REPORT on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, with respect to their emissions and battery durability (Euro 7) and repealing Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009

20.10.2023 - (COM(2022)0586 – C9‑0375/2022 – 2022/0365(COD)) - ***I

Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
Rapporteur: Alexandr Vondra
Rapporteurs for the opinion (*):
Massimiliano SALINI, Committee on Industry, Research and Energy
(*) Associated committees – Rule 57 of the Rules of Procedure


Procedure : 2022/0365(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected :  
A9-0298/2023

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, with respect to their emissions and battery durability (Euro 7) and repealing Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009

(COM(2022)0586 – C9‑0375/2022 – 2022/0365(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2022)0586),

 having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C9‑0375/2022),

 having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

 having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 27 April 2023[1],

 having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions of xxx[2],

–– having regard to the opinion of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection and the Committee on Transport and Tourism,

 having regard to the report of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (A9-0298/2023),

 having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

1. Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2. Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3. Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments;

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital -1 (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(-1) Decision (EU) 2022/591 of the European Parliament and of the Council1 on a General Union Environment Action Programme to 2030 lays down as one of the Union’s six thematic objectives for the period up to 31 December 2030 the pursuit of zero pollution, including in relation to harmful chemicals, in order to achieve a toxic-free environment, including for air, water and soil, as well as in relation to light and noise pollution, and protecting the health and well-being of people, animals and ecosystems from environment-related risks and negative impacts.

 

1 Decision (EU) 2022/591 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 April 2022 on a General Union Environment Action Programme to 2030 (OJ L 114, 12.4.2022, p. 22).

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital -1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(-1a) The European Green Deal1a is the Union’s proposal to initiate a transition aiming to achieve, by 2050 at the latest, a climate-neutral, clean and circular economy, optimising resource management, minimising pollution while recognising the need for deeply transformative policies. The Union is also committed to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development1b and its Sustainable Development Goals1c. The Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy adopted in December 20201d and the Zero Pollution Action Plan1e adopted in May 2021 specifically address transport pollution aspects of the European Green Deal. Other particularly relevant policies for this initiative include, for example, the Ambient Air Quality Directive (AAQD)1f, the New Industrial Strategy for Europe1g, CO2 emission standards for cars and vans1h and CO2 emissions targets for new heavy-duty vehicles1i.

 

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1a Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions The European Green Deal; COM(2019) 640 final

 

1b https://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1=E

 

1c https://sdgs.un.org/goals

 

1d COM(2020) 789 final

 

1e COM(2021) 400 final

 

1f Directive 2008/50/EC

 

1g COM(2020) 102 final and COM(2021) 350 final

 

1h COM/2021/556

 

1i COM(2023) 88 final

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) The internal market is an area in which the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital must be ensured. To that end Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council43 introduced a comprehensive type-approval and market surveillance system for motor vehicles, trailers, and for systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles.

(1) The internal market is an area in which the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital must be ensured. To that end Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council43 introduced a comprehensive type-approval and market surveillance system for motor vehicles, trailers, and for systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles and tyres for all vehicles.

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43 Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 and repealing Directive 2007/46/EC (OJ L 151, 14.6.2018, p. 1).

43 Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 and repealing Directive 2007/46/EC (OJ L 151, 14.6.2018, p. 1).

Justification

This Regulation should apply to all tyres and not only to those tyres in Euro 7 vehicles.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a) A successful transition to zero-emission mobility requires an integrated approach and the right enabling environment to stimulate innovation and maintain the Union's technological leadership in this sector. This includes public and private investments in research and innovation, the increasing supply of zero- and low-emission vehicles, the roll-out of recharging and refuelling infrastructure, integration into the energy systems, as well as the sustainable materials supply and sustainable production, re-use and recycling of batteries in Europe. It requires coherent action at Union, national, regional and local levels.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2b) In order to support the transition towards clean mobility while reindustrialising Europe and supporting citizens, it is essential to keep the prices of private and commercial vehicles affordable for citizens and businesses. This will help maintain quality of life, industrial competitiveness and innovation, support job creation and skill development in the sector.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 c (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2c) A socially acceptable and just transition towards zero-emission mobility should be ensured. It is important, therefore, to take into account the social effects of such transition throughout the whole automotive value chain and to address proactively the implications on employment. Targeted programmes at Union, national and regional levels, such as the development of just transition plans for automotive dependent regions are to be developed in the framework of the Just Transition Mechanism for the re-skilling, up-skilling and redeployment of workers, as well as education and job-seeking initiatives in adversely affected communities and regions, in close dialogue with the social partners and competent authorities. As part of that transition, women's employment, as well as equal opportunities in this sector, should be strengthened.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) The technical requirements for the type-approval of motor vehicles, engines and replacement parts with regard to emissions (‘emission type-approval’) are currently set out in two Regulations that apply to emission type-approval for light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles respectively, i.e. Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council (‘Euro 6’)44 and Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council (‘Euro VI’)45 . The reason for having two Regulations was that the emissions of heavy-duty vehicles were checked based on engine testing, while for light-duty vehicles the basis was whole vehicle testing. Since then, methodologies have been developed that allow testing of both light- and heavy-duty vehicles on the road. It is therefore no longer necessary to base type-approval on engine testing.

(4) The technical requirements for the type-approval of motor vehicles, engines and replacement parts with regard to emissions (‘emission type-approval’) are currently set out in two Regulations that apply to emission type-approval for light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles respectively, i.e. Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council (‘Euro 6’)44 and Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council (‘Euro VI’)45.

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44 Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p. 1).

44 Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p. 1).

45 Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC (OJ L 188, 18.7.2009, p. 1).

45 Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC (OJ L 188, 18.7.2009, p. 1).

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) Incorporating the requirements laid down in Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 into a single Regulation should ensure internal coherence of the system of emission type-approvals for both light and heavy-duty vehicles, while allowing for different emission limits for such vehicles.

(5) Incorporating the requirements laid down in Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 into a single Regulation should ensure internal coherence of the system of emission type-approvals for both light and heavy-duty vehicles, while allowing for different emission limits and testing rules and conditions for such vehicles.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) It is also necessary to reduce complexity, administrative and implementation costs for manufacturers and authorities and to ensure effective and efficient implementation of the Euro emission standards. Simplification is achieved by eliminating different application dates for the limits and tests which existed under Euro 6 and Euro VI, by eliminating multiple and complex emission tests where such tests are not needed, by referring to standards under existing UN Regulations where applicable, and by ensuring a streamlined and consistent set of procedures and tests for the various phases of the emission type-approval.

(7) It is also necessary to reduce complexity, administrative and implementation costs for manufacturers and authorities and to ensure effective and efficient implementation of the Euro emission standards. Simplification is achieved by eliminating different application dates for the limits and tests, by eliminating multiple and complex emission tests where such tests are not needed, by referring to standards under existing UN Regulations where applicable, and by ensuring a streamlined and consistent set of procedures and tests for the various phases of the emission type-approval.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) In order to ensure that the emissions for both light and heavy duty vehicles are limited in real life, testing vehicles in real conditions of use with a minimum set of restrictions, boundaries and other driving requirements and not only in the laboratory is required.

(8) In order to ensure that the emissions for both light and heavy duty vehicles are limited in real life, testing vehicles in real conditions of use which are statistically relevant, with a minimum set of restrictions, boundaries and other driving requirements is required. This on-road testing should be based on normal driving and exclude biased driving.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 require that vehicles respect the emission limits for a specified period of time, which does not correspond anymore to the average lifetime of vehicles. It is therefore appropriate to lay down durability requirements that reflect the average expected lifetime of vehicles in the Union.

(10) Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 require that vehicles respect the emission limits for a specified period of time, which does not correspond anymore to the average lifetime of vehicles. It is therefore appropriate to lay down durability requirements that reflect the expected lifetime of vehicles1a and their standard usage across the Union in light of differences between Member States. This is of particular importance to buyers of second hand vehicles who expect the vehicle to emit as much as it did when it was first placed on the market.

 

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1a European Automobile Manufacturers' Association (ACEA) “Vehicles in Use, Europe 2022.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) Member States are encouraged to develop and implement strategies for incentivising fleet renewal, with the aim of facilitating a progressive transition of the European fleet towards vehicles with reduced emissions, contributing to a cleaner and more sustainable transport ecosystem.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) There are now technologies available and used widely worldwide that limit evaporative emissions of volatile organic compounds during the use, parking and refuelling of a vehicle with petrol fuel. It is therefore appropriate to set the emission limits for such volatile organic compounds at a lower level and introduce emission limits for the refuelling phase.

(11) There are now technologies available and used widely worldwide that limit evaporative emissions of volatile organic compounds during the use, parking and refuelling of a vehicle with petrol fuel. As these technologies are already proven and cost-effectively implemented in other markets and regions, it is therefore appropriate for the Union to align with other markets by setting the emission limits for such volatile organic compounds at a lower level and to introduce emission limits for the refuelling phase.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(11a) For the control of refuelling emissions, on-board refuelling vapour recovery has been implemented in other markets and regions for more than 15 years with a demonstrated vapour control efficiency. On-board refuelling vapour recovery requires no annual maintenance or inspections to maintain a higher level of refuelling vapour control efficiency while remaining compatible with the current Stage II petrol stations.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) Non-exhaust emissions consist of particles emitted by tyres and brakes of vehicles. Emissions from tyres is estimated to be the largest source of microplastics to the environment. As shown in the Impact Assessment, it is expected that by 2050, non-exhaust emissions will constitute up to 90% of all particles emitted by road transport, because exhaust particles will diminish due to vehicle electrification. Those non-exhaust emissions should therefore be measured and limited. The Commission should prepare a report on tyre abrasion by the end of 2024 to review the measurement methods and state-of-the-art in order to propose tyre abrasion limits.

