Procedure : 2019/0226(NLE)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A9-0180/2020

Texts tabled :

A9-0180/2020

Debates :

Votes :

Texts adopted :

P9_TA(2020)0294

<Date>{07/10/2020}7.10.2020</Date>
<NoDocSe>A9-0180/2020</NoDocSe>
PDF 198kWORD 66k

<TitreType>RECOMMENDATION</TitreType>     <RefProcLect>***</RefProcLect>

<Titre>on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Protocol on the implementation of the Agreement on a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership between the European Union and the Republic of Senegal</Titre>

<DocRef>(13484/2019 – C9‑0178/2019 – 2019/0226(NLE))</DocRef>


<Commission>{PECH}Committee on Fisheries</Commission>

Rapporteur: <Depute>Izaskun Bilbao Barandica</Depute>

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON DEVELOPMENT
 OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON BUDGETS
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Protocol on the implementation of the Agreement on a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership between the European Union and the Republic of Senegal

(13484/2019 – C9‑0178/2019 – 2019/0226(NLE))

(Consent)

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the draft Council decision (13484/2019),

 having regard to the Protocol on the implementation of the Agreement on a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership between the European Union and the Republic of Senegal (13483/2019),

 having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 43 and Article 218(6), second subparagraph, point (a)(v), and Article 218(7) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (C9-0178/2019),

 having regard to its non-legislative resolution of ...[1] on the draft decision,

 having regard to Rule 105(1) and (4) and Rule 114(7) of its Rules of Procedure,

 having regard to the opinions of the Committee on Development and the Committee on Budgets,

 having regard to the recommendation of the Committee on Fisheries (A9-0180/2020),

1. Gives its consent to the conclusion of the protocol;

2. Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States and of the Republic of Senegal.


 

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

The European Union (EU) has signed a series of fisheries partnership agreements (FPAs) and protocols with non-EU countries, which provide for EU financial and technical support in exchange for fishing rights for surplus stocks in the country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ), in a legally regulated environment. These agreements also govern resource conservation and environmental sustainability, ensuring that all EU vessels are subject to the same rules of control and transparency, and supporting the partner country’s own

sustainable fisheries policy. At the same time, a clause on upholding

human rights has been included in all protocols to fisheries agreements.

 

The Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the Republic of Senegal and the European Union[2] (hereinafter ‘the Agreement’) entered into force on 20 November 2014[3] and has since been renewed automatically. The most recent protocol expired on 19 November 2019.

On the basis of the relevant negotiating directives[4], the Commission has entered into negotiations with the Government of the Republic of Senegal (hereinafter ‘Senegal’) with a view to concluding a new protocol to the agreement. Following these negotiations, a new protocol was initialled on 19 July 2019. The protocol covers a period of five years from the date of its provisional application, i.e. from the date on which it was signed, as stated in Article 16 thereof.

In accordance with the priorities of the fisheries policy reform[5], the new protocol provides fishing opportunities for EU vessels in Senegalese waters, on the basis of the best available scientific advice and following the recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). This new protocol takes into account the results of an evaluation of the previous one (2014-2019) and of a forward-looking assessment of whether a new protocol should be concluded. Both were conducted by external experts. The protocol will also enable the European Union and Senegal to work more closely on promoting the sound exploitation of fishery resources in Senegalese waters and support efforts by Senegal to develop its blue economy, in the interests of both parties.

 

The protocol provides for fishing opportunities in the following categories:

 

 28 freezer tuna seiners,

 10 pole-and-line vessels;

 5 longliners,

 2 trawlers.

 

The annual financial contribution from the European Union is EUR 1 700 000, broken down as follows:

 

a) an access-related amount set at EUR 800 000, specifically for a reference tonnage of 10 000 tonnes of tuna per year and for an authorised catch volume of black hake of 1 750 tonnes per year, less than the volume laid down in the current protocol (2 000 tonnes);

 

b) support for the development of Senegal’s sectoral fisheries policy to the tune of EUR 900 000 per year over the entire duration of the protocol. This meets the objectives of Senegal’s national policy on the sustainable management of its fisheries resources for the entire duration of the protocol.

 

The annual amount for commitment and payment appropriations was laid down during the annual budgetary procedure, including for the reserve line for protocols not having entered into force at the beginning of the year[6].

 

The fisheries sector contributes an estimated 2% of GDP to Senegal’s economy, with fisheries exports accounting for 16% of the country's exports. Fisheries are seen as a growth sector liable to help meet the objectives of the Plan Senegal Émergent, the national development plan and roadmap for policy-making in Senegal in the medium to long term. This is in addition to the great strides the country is making to meet environmental criteria of sustainability.

