maritime transport is the only sector not expressly the subject of a Union emissions reduction objective or specific mitigation measures. In its communication of 11 December 2019 on the European Green Deal, the Commission stated its intention to take additional measures to address GHG emissions from the maritime sector, and in particular to extend the EU ETS to the maritime sector, regulate the access of the most polluting ships to Union ports and oblige docked ships to use shore-side electricity. In its proposal of 4 March 2020 for a regulation establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 (European Climate Law)1a, the Commission confirms that additional action needs to be taken so as to reach the objective of climate neutrality by 2050 and that every sector will have to contribute as current policies are expected to only reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 60% by 2050.

 

__________________

 

1a https://ec.europa.eu/info/files/commission-proposal-regulation-european-climate-law_en

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>8</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 4 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4b) The removal of market barriers in the maritime sector, including the use of a transparent and robust monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system, is aimed at contributing to the uptake of energy efficiency technologies, thereby contributing to reducing maritime emissions by about 2% by 2030. For the maritime sector to contribute fully to the economy-wide effort to reach the Union's climate-neutrality objective as well as the 2030 targets and other potential intermediary targets, further action is therefore necessary. As the Union's primary instrument for monitoring, reporting and verifying GHG emissions and air pollution from maritime transport, the EU MRV Regulation constitutes a basis for further action. The scope of that Regulation should, therefore, be extended to include binding requirements for companies to reduce their GHG emissions per transport work, and it is also necessary to extend the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to cover the maritime transport sector.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>9</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 6</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) In April 2015, the European Parliament and the Council adopted Regulation (EU) 2015/757 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport20 (the “EU MRV Regulation”), which was complemented in 2016 with two Delegated Regulations21 and two Implementing Regulations22. The aim of the EU MRV Regulation is to collect data on shipping emissions for further policymaking and to incentivise emission reductions by providing information on ships' efficiency to relevant markets. The EU MRV Regulation obliges companies to monitor, report and verify the fuel consumption, CO2 emissions and energy efficiency of their ships on voyages to and from European Economic Area (EEA) ports on an annual basis, starting from 2018. It also applies to CO2 emissions within EEA ports. The first emissions reports are due by 30 April 2019.

(6) In April 2015, the European Parliament and the Council adopted Regulation (EU) 2015/757 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport20 (the “EU MRV Regulation”), which was complemented in 2016 with two Delegated Regulations21 and two Implementing Regulations22. The aim of the EU MRV Regulation is to collect data on shipping emissions for further policymaking and to incentivise emission reductions by providing information on ships' efficiency to relevant markets. The EU MRV Regulation was adopted as a first step in a staged approach for the inclusion of maritime emissions in the Union's GHG emissions reduction commitments and for the subsequent pricing of those emissions in line with the 'polluter pays' principle. When the EU MRV Regulation was adopted, the Commission committed to considering, in the context of future legislative proposals on maritime emissions, which next steps would be appropriate to ensure that the sector would make a fair contribution to the Union's emission reduction objectives, in particular the possibility of extending the EU ETS to the maritime sector. The EU MRV Regulation obliges companies to monitor, report and verify the fuel consumption, CO2 emissions and energy efficiency of their ships on voyages to and from European Economic Area (EEA) ports on an annual basis, starting from 2018. This obligation also applies to CO2 emissions within EEA ports.  The first emissions reports were due by 30 April 2019 and were published by the Commission on 30 June 2019.

__________________

__________________

20 Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and the Council of 29 April 2015 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport and amending Directive 2009/16/EC, (OJ L 123, 19.5.2015, p. 55).

20 Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and the Council of 29 April 2015 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport and amending Directive 2009/16/EC, (OJ L 123, 19.5.2015, p. 55).

21 Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2072 on the verification activities and accreditation of verifiers pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 320, 26.11.2016, p. 5); Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2071 of 22 September 2016 amending Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the methods for monitoring carbon dioxide emissions and the rules for monitoring other relevant information (OJ L 320, 26.11.2016, p. 1).

21 Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2072 on the verification activities and accreditation of verifiers pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 320, 26.11.2016, p. 5); Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2071 of 22 September 2016 amending Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the methods for monitoring carbon dioxide emissions and the rules for monitoring other relevant information (OJ L 320, 26.11.2016, p. 1).

22 Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1927 of 4 November 2016 on templates for monitoring plans, emissions reports and documents of compliance pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 299, 5.11.2016, p. 1–21); Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1928 of 4 November 2016 on determination of cargo carried for categories of ships other than passenger, ro-ro and container ships pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 299, 5.11.2016, p. 22–25).

22 Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1927 of 4 November 2016 on templates for monitoring plans, emissions reports and documents of compliance pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 299, 5.11.2016, p. 1–21); Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1928 of 4 November 2016 on determination of cargo carried for categories of ships other than passenger, ro-ro and container ships pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 299, 5.11.2016, p. 22–25).

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>10</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 6 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) Reducing emissions from shipping and their impact on global warming and air pollution should not be implemented in a way that harms marine biodiversity, and should be accompanied by measures targeted towards the restauration of marine and coastal ecosystems impacted by the shipping industry, such as  the substances discharged into the seas, including ballast water, hydrocarbons, heavy metals and chemicals, lost containers at sea and cetacean collisions.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>11</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 6 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6b) In the maritime sector, the shipowner is not always the same  as the person or entity commercially operating the ship. Therefore, all the data required under the EU MRV Regulation should be collected by and attributed to the party responsible for the commercial operation of the ship, such as the manager, the time charterer or the bareboat charterer.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>12</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 6 c (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6c) The data collected under the EU MRV Regulation should be used to foster the transition towards zero-emissions ships through the establishment of an energy efficiency certificate for ships, with a rating scale, to enable a transparent comparison of ships, especially for sale or rent, and to encourage Member States to promote best practices and support the most efficient ships.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>13</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 6 d (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6d) A European shipping label for products should be developed by the Commission in cooperation with shipowners, other stakeholders and independent experts, in order to inform consumers about the environmental impact of maritime transport related to products that they purchase. Such a label would support the environmental and energy transition of the shipping sector by providing a reliable and transparent way of informing customers about voluntary initiatives. It would encourage consumers to purchase products transported by shipowners that have reduced their environmental impact, for example regarding greenhouse gases and pollutant emissions, noise pollution, waste and water management.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>14</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 6 e (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6e) Council Directive 92/106/EEC1a contributes to the reduction of transport emissions by promoting a shift from road freight transport to lower-emission transport modes, including zero-emission river corridors. A revision of that Directive is necessary, in order to step up the efforts to promote multimodal transport and increase efficiency and low emission alternatives. Zero-emission waterway transport is key to developing a sustainable modal shift from road to waterways, and it is therefore necessary to support investment in refuelling and recharging infrastructure in inland ports.

 

__________________

 

1a Council Directive 92/106/EEC of 7 December 1992 on the establishment of common rules for certain types of combined transport of goods between Member States (OJ L 368, 17.12.1992, p. 38).

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>15</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 6 f (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6f) Union ports constitute strategic hubs in the energy transition due to their geographical position and economic activities. They represent the main entry points of energy commodities, (from importation, storage or distribution), increasingly engage in the development of renewable energy production sites and develop new energy management and circular economy strategies. In line with the objectives of the European Green Deal, the Union should therefore accompany the decarbonisation of the maritime sector with a strategic approach of Union ports to support their role as facilitator of the energy transition. Member States should be encouraged to stimulate the development of zero-emission ports and invest in refuelling and recharging infrastructures. It would ensure immediate health benefits to all citizens living in port and coastal areas, as well as limit negative impacts on marine and coastal biodiversity in such areas, which also represent vast land territories, some of which are part of the Natura 2000 network.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>16</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 7</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) Article 22 of the EU MRV Regulation states that the Commission will, in the event of an international agreement on a global monitoring, reporting and verification system, review the EU MRV Regulation and, if appropriate, propose amendments in order to ensure alignment with that international agreement.

(7) Article 22 of the EU MRV Regulation states that the Commission will, in the event of an international agreement on a global monitoring, reporting and verification system, or on global measures to reduce GHG emissions from maritime transport, review the EU MRV Regulation and, if appropriate, propose amendments in order to ensure consistency with that international agreement. It is important that, irrespective of any global measures, the Union remains able to be ambitious and demonstrates climate leadership by maintaining or adopting more stringent measures within the Union.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>17</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 8</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) Under the Paris Agreement that was adopted in December 2015 at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)23 , the Union and its Member States have undertaken an economy-wide reduction target. Efforts to limit international maritime emissions through the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) are under way and should be encouraged. The IMO adopted24 in October 2016 a data collection system for fuel oil consumption of ships ("the global IMO DCS").