(12) Non-exhaust emissions consist of particles emitted by tyres and brakes of vehicles. Emissions from tyres is estimated to be the largest source of microplastics to the environment. As shown in the Impact Assessment, it is expected that by 2050, non-exhaust emissions will constitute up to 90% of all particles emitted by road transport, because exhaust particles will diminish due to vehicle electrification. Those non-exhaust emissions should therefore be measured and limited. The Commission should conduct a review before the end of 2025 for the measurement of tyre abrasion and define abrasion limits based on state-of-the-art methods in the event that uniform provisions have not been established which refer to the work on tyre abrasion done at UN WP.29 by mid-2026. The Commission should ensure that the UN WP.29 achieves its objectives in a timely manner, reflecting a high level of ambition based on solid scientific and technical grounds. The review should be accompanied by a legislative proposal for vehicles with traction batteries, including plugin hybrids and battery electric vehicles, to adopt tyre abrasion limits compatible with the Union’s objective to reduce microplastics released into the environment by 30% by 2030 and based on state-of-the-art abrasion rates.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14) Vehicles with traction batteries, including plugin hybrids and battery electric vehicles, contribute to the decarbonisation of the road transport sector. In order to gain and increase consumer trust in such vehicles, they should be performant and durable. It is therefore important to require that traction batteries retain a good part of their initial capacity after many years of use. That is of particular importance to buyers of second hand electric vehicles to ensure that the vehicle will continue to perform as expected. Monitors of the battery state-of-health should therefore be required for all vehicles that use traction batteries. In addition minimum performance requirements for battery durability of passenger cars should be introduced, taking into account the UN Global Technical Regulation 2247 .

(14) Vehicles with traction batteries, including plugin hybrids and battery electric vehicles, contribute to the decarbonisation of the road transport sector. In order to gain and increase consumer trust in such vehicles, they should be performant and durable. It is therefore important to require that traction batteries retain a good part of their initial capacity after many years of use. That is of particular importance to buyers of second hand electric vehicles to ensure that the vehicle will continue to perform as expected. Monitors of the battery state-of-health should therefore be required for all vehicles that use traction batteries. In addition minimum performance requirements for battery durability of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles should be introduced, taking into account the UN Global Technical Regulation 2247.

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47 United Nations Global Technical Regulation on In-vehicle Battery Durability for Electrified Vehicles, UN GTR 22

47 United Nations Global Technical Regulation on In-vehicle Battery Durability for Electrified Vehicles, UN GTR 22

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14a) OBM, OBFCM or SOH devices use data generated by the vehicle to monitor its compliance with this Regulation. That same data should be shared according to the Data Act to the vehicle users and their service providers so that the vehicle users can benefit from advice and recommendations on how to limit the vehicle’s emissions, its energy consumption and extend its battery-life through improved use of the vehicle.

Justification

EURO 7 represents the opportunity to guarantee access to data generated by the vehicle regarding its emissions, energy consumption, battery state of health to third parties for all vehicles equipped with OBM, OBFCM or SOH devices. Only access to the input data of these devices can guarantee innovative service offers to users and contribute to the development of more sustainable technologies.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) Tampering of vehicles to remove or deactivate parts of the pollution control systems is a well-known problem. Such practice leads to uncontrolled emissions and should be prevented. Tampering of the odometer, leads to false mileage and hampers the proper in-service control of a vehicle. It is therefore of the utmost importance to guarantee the highest possible security protection of those systems, complete with security certificates and appropriate anti-tampering protection to ensure that neither pollution control systems nor the vehicle odometer can be tampered with.

(15) Tampering of vehicles to remove or deactivate parts of the pollution control systems is a well-known problem. Such practice leads to uncontrolled emissions and should be prevented, including through action to deter the advertising, sale and installation of tampering devices, and sanctioned. Tampering of the odometer leads to false mileage and hampers the proper in-service control of a vehicle. It is therefore of the utmost importance to guarantee the highest possible security protection of those systems, complete with security certificates and appropriate anti-tampering protection to ensure that neither pollution control systems nor the vehicle odometer can be tampered with.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a) To prevent anti-tampering measures from unduly hampering competition, this Regulation and its secondary Legislation should maintain the possibility of independent operators to develop, distribute, install and activate aftermarket replacement parts. Therefore, manufacturers should ensure access by independent operators to the strictly necessary information, tools and processes for development and installation of such replacement parts.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Sensors installed on vehicles are already used today to detect anomalies on emissions and trigger related repairs through the on-board diagnostic (OBD) system. The OBD system currently in use, however, does not detect accurately or timely the malfunctions and neither does it sufficiently and timely force repairs. As a result, it is possible that vehicles emit much more than they are allowed to do. The sensors used up to now for OBD can also be used to monitor and control the emission behaviour of the vehicles on a continuous basis via an on-board monitoring (OBM) system. The OBM will also warn the user to perform repairs of the engine or the pollution control systems when these are needed. It is therefore appropriate to require that such a system is installed and to regulate its technical requirements.

(16) Sensors installed on vehicles are already used today to detect anomalies on emissions and trigger related repairs through the on-board diagnostic (OBD) system. The OBD system currently in use, however, does not detect accurately or timely the malfunctions and neither does it sufficiently and timely urge repairs. As a result, it is possible that vehicles emit much more than they are allowed to do. The sensors used up to now for OBD can also be used to monitor and control the exhaust emission behaviour of the vehicles on a continuous basis via an on-board monitoring (OBM) system. The OBM will also warn the user to perform repairs of the engine or the pollution control systems when these are needed. It is therefore appropriate to require that such a system is installed and to regulate its technical requirements. The inducement of measures implied by those systems should not lead to endangering of road safety or limiting mobility.

Justification

In order to prevent issues related to road safety, it must be explicitly ensured that mechanisms causing abrupt halting of the vehicle are not possible.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) Manufacturers may opt to produce vehicles which comply with lower emission limits or with better battery durability than what is required in this Regulation, or which include advanced options including geofencing and adaptive controls. Consumers and national authorities should be able to identify such vehicles through appropriate documentation. An environmental vehicle passport (EVP) should therefore be made available.

(17)  An up-to-date environmental vehicle passport (EVP) should be made available for consumers to receive up to date information throughout the lifetime of the vehicle such as fuel consumption, state of health of batteries, emission limits, periodic technical inspections results and roadworthiness data and other relevant information.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18) In case the Commission makes a proposal for registering after 2035 new light-duty vehicles running exclusively on CO2 neutral fuels outside the scope of the CO2 fleet standards, and in conformity with Union law and the Union’s climate neutrality objective, this Regulation will need to be amended to include the possibility to type approve such vehicles.

deleted

Amendment  23

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) Emissions from vehicles sold by small volume manufacturers constitute an insignificant part of emissions in the Union. Some flexibility may therefore be allowed in some of the requirements for such manufacturers. Small volume manufacturers should therefore be able to substitute certain tests during type-approval with declarations of compliance, while ultra-small volume manufacturers should be allowed to use laboratory tests based on random real-driving cycles.

(19) Emissions from vehicles sold by small volume manufacturers constitute an insignificant part of emissions in the Union. Some flexibility may therefore be allowed in some of the requirements for such manufacturers. Small volume manufacturers should therefore be able to substitute certain tests during type-approval with declarations of compliance, while ultra-small volume manufacturers should be allowed to use laboratory tests based on statistically relevant real-driving cycles.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20a) Whilst the term ‘State of Health’ (SOH) is commonly applied to refer to the health of a battery at a given point in its life, this term is not commonly defined and is determined through a variety of different methodologies: the ‘State of Certified Energy’ (SOCE) and the ‘State of Certified Range’ (SOCR). Both metrics represent a percentage of the certified battery energy or electric range remaining at a given point in time.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 21

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission in relation to obligations of manufacturers as part of type-approval and procedures, test and methodologies to be applied for declaration of conformity, conformity of production check, in-service conformity-check and environmental vehicle passport (EVP); options and designations of vehicles; requirements, tests, methods and corrective measures related to durability of vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units, as well as registration and communication capabilities of OBM systems, including for the purpose of periodic technical inspections and roadworthiness checks; requirements and information to be provided by manufacturers of multistage vehicles as well as procedures to determine the CO2 value for these multistage vehicles; technical elements, administrative and documentation requirements for emission type-approval, checks and inspections and market surveillance checks, as well as reporting obligations, in-service conformity and conformity of production checks; methods and tests to (i) measure exhaust emissions in the lab and on the road, including random and worst-case RDE test cycles, the use of portable emissions measurement systems for verifying real driving emissions, and idle emissions, (ii) determine the CO2 emissions, fuel and energy consumption, the electric range and engine power of a motor vehicle, (iii) provide specifications for gear shift indicator (GSI) (iv) determine the impact of O3, O4 trailers on the CO2 , fuel and energy consumption, electric range and engine power of a motor vehicle, (iv) measure crankcase emissions, evaporative emissions, brake emissions, (v) evaluate compliance with minimum performance requirements of battery durability, (vi) assess the in-service conformity of engines and vehicles; compliance thresholds and performance requirements, as well as (vii) test and methods to ensure performance of sensors (OBD and OBM); (viii) methods to ensure and assess security measures; specification and characteristics of driver warning systems and inducement methods and to assess their correct operation; (ix) methods to assess the correct operation, effectiveness, regeneration and durability of original and replacement pollution control systems; (x) methods to ensure and assess security measures including vulnerability analysis and tampering protection; (xi) methods to assess the correct functioning of types approved under specific EURO7 designations; (xii) criteria for emission type-approvals for small and ultra-small volume manufacturers; (xiii) checks and test procedures for multistage vehicles; (xiv) performance requirements for test equipment; (xv) specification of reference fuels; and (xvi) methods for assessing the absence of defeat devices and defeat strategies; (xvii) to measure tyre abrasion, as well as (xviii) EVP format, data and method of communication of the EVP data. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council50 .