 

Cooperation between the European Union and Senegal is governed by the Cotonou Agreement. Economic aid in the fisheries sector is provided under the Regional Initiative Programme, specifically via the PESCAO programme, which aims to improve governance in the sector and combat illegal fishing, with a budget of EUR 15 million for the period 2018-2024.

 

Catches of black hake in Senegal’s fishing zone and in those of neighbouring countries have increased pressure on these stocks. According to the scientific advice from the Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic (CECAF), catches of black hake remain within sustainable levels, but it recommends cutting back on additional catches of the species with a view to reducing fishing mortality. It has been agreed that these guidelines will be incorporated into the new protocol.

 

The Union’s fishing vessels are limited to fishing areas on the high seas, which means that they rarely interact with Senegalese small-scale fishing vessels and thus have minimal impact on their livelihood. EU vessels normally only come into contact with Senegalese fleets in the high-seas trawl fishery, where three or four Senegalese units operate, with a catch limit of double the 2 000-tonne TAC available to EU trawlers.

The forward-looking assessment of the most recent protocol (2014-2019) states that it has generally been effective in helping ensure the sustainable exploitation of resources in the Senegalese fishing zone and recommends that a new protocol be concluded.


 

 

OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON DEVELOPMENT (29.5.2020)

<CommissionInt>for the Committee on Fisheries</CommissionInt>


<Titre>on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Protocol on the implementation of the Agreement on a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership between the European Union and the Republic of Senegal</Titre>

<DocRef>(13484/2019 – C9‑0178/2019 – 2019/0226(NLE))</DocRef>

Rapporteur for opinion: <Depute>Beata Kempa</Depute>

 

 

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement (SFPA) between the Republic of Senegal and the European Union entered into force in November 2014. Given that its accompanying protocol had an expiration date in November 2019, the European Commission conducted negotiations with a view to conclude a Protocol covering a new period of five years.

 

The Protocol provides fishing opportunities for EU vessels in Senegalese waters on the basis of the best available scientific advice and following the recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). This new Protocol takes into account the results of an evaluation of the previous Protocol (2014-2019), which concluded that the EU tuna fishing and trawling sector had a strong interest in fishing in Senegal and that a renewal of the Protocol would help strengthen monitoring, control and surveillance and contribute to improved fisheries governance in the region.

 

The Protocol foresees lower total allowable catches for hake compared to the previous Protocol (decrease from 2 000 to 1 750 tonnes) whilst the reference tonnage for tuna has also been reduced to make them match with historical catches (decrease from 14 000 to 10 000 tonnes). Furthermore, it includes measures to limit catches of marine birds and marine mammals, and to reinforce the role of scientific observers.

 

The financial contribution allocated to the Protocol is EUR 1 700 000 per year. This total is broken down into an annual amount of EUR 800 000 for access to resources and EUR 900 000 for the development of Senegalese fisheries policy, which represents an increase of sectoral support of 20 % compared to the previous Protocol. 

 

The fishery sector is crucial in Senegal. Fish is a primary source of animal protein in the country and fisheries make substantial contributions to the national economy. It contributes to 3,2 % of GDP and  generates around 600 000 direct and indirect jobs. However, poor management, weak monitoring, overfishing, and illegal fishing threaten this critical resource. The Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishery Index 2019 ranks Senegal at the 27th place (out of 38 countries in Africa) and at the 78th place (out of 152 countries) worldwide. 

Sustainable management of wild fisheries is a high priority for the Senegalese government and the Rapporteur believes that the sectoral support allocation under the new Protocol should support the following priorities:

- promoting the sustainable management of fisheries in Senegal, with particular attention to small-scale local fisheries;

- stepping up monitoring, control and surveillance activities; 

- promoting the development of scientific capacities in order improve data collection on fishery resources.

Your rapporteur takes the view that the Protocol has the potential to promote the responsible and sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources in the Republic of Senegal in the interests of both Parties. For this reason, your rapporteur is proposing that the protocol be approved.

******

The Committee on Development calls on the Committee on Fisheries, as the committee responsible, to recommend approval of the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Protocol on the implementation of the Agreement on a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership between the European Union and the Republic of Senegal (2019-2024).