(8) Under the Paris Agreement that was adopted in December 2015 at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)23 , the Union and its Member States have undertaken an economy-wide reduction target. Efforts to limit international maritime emissions through the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) are under way and should be encouraged. The IMO adopted24 in October 2016 a data collection system for fuel oil consumption of ships ("the global IMO DCS"). IMO also adopted on 13 April 2018 an initial strategy on the reduction of GHG emissions from ships (‘IMO Initial Strategy’), seeking to cap the increase of those emissions as soon as possible and to reduce them by at least 50% by 2050 compared to 2008, and to pursue efforts towards phasing them out entirely. At the same time, the Member States and Associated Members of IMO, including all Union Member States, committed to reducing CO2 emissions per transport work, as an average across international maritime shipping, by at least 40% by 2030, pursuing efforts towards a 70% reduction by 2050. It is therefore appropriate to include the core elements of the IMO Initial Strategy in Union law, while continuing to engage constructively with IMO Member States to reach a global agreement on the GHG emissions reduction measures. Companies should be obliged to linearly reduce the annual CO2 emissions per transport work by at least 40% by 2030 as an average across all ships under their responsibility, compared to the average performance per category of ships of the same size and type as reported under the MRV Regulation.  The baseline for the GHG emission reduction measures should be established by using the data from the THETIS-MRV and the IMO DCS, while fully recognising the emission reductions already undertaken by the ‘decarbonising first movers’ companies. The Commission should adopt delegated acts to define the detailed rules for determining the baseline, the annual reduction factor for each ship category, the rules and means for calculating and collecting the excess emissions penalties, and any other rule necessary for the compliance and verification of compliance with this obligation.

__________________

__________________

23 Paris Agreement (OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 4–18).

23 Paris Agreement (OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 4–18).

24 IMO Resolution MEPC.278(70) amending MARPOL Annex VI.

24 IMO Resolution MEPC.278(70) amending MARPOL Annex VI.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>18</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 9</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) Considering the co-existence of these two monitoring, reporting and verification systems, the Commission assessed pursuant to Article 22 of the EU MRV Regulation how to align the two systems so as to reduce administrative burden for ships, while preserving the objectives of the EU MRV Regulation.

(9) Considering the co-existence of these two monitoring, reporting and verification systems, the Commission assessed pursuant to Article 22 of the EU MRV Regulation how to align the two systems so as to reduce administrative burden for ships, especially those owned by SMEs, while preserving the objectives of the EU MRV Regulation.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>19</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 10</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) The impact assessment indicated that a partial alignment of the two monitoring, reporting and verification systems could contribute to reducing the administrative burden for shipping companies, while preserving the key objectives of the EU MRV Regulation. Such a partial alignment should however not modify the governance, scope, verification, transparency or CO2 reporting requirements of the EU MRV Regulation as it would severely undermine its objectives and affect its capacity to inform future policy-making decisions and to incentivise the uptake of energy efficiency measures and behaviours in shipping. Any amendments to the EU MRV Regulation should therefore limit the alignment with the global IMO DCS in relation to definitions, monitoring parameters, monitoring plans and templates.

(10) The impact assessment indicated that a partial alignment of the two monitoring, reporting and verification systems could contribute to reducing the administrative burden for shipping companies, while preserving the key objectives of the EU MRV Regulation. Such a partial alignment should however not modify the governance, verification, transparency or CO2 reporting requirements of the EU MRV Regulation as it would severely undermine its objectives and affect its capacity to inform future policy-making decisions and to incentivise the uptake of energy efficiency measures and behaviours in shipping. Any amendments to the EU MRV Regulation should therefore limit the alignment with the global IMO DCS in relation to ships covered by the EU MRV Regulation, definitions, monitoring parameters, monitoring plans and templates.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>20</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 12</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) Global IMO DCS provisions on data to be monitored and reported annually should be taken into account so as to ensure that streamlined data is collected for ships' activities falling under both systems. In order to do so, the parameter "deadweight tonnage" should be reported but "cargo carried" should remain on a voluntary basis. "Time at sea" should be replaced by the global IMO DCS definition of “hours underway". Finally, calculation of “distance travelled” should be based on global IMO DCS25 to reduce administrative burden.

(12) Global IMO DCS provisions on data to be monitored and reported annually should be taken into account so as to ensure that streamlined data is collected for ships' activities falling under both systems. In order to do so, the parameter "deadweight tonnage" should be reported in addition to “cargo carried”. "Time at sea" should be replaced by the global IMO DCS definition of “hours underway". Finally, calculation of“ distance travelled” should be based on global IMO DCS25 to reduce administrative burden.

__________________

__________________

25 IMO Resolution MEPC 282 (70).

25 IMO Resolution MEPC 282 (70).

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>21</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 13</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) Content of monitoring plans should be streamlined so as to take into consideration the global IMO DCS except for the parts of the plan which are necessary to ensure that only Union-related data are monitored and reported under the EU MRV Regulation. Therefore, any "per voyage" provisions should remain as part of the monitoring plan.

(13) Content of monitoring plans should be streamlined so as to take into consideration the global IMO DCS except for the parts of the plan which are necessary to ensure that only Union-related data are monitored and reported under the EU MRV Regulation. Therefore, any "per voyage" provisions should remain as part of the monitoring plan. The Commission should also assist the Member States by sharing expertise and good practices, as well as the implementation of new technologies, with the objective of decreasing administrative barriers and of retrieving data efficiently and securely.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>22</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 13 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a) The impact assessment conducted by the Commission in 2013 and accompanying the proposal for the EU MRV Regulation showed the effectiveness of the EU ETS for maritime emissions and identified an EU ETS system or a target-based compensation fund as the options that could ensure the necessary emissions reductions are achieved in the sector. In order to include maritime shipping in the Union's emissions reduction effort, Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council1a should be amended to cover maritime emissions. The Commission should adopt delegated acts for setting the total quantity of allowances for maritime transport in line with other sectors, and the method of allocation of allowances for maritime transport through full auctioning. When preparing those delegated acts, the Commission should update the 2013 impact assessment, in particular to take account of the Union’s economy-wide GHG emissions reduction target for 2030 and the climate-neutrality objective as defined in Regulation (EU) .../... [European Climate Law] and the economic impact including in terms of possible risks of unintended modal shifts and carbon leakage. The Commission should publish the results of that assessment. It is important that the Union and its Member States support measures at international level to reduce the climate impact of maritime transport. The Commission should keep under review any progress made towards the adoption of a market-based measure by IMO, and should in the event of adoption of a global market-based measure, consider how to ensure that there is consistency between Union and global measures in a manner that preserves the environmental integrity and effectiveness of Union climate action.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>23</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 13 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13b) The successful transition to zero-emission shipping requires an integrated approach and the appropriate enabling environment to stimulate innovation, both on ships and in ports. That enabling environment involves public and private investment in research and innovation, technological and operational measures to improve the energy efficiency of ships, and the deployment of sustainable alternative fuels, such as hydrogen and ammonia, that are produced from renewable energy sources and of zero-emission propulsion technologies, including the necessary refuelling and recharging infrastructure in ports. An Ocean Fund should be established from revenues generated from the auctioning of maritime allowances under the EU ETS to improve the energy efficiency of ships and support investment aimed at  helping to decarbonise maritime transport, including in short sea shipping and ports. The Commission should also develop measures to regulate the access of the most polluting ships to Union ports and to oblige docked fossil-fuel ships to use shore-side electricity or alternative zero-emission options. The Commission should also assess the possibility of requiring ports to adopt demurrage tariffs based on emissions.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>24</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 13 c (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13c) The successful transition towards zero-emission and green ships requires an integrated approach to promote innovative measures for greener ships, for example regarding hull design, new engines and sustainable alternative fuels, and wind propulsion, and operational measures, which can be implemented in the short term to reduce fuel consumption and thus emissions, such as speed reduction or better route planning. Speed reduction, also referred to as slow steaming, was tested on a large scale between 2006 and 2012 due to the sharp increase in fuel prices: a 10% reduction in speed led to a reduction in consumption of around 19%1a and a corresponding reduction in emissions. Market based measures such as the EU ETS will encourage the reduction of emissions and investment in research and innovation, to improve the energy efficiency of ships, and the deployment of sustainable alternative fuels and propulsion technologies, including the necessary refuelling and recharging infrastructures in ports and inland ports.