(21) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation and in order to supplement it, both implementing powers in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 and power to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be conferred on the Commission in relation to obligations of manufacturers as part of type-approval and procedures, test and methodologies to be applied for declaration of conformity, conformity of production check, in-service conformity-check and environmental vehicle passport (EVP);; options of vehicles; requirements, tests, methods and corrective measures related to durability of vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units, as well as registration and communication capabilities of OBM systems, including for the purpose of periodic technical inspections and roadworthiness checks; requirements and information to be provided for multistage vehicles as well as procedures to determine the CO2 value for these multistage vehicles; technical elements, administrative and documentation requirements for emission type-approval, checks and inspections and market surveillance checks, as well as reporting obligations, in-service conformity and conformity of production checks; methods and tests to (i) measure exhaust emissions in the lab and on the road, including random but statistically relevant RDE test cycles, the use of portable emissions measurement systems for verifying real driving emissions, and idle emissions, (ii) determine the CO2 emissions, fuel and energy consumption, the electric range and engine power of a motor vehicle, (iii) provide specifications for gear shift indicator (GSI) (iv) determine the impact of O3, O4 trailers on the CO2 , fuel and energy consumption, electric range and engine power of a motor vehicle, (iv) measure crankcase emissions, evaporative emissions and brake emissions, (v) evaluate compliance with minimum performance requirements of battery durability , (vi) assess the in-service conformity of engines and vehicles; compliance thresholds and performance requirements, as well as (vii) test and methods to ensure performance of sensors OBD and OBM; (viii) methods to ensure and assess security measures; specification and characteristics of driver warning systems and inducement methods and to assess their correct operation; (ix) methods to assess the correct operation, effectiveness, regeneration and durability of original and replacement pollution control systems; (x) methods to ensure and assess security measures including vulnerability analysis and tampering protection; (xii) criteria for emission type-approvals for small and ultra-small volume manufacturers; (xiii) checks and test procedures for multistage vehicles; (xiv) performance requirements for test equipment; (xv) specification of reference fuels; and (xvi) methods for assessing the absence of defeat devices and defeat strategies; (xvii) to measure tyre abrasion as well as (xviii) EVP format, data and method of communication of the EVP data.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22) In order to amend or supplement, as appropriate, non-essential elements of this Regulation, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of test conditions based on data collected when testing Euro 7 vehicles, brakes or tyres; test requirements, in particular taking into account technical progress and data collected when testing Euro 7 vehicles; introducing vehicle options and designations based on innovative technologies for manufacturers but also setting out brake particle emission limits and abrasion limits for tyre types as well as minimum performance requirements of batteries and durability multipliers based on data collected when testing Euro 7 vehicles and setting out definitions and special rules for small volume manufacturers for vehicles of categories M2, M3, N2, N3, It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making51 . In particular, in order to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

(22) In order to amend or supplement, as appropriate, non-essential elements of this Regulation, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of test conditions based on data collected when testing Euro 7 vehicles, brakes or tyres; test requirements, in particular taking into account technical progress and data collected when testing Euro 7 vehicles; setting out brake particle emission limits and abrasion limits for tyre types as well as minimum performance requirements of batteries and durability multipliers based on data collected when testing Euro 7 vehicles and setting out special rules for small volume manufacturers for vehicles of categories M2, M3, N2, N3, It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making51 . In particular, in order to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(22a) The Union is a signatory to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Agreement established on March 20, 1958. That agreement pertains to the standardisation of technical specifications for wheeled vehicles, their associated equipment, and components that can be installed on or used with wheeled vehicles. Additionally, it lays down the conditions for mutual recognition of approvals granted based on these specifications. The requirements laid down in this Regulation should, where appropriate, align with the standards laid out in the UNECE Regulations or any subsequent amendments to this Regulation, where available, particularly in relation to limits on brake particle emissions, limits on tyre types regarding abrasion, and the establishment of minimum performance criteria for batteries.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25) It is important to grant Member States, national type-approval authorities and economic operators enough time to prepare for the application of the new rules introduced by this Regulation. The date of application should therefore be deferred. While for light duty vehicles the date of application should be as soon as technically possible, for heavy duty vehicles and trailers the date of application may be further delayed by two years, since the transition to zero-emission vehicles will be longer for heavy duty vehicles.

(25) It is important to grant Member States, national type-approval authorities and economic operators enough time to prepare for the application of the new rules introduced by this Regulation and its secondary legislation. The date of application should therefore be deferred. While for light duty vehicles the date of application should be as soon as technically and economically possible, for heavy duty vehicles and trailers the date of application may be further delayed , since the transition to zero-emission vehicles will be longer for heavy duty vehicles.

Amendment  29

 

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(26) Since the objectives of this Regulation, namely to lay down harmonised rules on the administrative and technical requirements for the type-approval of vehicles of categories M and N, and of systems, components and separate technical units, and on market surveillance of such vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units, with respect to emissions cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States, but can rather, by reason of their scale and effects, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve those objectives,

(26) Since the objectives of this Regulation, namely to lay down harmonised rules on the administrative and technical requirements for the type-approval of vehicles of categories M and N, and of systems, components and separate technical units, and on market surveillance of such vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units, with respect to emissions, as well as pursuing the high levels of environmental and health protection, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States, but can rather, by reason of their scale and effects, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve those objectives,

Amendment  30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. This Regulation lays down rules for the initial emission type approval, conformity of production, in-service conformity, market surveillance, the durability of pollution control systems and traction batteries, on-board monitoring systems, security provisions to limit tampering and cybersecurity measures, and the accurate determination of CO2 emissions, electric range, fuel and energy consumption and energy efficiency.

2. This Regulation, in addition, lays down rules for the initial emission type approval, conformity of production, in-service conformity, market surveillance, the durability of pollution control systems and traction batteries, on-board monitoring systems, security provisions to limit tampering and cybersecurity measures, and the accurate determination of CO2 and pollutant emissions, electric range, fuel and energy consumption and energy efficiency.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. This Regulation also establishes common technical requirements and administrative provisions for the abrasion emission type-approval and market surveillance of newly manufactured tyres. These are to be considered as complimentary to the tyre technical requirements and administrative provisions of Regulation (EU) 2019/2144.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This Regulation applies to motor vehicles of categories M1, M2, M3, N1, N2 and N3, as well as trailers of O3 and O4 categories as specified in Article 4 of Regulation (EU) No 2018/858, including those designed and constructed in one or more stages, and to systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles.

This Regulation applies to motor vehicles of categories M1, M2, M3, N1, N2 and N3, as well as trailers of O3 and O4 categories as specified in Article 4 of Regulation (EU) No 2018/858, including those designed and constructed in one or more stages, and to systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles and tyres of class categories C1, C2 and C3 as specified in UN Regulation No 117 with the exception of ice grip tyres.

Amendment  33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) ‘initial emission type approval’ or ‘IETA’ means the first phase of an emission type approval procedure before the emission type approval certificate is granted by the authorities and vehicles are put into production;

(2) ‘initial emission type approval’ or ‘IETA’ means the first phase of an emission type approval procedure before the emission type approval certificate is granted by the authorities and vehicles, engines, systems, separate technical units or components are put into production;

Amendment  34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) ‘in-service conformity’ or ‘ISC’ means the activities carried out on vehicles in circulation with the purpose of verifying the durability requirements set out in this Regulation;

(4) ‘in-service conformity’ or ‘ISC’ means the activities carried out on vehicles, engines, systems, separate technical units or components in circulation with the purpose of verifying the durability requirements set out in this Regulation;

Amendment  35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 5

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) ‘engine’ means the propulsion source of a vehicle;

(5) ‘engine’ means the internal combustion engine of a vehicle (ICEV);

Amendment  36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 9

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) ‘CO2 emissions’ or ‘CO2’ means the emission of carbon dioxide from the tailpipe of the motor vehicle or engine;

(9) ‘CO2 emissions’ or ‘CO2’ means the emission of carbon dioxide from the tailpipe;

Amendment  37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 10

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) ‘nitrogen oxides’ or ‘NOx’ means the sum of the oxides of nitrogen emitted from the tailpipe;

(10) ‘nitrogen oxides’ or ‘NOx’ means the sum of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) emitted from the tailpipe;

Amendment  38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 10 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) ‘nitrous oxide’ or ‘N2O’ means the emission of nitrous oxide from the tailpipe;

Amendment  39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 18

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18) ‘non-methane hydrocarbons’ or ‘NHMC’ means the total hydrocarbons emitted from the tailpipe excluding methane;