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the Republic of Senegal and the European Union

References

13484/2019 – C9-0178/2019 – 2019/0226(NLE)

Committee responsible

 

PECH

 

 

 

 

Opinion by

 Date announced in plenary

DEVE

28.11.2019

Rapporteur

 Date appointed

Beata Kempa

16.12.2019

Discussed in committee

18.2.2020

 

 

 

Date adopted

29.5.2020

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

22

3

0

Members present for the final vote

Anna-Michelle Asimakopoulou, Hildegard Bentele, Dominique Bilde, Udo Bullmann, Catherine Chabaud, Antoni Comín i Oliveres, Ryszard Czarnecki, Gianna Gancia, Charles Goerens, Mónica Silvana González, György Hölvényi, Rasa Juknevičienė, Beata Kempa, Pierfrancesco Majorino, Erik Marquardt, Norbert Neuser, Jan-Christoph Oetjen, Michèle Rivasi, Christian Sagartz, Marc Tarabella, Tomas Tobé, Miguel Urbán Crespo, Bernhard Zimniok

Substitutes present for the final vote

Barry Andrews, Frances Fitzgerald

 


 

 

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

22

+

PPE

Anna‑Michelle Asimakopoulou, Hildegard Bentele, György Hölvényi, Rasa Juknevičienė, Frances Fitzgerald, Christian Sagartz, Tomas Tobé

S&D

Udo Bullmann, Mónica Silvana González, Pierfrancesco Majorino, Norbert Neuser, Marc Tarabella

Renew

Catherine Chabaud, Charles Goerens, Jan‑Christoph Oetjen, Barry Andrews

ID

Gianna Gancia, Bernhard Zimniok

ECR

Ryszard Czarnecki, Beata Kempa

GUE/NGL

Miguel Urbán Crespo

NI

Antoni Comín i Oliveres

 

3

-

ID

Dominique Bilde

Verts/ALE

Erik Marquardt, Michèle Rivasi

 

0

0

 

 

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 

 


 

 

OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON BUDGETS (18.2.2020)

<CommissionInt>for the Committee on Fisheries</CommissionInt>


<Titre>on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Protocol on the implementation of the Agreement on a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership between the Republic of Senegal and the European Union</Titre>

<DocRef>(13484/2019 – C9‑0178/2019 – 2019/0226(NLE))</DocRef>

Rapporteur for opinion: <Depute>Paolo De Castro</Depute>

 

 

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union (hereinafter ‘the Union’) and the Republic of Senegal[7] entered into force on 20 November 2014. The Commission conducted negotiations with the Government of the Republic of Senegal resulting in a new Protocol which was initialled on 19 July 2019 and repeals the previous Protocol, which had expired on 19 November 2019.

The new Protocol provides fishing opportunities for the Union vessels in Senegalase waters, on the basis of the best available scientific advice and following the recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). This new Protocol takes into account the results of an evaluation of the previous Protocol (2014-2019) and of a forward-looking assessment of whether a new Protocol should be concluded. Both were carried out by external experts. The Protocol will also enable the Union and the Republic of Senegal to work more closely on promoting sound exploitation of fishery resources in Senegalese waters and to support efforts by the Republic of Senegal to develop its blue economy, in the interests of both parties.

The Protocol provides for fishing opportunities in the following categories:

(a) 28 freezer tuna seiners;

(b) 10 pole-and-line vessels;

(c) 5 longliners;

(d) 2 trawlers.

The negotiation of a new protocol to the Fisheries Partnership Agreement with the Republic of Senegal forms part of the Union’s external action in relation to African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and takes into account, in particular, the Union objectives on respecting democratic principles and human rights. The economic activity generated in Senegal’s fisheries sector, although at local level, would help to address the root causes of irregular migration.

The Protocol covers a period of five years from the date of its provisional application, i.e. from the date on which it was signed.

The annual financial contribution from the Union is EUR 1 700 000, based on:

(a) a specific annual amount of EUR 800 000 as financial compensation for access to resources, including an amount equivalent to a reference tonnage of 10 000 tonnes per year for highly migratory species;

(b) a specific amount of EUR 900 000 per year for five years to support implementation of the Senegalese sectoral fisheries policy. This support meets the objectives of Senegal’s national policy on the sustainable management of its fishery resources for the entire duration of the Protocol.

The annual amount for commitment and payment appropriations is established during the annual budgetary procedure, including for the reserve line for protocols not having entered into force at the beginning of the year[8].

The Commission would be authorised to approve, on behalf of the Union, amendments to the Protocol to be adopted by the Joint Committee set up under the Partnership Agreement.

 

******

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on Fisheries, as the committee responsible, to recommend approval of the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Agreement on a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership between the European Union and the Republic of Senegal.