 

__________________

 

1aThe impact of international shipping on European air quality and climate forcing’, European Environment Agency, Technical report N0 4/2013

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>25</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 14 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14a) In order to maintain a high quality of data reported in the THETIS-MRV register, the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) should be given the necessary powers and resources to be able to check emissions reports that have been verified as satisfactory by a verifier.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>26</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 14 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14b) The Commission should review the functioning of Regulation (EU) 2015/757, taking into account the experience gained in the implementation of that Regulation and of the global IMO DCS, as well as other relevant developments aimed at reducing GHG emissions from maritime transport.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>27</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 14 c (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14c) Maritime transport is also a source of air pollutants, such as sulphur oxide (SOx), nitrogen oxide (NOx), particulate matter (PM), ozone depleting substances (ODS) and volatile organic compounds (VOC)1a. Air pollutants adversely impact both the environment and the health of citizens, in particular those living or working in coastal or port areas. The Commission should review the relevant legislation by June 2021 and make concrete proposals to address the problem of air pollution emissions from maritime transport. The Commission should also work on the extension of Sulphur Emission Control Areas (SECA) and NOx Emission Control Areas (NECA) in all European seas, including in the Mediterranean sea, and further address the problem of the discharge of washwater from scrubbers and the discharge of other substances, such as ballast water, hydrocarbons, heavy metals and chemicals, into open waters, and the problem of the impact of such substances on marine biodiversity.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>28</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 15</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) The objective of Regulation (EU) 2015/757 is to monitor, report and verify CO2 emissions from ships calling at EEA ports as the first step of a staged approach to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reason of its scale and effects, be better achieved at Union level. The global IMO DCS should be taken into account and this Regulation ensures the continued comparability and reliability of collected data based on a single set of requirements. The Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

(15) The objective of Regulation (EU) 2015/757 is to monitor, report and verify GHG emissions from ships calling at EEA ports, to reduce their average carbon intensity per transport work, including by significantly reducing their emissions when at berth, and to price those emissions so as to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the maritime sector. This cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reason of its scale and effects, be better achieved at Union level. The global IMO DCS should be taken into account and this Regulation ensures the continued comparability and reliability of collected data based on a single set of requirements. The Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>29</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 15 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a) The transition to climate neutral shipping has yet to be achieved and regulatory measures in that regard have been hitherto inadequate. Ports can have a significant role in the decarbonisation of maritime transport. Operators of ships calling at Union ports should be obliged to ensure, through means such as connecting to shore-side electricity, that when at berth their ships do not emit greenhouse gas or air-polluting emissions. This would be particularly important in the case of berths located close to urban areas, in order to reduce the effects of air pollution on human health. Given the differential impacts of ships in relation to greenhouse gas and air-polluting emissions, most polluting ships, including large passenger ships, should be required to comply with that requirement first.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>30</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 15 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15b) Ship operators should ensure to operate the vessels in the most energy-efficient manner possible, keeping emissions to the lowest possible levels. Shipbuilders should ensure to make emissions reduction a priority when building new ships.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>31</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – title (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Amendments to Regulation (EU) 2015/757

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>32</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph -1 (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Regulation (EU) 2015/757 is amended as follows:

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>33</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph -1 a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Recital 23</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-1a) Recital 23 is replaced by the following:

(23) Other greenhouse gases, climate forcers or air pollutants should not be covered by the Union MRV system at this stage to avoid requirements to install not sufficiently reliable or commercially available measuring equipment, which could impede the implementation of the Union MRV system.

"(23) The Union MRV system should be extended to cover also other greenhouse gases, climate forcers and air pollutants, where sufficiently reliable or commercially available measuring equipment exists, to better protect the climate, the environment and human health."

(https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32015R0757)

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>34</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph -1 b (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 1</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-1b) Article 1 is replaced by the following:

Article 1

"Article 1

Subject matter

Subject matter

This Regulation lays down rules for the accurate monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and of other relevant information from ships arriving at, within or departing from ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State, in order to promote the reduction of CO2 emissions from maritime transport in a cost effective manner.

This Regulation lays down rules for the accurate monitoring, reporting and verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and of other relevant information from ships arriving at, within or departing from ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State. In order to contribute to achieving the Union economy-wide climate-neutrality objective as defined in Regulation (EU) .../... [European Climate Law], while taking account of the IMO Initial Strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships adopted on 13 April 2018, this Regulation imposes obligations on companies to reduce their annual average CO2 emissions per transport work in accordance with Article 12a.”

</Amend>

 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>35</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph -1 c (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 2 – paragraph 1</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-1c) In Article 2, paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

1.  This Regulation applies to ships above 5 000 gross tonnage in respect of CO 2 emissions released during their voyages from their last port of call to a port of call under the jurisdiction of a Member State and from a port of call under the jurisdiction of a Member State to their next port of call, as well as within ports of call under the jurisdiction of a Member State.

"1.  This Regulation applies to ships of 5 000 gross tonnage and above in respect of GHG emissions released during their voyages from their last port of call to a port of call under the jurisdiction of a Member State and from a port of call under the jurisdiction of a Member State to their next port of call, as well as within ports of call under the jurisdiction of a Member State. "

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>36</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point -a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point a a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(-a) The following point is inserted:

 

"(aa)  'greenhouse gas emissions' means the release of greenhouse gases by ships, as listed in Annex II to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council;*

 

_______________________

 

* Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 establishing a system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Union and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC(OJ L 275 25.10.2003, p. 32). ";

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>37</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point -a a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point b</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-aa) Point (b) is replaced by the following:

(b) ‘port of call’ means the port where a ship stops to load or unload cargo or to embark or disembark passengers; consequently, stops for the sole purposes of refuelling, obtaining supplies, relieving the crew, going into dry-dock or making repairs to the ship and/or its equipment, stops in port because the ship is in need of assistance or in distress, ship-to-ship transfers carried out outside ports, and stops for the sole purpose of taking shelter from adverse weather or rendered necessary by search and rescue activities are excluded;

"(b) ‘port of call’ means the port where a ship stops to load or unload a substantial part of its cargo or to embark or disembark passengers; consequently, stops for the sole purposes of refuelling, obtaining supplies, relieving the crew, going into dry-dock or making repairs to the ship and/or its equipment, stops in port because the ship is in need of assistance or in distress, ship-to-ship transfers carried out outside ports, and stops for the sole purpose of taking shelter from adverse weather or rendered necessary by search and rescue activities are excluded;"

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>38</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point a</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point d</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) 'company' means the shipowner or any other organisation or person such as the manager or the bareboat charterer, which has assumed the responsibility for the operation of the ship from the shipowner and has agreed to take over all the duties and responsibilities imposed by Regulation (EC) No 336/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council;

“(d) 'company' means the shipowner or any other organisation or person such as the manager; the time charterer or the bareboat charterer, which has assumed the responsibility for the commercial operation of the ship from the shipowner and is responsible for paying for fuel consumed by the ship;”

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>39</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point a a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point i</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(aa) Point (i) is replaced by the following:

(i)  ‘other relevant information’ means information related to CO2 emissions from the consumption of fuels, to transport work and to the energy efficiency of ships, which enables the analysis of emission trends and the assessment of ships' performances;

“(i)  ‘other relevant information’ means information related to CO2 emissions from the consumption of fuels, to transport work, to shore-to-ship power supply during docking and to the energy efficiency of ships, which enables the analysis of emission trends and the assessment of ships' performances;”

(https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EL/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:02015R0757-20161216&qid=1584951644602&from=EN)

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>40</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 4 – paragraph 1</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(1a) In Article 4, paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

1. In accordance with Articles 8 to 12, companies shall, for each of their ships, monitor and report on the relevant parameters during a reporting period. They shall carry out that monitoring and reporting within all ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State and for any voyages to or from a port under the jurisdiction of a Member State.

"1. In accordance with Articles 8 to 12, companies shall, for each of the ships under their commercial operational control, monitor and report on the relevant parameters during a reporting period. They shall carry out that monitoring and reporting within all ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State and for any voyages to or from a port under the jurisdiction of a Member State. "

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>41</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 b (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 5 – paragraph 2 a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1b) In Article 5, the following paragraph is added:

 

“2a. By 31 December 2021, the Commission shall adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 23, in order to supplement this Regulation by specifying the methods for determining methane (CH4) emissions. In addition to the adoption of the delegated acts referred to in the first subparagraph, the Commission shall, by 31 December 2021, assess and report to the European Parliament and the Council on the impact on the global climate of GHG emissions, other than CO2 and CH4 , from ships arriving at, within or departing from ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State. That report shall be accompanied, where appropriate, by a legislative proposal to address the question of how to deal with those emissions.”