(18) ‘non-methane hydrocarbons’ or ‘NMHC’ means the total hydrocarbons emitted from the tailpipe excluding methane;

Amendment  40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 24

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(24) ‘vehicle energy consumption calculation tool’ or ‘VECTO’ means a simulation tool used for determining CO2 emissions, fuel consumption, electric energy consumption and the electric range from heavy duty vehicles; ‘energy consumption’ means the consumption of electric energy from each and all propulsion sources within a vehicle;

(24) ‘vehicle energy consumption calculation tool’ or ‘VECTO’ means a simulation tool used for determining CO2 emissions, fuel consumption, electric energy consumption and the electric range from heavy duty vehicles;

Amendment  41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 24 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(24a) ‘energy consumption’ means the consumption of electric energy from each and all propulsion sources within a vehicle;

Amendment  42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 29

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(29) ‘tyre abrasion’ means the mass of material lost from the tyre due to the abrasion process and emitted to the environment;

(29) ‘tyre abrasion’ means the mass of material lost from the tyre due to the abrasion process referring to the work performed in the UN WP.29 common GRBP/GRPE Task Force on Tyre Abrasion, and emitted to the environment;

Amendment  43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 34

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(34) ‘original pollution control systems’ means a pollution control system or an assembly of such systems covered by the type-approval granted for the vehicle concerned;

(34) ‘original pollution control systems’ means a pollution control system or an assembly of such systems covered by the type-approval granted for the vehicle concerned and installed on the vehicle at its initial registration;

Amendment  44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 36

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(36) ‘adaptive control function’ means a system that adjusts engine, pollution control systems or other vehicle parameters with the purpose to improve fuel or energy consumption and the effectiveness of the pollution control system based on the expected usage of the vehicle;

deleted

Amendment  45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 38

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(38) ‘on-board monitoring system’ or ‘OBM’ means a system on board a vehicle that is capable of detecting either emission exceedances or when a vehicle is in zero emission mode if applicable, and capable of indicating the occurrence of such exceedances by means of information stored in the vehicle, and of communicating that information via the OBD port and over the air;

(38) ‘on-board monitoring system’ or ‘OBM’ means a system on board a vehicle that is capable of monitoring emissions and detecting either emission exceedances or when a vehicle is in zero emission mode if applicable, and capable of indicating the occurrence of such exceedances by means of information stored in the vehicle, and of communicating that information via the OBD port and over the air;

Amendment  46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 39

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(39) ‘on-board fuel and energy consumption monitoring device’ or ‘OBFCM device’ means any software or hardware that senses and uses vehicle, engine, fuel or electric energy and payload/mass parameters to determine, store in the vehicle the fuel and energy consumption data and other parameters relevant for determining the fuel or energy consumption and energy efficiency of the vehicle;

(39) ‘on-board fuel and energy consumption monitoring device’ or ‘OBFCM device’ means any software or hardware that senses and uses vehicle, engine, fuel or electric energy and payload/mass parameters to determine, store in the vehicle the fuel and energy consumption data and other parameters relevant for determining the fuel or energy consumption and energy efficiency of the vehicle as well as for the purpose of roadworthiness controls;

Amendment  47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 44

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(44) ‘tampering’ means the inactivation, or modification by the economic operators or independent operators, of the engine, vehicle pollution control device and system, propulsion system, traction battery, odometer, OBFCM or OBD/OBM, including any software or other logical control elements of those systems and their data;

(44) ‘tampering’ means the inactivation, or modification by the economic operators or independent operators, of the engine or electric motor, vehicle pollution control device and system, propulsion system, traction battery, odometer, OBFCM or OBD/OBM, including any software or other logical control elements of those systems and their data;

Amendment  48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 47 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(47) ‘small volume manufacturer’ means a manufacturer of fewer than 10 000 new motor vehicles of category M1 or 22 000 new motor vehicles of category N1 registered in the Union per calendar year and which:

(47) ‘small volume manufacturer’ means a manufacturer of fewer than 10 000 new motor vehicles of category M1, or 22 000 new motor vehicles of category N1, or 600 new motor vehicles from categories M2, M3, and 6 900 new motor vehicles in total from categories N2 and N3 registered in the Union per calendar year and which:

Amendment  49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 63

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(63) ‘rated power’ or ‘Prated’ means the maximum net power of the engine or motor in kW;

(63) ‘rated power’ or ‘Prated’ means the maximum net power of the engine or electric motor in kW;

Amendment  50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 65

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(65) ‘traction battery’ means a battery system that stores energy with the main purpose of propelling the vehicle;

(65) ‘traction battery’ means a battery system that stores energy with the main purpose of propelling the vehicle, including its battery management system;

Amendment  51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 65 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(65a) ‘battery management system’ means an electronic device that controls or manages the electric and thermal functions of a battery in order to ensure the battery’s safety, performance and service life, manages and stores the data for the parameters for determining the battery’s state of health and expected lifetime set out in Annex VII to Regulation (EU) 2023/1542 and communicates with the vehicle in which the battery is incorporated, or with a public or private charging infrastructure;

Amendment  52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 67

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(67) ‘zero-emission range’ means the maximum distance a zero-emission vehicle can travel until the traction battery or fuel tank is depleted, which for PEVs corresponds to the electric range;

(67) ‘zero-emission range’ means the maximum distance a zero-emission vehicle or a vehicle in zero-emission mode can travel until the traction battery or fuel tank of a non ICEV is depleted, which for PEVs corresponds to the electric range;

Amendment  53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 71

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(71) ‘environmental vehicle passport’ or ‘EVP’ means a record on paper and digital form containing information on the environmental performance of a vehicle at the moment of registration, including the level of pollutant emission limits, CO2 emissions, fuel consumption, energy consumption, electric range and engine power, and battery durability and other related values;

(71) ‘environmental vehicle passport’ or ‘EVP’ means a record on paper and digital form containing all the information required to verify the tested and manufacturer declared values during type approval;

Amendment  54

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 72

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(72) ‘excess emissions driver warning system’ means a system designed, constructed and installed in a vehicle to provide information to the user about excess emissions and enforce repairs;

(72) ‘excess exhaust emissions driver warning system’ means a system designed, constructed and installed in a vehicle to provide information to the user about excess exhaust emissions and enforce repairs;

Amendment  55

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 77

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(77) "snow tyre" means a tyre whose tread pattern, tread compound or structure is primarily designed to achieve in snow conditions a performance better than that of a normal tyre with regard to its ability to initiate or maintain vehicle motion;

deleted

Amendment  56

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 78

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(78) "special use tyre" means a tyre intended for mixed use both on- and off-road or for other special duty. These tyres are primarily designed to initiate and maintain the vehicle in motion in off-road conditions.

deleted

Amendment  57

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point 78 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(78a) "Ice grip tyre" means a class C1 snow tyre for use in severe snow conditions that is additionally designed to be used on road surfaces covered with ice and that fulfils the requirements set in UN Regulation No 117.

Amendment  58

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Manufacturers shall ensure that the new vehicles they manufacture, which are sold, registered or put into service in the Union, are type approved in accordance with this Regulation. Manufacturers shall ensure that the new components or separate technical units, including engines, traction batteries, brake systems and replacement pollution control systems requiring type-approval which they manufacture and which are sold or put into service in the Union are type approved in accordance with this Regulation

1. Manufacturers shall ensure that the new vehicles they manufacture, which are sold, registered or put into service in the Union, are type approved in accordance with this Regulation. From the specific dates of application set out in this Regulation, manufacturers shall ensure that the new components or separate technical units, including engines, traction batteries, brake systems, tyres and replacement pollution control systems requiring type-approval which they manufacture and which are sold or put into service in the Union are type approved in accordance with this Regulation.

Amendment  59

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

When verifying compliance with the exhaust emission limits, where the testing is performed in extended driving conditions, the emissions shall be divided by the extended driving divider set out in Annex III.

When verifying compliance with the exhaust emission limits, where the testing is performed in one extended driving conditions at a time, the emissions shall be divided by the extended driving divider set out in Annex III.

Amendment  60

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The emissions during regeneration of pollution control systems will be included as a weighted average based on the frequency and duration of the regeneration events.

The emissions during regeneration of pollution control systems shall be included as a weighted average based on the frequency and duration of the regeneration events

Amendment  61

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Manufacturers shall design and construct components or separate technical units, including engines, traction batteries, brake systems and replacement pollution control systems to comply with this Regulation, including complying with the emission limits set out in Annex I.

4. Manufacturers shall design and construct components or separate technical units, including engines, traction batteries, brake systems and replacement pollution control systems to comply with this Regulation, including complying with the emission limits set out in Annex I under the testing conditions set out in Annex III.

Amendment  62

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 6 – point a

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) OBD systems capable of detecting malfunctioning systems which lead to emission exceedances in order to facilitate repairs;

(a) OBD systems that can detect malfunctioning systems which lead to exhaust emission exceedances or the malfunction of other components in order to facilitate repairs;

Amendment  63

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 6 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) OBM systems capable of detecting emissions above the emission limits due to malfunctions, increased degradation or other situations that increase emissions;

(b) OBM systems capable of detecting emissions above the emission limits due to malfunctions, increased degradation or other situations that increase emissions within the tolerance range of OBM measurements or the zero emission mode;

Amendment  64

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 6 – point d

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) SOH monitors of the traction battery and emission systems;

(d) SOH monitors of the traction battery;

Amendment  65

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 6 – point e

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) excess emissions driver warning systems;

(e) excess exhaust emissions driver warning systems;

Amendment  66

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 6 – point g

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g) devices communicating vehicle generated data used for compliance with this regulation and OBFCM data, for the purpose of periodic roadworthiness tests and technical roadside inspection over the air, and for the purposes of communicating with recharging infrastructure and stationary power systems capable of supporting smart and bidirectional charging functionalities.

