Procedure : 2021/0037(NLE)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A9-0233/2021

Texts tabled :

A9-0233/2021

Debates :

Votes :

OJ 05/10/2021 - 28

Texts adopted :


<Date>{15/07/2021}15.7.2021</Date>
<NoDocSe>A9-0233/2021</NoDocSe>
PDF 188kWORD 65k

<TitreType>RECOMMENDATION</TitreType>     <RefProcLect>***</RefProcLect>

<Titre>on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union on the one hand, and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark, on the other hand and the Implementation Protocol thereto</Titre>

<DocRef>(06566/2021 – C9‑0154/2021 – 2021/0037(NLE))</DocRef>


<Commission>{PECH}Committee on Fisheries</Commission>

Rapporteur: <Depute>Pierre Karleskind</Depute>

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON BUDGETS
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union on the one hand, and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark, on the other hand and the Implementation Protocol thereto

(06566/2021 – C9‑0154/2021 – 2021/0037(NLE))

(Consent)

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the draft Council decision (06566/2021),

 having regard to the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement (SFPA) between the European Union on the one hand, and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark, on the other hand and the Implementation Protocol thereto (06380/2021),

 having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 43(2) and Article 218(6), second subparagraph, point (a)(v), and Article 218(7) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (C9-0073/2020),

 having regard to its non-legislative resolution of ...[1] on the draft decision,

 having regard to Rule 105(1) and (4) and Rule 114(7) of its Rules of Procedure,

 having regard to the opinion of the Committee on Budgets,

 having regard to the recommendation of the Committee on Fisheries (A9-0233/2021),

1. Gives its consent to the conclusion of the agreement and of the protocol;

2. Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States and of Greenland and Denmark.


 

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Background

 

The European Union and Greenland have very close ties in both fisheries and development matters. Greenland’s links with Denmark make it one of the EU’s longest-standing partners. Greenland joined the European Economic Community (EEC) with Denmark in 1973. Following a 1982 referendum on its EEC membership, Greenland left the Community in 1985. The EU and Greenland have had a fisheries partnership ever since and Greenland is one of the overseas territories associated with the EU. What is more, given Greenland’s strategic geographical position in the Arctic Ocean, it is a key partner.

EU-Greenland fisheries relations

A fisheries agreement was incorporated into the negotiations on Greenland’s departure from the EEC, and a series of protocols thereto were agreed covering the period to 2007. At that point, the two parties concluded a six-year fisheries partnership agreement, which was tacitly renewed in 2012 for a further six years. An SFPA was concluded on 11 January 2021 and is in the process of being ratified. An important part of EU-Greenland fisheries relations is Protocol 34 to the TFEU, which provides for tariff-free imports of Greenland fishery products to the EU as long as opportunities for access to Greenland fishing zones are satisfactory to the EU.

Opinion of the rapporteur

Firstly, the rapporteur would like to stress the special nature of the fisheries agreements with Greenland. Unlike other fisheries partnership agreements or SFPAs, EU-Greenland protocols only ever provide for tentative fishing opportunities. The definitive opportunities are negotiated by the Joint Committee every year. The agreement with Greenland also provides for quota exchanges with Norway and the Faroe Islands. It therefore plays a pivotal role in fisheries relations in this geographical area. As a result, fisheries relations with Norway and the Faroe Islands are effectively shaped by the agreements and protocols with Greenland. In theory quotas can also be exchanged with Iceland, but in practice they never are.

The previous agreement and protocol

The rapporteur has looked carefully at the ex-ante and ex-post evaluation study of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and Greenland[2]. The ex-post evaluation provided an overview of the situation and highlighted a number of shortcomings in the previous agreement and protocol thereto. Both parties’ fisheries sectors have benefited from the agreement from a socio-economic point of view, in terms of both direct and indirect employment and the gross value added generated by the EU fleet’s operations in Greenland’s waters. The EU’s financial contribution to Greenland’s fisheries sector has helped to further its development. The rapporteur notes, however, the paucity of scientific data and lack of tools to analyse the data needed to manage stocks properly and estimate surpluses accurately. Accurate surplus estimates are particularly important because EU vessels are allowed to fish only for stocks not used by the local industry. The ability to calculate surpluses correctly is therefore essential if stocks are to be sustainable.

