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B6-0580/2005
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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION

24.10.2005

with request for inclusion in the agenda for the debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 115 of the Rules of Procedure
by Ģirts Valdis Kristovskis
on behalf of the UEN Group
on the situation in Western Sahara

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B6‑0580/2005

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Western Sahara

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its resolutions on the humanitarian situation in Morocco/Western Sahara,

-  having regard to the United Nations Security Council resolutions on Western Sahara,

-  having regard to the Council and Commission statements of 12 October 2005 on current problems regarding immigration,

–  having regard to Rule 115 of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas hundreds of individuals of sub-Saharan origin were recently rounded up by Moroccan forces as part of their efforts to clear migrants away from areas around the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla and have been either deported to Algeria or dumped in desert areas close to the border with Mauritania,

B.  whereas it has been reported by several human rights organisations that some individuals have been killed or injured while attempting to cross the borders, that many others have been left with little or no food and water in desert areas along Morocco's borders with Algeria and Mauritania, and that this has resulted in the death of some people,

1.  Expresses its concern that deportations of migrants and refugees breach fundamental safeguards of international refugee and human rights law and is worried about the living conditions and safety of those people left in border regions;

2.  Stresses that driving people into desert areas without any access to food or water or to any medical aid is a serious human rights violation, and believes that access to food, water and medical attention are fundamental rights that should be available to everyone at all times;

3.  Is concerned at the lack of substantial progress in finding a fair and lasting political solution which is acceptable to all the parties involved in the dispute over Western Sahara, and urges all the parties concerned to engage in political talks on the future of the whole region;

4.  Believes that its planned delegation visit to Ceuta and Melilla on 7-10 December will help in finding a solution to the critical situation;

5.  Welcomes in principle the Commission proposal on improving the protection capacity of countries in the refugees' regions of origin and transit, with a view to creating the conditions for durable solutions to be found to the issues of resettlement, local integration and voluntary repatriation;

6.  Shares the Commission's view that the EU's dialogue with its Mediterranean neighbouring countries regarding migration issues must be activated, and that all sides should become mutually trustable partners in working towards an effective asylum system offering protection to those vulnerable groups which need it;

7.  Urges the Council and the Commission to take the necessary steps to review and increase the effectiveness of numerous tools, as well as legal, financial and technical assistance and development and humanitarian programmes targeted at third countries hosting large numbers of refugees;

8.  Reiterates its call to the Commission to contribute to strengthening the capacities for administering humanitarian aid in the refugee camps;

9.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the UN Secretary-General, the Parliament and Government of Morocco and the President of the African Union.