(g) devices communicating vehicle generated data together with the approval number and type approval variant used for compliance with this regulation and OBFCM data, for the purpose of periodic roadworthiness tests and technical roadside inspection, over the air and for the purposes of communicating with recharging infrastructure and stationary power systems capable of supporting smart and bidirectional charging functionalities and also for the provision of third-party services to the vehicle user in order to improve vehicle usage, reduce energy consumption and emissions, or extend the lifespan of its battery during use.

Amendment  67

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 7 – point d

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) odometer and

(d) odometer,

Amendment  68

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 7 – point e a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea) electric motor and related control units,

Amendment  69

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 7 – point e b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(eb) vehicle safety systems.

Amendment  70

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 8

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

8. The manufacturer shall prevent the possibility of exploiting vulnerabilities referred to in paragraph 7. When such a vulnerability is found, the manufacturer shall remove the vulnerability, by software update or any other appropriate means.

8. The manufacturer shall prevent the possibility of exploiting vulnerabilities referred to in paragraph 7 to the fullest extent possible based on the best available knowledge at the time of type approval. When such a vulnerability is found, the manufacturer shall take all the possible measures taking into account the state of technology to remove the vulnerability, by software update or any other appropriate means.

Amendment  71

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 8 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

8a. Manufacturers shall ensure access by independent operators to the information, tools and processes required to develop compatible aftermarket replacement parts that meet the technical requirements of the manufacturer and the ability to install and activate those parts on the vehicle, including OBM related components, in compliance with the anti-tampering measures implemented by the manufacturer.

 

When considering withholding, on anti-tampering grounds, such information, tools and processes that are essential for independent operators, vehicle manufacturers shall demonstrate whether withholding information, tools and processes in question would be a proportionate means to address the anti-tampering concerns at issue. They shall therefore examine in particular whether less restrictive measures would suffice.

Amendment  72

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 10

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

10. The Commission shall adopt, by means of implementing acts, detailed rules on the procedures, tests and methodologies to verify compliance with the requirements laid down in paragraphs 1 to 9. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 17(2).

deleted

Amendment  73

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Manufacturers may designate the vehicles they manufacture as “Euro 7+ vehicle” where those vehicles comply with the following:

deleted

(a)  for ICEV and NOVC-HEV by declaring compliance with at least 20 % lower emission limits than those set out in Annex I for gaseous pollutants and one order of magnitude lower emission limits for particle number emissions;

 

(b)  for OVC-HEV by declaring compliance with at least 20 % lower emission limits than those set out in Annex I for gaseous pollutants, one order of magnitude lower emission limits for particle number emissions and battery durability that is at least 10 percentage points higher than the requirements set out in Annex II;

 

(c)  for PEV by declaring battery durability that is at least 10 percentage points higher than the requirements set out in Annex II.

 

Amendment  74

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Compliance of these vehicles with the requirements under paragraph 1 shall be checked against the declared values.

deleted

Amendment  75

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Manufacturers may designate vehicles as “Euro 7A vehicle” where those vehicles are equipped with adaptive control functions. The use of adaptive control functions shall be demonstrated to the type-approval authorities during type-approval and verified during the lifetime of the vehicle as set out in table 1, Annex IV.

deleted

Amendment  76

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Manufacturers may designate vehicles as “Euro 7G vehicle” where those vehicles are equipped with internal combustion engines with geofencing technologies. The manufacturer shall install a driver warning system on those vehicles to inform the user when the traction batteries are nearly empty and to stop the vehicle if not charged within 5 km from the first warning while on zero-emission mode. The application of such geofencing technologies may be verified during the lifetime of the vehicle.

deleted

Amendment  77

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 5

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. Manufacturers may construct vehicles combining two or more of the characteristics referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 or 3 and designate them using a combination of symbols and letters such as “Euro 7+A”, “Euro 7+G”, “Euro 7+AG” or “Euro 7AG” vehicles.

deleted

Amendment  78

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 6

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. At the manufacturer’s request, for N2 vehicles between 3.5 and 4.0 tonnes maximum mass originating from an N1 vehicle type, the type-approval authority may grant an emission type-approval for N1 vehicle type. Such vehicles shall be designated as “Euro 7ext vehicle”.

deleted

Amendment  79

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 7

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7. The Commission shall adopt, by means of implementing acts, detailed rules on the procedures, tests and methodologies to verify compliance with the requirements laid down in paragraphs 1 to 6. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 17(2).

deleted

Amendment  80

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that OBFCM, OBD and OBM devices and anti-tampering measures installed in these vehicles comply with the provisions of this Regulation as long as the vehicle is in use.

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that the design and functionality of OBFCM, OBD and OBM devices and anti-tampering measures installed in these vehicles shall comply with the provisions of this Regulation and shall not be deactivated as long as the vehicle is in use.

Amendment  81

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. The requirements referred to in points 1 to 3 shall apply to vehicles for all types of fuels or energy sources by which they are powered. The same requirements shall also apply to all separate technical units and components intended for such vehicles.

4. The requirements referred to in paragraphs 1 to 3 shall apply to vehicles for all types of fuels or energy sources by which they are powered. The same requirements shall also apply to all separate technical units and components intended for such vehicles.

Amendment  82

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 6 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. The OBM systems installed by the manufacturer in these vehicles shall be capable of all of the following:

6. The OBM systems installed by the manufacturer in these vehicles shall be capable of:

Amendment  83

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 6 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) communicating the data of the emission behaviour of the vehicle, including pollutant sensor and exhaust flow data, via the OBD port and over the air, including for the purpose of roadworthiness tests and technical roadside inspections55 ,56 ;

(b) communicating the data of the exhaust emission behaviour of the vehicle, including pollutant sensor and exhaust flow data, via the OBD port and over the air, including for the purpose of roadworthiness tests and technical roadside inspections55 ,56 or for the purpose of detecting tampering and providing third-party services that assist the vehicle user in reducing use-phase emissions;

_________________

_________________

55 Directive 2014/47/ EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 on the technical roadside inspection of the roadworthiness of commercial vehicles circulating in the Union and repealing Directive 2000/30/EC (OJ L 127, 29.4.2014, p. 134).

55 Directive 2014/47/ EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 on the technical roadside inspection of the roadworthiness of commercial vehicles circulating in the Union and repealing Directive 2000/30/EC (OJ L 127, 29.4.2014, p. 134).

56 Directive 2014/45/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC (OJ L 127, 29.4.2014, p. 129)

56 Directive 2014/45/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC (OJ L 127, 29.4.2014, p. 129)

Amendment  84

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 6 – point c

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) triggering repair of the vehicle when the driver warning system notifies significantly excess emissions.

(c) urging the repair of the vehicle when the driver warning system notifies significantly excess emissions.

Amendment  85

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 7

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7. The OBFCM devices installed by the manufacturer in these vehicles shall be capable of communicating the vehicle data they record via the OBD port and over the air.

7. The OBFCM devices installed by the manufacturer in these vehicles shall be capable of communicating all legally required relevant vehicle data they record, via the OBD port and over the air, respecting the provisions of Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

Amendment  86

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 8

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

8. For vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units presenting a serious risk or non-compliance with the requirements laid down in this regulation, manufacturers shall immediately take the necessary corrective measures, including repairs or modifications of those vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units as appropriate, to ensure compliance with this regulation. Manufacturers or any other economic operator shall withdraw it from the market or recall it, as appropriate. The manufacturer shall immediately inform the type approval authority that granted the type-approval of the non-conformity with appropriate details.

8. For vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units presenting a serious risk or non-compliance with the requirements laid down in this regulation, manufacturers shall, take the necessary corrective measures, including repairs or modifications of those vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units as appropriate, to ensure compliance with this regulation. Manufacturers or any other economic operator shall withdraw it from the market or recall it, as appropriate,. The manufacturer shall immediately inform the type approval authority that granted the type-approval and the Commission of the non-conformity with appropriate details.

Amendment  87

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 9

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

9. The Commission shall adopt, by means of implementing acts, detailed rules on requirements, tests, methods and corrective measures related to the obligations referred to in paragraphs 1 to 8. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 17(2).

deleted

Amendment  88

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The manufacturer shall provide the type-approval authority with a signed declaration of conformity as regards the RDE, CO2 ambient temperature correction, OBD, OBM, emission and battery durability, continuous or periodic regeneration, anti-tampering and crankcase requirements as specified in Annex V. The manufacturer shall provide to the type-approval authority a signed declaration of conformity on the use of adaptive controls and geofencing options when the manufacturer selects these options.

2. The manufacturer shall provide the type-approval authority with a signed declaration of conformity as regards the RDE, CO2 ambient temperature correction, OBD, OBM, emission and battery durability, continuous or periodic regeneration, anti-tampering and crankcase requirements as specified in Annex V.

Amendment  89

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Manufacturers shall issue the environmental vehicle passport (EVP) for each vehicle and deliver that passport to the purchaser of the vehicle together with the vehicle, extracting the relevant data from sources such as the certificate of conformity and the type-approval documentation. The manufacturer shall ensure that EVP data are available for display in the vehicle electronic systems and can be transmitted from on- to off- board.