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>42</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 3 – point a</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 9 – paragraph 1 – point f</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f) cargo carried, on a voluntary basis;

deleted

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>43</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 3 a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 757/2015</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point a</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(3a) In Article 9 (2), point (a) is replaced by the following:

(a) all of the ship´s voyage during the reporting period either start from or end at a port under the jurisdiction of a Member state; and

"(a) no less than 90 % of the ship´s voyage during the reporting period either start from or end at a port under the jurisdiction of a Member state; and"

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>44</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 4 – point a a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point j a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa) , The following point is added :

 

‘(ja) cargo carried.’

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>45</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 5 – point a</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 11 – paragraph 2</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Where there is a change of company, the previous company shall submit to the Commission and to the authorities of the flag State concerned, as close as practical to the day of the completion of the change and no later than three months thereafter, a report covering the same elements as the emissions report but limited to the period corresponding to the activities carried out under its responsibility.;

“2. Where there is a change of company, the previous company shall submit to the Commission and to the authorities of the flag State concerned, on the day of the completion of the change or as close as practical to the day of the completion of the change and no later than one month thereafter, a report covering the same elements as the emissions report but limited to the period corresponding to the activities carried out under its responsibility. The new company shall ensure that each ship under its responsibility complies with the requirements of this Regulation for the remainder of the reporting period following the change.”;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>46</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 5 – point b a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2> Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 11 – paragraph 3 – point xi a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba) In point (a) of paragraph 3, the following point is added:

 

‘(xia) cargo carried;’ ;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>47</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 5 – point b b (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 11 – paragraph 3 – point xi b (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(bb) In point (a) of  paragraph 3, the following point is added:

 

‘(xib) size of the ship;’;

</Amend>

 <Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>48</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 5 a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Chapter II a (new) – Article 12 a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) The following chapter is inserted:

 

"CHAPTER II a

 

EMISSIONS REDUCTION

 

Article 12a

 

Reduction of emissions

 

1. Companies shall linearly reduce the annual CO2 emissions per transport work by at least 40% by 2030 as an average across all ships under their responsibility, compared to the average performance per category of ships of the same size and type as reported under this Regulation.

 

2. Where, in a given year, a company fails to comply with the annual reduction referred to in paragraph 1, the Commission shall impose a financial penalty, which shall be effective, proportionate, dissuasive and  compatible with a market-based trading emission system, such as the EU ETS. Payment of the excess emissions penalty shall not release the company from its obligation under paragraph 1 for the period until 2030. In the case of companies that have failed to comply with the emission limits laid down under this Article, the provisions of Article 20(3) and 20(4) shall apply.

 

3. The Commission shall adopt delegated acts by... [6 months after the entry into force of this Regulation] in accordance with Article 23 to supplement this Regulation by defining the ship categories referred to in paragraph 1, by determining the baseline and the annual linear reduction factor to be applied for each ship category by using the data from the THETIS-MRV, including the mandatory parameter ‘cargo carried’, and the IMO DCS, while fully recognising the emission reductions already undertaken by the ‘decarbonising first movers’ companies,  so as to achieve the target referred to in paragraph 1, by specifying the rules and means for calculating and collecting the excess emissions penalty referred to in paragraph 2, and by specifying any other rule necessary for the compliance and verification of compliance with this Article.

 

4. Within 12 months of the adoption by  IMO of measures to implement the Initial Strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships adopted on 13 April 2018 and before those measures take effect, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council in which it shall examine the ambition and overall environmental integrity of the measures decided upon by IMO, including their  general ambition in relation to targets under the Paris Agreement,  to the Union economy-wide GHG emissions reduction target for 2030 and to the climate-neutrality objective as defined in Regulation (EU) .../... [European Climate Law].

 

5. Where appropriate, the Commission may accompany the report referred to in paragraph 4 with a legislative proposal to the European Parliament and to the Council to amend this Regulation in a manner that is consistent with the aim of preserving the environmental integrity and effectiveness of Union climate action, in particular the Union economy-wide GHG emissions reduction target for 2030 and the climate-neutrality objective as defined in Regulation (EU) .../... [European Climate Law] ."

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>49</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 5 b (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 12 b (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5b) The following article  is inserted:

 

“Article 12b

 

Emissions from ships at berth

 

Companies shall ensure that, by 2030, no ships under their responsibility emit GHG emissions when at berth.”

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>50</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 5 c (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 21 – paragraph 1</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(5c) In Article 21, paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

1. By 30 June each year, the Commission shall make publicly available the information on CO2 emissions reported in accordance with Article 11 as well as the information set out in paragraph 2 of this Article.

"1. By 30 June each year, the Commission shall make publicly available the information reported in accordance with Article 11 as well as the information set out in paragraph 2 of this Article. "

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>51</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 5 d (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 21 – paragraph 2 – point a</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(5d) In Article 21, point (a) of paragraph 2 is replaced by the following:

(a) the identity of the ship (name, IMO identification number and port of registry or home port);

"(a) the identity of the ship (name, company, IMO identification number and port of registry or home port); "

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>52</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 6 a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 21 – paragraph 2 – point k a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) In Article 21, paragraph 2, the following point is added:

 

‘(ka) the size of the ship.’

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>53</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 6 b (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 21 – paragraph 6 a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6b) In Article 21, the following paragraph is added:

 

"6a. In line with its 2020-2022 work programme, EMSA shall perform further statistical verification of the data submitted under Article 11(1) to ensure that the data provided are consistent.”

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>54</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 6 c (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 21 a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6c) The following article  is inserted:

 

"Article 21a

 

Environmental performance labelling of ships

 

1. So as to incentivise emissions reductions and increase the transparency of information, the Commission shall set up a holistic Union labelling system for the environmental performance of ships which shall apply to the ships covered by this Regulation.

 

2. By 1 July 2021, the Commission shall adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 23 to supplement this Regulation by setting out the detailed provisions of the functioning of the Union labelling system for the environmental performance of ships as well as the technical standards which constitute its basis."

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>55</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 6 d (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 22 – paragraph 3</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6d) In Article 22, paragraph 3 is deleted;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>56</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 6 e (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 22 a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6e) The following article is inserted:

 

"Article 22a

 

Review

 

1. By 31 December 2022, the Commission shall review the functioning of this Regulation, taking into account the experience gained in its implementation, as well as other relevant developments aimed at reducing GHG emissions from maritime transport and at fulfilling the Union’s commitments under the Paris Agreement. As part of the review, the Commission shall propose additional requirements to reduce GHG emissions other than CO2, as well as to reduce air pollutants and the discharge of wastewater, including from scrubbers, into open waters from ships. The review shall also consider the extension of the scope of this Regulation to include ships between 400 and 5000 gross tonnage. The review shall, where appropriate, be accompanied by a legislative proposal to amend this Regulation.

 

2. As part of the forthcoming review of Directive 2014/94/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council* and Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council**, the Commission shall also make a proposal to lay down binding targets for Member States to ensure that there is an adequate supply of shore-side electricity in maritime and inland ports.

 

__________________

 

* Directive 2014/94/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure (OJ L 307, 28.10.2014, p. 1).