 

The new agreement and protocol

 

The rapporteur recommends that Parliament give its consent to the conclusion of the new EU-Greenland SFPA and the protocol thereto. He has taken note of the ex-ante evaluation. It is clear from this evaluation that a new agreement and a new protocol needed to be negotiated to bring them closer into line with fishing opportunities and scientific advice, to increase flexibility regarding catches, to introduce a lower by-catch quota and establish a six-year validity period for the protocol. Accordingly, the new agreement and protocol will enable 12 EU vessels to make use of fishing opportunities in Greenland’s waters for eight species: cod, pelagic redfish, demersal redfish, Greenland halibut, northern prawn, grenadier, capelin and Atlantic mackerel. The agreement will be valid for four years renewable for a further two. The agreement provides for financial compensation from the EU of EUR 16 521 754, of which EUR 2 931 000 is earmarked for support for and the development of Greenland’s fisheries sector. Fishing opportunities for the EU fleet have been cut by an average of 5% in comparison with the previous protocol. The rapporteur notes that the agreement will last four years, after which it can be renewed for a further two years, and it therefore provides less clarity than the six-year protocol recommended in the ex-ante evaluation. What is more, the EU’s financial compensation is higher than under the previous protocol, up from EUR 16 099 978 to EUR 16 521 754, the contribution to sectoral support remains the same and the reference prices for EU shipowners’ fishing authorisations are higher.

 

The rapporteur is disappointed that the agreement and protocol could only be provisionally applied once the agreement was signed on 22 April 2021, owing in part to the fact that elections were held in Greenland on 6 April 2021 and a government had to be formed. As a result, EU operators were unable to fish in the territory’s waters for almost four months.

 

In addition, the negotiations on the agreement and protocol thereto were held in parallel with the negotiations on the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement, which delayed the conclusion of an agreement. Greenland’s starting position in these negotiations was to slash quotas for the EU fleet by 30%. On a more general note, the rapporteur would like to stress that Brexit has destabilised relations with all North Atlantic countries and therefore particular attention needs to be paid to this state of affairs. It is also important, given the territory’s long-standing ties with the EU and its geostrategic location in the Arctic, that our relations with Greenland be maintained, including as part of a future EU strategy on the Arctic.

Recommendations for and requests to the Commission

The rapporteur is proposing a number of recommendations for and requests to the Commission on the implementation of the SFPA and protocol thereto, ranging from improvements to data collection and analysis to the need to give the EU fisheries sector clearer prospects and ensure that the protocol is renewed. The agreement and protocol thereto must be incorporated into the overarching strategy for pursuing sustainability and biodiversity-protection goals and combating climate change. Their implementation must, therefore, be in line with the goals set in the European Green Deal and with the objectives and principles of the common fisheries policy. The agreement must be taken fully into account when the EU establishes its geostrategic position on the Arctic Ocean. In particular, fisheries relations with partners in the region must be stabilised and clarified following the UK’s departure from the European Union.

What is more, given the delay in the provisional application of the agreement and the protocol thereto, the rapporteur calls for unused quotas to be transferred in full or in part to 2022 to compensate the EU fleet for the four months lost. He also calls for special attention to be paid to lost fishing nets, to the collection of marine litter, to marine ecosystems and vulnerable species, to the identification of habitats and to bird by-catches, particularly in the context of support for the sector. The share of the EU financial contribution earmarked for sectoral support should be used to improve data collection and analysis, as improvements in this area are essential to ensuring that surplus estimates are accurate. Lastly, the rapporteur stresses the need for the Commission to keep Parliament informed at every stage in the implementation of the SFPA and protocol thereto.