4. Manufacturers shall issue the environmental vehicle passport (EVP) for each vehicle to be communicated at the point of sale together with the vehicle and deliver that passport to the purchaser of the vehicle, extracting the relevant data from sources such as the certificate of conformity and the type-approval documentation. The manufacturer shall ensure that EVP data are available for display in the vehicle electronic systems and can be transmitted from on- to off- board.

Amendment  90

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 5

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts laying down the testing and compliance verifications as well as procedures, related to emission type-approval, conformity of production, in-service conformity, declaration of conformity and EVP under paragraphs 1to 4. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 17(2).

5. Manufacturers shall issue an updated EVP after in-service conformity checks, mentioning updated values for the information mentioned in Article 3 (71) of this Regulation. In accordance with Regulation (EU) 2018/858 and Directive 2014/45/EU, manufacturers shall allow for competent authorities and testing centres to update the EVP with accurate data from the OBD port and the OBFCM device of the vehicle.

Amendment  91

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 7a

 

Specific provisions relating to vehicle tyre abrasion

 

Upon the publication of the relevant uniform provisions in the UN WP.29 the Commission shall adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 16 supplementing this Regulation by setting out the abrasion emission measurement methods and limits per tyre category for the purpose of type approval which shall refer to the uniform provisions and derogations to be established in UN WP.29 concerning the approval of tyres with regard to Tyre Abrasion emissions Type Approval.

 

In the event that uniform provisions have not been established in the UN WP.29 by 30 June 2026 for C1 tyres, and by 31 December 2035 for C2 and C3 tyres, the Commission shall conduct a review and, if appropriate, develop a method for the measurement of tyre abrasion and define abrasion limits for tyres based on other existing state-of-the-art methods. Following that review and if appropriate, the Commission shall adopt delegated acts by 30 October 2026 in accordance with Article 16 specifying such methods and setting out the abrasion emission limits per tyre category.

Amendment  92

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – title

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Special rules for small volume manufacturers

Special rules for small and ultra-small volume manufacturers

Amendment  93

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. As regards pollutant emissions, small volume manufacturers may substitute tests set out in tables 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 of Annex V with declarations of conformity. The compliance of vehicles constructed and put into the market by small volume manufacturers may be tested for in service conformity and market surveillance in accordance with tables 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 of Annex V. Conformity of production tests set out in Annex V shall not be required. Article 4(4) point (b) shall not apply to small volume manufacturers.

1. As regards pollutant emissions, small and ultra-small volume manufacturers may substitute tests set out in tables 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 of Annex V with declarations of conformity. The compliance of vehicles constructed and put into the market by small volume manufacturers may be tested for in service conformity and market surveillance in accordance with tables 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 of Annex V. Conformity of production tests set out in Annex V shall not be required. Article 4(6) point (b) shall not apply to small and ultra-small volume manufacturers

Amendment  94

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Ultra-small volume manufacturers shall comply with the emission limits set out in Annex I in laboratory tests based on random real-driving cycles for in-service conformity and market surveillance purposes.

2. Ultra-small volume manufacturers shall comply with the emission limits set out in Annex I in laboratory tests based on statistically relevant real-driving cycles for in-service conformity and market surveillance purposes.

Amendment  95

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – title

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Special rules for multistage vehicles

Special rules for multistage vehicle type-approval

Amendment  96

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. In multistage type-approvals, manufacturers of the second or subsequent stages shall be responsible for the emission type-approval where they modify any part of the vehicle that, according to the data provided by the manufacturers of the previous stage, might affect emissions or battery durability.

1. Specific provisions set out in Annex V —Tables 3, 4 and 5 shall apply to multistage vehicles.

Amendment  97

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts laying down the administrative requirements and data to be provided by manufacturers of the previous stage in accordance with paragraph 1 and procedures for the determination of CO2 emissions of such vehicles. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 17(2).

deleted

Amendment  98

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. National approval authorities shall put in place measures to grant emission type-approvals to vehicle types, components and separate technical units and to perform tests, checks and inspections for verifying whether the manufacturers comply with the requirements for conformity of production and in-service conformity in accordance with Annex V.

1. National approval authorities shall put in place measures to grant emission type-approvals to vehicle types, systems, components and separate technical units and to perform tests, checks and inspections for verifying whether the manufacturers comply with the requirements for conformity of production and in-service conformity in accordance with Annex V.

Amendment  99

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 a (new)

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. When performing tests, checks and inspections, national authorities and testing centres shall update the environmental vehicle passport (EVP) with updated values for the information referred to in Article 3, point (71).

Amendment  100

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 3 a (new)

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. With effect from 24 months after the entry into force of all secondary legislation, and according to the specific provisions for systems, components, and separate technical units, national approval authorities shall, on grounds relating to CO2 and pollutant emissions, fuel and energy consumption or battery durability, in the case of new types of M1, N1 vehicles, refuse to grant EU emission type-approval or national emission type-approval which do not comply with this Regulation.

Amendment  101

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 4

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. With effect from 1 July 2025, national authorities shall, in the case of new M1, N1 vehicles which do not comply with this Regulation consider certificates of conformity to be no longer valid for the purposes of registration and shall, on grounds relating to CO2 and pollutant emissions, fuel and energy consumption or battery durability, prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of such vehicles.

4. With effect from 36 months after the entry into force of all secondary legislation, and according to the specific provisions for systems, components, and separate technical units, national authorities shall, in the case of new M1, N1 vehicles which do not comply with this Regulation consider certificates of conformity to be no longer valid for the purposes of registration and shall, on grounds relating to CO2 and pollutant emissions, fuel and energy consumption or battery durability, prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of such vehicles.

Amendment  102

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 4 a (new)

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a. With effect from 48 months after the entry into force of all relevant secondary legislation, and according to the specific provisions for systems, components, and separate technical units, national approval authorities shall, on grounds relating to CO2 and pollutant emissions, fuel and energy consumption, energy efficiency or battery durability, in the case of new types of M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicles and new O3, O4 trailers, refuse to grant EU emission type-approval or national emission type-approval which do not comply with this Regulation.

Amendment  103

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 5

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. With effect from 1 July 2027, national authorities shall, in the case of new M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicles and new O3, O4 trailers, which do not comply with this Regulation consider certificates of conformity to be no longer valid for the purposes of registration and shall, on grounds relating to CO2 and pollutant emissions, fuel and energy consumption, energy efficiency or battery durability, prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of such vehicles.

5. With effect from 60 months after the entry into force of all secondary legislation, and according to the specific provisions for systems, components, and separate technical units, national authorities shall, in the case of new M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicles and new O3, O4 trailers, which do not comply with this Regulation consider certificates of conformity to be no longer valid for the purposes of registration and shall, on grounds relating to CO2  and pollutant emissions, fuel and energy consumption, energy efficiency or battery durability, prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of such engines, vehicles or trailers.

Amendment  104

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 8

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

8. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts laying down the administrative and technical elements required for performing tests, checks and inspections for the purposes of verifying compliance with paragraph 1, as well as the technical elements required for market surveillance checks under paragraph 2. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 17(2).

deleted

Amendment  105

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. With effect from 1 July 2025, the sale or installation of a system, component or separate technical unit intended to be fitted on an M1, N1 vehicle approved under this Regulation, shall be prohibited if the system, component and separate technical unit is not of type approved in compliance with this Regulation.

1. With effect from 24 months after the entry into force of all secondary legislation, the sale or installation of a system, component or separate technical unit intended to be fitted on an M1, N1 vehicle approved under this Regulation, shall be prohibited if the system, component and separate technical unit is not of type approved in compliance with this Regulation.

Amendment  106

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. With effect from 1 July 2027, the sale or installation of a system, component or separate technical unit intended to be fitted on an M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicle approved under this Regulation, shall be prohibited if the system, component and separate technical unit is not type approved in compliance with this Regulation.

2. With effect from 48 months after the entry into force of all relevant secondary legislation, the sale or installation of a system, component or separate technical unit intended to be fitted on an M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicle and O3, O4 trailers approved under this Regulation, shall be prohibited if the system, component and separate technical unit is not type approved in compliance with this Regulation.

Amendment  107

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 3 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. With effect from 12 months after adoption of the delegated act on the type approval of C1 tyres as regards abrasion emissions limits in accordance with Article 7a, national authorities shall only grant component or separate technical unit EU type approval in respect of new types of tyre where it is in compliance with this Regulation and refuse to grant component/separate technical unit EC type approval in respect of new types of tyre that do not comply with this Regulation.

 

With effect from 36 months after adoption of the delegated act on the type approval of C1 tyres as regards abrasion emissions in accordance with Article 7a, national authorities shall refuse to grant type approval or type approval in respect of new C1 tyres which do not comply with this Regulation. C1 tyres that were manufactured prior to the entry-into-force time set out in this subparagraph and which do not comply with the requirements of this Regulation and its implementing measures may be sold for a period not exceeding 30 months.

Amendment  108

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Tampering which results in emissions that exceed the limits laid out in Annex 1, shall result in the vehicle no longer being in compliance with this Regulation.

Amendment  109

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Non-compliance resulting from tampering shall result in the adoption of appropriate corrective measures, including recalls, and effective, proportionate and dissuasive financial penalties by the national competent authorities.