 

** Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on Union guidelines for the development of the trans- European transport network and repealing Decision No 661/2010/EU (OJ L 348, 20.12.2013, p. 1). "

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>57</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 6 f (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 23 – paragraph 2</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(6f) In Article 23, paragraph 2 is replaced by the following:

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Articles 5(2), 15(5) and 16(3) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from 1 July 2015. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

"2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Articles 5(2), 5(3), 12a(3), 15(5) and 16(3) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from 1 July 2015. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period. "

(https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32015R0757)

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>58</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 6 g (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 23 – paragraph 3</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(6g) In Article 23, paragraph 3 is replaced by the following:

3. The delegation of power referred to in Articles 5(2), 15(5) and 16(3) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

"3. The delegation of power referred to in Articles 5(2), 5(3), 12a(3), 15(5) and 16(3) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force. "

(https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32015R0757)

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>59</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 6 h </Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 23 – paragraph 5</Article2>

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(6h) In Article 23, paragraph 5 is replaced by the following:

5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Articles 5(2), 15(5) and 16(3) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

"5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Articles 5(2), 5(3), 12a(3), 15(5) and 16(3) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council. "

(https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32015R0757)

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>60</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 1a

 

Amendments to Directive 2003/87/EC

 

Directive 2003/87/EC is amended as follows:

 

(1) the following chapter is inserted:

 

‘CHAPTER IIa

 

MARITIME TRANSPORT

 

Article 3ga

 

Scope

 

The provisions of this Chapter shall apply from 1 January 2022 to the issue and allocation of allowances in respect of greenhouse gas emissions from ships arriving at, within, or departing from ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State covered by Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council*.Where there is a change of company pursuant to Article 11(2) of Regulation (EU) 2015/757, the new company shall only be required to acquire allowances in respect of greenhouse gas emissions related to the period during which the activities of the ship were carried out under its responsibility.

 

Article 3gb

 

Total quantity and method of allocation of allowances for maritime transport

 

 

1.  By 31 December 2020, the Commission shall update the impact assessment carried out in 2013 and accompanying the Commission proposal for Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council** and adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 23 to supplement this Directive by setting the total quantity of allowances for maritime transport in line with other sectors and the method of allocation of allowances for maritime transport through full auctioning, as well as laying down the special provisions with regard to the administering Member State. The delegated acts shall be based on the best available data and on an assessment of the impact of different options, including the impact on emissions as well as the economic impact.

 

2.  Articles 12 and 16 shall apply to allowances for maritime transport in the same manner as to allowances related to other activities.

 

3. At least 50% of the revenues generated from the auctioning of allowances referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be used through the fund established under Article 3gc.

 

4. Revenues generated from the auctioning of allowances that are not used through the Fund defined in Article 3gc and which are allocated to Member States shall be used in a way that is consistent with the aims of this Directive, in particular to tackle climate change in the Union and third countries, to protect and restore marine ecosystems impacted by global warming, and to support a just transition in Member States, supporting redeployment, re-skilling and up-skilling of workers, education, job-seeking initiatives and start-ups, in dialogue with social partners. All information on the use of those revenues shall be made public.

 

5. The Commission shall monitor the implementation of this Chapter and possible trends as regards companies seeking to avoid being bound by the requirements of this Directive. If appropriate, the Commission shall propose measures to prevent such avoidance.

 

Article 3gc

 

Ocean Fund

 

1. An Ocean Fund ( ‘the Fund’) shall be established for the period from 2022 to 2030 to improve the energy efficiency of ships and support investment in innovative technologies and infrastructure to decarbonise the maritime transport sector, including in short sea shipping and ports, and the deployment of sustainable alternative fuels, such as hydrogen and ammonia, that are produced from renewables, and of zero-emission propulsion technologies, including wind technologies. 20% of the revenues under the Fund shall be used to contribute to the protection, restoration and better management of marine ecosystems impacted by global warming, such as marine protected areas; and to promote a crosscutting sustainable blue economy such as renewable marine energy. All investment supported by the Fund shall be made public and shall be consistent with the aims of this Directive.

 

2. By way of derogation from Article 12 of this Directive, maritime transport companies may pay an annual membership contribution to the Fund in accordance with their total emissions reported for the preceding calendar year under Regulation (EU) 2015/757 to limit the administrative burden for maritime companies, including small and medium sized companies and companies that are not frequently active within the scope of this Directive. The Fund shall surrender allowances collectively on behalf of maritime transport companies that are members of the Fund. The membership contribution per tonne of emissions shall be set by the Fund by 28 February each year, but shall be at least equal to the highest recorded primary or secondary market settlement price for allowances in the preceding year.

 

3. The Fund shall acquire allowances equal to the collective total quantity of contributions referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article during the preceding calendar year and shall surrender them to the registry established under Article 19 of this Directive by 30 April each year for subsequent cancellation. All information on the contributions shall be made available to the public.

 

4. The Fund shall be managed centrally through a Union body whose governance structure shall be similar to the governance of the fund provided for in Article 10a(8) of this Directive. Its governance structure and decision making process shall be transparent and inclusive, in particular in the setting of priority areas, criteria and grant allocation procedures. Relevant stakeholders shall have an appropriate consultative role. All information on the investments and all other relevant information on the functioning of the Fund shall be made available to the public

 

5. The Commission shall engage with third countries with regard to how they can also make use of the Fund.

 

6. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 23 to supplement this Directive concerning the implementation of this Article.

 

Article 3gd

 

Reporting and review by the Commission concerning the implementation of climate mitigation measures at the International Maritime Organisation

 

1.  Within 12 months of the adoption by  IMO of global market-based measures to reduce GHG emissions from maritime transport, and before those measures become operational, the Commission shall present a report to the European Parliament and to the Council in which it shall examine the ambition and overall environmental integrity of those measures, including their general ambition in relation to targets under the Paris Agreement, and to the Union economy-wide GHG emissions reduction target for 2030 and the climate-neutrality objective as defined in Regulation (EU) .../... [European Climate Law]. That report shall particularly take into account the level of participation in those global measures, their enforceability, transparency, the penalties for non-compliance, the processes for public input, the use of offset credits, monitoring, reporting and verification of emissions, registries, accountability as well as rules on the use of biofuels.

 

2. Where appropriate, the Commission shall accompany the report referred to in paragraph 1 with a legislative proposal to the European Parliament and to the Council to amend this Directive in a manner that is consistent with the aim of preserving the environmental integrity and effectiveness of Union climate action, in particular the Union economy-wide GHG emissions reduction target for 2030 and the climate-neutrality objective as defined in Regulation (EU) .../... [European Climate Law].

 

__________________

 

* Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2015 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport, and amending Directive 2009/16/EC (OJ L 123 19.5.2015, p. 55).

 

** Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change and repealing Decision No 280/2004/EC (OJ L 165, 18.6.2013, p. 13).

</Amend>

 

</RepeatBlock-Amend>

 


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Background

Since the first recognition of the greenhouse effect of carbon dioxide in 1856 by Eunice Foote and even more after quantification of the effect 1896 by Svante Arrhenius, it has been known that Earth`s surface temperature is dependent on carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere.

Following numerous scientific reports and testimonies, the Kyoto Protocol recognized in 1997 that global warming was caused by humans and demanded the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Unfortunately, measures taken so far to combat climate change were not effective, as annual emissions have almost doubled since 1997. The last decade was the warmest ever recorded and the year 2019 was even the hottest year in Europe[2]. The same holds for the oceans that were never as warm as in 2019[3]. This shows why ambitious EU climate legislation is needed.

According to the latest IPCC report, there is a 66 % chance of staying below 1.5 C if future carbon emissions are limited to 420 Gt CO2eq – or 10 years of current emissions. Accordingly, the budget for a 50 % chance of staying below 1.5 C is 580 Gt CO2eq – 14 years of current emissions. The maritime transport sector alone emits globally around 940 Mt CO2eq annually, and is responsible for about 2.5 % of global GHG emissions. At Union level (i.e. for ships calling at EEA ports), CO2 emissions from maritime transport increased by 48 % between 1990 and 2008, and are expected to reach up to 86 % above 1990 levels by 2050. The shipping sector is completely off track to contribute to the collective effort to reach net-zero emissions by 2050 at the latest. It is therefore not understandable why shipping remains the only mode of transport that is not expressly addressed by any EU emission reduction policy.

International Maritime Organisation (IMO)

At the moment, ship operators have a reporting obligation to the EU (MRV)[4] and to the IMO (DCS)[5]. The rapporteur agrees that it is important that the EU and IMO reporting obligations are aligned. This, however, does not mean that EU standards should be lowered. On the contrary, better standards at global level are necessary. To give an example: In contrast to the EU MRV, the IMO is not collecting data on the cargo carried but on deadweight tonnage only. This measurement makes it very difficult, if not impossible to calculate the carbon footprint of the shipped goods. The IMO has promised for more than 20 years that it will tackle shipping emissions and has only introduced its Data Collection System after the EU has implemented the MRV Regulation. No real progress has been seen, which is why EU action is a necessity to achieve the Paris objective to limit the temperature increase to 1.5C above pre-industrial levels[6].