 

 

 

OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON BUDGETS (25.5.2021)

<CommissionInt>for the Committee on Fisheries</CommissionInt>


<Titre>on the proposal for a Council decision on the conclusion of a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union on the one hand, and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark, on the other hand and the Implementation Protocol thereto</Titre>

<DocRef>(COM(2021)0072 – C9 – 2021/0037(NLE))</DocRef>

Rapporteur for opinion: <Depute>Elisabetta Gualmini</Depute>

 

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The current Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark (hereinafter ‘the Partnership Agreement’) was signed on 28 June 2007 and entered  into force on 2 November 2007 for a period of six years, tacitly renewed every six years, with the last prolongation having occurred on 1 January 2019 and, therefore, still in force.

The latest five-year Protocol[3] setting out the fishing opportunities and financial contribution provided for in the Partnership Agreement entered into application on 1 January 2016 and expired on 31 December 2020.

 

A new Agreement between the European Union on the one hand, and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark, on the other hand, and a Protocol setting out the fishing opportunities and financial contribution were initialled by the negotiators on 11 January 2021.

 

The new Agreement repeals and replaces the existing Agreement that entered into force on 28 June 2007; it covers a period of six years (2021-2026) from the date of its provisional application, renewable by tacit agreement. The new Protocol covers a period of four years (2021-2024) from the date of provisional application laid down in Article 15, that being the date on which it is signed by the parties, and may be extended by two years if the parties so agree.

 

The aim of the Protocol is to grant fishing opportunities to European Union vessels in the Greenland waters in accordance with best available scientific advice and the recommendations of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) and of the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC). The aim is also to strengthen cooperation between the European Union and the Greenland, thereby creating a partnership framework within which to develop the Greenlandic fisheries sector fisheries policy and to promote sound exploitation of fishery resources in Greenlandic waters, in the interests of both parties.

 

The species covered by the new Protocol are Cod, Pelagic Redfish, Demersal Redfish, Greenland Halibut, Northern Prawn, Grenadier, Capelin and Mackerel. The new Protocol provides fishing opportunities for 12 vessels. Six EU Member States have a direct fishing interest in the new Protocol, namely Denmark, France, Germany, Poland, Lithuania and Sweden and, to a lesser degree, Spain and Portugal.

The annual financial contribution from the European Union is EUR 16 521 754, based on:

(a) an annual amount for access to fishery resources for the categories provided for in the Protocol, set at EUR 13 590 754 for the duration of the Protocol;

(b) support for the development of the Greenland’s sectoral fisheries policy amounting to EUR 2 931 000 for the duration of the Protocol. This support meets the objectives of the Greenland’s national policy on the sustainable management of their maritime fishery resources for the entire duration of the Protocol.

The annual amount for commitment and payment appropriations is established during the annual budgetary procedure, including for the reserve line for protocols not yet having entered into force at the beginning of the year.

******

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on Fisheries, as the committee responsible, to recommend approval of the proposal for a Council decision on the conclusion of a Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union on the one hand, and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark, on the other hand and the Implementation Protocol thereto.


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union on the one hand, and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark, on the other hand and the Implementation Protocol thereto

References

06566/2021 – C9-0154/2021 – 2021/0037(NLE)

Committee responsible

 

PECH

 

 

 

 

Opinion by

 Date announced in plenary

BUDG

26.4.2021

Rapporteur for the opinion

 Date appointed

Elisabetta Gualmini

22.3.2021

Discussed in committee

10.5.2021

 

 

 

Date adopted

31.5.2021

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

36

1

4

Members present for the final vote

Rasmus Andresen, Robert Biedroń, Anna Bonfrisco, Olivier Chastel, Lefteris Christoforou, David Cormand, Paolo De Castro, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Vlad Gheorghe, Valentino Grant, Elisabetta Gualmini, Francisco Guerreiro, Valérie Hayer, Eero Heinäluoma, Niclas Herbst, Monika Hohlmeier, Moritz Körner, Joachim Kuhs, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Ioannis Lagos, Hélène Laporte, Pierre Larrouturou, Janusz Lewandowski, Silvia Modig, Siegfried Mureşan, Victor Negrescu, Andrey Novakov, Jan Olbrycht, Dimitrios Papadimoulis, Karlo Ressler, Bogdan Rzońca, Nicolae Ştefănuță, Nils Torvalds, Nils Ušakovs, Johan Van Overtveldt, Rainer Wieland, Angelika Winzig