Amendment  110

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. National authorities shall, during in-service conformity or market surveillance checks, verify whether manufacturers of vehicles have correctly installed excess emissions driver warning systems, low-reagent driver warning systems and whether vehicles can be tampered.

2. National authorities shall, during in-service conformity or market surveillance checks, verify the quality of the reagent used, whether manufacturers of vehicles have correctly installed excess emissions driver warning systems, low-reagent driver warning systems, and whether vehicles can be tampered.

Amendment  111

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission or third parties, in accordance with Article 9 and 13(10) of Regulation (EU) 2018/858, may perform in-service conformity and market surveillance checks set out in Tables 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 of Annex V, to verify compliance of vehicles, components and separate technical units with this Regulation.

1. The Commission or third parties, in accordance with Article 9 and 13(10) of Regulation (EU) 2018/858, shall perform in-service conformity and market surveillance checks set out in Tables 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 of Annex V, to verify compliance of vehicles, components and separate technical units with this Regulation.

Amendment  112

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. The Commission shall continuously monitor the situation at Union level with a view to identifying practices of circumvention and non- conformity. When violations in conformity are found, the Commission shall present a report to the European Parliament and to the Council and shall follow- up with a legislative proposal, if appropriate, to address and eliminate the risks to that non-conformity.

Amendment  113

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Tests to prove compliance with the requirements of Article 4 shall be applied by manufacturers and national authorities as specified in Annex V. Tests to prove compliance with the requirements of Article 4 may be applied by the Commission and third parties also as specified in Annex V.

2. Tests to prove compliance with the requirements of this Regulation shall be applied by manufacturers and national authorities as specified in Annex V. Tests to prove compliance with the requirements of this Regulation may be applied by the Commission and third parties also as specified in Annex V.

Amendment  114

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 3 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts for all the phases of emission type-approval, including conformity of production, in-service conformity and market surveillance, addressing procedures and tests for emission type-approval, testing methodologies, administrative provisions, amending and extending emission type-approvals, data access, documentation requirements and templates for all of the following:

3. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts for all the phases of emission type-approval, including conformity of production, in-service conformity and market surveillance, addressing administrative provisions, amending and extending emission type-approvals, data access, documentation requirements and templates for all of the following:

Amendment  115

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 3 – point d a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da) excess emissions driver warning system;

Amendment  116

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 3 – point d b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(db) low-reagent driver warning system;

Amendment  117

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 3 – point e

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) anti-tampering, security and cybersecurity systems;

(e) anti-tampering systems, taking into account aftermarket requirements and the provision to independent operators of all required information, tools and processes for the development and installation of replacement parts, and security and cybersecurity systems;

Amendment  118

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 3 – point g

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g) brake system types and their replacement parts;

(g) brake system types and their replacement parts in respect to particle emissions for all vehicle categories, while taking into account other on-vehicle systems that contribute to the braking of vehicles;

Amendment  119

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 3 – point g a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ga) brake system types and their replacement parts to be retrofitted into vehicles already placed on the market in order to significantly reduce the brake emissions;

Amendment  120

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 3 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 16 for procedures and tests for emission type-approval and testing methodologies for all phases of the emission type-approval, including in-service conformity, conformity of production and market surveillance, for all of the following:

 

(a)  M1 and N1 vehicle types;

 

(b)  M2, M3, N2 and N3 vehicle types;

 

(c)  engines used in M2, M3, N2 and N3 vehicle types;

 

(d)  OBM/OBD systems;

 

(da)  excess emissions driver warning system;

 

(db)  low-reagent driver warning system;

 

(e)  anti-tampering systems, taking into account aftermarket requirements and the provision to independent operators of all required information, tools and processes for the development and installation of replacement parts, and security and cybersecurity systems;

 

(f)  replacement pollution control systems types and their parts;

 

(g)  brake system types and their replacement parts;

 

(ga)  brake system types and their replacement parts to be retrofitted into vehicles already placed on the market in order to significantly reduce the brake emissions;

 

(h)  tyre types in respect to tyre abrasion

 

(i)  M1 and N1 vehicle types;

 

(j)  CO2, fuel and energy consumption, electric range and engine power determination for M1 and N1 vehicles, and provisions for OBFCM;

 

(k)  CO2, fuel and energy consumption, zero-emission range, electric range and engine power determination for M2, M3, N2 and N3 vehicles, energy efficiency of O3 and O4 trailers,and  provisions for OBFCM.

Amendment  121

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt implementing acts for all phases of the emission type-approval, including in-service conformity, conformity of production and market surveillance, to lay down the following:

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts for all phases of the emission type-approval, including in-service conformity, conformity of production and market surveillance, to lay down the following:

Amendment  122

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – point b a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba) methods for the type-approval of applicable hybrid technologies of category M2, M3, N2 and N3 vehicles;

Amendment  123

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – point g

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g) the methods to measure brake particle emissions, including methods for HDV, real driving brake particle emissions and regenerative braking;

(g) the methods to measure brake particle emissions including methods for M2, M3, N2 and N3 vehicles, real driving brake particle emissions and regenerative braking;

Amendment  124

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – point j

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(j) OBFCM device, OBD and OBM systems, including compliance thresholds, performance requirements and tests, methods to ensure performance of sensors and over the air communication of data recorded by these devices and systems;

(j) characteristics and performance of OBFCM devices, OBD and OBM systems, including compliance thresholds, performance requirements and tests, methods to ensure performance of sensors and over the air communication of data recorded by these devices and systems;

Amendment  125

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – point l

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(l) the methods to assess the correct operation, effectiveness, regeneration and durability of original and replacement pollution control systems;

(l) the methods and requirements to assess the correct operation, effectiveness, regeneration and durability of original and replacement pollution control systems and the quality of the reagents;

Amendment  126

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – point o

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(o) the methods to assess the correct functioning of vehicle types approved under the designations in Article 5

(o) the methods to assess the correct functioning of vehicle types ;

Amendment  127

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – point p

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(p) checks for compliance with the provisions of Article 9 (1) and test procedures for multistage vehicles;

(p) checks for compliance with test procedures for multistage vehicles;

Amendment  128

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – point s

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(s) methods for establishing the absence of defeat devices and defeat strategies;

(s) methods for establishing the absence of defeat devices and defeat strategies and to carry-over into this Regulation requirements laid down in Article 5(2) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Article 5(11) of Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 applicable to category M1 and N1 vehicles, and in UNECE Regulation No. 49, Revision 6, Annex 10, paragraph 5.1.2 applicable to category M2, M3, N2 and N3 vehicles;

Amendment  129

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – point t

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(t) methods to measure tyre abrasion;

deleted

Amendment  130

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – point v

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(v) administrative requirements and documentation for emission type-approval;

(v) administrative requirements and documentation for emission type-approval and for performing tests, checks and inspections for the purposes of verifying compliance;

Amendment  131

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 – point w

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(w) reporting obligations where appropriate.

(w) format and data reporting obligations where appropriate;

Amendment  132

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 17(2).

5.  Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 17(2)

 

The implementing acts referred to in paragraph 3, points (a) to (f) and (i) to (k), and the delegated acts referred to in paragraph 3a, points (a) to (f) and (i) to (k), and paragraph 4, points (a) to (f) and (j) to (w), shall be adopted no later than .... [12 months from the date of entry in force of this Regulation].

 

The implementing acts referred to in paragraph 3, points (g) to (h), , and the delegated acts referred to in paragraph 3a, points (g) to (h), and paragraph 4, points (g) to (i), shall be adopted, without undue delay, following the publication of the relevant uniform provisions of the UN WP.29.

Amendment  133

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 16 in order to take into account technical progress to amend the following:

1. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 16 in order to take into account technical progress to amend this Regulation as follows:

Amendment  134

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 1 – point a

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) Annex III, as regards the test conditions for M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicles, based on data collected when testing Euro 7 vehicles;

(a) Annex III, Table 2, as regards the test conditions for M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicles, based on data collected when testing Euro 7 vehicles;

Amendment  135

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 1 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) Annex III, as regards the test conditions, based on data collected when testing Euro 7 brakes or tyres;

(b) Annex III, Tables 4 and 5, as regards the test conditions based on data collected when testing Euro 7 brakes or tyres;

Amendment  136

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 1 – point d

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) Article 5 by introducing options and designations based on innovative technologies for manufacturers.

deleted

Amendment  137

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 2 – point c a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) if appropriate, setting out abrasion limits for tyre types in Annex I in the event that uniform provisions have not been established in UN WP.29 before the relevant deadline laid down in Article 7a;

Amendment  138

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 2 – point d

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) setting out durability multipliers in Annex IV based on data collected when testing Euro 7 M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicles and a report on the durability of heavy duty vehicles submitted to the European Parliament and Council;

(d) setting out durability multipliers in Annex IV based on data collected when testing Euro 7 M3, N2, N3 vehicles and the conclusions of a report assessing the durability of heavy-duty vehicles in regard of emissions submitted to the European Parliament and Council;

Amendment  139

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 2 – point e

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) setting out definitions and special rules for small volume manufacturers for vehicle categories M2, M3, N2, N3 under Article 3 and Article 8 of this Regulation.

(e) setting out special rules for small volume manufacturers for vehicle categories M2, M3, N2, N3 under Article 3 and Article 8 of this Regulation.

Amendment  140

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The Commission shall adopt those delegated acts referred to in to points (a) to (c) without undue delay following the publication of the relevant uniform provisions of the UN WP.29. In the event that uniform provisions have not been established in the UN WP.29 by 30 June 2026 for C1 tyres, and by 31 December 2035 for C2 and C3 tyres, Article 7a of this Regulation shall apply.