The European Union

Since 1 January 2018, large ships (over 5000 gross tonnage) arriving to or departing from ports in the European Economic Area already have to monitor and report their CO2 emissions, fuel consumption and other parameters, such as distance travelled, time at sea, etc., according to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (thereafter the ‘MRV Regulation’). The first available data[7] show that the 10,800 ships covered by the MRV Regulation emitted more than 130 million tonnes of CO2 in 2018, which is more than the annual CO2 emissions of Belgium!

The Commission has now published a proposal to review the MRV Regulation. This proposal however, is still only focusing on monitoring and reporting of data wherefore the rapporteur regards it as her responsibility to have a more ambitious draft report. We cannot afford to lose ever more time in combating climate change, we need to act now. The urgency for action was also reinforced by the European Parliament when it declared a climate emergency end of 2019. The Parliament explicitly asked the Commission to ensure that all relevant legislative proposals are fully aligned with the objective of limiting global warming under 1.5 °C.

The rapporteur´s priorities

The EU data collection system MRV is good. A main advantage over the IMO DCS is giving responsibility to the ship operator instead of the flag state: as soon as a ship is calling at an EEA port, it has to report its emissions. Now, however, is the momentum to actually use the collected data. Reliable information about emissions is important. However, information alone will not reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The European Commission in its impact assessment has also confirmed this. The main objective of this draft report is therefore to reduce the administrative effort for companies and administrations as far as possible, and, even more importantly, to reduce shipping emissions within the EEA.

ETS

The European Parliament must take responsibility and transpose what Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has already proposed: the inclusion of maritime transport in the ETS system of the European Union. This would then also be in line with the Commission’s Political Guidelines for the next five years. The rapporteur warmly welcomes the Commission’s commitment in the Green Deal to broaden the scope of the EU Emissions trading scheme (ETS) to shipping.

Several attempts to regulate the shipping sector were already made over the past years, none of which was successful. The momentum to include shipping in the ETS is now. There will be no distortion of competition, as all flag states and all companies are treated in the same way. The scope of the regulation includes all intra-Union voyages, all incoming voyages from the last non-Union port to the first Union port of call and all outgoing voyages from an Union port to the next non-Union port of call[8].

Maritime Transport Decarbonisation Fund

The rapporteur would like to see the establishment of a maritime transport decarbonisation fund to foster research and development in the energy efficiency of ships and support investments in innovative technologies and infrastructure to decarbonise maritime transport, including short sea shipping and ports, and the deployment of sustainable fuels. The fund shall be established for the period from 2021 to 2030 and shall be financed from revenues of the ETS. Therefore, the rapporteur regards the establishment of the maritime fund elementary in order to make a real impact in not only emission reduction but also aiming for achieving zero emission technology.

Energy Efficiency

The rapporteur takes note of the target set by the IMO to reduce CO2 emissions per transport work by at least 40 % by 2030. The EU needs to lead by example by transposing this very much needed target into EU law, thereby ensuring that all ships calling at Union ports will deliver on their fair share to the fulfilment of the IMO Initial Strategy, while leaving sufficient flexibility for companies to decide on the operational or technological measures they wish to implement.

Zero Emission Ports

The rapporteur sees a huge potential in shore-side electricity and zero emission ports. If ships at berth were required to switch-off their engines and connect to the land electricity grid or use other energy sources with equivalent effect, this measure would provide immediate health benefits to the citizens living in port areas. Therefore, the rapporteur calls on Commission to develop measures for this goal, i.e. setting targets for member states for deployment of shore side electricity.

Cargo carried and data transparency

The rapporteur welcomes that the Commission has included transparency elements in the MRV proposal. The rapporteur, however, believes that the reporting of the parameter ´cargo carried´ should remain compulsory in contrast to the Commission proposal. This is important to actually be able to check the efficiency of a journey and to calculate the carbon footprint of the transported goods. This measure will guarantee fairness and a level playing field for all stakeholders.

Extension of the scope to all GHG

The rapporteur would like to see an extension of the scope to all greenhouse gases, not only CO2. Especially methane emissions have an enormous impact on climate change as greenhouse gas potential of methane is 87 compared to CO2 on a 20-year timeframe and therefore stricter regulation is needed.

 


 

 

 

OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORT AND TOURISM (29.5.2020)

<CommissionInt>for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety</CommissionInt>


<Titre>on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2015/757 in order to take appropriate account of the global data collection system for ship fuel oil consumption data</Titre>

<DocRef>(COM(2019)0038 – C8-0043/2019 – 2019/0017(COD))</DocRef>

Rapporteur: <Depute>Magdalena Adamowicz</Depute>

 

 

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

 The objective of this Commission proposal is to amend EU Regulation 2015/757 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport in order to take appropriate account of the new global data collection system for ship fuel oil consumption data established by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO). The proposed amendments are technical adjustments that relate to definitions as well as monitoring parameters, plans and templates.

 

The rapporteur welcomes the fact that the Commission intends to use this proposal to simplify and reduce administrative procedures for shipping companies and administrations, while preserving the objectives of EU Regulation 2015/757 on monitoring, reporting and verification.

 

The rapporteur wishes to propose that the Commission review the functioning of Regulation EU 2015/757, taking into account the additional experience gained during the implementation of that Regulation and of the global data collection system for ship fuel oil consumption data established by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), in order to ensure greater compatibility between the two systems and reduce double reporting requirements.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Transport and Tourism calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to take account of the following amendments:

 

<RepeatBlock-Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>1</NumAm>

 

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 3</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) The European Parliament's Resolution of February 2014 on a 2030 framework for climate and energy policies called on the Commission and the Member States to set a binding Union 2030 target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% compared to 1990 levels. The European Parliament also noted that all sectors of the economy would need to contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions if the Union is to deliver its fair share of global efforts.

(3) The European Parliament's Resolution of 15 January 2020 on the European Green Deal called for an increase of the EU’s domestic GHG reduction target for 2030 to 55% compared to 1990 levels and stressed the need for immediate and ambitious action with a view to reaching climate neutrality as soon as possible and by 2050 at the latest. The European Parliament also noted that all sectors of the economy would need to contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions if the Union is to deliver its fair share of global efforts.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>2</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 4</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) In its Conclusions of 24 October 2014, the European Council endorsed a binding Union target of an at least 40% domestic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990. The European Council also stated the importance of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and risks related to fossil fuel dependency in the transport sector and invited the Commission to examine further instruments and measures for a comprehensive and technology-neutral approach, including for the promotion of emissions reduction, renewable energy sources, and energy efficiency in transport.

(4) In its Conclusions of 24 October 2014, the European Council endorsed a binding Union target of an at least 40% domestic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990. The European Council also stated the importance of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and risks related to fossil fuel dependency in the transport sector and invited the Commission to examine further instruments and measures for a comprehensive and technology-neutral approach, including for the promotion of emissions reduction, renewable energy sources, and energy efficiency in transport. On 12 December 2019, the European Council published its Conclusions endorsing the more ambitious objective of achieving a climate-neutral EU by 2050, in line with the objectives of the Paris Agreement.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>3</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 4 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) A holistic approach is needed in order to successfully decarbonise the maritime transport sector. The necessary carbon emission reductions could be achieved by encouraging the further use of alternative fuels, alternative propulsion systems and new measures to improve and boost the energy efficiency of shipping vessels. In order to attain the most sustainable gains both for the environment and for ship owners and ports, future legislative proposals should take into consideration the different initiatives and shared best practices already undertaken by the sector in light of the principle of technological neutrality.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>4</NumAm>

 

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 6</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) In April 2015, the European Parliament and the Council adopted Regulation (EU) 2015/757 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport20 (the “EU MRV Regulation”), which was complemented in 2016 with two Delegated Regulations21 and two Implementing Regulations22 . The aim of the EU MRV Regulation is to collect data on shipping emissions for further policymaking and to incentivise emission reductions by providing information on ships' efficiency to relevant markets. The EU MRV Regulation obliges companies to monitor, report and verify the fuel consumption, CO2 emissions and energy efficiency of their ships on voyages to and from European Economic Area (EEA) ports on an annual basis, starting from 2018. It also applies to CO2 emissions within EEA ports. The first emissions reports are due by 30 April 2019.

