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B6-0037/2008
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    MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION

    15.1.2008

    with request for inclusion in the agenda for the debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
    pursuant to Rule 115 of the Rules of Procedure
    by Brian Crowley, Adam Bielan, Hanna Foltyn-Kubicka, Ryszard Czarnecki, Konrad Szymański, Mieczysław Edmund Janowski, Marcin Libicki, Ģirts Valdis Kristovskis
    on behalf of the UEN Group
    on the Situation in Congo and rape as a war crime

    NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.
    Eljárás : 2008/2508(RSP)
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    B6‑0037/2008

    European Parliament resolution on the Situation in Congo and rape as a war crime

    The European Parliament,

    • - having regard to its previous resolutions on the Democratic Republic
      • of Congo (DRC) and the Great Lakes region,
    • -having regard to the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly resolution on situation in Congo,
    • having regard to the European Convention on Human Rights and its Five Protocols,
    • having regard to the resolutions of the United Nations (UN) Security Council on the situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the monthly reports of the UN Secretary-General on this matter,
    • having regard to Rule 115(5) of its Rules of Procedure,

    A.  whereas the DRC is currently on its way to recovery from decades of instability, including authoritarian regime, political disorder and four years of civil war between 1998 and 2002, during which an estimated 4 million people lost their lives through direct violence or from preventable diseases and starvation, while hundreds of thousands were forced to flee,

    B.  whereas the continuing struggle between the DRC armed forces and the rebels has had catastrophic humanitarian consequences, as both parties are responsible for violence and atrocities against civilians, including excessive force, robberies, extortions, rapes and arbitrary executions,

    C.  whereas thousands of rapes are committed each year in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and sexual violence is the norm,

    D.  whereas an epidemic of brutal sexual violence is plaguing the eastern province, where women are being raped with impunity by all sides to the conflict,

    E.  whereas at least 30 000 children have been used during the conflict as soldiers, porters, domestic servants or sexual possessions by both the government forces and the rebels,

    • 1.Welcomes the establishment in the DRC of democratically elected institutions and calls on its leaders to take all necessary actions to disarm and demobilize the rebel groups and bring about the long-term stabilization of the country;
    • 2.Stresses that the free elections in the DRC are an important example for other countries in the region and that such elections must be supported by the international community at any costs, being the best way of bringing democracy to Africa;
    • 3.Strongly condemns all forms of rape and affirms the right of all persons to safety, nurture and care;
    • 4.Strongly condemns the sexual abuse against women and children committed by both sides of the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo; calls on the DRC Government and the international community to provide all possible medical and material assistance to the victims of such acts;
    • 5.Strongly condemns the use of children as soldiers; calls both sides to immediately release all children that remain in active service and to refrain from the enlistment of children in the future;
    • 6.Calls on the Government of the DRC to examine the cases of war crimes committed by its forces and to bring all those responsible to justice;
    • 7.Urges that the perpetrators of human rights violations, war crimes, crimes against humanity, sexual violence against women and the recruitment of child soldiers be reported, identified, prosecuted and punished in accordance with national and international criminal law;
    • 8.Calls on the international community to intervene as a matter of urgency to stem the widespread sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo, especially in North Kivu and South Kivu, where non-State armed groups, particularly foreign militia, commit sexual atrocities that are of an unimaginable brutality whose aim is the complete physical and psychological destruction of women with implications for the society as a whole;
    • 9.Urges the international community to continue developing assistance and support for women victims of war and their families, to meet their physical and emotional needs; this may mean supporting, as wartime refugees, women who cannot return to their homes because of fear of rape, violence and condemnation;
    • 10.Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Council, the Commission, the Heads of State and Government of the EU Member States; the United Nations Security Council and the Governments of the ACP countries.