Amendment  141

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 15 shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from... [OP please insert the date = the date of entry into force of this Regulation]. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 14(3a), Article 14(4) and Article 15 shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from... [OP please insert the date = the date of entry into force of this Regulation]. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

Amendment  142

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The delegation of power referred to in Article 15 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

3. The delegation of power referred to in Article 14(3a), Article 14(4) and Article 15 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

Amendment  143

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 15 shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or by the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

6. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 14(3a), Article 14(4) and Article 15 shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or by the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

Amendment  144

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. By 1 September 2031, on the basis of the information supplied in accordance with paragraph 1, the Commission shall submit to the European Parliament and to the Council an evaluation report on the application of this Regulation.

2. By 1 September 2031, on the basis of the information supplied in accordance with paragraph 1, the Commission shall submit to the European Parliament and to the Council an evaluation report on the application of this Regulation, including an evaluation of the exhaust and non-exhaust emission reductions achieved and an assessment of its contribution in meeting the air pollution standards laid down in the [XXX recast proposal of the Ambient Air Quality Directive.]

Amendment  145

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. No later than 2031, the Commission shall submit to the European Parliament and to the Council a report assessing the durability performance of heavy duty vehicles with regard to emissions.

Amendment  146

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Regulation (EC) 715/2007 is repealed with effect from 1 July 2025.

Regulation (EC) 715/2007 is repealed with effect from 1 July 2030.

Amendment  147

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Regulation (EC) 595/2009 is repealed with effect from 1 July 2027.

Regulation (EC) 595/2009 is repealed with effect from 1 July 2031.

Amendment  148

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – subparagraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

It shall apply from 1 July 2025 for M1, N1 vehicles and components and separate technical units for those vehicles and from 1 July 2027 for M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicles and components and separate technical units for those vehicles and O3, O4 trailers.

It shall apply from 24 months after the entry into force of all relevant secondary legislation for new type M1, N1 vehicles and components and separate technical units for those vehicles and 36 months after the entry into force of all relevant secondary legislation for new M1, N1 vehicles and components and separate technical units for those vehicles.

 

It shall apply 48 months after the entry into force of all relevant secondary legislation for new type M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicles and components and separate technical units for those vehicles and O3, O4 trailers and 60 months after the entry into force of all relevant secondary legislation for new M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicles and components and separate technical units for those vehicles and O3, O4 trailers.

Amendment  149

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – subparagraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

It shall apply from 1 July 2030 for M1, N1 vehicles constructed by small volume manufacturers.

It shall apply as from 1 July 2030 for M1, N1 vehicles, constructed by small volume manufacturers and from 1 July 2031 for M2, M3, N2, N3 vehicles constructed by small volume manufacturers.

Amendment  150

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Table 1: Euro 7 exhaust emission limits for M1, N1 vehicles with internal combustion engine

Pollutant emissions

M1, N1 vehicles

Only for N1 vehicles with power to mass ratio1 less than 35 kW/t

Emission budget for all trips less than 10 km for M1, N1 vehicles

Emission budget for all trips less than 10 km only for N1 vehicles with power to mass ratio less than 35 kW/t

per km

per km

per trip

per trip

NOx in mg

60

75

600

750

PM in mg

4.5

4.5

45

45

PN10 in #

6×1011

6×1011

6×1012

6×1012

CO in mg

500

630

5000

6300

THC in mg

100

130

1000

1300

NMHC in mg

68

90

680

900

NH3 in mg

20

20

200

200

1 Measured in accordance with paragraph 5.3.2. of UN/ECE Regulation No 85  in the case of ICEVs and PEVs, or, in all other cases, measured in accordance with one of the test procedures laid down in paragraph 6 of UN Global Technical Regulation 21

 

 

 

 

Amendmen

 

Table 1: Euro 7 exhaust emission limits for M1, N1 vehicles with internal combustion engine

 

M1 vehicles

N1 (Class I)

N1 (Class II)

N1 (Class III)

Emission budget for all trips less than 10 km for M1, N1 vehicles

Emission budget for all trips less than 10 km for N1 (Class I)

Emission budget for all trips less than 10 km only for N1 (Class II)

Emission budget for all trips less than 10 km for N1 (Class III)

Mass in running order (MRO) in kg

-

For N1 vehicles with MRO ≤ 1280

For N1 vehicles with 1280 < MRO ≤ 1735

For N1 vehicles with 1735 < MRO

-

For N1 vehicles with MRO ≤ 1280

For N1 vehicles with 1280 < MRO ≤ 1735

For N1 vehicles with 1735 < MRO

Pollutant emissions

per km

per km

per km

per km

per trip

per trip

per trip

per trip

NOx in mg

60

60

75

82

600

600

750

820

PM in mg

4.5

4.5

4.5

4.5

45

45

45

45

PN10 in #

6×1011

6×1011

6×1011

6×1011

6×1012

6×1012

6×1012

6×1012

CO in mg

500

500

630

740

5000

5000

6300

7400

THC in mg

100

100

130

160

1000

1000

1300

1600

NMHC in mg

68

68

90

108

680

680

900

1080

NH3 in mg

20

20

20

20

200

200

200

200

Amendment  151

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Table 2: Euro 7 exhaust emission limits for M2, M3, N2 and N3 vehicles with internal combustion engine and internal combustion engines used in those vehicles

Pollutant emissions

Cold emissions1

Hot emissions2

Emission budget for all trips less than 3*WHTC long

Optional idle emission limits3

per kWh

per kWh

per kWh

per hour

NOx in mg

350

90

150

5000

PM in mg

12

8

10

 

PN10 in #

5x1011

2x1011

3x1011

 

CO in mg

3500

200

2700

 

NMOG in mg

200

50

75

 

NH3 in mg

65

65

70

 

CH4 in mg

500

350

500

 

N2O in mg

160

100

140

 

HCHO in mg

30

30

 

 

1 Cold emissions refers to the 100th percentile of moving windows (MW) of 1 WHTC for vehicles, or WHTCcold for engines

2 Hot emission refers to the 90th percentile of moving windows (MW) of 1 WHTC for vehicles or WHTChot for engines

3 Applicable only if a system is not present that automatically shuts down the engine after 300 seconds

 

Amendment

Table 2: Euro 7 exhaust emission limits for M2, M3, N2 and N3 vehicles with internal combustion engine and internal combustion engines used in those vehicles

Pollutant emissions

WHSC (CI) and WHTC (CI and PI)

REAL Driving Emissions (RDE)

per kWh

per kWh

NOx in mg

200

260

PM in mg

8

10

PN10 in #

6x1011

7.8x1011

CO in mg

1500

1950

NMOG in mg

75

98

NH3 in mg

60

78

CH4 in mg

500

650

N2O in mg

160

280

HCHO in mg

30

39

Amendment  152

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 4 – Title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Euro 7 brake particle emission limits in standard driving cycle applying until 31/12/2034

Euro 7 brake particle emission limits in standard driving cycle for internal combustion engine vehicles applying until 31/12/2034

Amendment  153

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

 

 

Amendment

Table 4a: Euro 7 brake particle emission limits in standard driving cycle for pure electric vehicles, fuel-cell vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles applying until 31/12/2029

Emission limits in mg/km per vehicle

M1, N1 vehicles

M2, M3 vehicles

N2, N3 vehicles

Brake particle emissions (PM10)

3

 

 

Brake particle emissions (PN)

 

 

 

Amendment  154

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 4 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

 

 

Amendment

Table 4b: Euro 7 brake particle emission limits in standard driving cycle for pure electric vehicles, fuel-cell vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles, applying from 1/1/2030

 

Emission limits in mg/km per vehicle

M1, N1 vehicles

M2, M3 vehicles

N2, N3 vehicles

Brake particle emissions (PM10)

 

 

 

Brake particle emissions (PN)

 

 

 

Amendment  155

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Table 5: Euro 7 brake particle emission limits in applying from 1/1/2035

Emission limits in mg/km per vehicle

M1, N1 vehicles

M2, M3 vehicles

N2, N3 vehicles

Brake particle emissions (PM10)

3

 

 

Brake particle emissions (PN)

 

 

 

 

Amendment

Table 5: Euro 7 brake particle emission limits in standard driving cycle for all vehicles applying from 1/1/2035

Emission limits in mg/km per vehicle

M1, N1 vehicles

M2, M3 vehicles

N2, N3 vehicles

Brake particle emissions (PM10)

 

 

 

Brake particle emissions (PN)

 

 

 

Amendment  156

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Table 6: Euro 7 tyre abrasion rate limits

Tyre mass lost in g/1000 km

C1 tyres

C2 tyres

C3 tyres

Normal tyres

 

 

 

Snow tyres

 

 

 

Special use tyres

 

 

 

 

Amendment

Table 6: Euro 7 tyre abrasion test method, limits and implementation timeline

UN Regulation Number

Subject

Series of amendments published in the OJ

OJ Reference 

Scope covered by current and future UN WP29 Regulations  

[1xx] 

Tyres with regard to Abrasion 

00 series of amendments 

OJ L xxx, xx.x.20XX, p. x 

C1, C2*, C3*

* In the future, the United Nations (UN) will extend the development of an appropriate test method and limits for assessing the abrasion performance of C2 and C3 tyre classes.