(6) In April 2015, the European Parliament and the Council adopted Regulation (EU) 2015/757 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport20 (the “EU MRV Regulation”), which was complemented in 2016 with two Delegated Regulations21 and two Implementing Regulations22. The aim of the EU MRV Regulation is to collect data on shipping emissions for further policymaking and to incentivise emission reductions by providing information on ships' efficiency to relevant markets and to foster the uptake of new technologies. The EU MRV Regulation obliges companies to monitor, report and verify the fuel consumption, CO2 emissions and energy efficiency of their ships on voyages to and from European Economic Area (EEA) ports on an annual basis, starting from 2018. It also applies to CO2 emissions within EEA ports. The EU MRV Regulation was adopted as the first step towards assimilating maritime transport emissions into the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), so that the maritime transport sector makes a fair contribution to the Union’s reduction objectives. That assimilation process should be based on an impact assessment, taking into account that the international competitiveness of EU-flagged vessels should be guaranteed.

__________________

__________________

20 Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and the Council of 29 April 2015 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport and amending Directive 2009/16/EC, (OJ L 123, 19.5.2015, p. 55).

20 Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and the Council of 29 April 2015 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport and amending Directive 2009/16/EC, (OJ L 123, 19.5.2015, p. 55).

21 Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2072 on the verification activities and accreditation of verifiers pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 320, 26.11.2016, p. 5); Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2071 of 22 September 2016 amending Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the methods for monitoring carbon dioxide emissions and the rules for monitoring other relevant information (OJ L 320, 26.11.2016, p. 1).

21 Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2072 on the verification activities and accreditation of verifiers pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 320, 26.11.2016, p. 5); Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2016/2071 of 22 September 2016 amending Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the methods for monitoring carbon dioxide emissions and the rules for monitoring other relevant information (OJ L 320, 26.11.2016, p. 1).

22 Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1927 of 4 November 2016 on templates for monitoring plans, emissions reports and documents of compliance pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 299, 5.11.2016, p. 1–21); Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1928 of 4 November 2016 on determination of cargo carried for categories of ships other than passenger, ro-ro and container ships pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 299, 5.11.2016, p. 22–25)

22 Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1927 of 4 November 2016 on templates for monitoring plans, emissions reports and documents of compliance pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 299, 5.11.2016, p. 1–21); Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1928 of 4 November 2016 on determination of cargo carried for categories of ships other than passenger, ro-ro and container ships pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport (OJ L 299, 5.11.2016, p. 22–25)

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>5</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 6 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) In its Resolution of 15 January 2020 on the European Green Deal, Parliament called for investment for research into maritime transport decarbonisation. Some of the revenue generated by the assimilation of maritime transport into the EU-EETS system should be invested for research into innovative maritime transport decarbonisation technologies and infrastructure and the deployment of sustainable alternative fuels and zero-emission propulsion technologies.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>6</NumAm>

 

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 8</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) Under the Paris Agreement that was adopted in December 2015 at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)23 , the Union and its Member States have undertaken an economy-wide reduction target. Efforts to limit international maritime emissions through the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) are under way and should be encouraged. The IMO adopted24 in October 2016 a data collection system for fuel oil consumption of ships ("the global IMO DCS").

(8) Under the Paris Agreement that was adopted in December 2015 at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)23 , the Union and its Member States have undertaken an economy-wide reduction target. Efforts to limit international maritime emissions through the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) are under way and should be encouraged. The IMO adopted24 in October 2016 a data collection system for fuel oil consumption of ships ("the global IMO DCS"). The IMO also adopted on 13 April 2018 an initial strategy on the reduction of GHG emissions from ships, seeking to cap the increase of such emissions as soon as possible and to reduce them by at least 50% by 2050 compared to 2008. At the same time, the Member States and Associated Members of the IMO committed to reducing CO2 emissions per transport work, as an average across international shipping, by at least 40% by 2030, pursuing efforts towards a 70% reduction by 2050.

__________________

__________________

23 Paris Agreement (OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 4–18).

23 Paris Agreement (OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 4–18).

24 IMO Resolution MEPC.278(70) amending MARPOL Annex VI.

24 IMO Resolution MEPC.278(70) amending MARPOL Annex VI.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>7</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 9</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) Considering the co-existence of these two monitoring, reporting and verification systems, the Commission assessed pursuant to Article 22 of the EU MRV Regulation how to align the two systems so as to reduce administrative burden for ships, while preserving the objectives of the EU MRV Regulation.

(9) Considering the co-existence of these two monitoring, reporting and verification systems, the Commission assessed pursuant to Article 22 of the EU MRV Regulation how to align the two systems so as to reduce administrative burden for ships, especially those owned by SMEs, while preserving the objectives of the EU MRV Regulation.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>8</NumAm>

 

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 12</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) Global IMO DCS provisions on data to be monitored and reported annually should be taken into account so as to ensure that streamlined data is collected for ships' activities falling under both systems. In order to do so, the parameter "deadweight tonnage" should be reported but "cargo carried" should remain on a voluntary basis. "Time at sea" should be replaced by the global IMO DCS definition of “hours underway". Finally, calculation of “distance travelled” should be based on global IMO DCS25 to reduce administrative burden.

(12) Global IMO DCS provisions on data to be monitored and reported annually should be taken into account so as to ensure that streamlined data is collected for ships' activities falling under both systems. In order to do so, the "deadweight tonnage" and "cargo carried" parameters should be reported. "Time at sea" should be replaced by the global IMO DCS definition of “hours underway". Finally, calculation of “distance travelled” should be based on global IMO DCS25 to reduce administrative burden.

__________________

__________________

25 IMO Resolution MEPC 282 (70).

25 IMO Resolution MEPC 282 (70).

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>9</NumAm>

 

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 14 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14a) The Commission should review the functioning of Regulation (EU) 2015/757, taking into account additional experience gained during the implementation of that Regulation and of the IMO global data collection system, in order to ensure that there is greater compatibility between the two systems and eliminate double reporting requirements.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>10</NumAm>

 

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 15 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a) The successful transition to zero-emission shipping requires an integrated approach and the right enabling environment to stimulate innovation, both on ships and in ports. The appropriateness of zero-emission port standards, sustainable alternative fuels and zero-emission propulsion technologies should be assessed by the Commission and the means to achieve those objectives should be implemented as soon as possible with the inclusion of stakeholders and relevant local authorities. Member States should be encouraged to speed up the development of zero-emission ports in order to improve the health of all citizens living in port areas and coastal zones.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>11</NumAm>

 

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 3 – point a</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 9 – paragraph 1 – point f</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f) cargo carried, on a voluntary basis;

(f) cargo carried

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>12</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5 – point a</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 11 – paragraph 2</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Where there is a change of company, the previous company shall submit to the Commission and to the authorities of the flag State concerned, as close as practical to the day of the completion of the change and no later than three months thereafter, a report covering the same elements as the emissions report but limited to the period corresponding to the activities carried out under its responsibility.

2. Where there is a change of company, the previous company shall submit to the Commission and to the authorities of the flag State concerned, as close as practical to the day of the completion of the change and no later than three months thereafter, a report covering the same elements as the emissions report but limited to the period corresponding to the activities carried out under its responsibility. The new company shall ensure that each ship is in compliance with the requirements of this Regulation from the day of the completion of the change.

 

 

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>13</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5 – point b a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 11– paragraph 3 – point xi a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba) in point (a) of paragraph 3 a new point  is added:

 

(xi a) cargo carried;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>14</NumAm>

 

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 6 a (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 21– paragraph 6 a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6 a) In Article 21, a new paragraph is added:

 

"6a. The European Maritime Safety Agency shall perform further statistical verifications of the data submitted under Article 11(1) to ensure that the data  provided is consistent, in line with its 2020-2022 work programme.”

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>15</NumAm>

 

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 6 b (new)</Article>

<DocAmend2>Regulation (EU) 2015/757</DocAmend2>

<Article2>Article 22 a (new)</Article2>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6b) the following article  is inserted:

 

Article 22a

 

The Commission shall continue to assess the functioning of Regulation (EU) 2015/757, by carrying out periodic impact assessments, taking into account the additional experience gained during the implementation of the that Regulation and of the global data collection system for ship fuel oil consumption data established by the IMO, in order on the one hand to ensure that there is maximum compatibility between the two systems and eliminate double reporting requirements, and on the other to assess the effectiveness of the streamlining solutions for the sector and to intervene where necessary to ensure the competitiveness of the EU maritime sector. If a more ambitious global IMO DCS is reached, the Commission shall once again review the EU MRV Regulation with a view to further aligning it to the global IMO DCS.