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the Republic of Senegal and the European Union

References

13484/2019 – C9-0178/2019 – 2019/0226(NLE)

Committee responsible

 

PECH

 

 

 

 

Opinion by

 Date announced in plenary

BUDG

28.11.2019

Rapporteur

 Date appointed

Paolo De Castro

25.11.2019

Discussed in committee

22.1.2020

 

 

 

Date adopted

17.2.2020

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

26

2

2

Members present for the final vote

Rasmus Andresen, Anna Bonfrisco, Olivier Chastel, Lefteris Christoforou, David Cormand, Paolo De Castro, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Alexandra Geese, Valerie Hayer, Monika Hohlmeier, Moritz Körner, Janusz Lewandowski, Margarida Marques, Silvia Modig, Siegfried Mureşan, Jan Olbrycht, Karlo Ressler, Bogdan Rzońca, Nicolae Ştefănuță, Nils Torvalds, Nils Ušakovs, Angelika Winzig

Substitutes present for the final vote

Erik Bergkvist, Damian Boeselager, Jens Geier, Fabienne Keller, Aušra Maldeikienė

Substitutes under Rule 209(7) present for the final vote

Delara Burkhardt, Nicolaus Fest, Herve Juvin

 


 

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

26

+

ECR

Bogdan Rzońca

PPE

Lefteris Christoforou, Monika Hohlmeier, Janusz Lewandowski, Aušra Maldeikienė, Siegfried Mureşan, Jan Olbrycht, Karlo Ressler, Angelika Winzig

RENEW

Olivier Chastel, Valerie Hayer, Fabienne Keller, Moritz Körner, Nicolae Ştefănuță, Nils Torvalds

S&D

Erik Bergkvist, Delara Burkhardt, Paolo De Castro, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, Margarida Marques, Nils Ušakovs

VERTS/ALE

Rasmus Andresen, Damian Boeselager, David Cormand, Alexandra Geese

 

2

-

GUE/NGL

Silvia Modig

ID

Herve Juvin

 

2

0

ID

Anna Bonfrisco, Nicolaus Fest

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 

 

 


 

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the Republic of Senegal and the European Union

References

13484/2019 – C9-0178/2019 – 2019/0226(NLE)

Date of consultation / request for consent

20.11.2019

 

 

 

Committee responsible

 Date announced in plenary

PECH

28.11.2019

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

 Date announced in plenary

DEVE

28.11.2019

BUDG

28.11.2019

 

 

Rapporteurs

 Date appointed

Izaskun Bilbao Barandica

9.12.2019

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

12.11.2019

19.2.2020

 

 

Date adopted

1.10.2020

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

21

2

4

Members present for the final vote

Clara Aguilera, François-Xavier Bellamy, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Isabel Carvalhais, Rosanna Conte, Rosa D’Amato, Fredrick Federley, Giuseppe Ferrandino, João Ferreira, Francisco Guerreiro, Niclas Herbst, France Jamet, Pierre Karleskind, Predrag Fred Matić, Francisco José Millán Mon, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Grace O’Sullivan, Manuel Pizarro, Caroline Roose, Bert-Jan Ruissen, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Ruža Tomašić, Peter van Dalen, Theodoros Zagorakis

Substitutes present for the final vote

Manuel Bompard, Nicolás González Casares, Valentino Grant

Date tabled

7.10.2020

 


 

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

21

+

ECR

Bert‑Jan Ruissen, Ruža Tomašić

GUE/NGL

João Ferreira

ID

Rosanna Conte, Valentino Grant

PPE

François‑Xavier Bellamy, Niclas Herbst, Francisco José Millán Mon, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Annie Schreijer‑Pierik, Theodoros Zagorakis, Peter van Dalen

RENEW

Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Fredrick Federley, Pierre Karleskind

S&D

Clara Aguilera, Isabel Carvalhais, Giuseppe Ferrandino, Nicolás González Casares, Predrag Fred Matić, Manuel Pizarro

 

2

-

GUE/NGL

Manuel Bompard

ID

France Jamet

 

4

 

0

NI

Rosa D'Amato

VERTS/ALE

Francisco Guerreiro, Grace O'Sullivan, Caroline Roose

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 

[1]  Texts adopted, P9_TA(0000)0000.

[2] OJ L 304, 23.10.2014, p. 3.

[4] Adopted at the Agriculture and Fisheries Council on 15 July 2019.

[5] OJ L 354, 28.12.2013, p. 22.

[6] In accordance with the Interinstitutional Agreement on cooperation in budgetary matters (2013/C 373/01).

[7] OJ L 304, 23.10.2014, p. 3.

[8] In accordance with the Interinstitutional Agreement on cooperation in budgetary matters (2013/C 373/01).

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