Substitutes present for the final vote

Mario Furore, Jens Geier, Henrike Hahn

 


 

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

 

36

+

ECR

Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Bogdan Rzońca, Johan Van Overtveldt

ID

Hélène Laporte

NI

Mario Furore

PPE

Lefteris Christoforou, José Manuel Fernandes, Niclas Herbst, Monika Hohlmeier, Janusz Lewandowski, Siegfried Mureşan, Andrey Novakov, Jan Olbrycht, Karlo Ressler, Rainer Wieland, Angelika Winzig

Renew

Olivier Chastel, Vlad Gheorghe, Valérie Hayer, Moritz Körner, Nicolae Ştefănuță, Nils Torvalds

S&D

Robert Biedroń, Paolo De Castro, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, Elisabetta Gualmini, Eero Heinäluoma, Pierre Larrouturou, Victor Negrescu, Nils Ušakovs

The Left

Dimitrios Papadimoulis

Verts/ALE

Rasmus Andresen, David Cormand, Francisco Guerreiro, Henrike Hahn

 

1

-

NI

Ioannis Lagos

 

4

0

ID

Anna Bonfrisco, Valentino Grant, Joachim Kuhs

The Left

Silvia Modig

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 

 


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union on the one hand, and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark, on the other hand and the Implementation Protocol thereto

References

06566/2021 – C9-0154/2021 – 2021/0037(NLE)

Date of consultation / request for consent

23.4.2021

 

 

 

Committee responsible

 Date announced in plenary

PECH

26.4.2021

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

 Date announced in plenary

BUDG

26.4.2021

 

 

 

Rapporteurs

 Date appointed

Pierre Karleskind

4.3.2021

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

17.6.2021

 

 

 

Date adopted

12.7.2021

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

24

1

3

Members present for the final vote

Clara Aguilera, Pietro Bartolo, François-Xavier Bellamy, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Isabel Carvalhais, Maria da Graça Carvalho, Rosanna Conte, Rosa D’Amato, Giuseppe Ferrandino, Søren Gade, Francisco Guerreiro, Anja Hazekamp, Niclas Herbst, Ladislav Ilčić, France Jamet, Pierre Karleskind, Predrag Fred Matić, Francisco José Millán Mon, Grace O’Sullivan, João Pimenta Lopes, Manuel Pizarro, Caroline Roose, Bert-Jan Ruissen, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Peter van Dalen, Emma Wiesner, Theodoros Zagorakis

Substitutes present for the final vote

Valentino Grant, Ska Keller, Gabriel Mato, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Elżbieta Rafalska

Date tabled

15.7.2021

 


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

24

+

ECR

Ladislav Ilčić, Bert-Jan Ruissen

ID

France Jamet

PPE

François-Xavier Bellamy, Maria da Graça Carvalho, Peter van Dalen, Niclas Herbst, Francisco José Millán Mon, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Theodoros Zagorakis

Renew

Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Søren Gade, Pierre Karleskind, Emma Wiesner

S&D

Clara Aguilera, Pietro Bartolo, Isabel Carvalhais, Giuseppe Ferrandino, Predrag Fred Matić, Manuel Pizarro

The Left

João Pimenta Lopes

Verts/ALE

Rosa D'Amato, Grace O'Sullivan, Caroline Roose

 

1

-

ECR

Anja Hazekamp

 

3

0

ID

Rosanna Conte, Valentino Grant

Verts/ALE

Francisco Guerreiro

 

Key to symbols:

+ : in favour

- : against

0 : abstention

 

 

[1] Texts adopted, P9_TA(0000)0000.

[2] Ex-ante and ex-post evaluation study of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and Greenland, European Commission, final report, 9 August 2019.

[3] OJ L 305, 21.11.2015, p. 1

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