</Amend></RepeatBlock-Amend>


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Global data collection system for ship fuel oil consumption data

References

COM(2019)0038 – C8-0043/2019 – 2019/0017(COD)

Committee responsible

 Date announced in plenary

ENVI

11.2.2019

 

 

 

Opinion by

 Date announced in plenary

TRAN

11.2.2019

Rapporteur

 Date appointed

Magdalena Adamowicz

29.7.2019

Discussed in committee

19.2.2020

 

 

 

Date adopted

28.5.2020

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

32

12

5

Members present for the final vote

Magdalena Adamowicz, Andris Ameriks, José Ramón Bauzá Díaz, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Marco Campomenosi, Ciarán Cuffe, Jakop G. Dalunde, Johan Danielsson, Andor Deli, Karima Delli, Anna Deparnay-Grunenberg, Ismail Ertug, Gheorghe Falcă, Giuseppe Ferrandino, Mario Furore, Søren Gade, Isabel García Muñoz, Jens Gieseke, Elsi Katainen, Kateřina Konečná, Julie Lechanteux, Peter Lundgren, Benoît Lutgen, Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Tilly Metz, Giuseppe Milazzo, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Caroline Nagtegaal, Jan-Christoph Oetjen, Philippe Olivier, Rovana Plumb, Dominique Riquet, Dorien Rookmaker, Massimiliano Salini, Sven Schulze, Vera Tax, Barbara Thaler, István Ujhelyi, Petar Vitanov, Elissavet Vozemberg-Vrionidi, Lucia Vuolo, Roberts Zīle, Kosma Złotowski

Substitutes present for the final vote

Josianne Cutajar, Clare Daly, Roman Haider, Anne-Sophie Pelletier, Robert Roos

 


 

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

32

+

ECR

Kosma Złotowski

NI

Mario Furore

PPE

Magdalena Adamowicz, Andor Deli, Gheorghe Falcă, Jens Gieseke, Benoît Lutgen, Marian‑Jean Marinescu, Giuseppe Milazzo, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Massimiliano Salini, Sven Schulze, Barbara Thaler, Elissavet Vozemberg‑Vrionidi, Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska

RENEW

José Ramón Bauzá Díaz, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Søren Gade, Elsi Katainen, Caroline Nagtegaal, Jan‑Christoph Oetjen, Dominique Riquet

S&D

Andris Ameriks, Josianne Cutajar, Johan Danielsson, Ismail Ertug, Giuseppe Ferrandino, Isabel García Muñoz, Rovana Plumb, Vera Tax, István Ujhelyi, Petar Vitanov

 

12

-

ECR

Peter Lundgren, Robert Roos, Roberts Zīle

GUE/NGL

Clare Daly, Kateřina Konečná, Anne‑Sophie Pelletier

NI

Dorien Rookmaker

VERTS/ALE

Ciarán Cuffe, Jakop G. Dalunde, Karima Delli, Anna Deparnay‑Grunenberg, Tilly Metz

 

5

0

ID

Marco Campomenosi, Roman Haider, Julie Lechanteux, Philippe Olivier, Lucia Vuolo#

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 

 


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Global data collection system for ship fuel oil consumption data

References

COM(2019)0038 – C8-0043/2019 – 2019/0017(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

4.2.2019

 

 

 

Committee responsible

 Date announced in plenary

ENVI

11.2.2019

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

 Date announced in plenary

ITRE

11.2.2019

TRAN

11.2.2019

 

 

Not delivering opinions

 Date of decision

ITRE

25.9.2019

 

 

 

Rapporteurs

 Date appointed

Jutta Paulus

24.7.2019

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

6.7.2020

 

 

 

Date adopted

7.7.2020

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

62

3

13

Members present for the final vote

Nikos Androulakis, Bartosz Arłukowicz, Margrete Auken, Simona Baldassarre, Marek Paweł Balt, Traian Băsescu, Aurelia Beigneux, Monika Beňová, Sergio Berlato, Malin Björk, Simona Bonafè, Delara Burkhardt, Pascal Canfin, Sara Cerdas, Tudor Ciuhodaru, Nathalie Colin-Oesterlé, Miriam Dalli, Esther de Lange, Christian Doleschal, Bas Eickhout, Eleonora Evi, Agnès Evren, Fredrick Federley, Pietro Fiocchi, Andreas Glück, Catherine Griset, Jytte Guteland, Teuvo Hakkarainen, Anja Hazekamp, Martin Hojsík, Pär Holmgren, Jan Huitema, Yannick Jadot, Adam Jarubas, Petros Kokkalis, Ewa Kopacz, Joanna Kopcińska, Ryszard Antoni Legutko, Peter Liese, Sylvia Limmer, Javi López, César Luena, Fulvio Martusciello, Liudas Mažylis, Joëlle Mélin, Tilly Metz, Silvia Modig, Dolors Montserrat, Alessandra Moretti, Dan-Ștefan Motreanu, Ville Niinistö, Grace O’Sullivan, Jutta Paulus, Stanislav Polčák, Jessica Polfjärd, Frédérique Ries, María Soraya Rodríguez Ramos, Sándor Rónai, Rob Rooken, Silvia Sardone, Günther Sidl, Linea Søgaard-Lidell, Nicolae Ştefănuță, Edina Tóth, Véronique Trillet-Lenoir, Petar Vitanov, Alexandr Vondra, Mick Wallace, Pernille Weiss, Michal Wiezik, Tiemo Wölken, Anna Zalewska

Substitutes present for the final vote

Catherine Chabaud, Norbert Lins, Vincenzo Sofo, Maria Spyraki, Inese Vaidere, Lucia Vuolo

Date tabled

29.7.2020

 


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

62

+

GUE/NGL

Malin BJÖRK, Anja HAZEKAMP, Petros KOKKALIS, Silvia MODIG, Mick WALLACE

NI

Eleonora EVI

PPE

Bartosz ARŁUKOWICZ, Traian BĂSESCU, Nathalie COLIN-OESTERLÉ, Christian DOLESCHAL, Agnès EVREN, Adam JARUBAS, Ewa KOPACZ, Esther de LANGE, Peter LIESE, Norbert LINS, Fulvio MARTUSCIELLO, Liudas MAŽYLIS, Dolors MONTSERRAT, Dan-Ștefan MOTREANU, Stanislav POLČÁK, Jessica POLFJÄRD, Maria SPYRAKI, Edina TÓTH, Inese VAIDERE, Pernille WEISS, Michal WIEZIK

RENEW

Pascal CANFIN, Catherine CHABAUD, Fredrick FEDERLEY, Andreas GLÜCK, Martin HOJSÍK, Jan HUITEMA, Frédérique RIES, María Soraya RODRÍGUEZ RAMOS, Nicolae ŞTEFĂNUȚĂ, Linea SØGAARD-LIDELL, Véronique TRILLET-LENOIR

S&D

Nikos ANDROULAKIS, Marek Paweł BALT, Monika BEŇOVÁ, Simona BONAFÈ, Delara BURKHARDT, Sara CERDAS, Tudor CIUHODARU, Miriam DALLI, Jytte GUTELAND, Javi LÓPEZ, César LUENA, Alessandra MORETTI, Sándor RÓNAI, Günther SIDL, Petar VITANOV, Tiemo WÖLKEN

VERTS/ALE

Margrete AUKEN, Bas EICKHOUT, Pär HOLMGREN, Yannick JADOT, Tilly METZ, Ville NIINISTÖ, Grace O'SULLIVAN, Jutta PAULU

 

3

-

ECR

Rob ROOKEN

ID

Teuvo HAKKARAINEN, Sylvia LIMMER

 

13

0

ID

Simona BALDASSARRE, Aurelia BEIGNEUX, Catherine GRISET, Joëlle MÉLIN, Silvia SARDONE, Vincenzo SOFO, Lucia VUOLO

ECR

Sergio BERLATO, Pietro FIOCCHI, Joanna KOPCIŃSKA, Ryszard Antoni LEGUTKO, Alexandr VONDRA, Anna ZALEWSKA

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 

 

[1] OJ C 240, 16.7.2019, p. 41.

[2] European Commission, Climate bulletin, Copernicus https://climate.copernicus.eu/climate-bulletins

[3] Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

[4] Regulation (EU) 2015/757 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2015 on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport, and amending Directive 2009/16/EC

[5] The International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted a mandatory Fuel Oil Data Collection System (DCS) for international shipping, requiring ships of 5,000 gross tonnage or above to start collecting and reporting data to an IMO database from 2019.

[6] UN Gneeral Assembly, Paris Agreement, 4 November 2016, Article 2(1) (a).

[8] See Recital 14 of existing MRV Regulation

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