Motion for a resolution - B6-0047/2008Motion for a resolution
B6-0047/2008

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION

23.1.2008

to wind up the debate on statements by the Council and Commission
pursuant to Rule 103(2) of the Rules of Procedure
by José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Michael Gahler and Struan Stevenson
on behalf of the PPE-DE Group
on Iran

Document stages in plenary
Document selected :  
B6-0047/2008
Texts tabled :
B6-0047/2008
Texts adopted :

B6‑0047/2008

European Parliament resolution on Iran

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to all of which Iran is a party,

–  having regard to the joint statement by the foreign ministers of the five permanent member of the UN Security Council and Germany, with the support of the High Representative of the European Union, on Iran's nuclear activities, of 28 September 2007,

–  having regard to the GAER Council conclusions on Iran of 16 October 2007,

–  having regard to the Presidency conclusions of the Brussels European Council on Iran of 14 December 2007,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on Iran and to the resolution on the 'Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran', adopted by the UN General Assembly on 18 December 2007,

–  having regard to Rule 103(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the situation in Iran regarding the human rights and fundamental freedoms of its citizens has seriously deteriorated in the last two and a half years, notably since the presidential elections of June 2005,

B.  whereas there have been confirmed instances of executions, often carried out in public by hanging or stoning, torture and ill-treatment of prisoners, the systematic and arbitrary use of prolonged solitary confinement, clandestine detention, the application of cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment, including flogging and amputations, and impunity for human rights violations,

C.  whereas the violent repression of political opponents, human rights defenders, journalists, web loggers, teachers, intellectuals, women, students, trade unionists, and persons belonging to religious, ethnic, linguistic or other minorities has increased,

D.  whereas on 3 December 2007 the US released a new National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) saying that 'we judge with high confidence that in fall of 2003, Teheran halted its nuclear weapons program' and that 'Teheran's decision to halt its nuclear weapons program suggests it is less determined to develop nuclear weapons than we have been judging since 2005',

E.  whereas, due to the publication of this NIE, pre-emptive military action against Iran before the end of US President Bush's term has been removed as a possibility,

F.  whereas on 14 December 2007 a coalition of Iranian reformers criticised President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy, blaming him for the imposition of UN sanctions and the increased isolation of the country; whereas the Coalition of Reform Groups plans to field candidates in the Islamic state's parliamentary elections in 2008,

G.  whereas in talks with the head of the IAEA, Mohamed El Baradei, in Teheran on 12 and 13 January 2008, the Iranian leaders have agreed to answer all remaining questions about their country's past nuclear activities within four weeks,

1.  Expresses its deep concern at the serious deterioration of the human rights situation in Iran and the ongoing systematic violations of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of its citizens; urges the Iranian authorities to ensure full respect for their human rights obligations;

2.  Strongly condemns the death sentences and executions in Iran, in particular those imposed and/or carried out on juvenile offenders and minors, and urges the Iranian authorities to respect the internationally recognised legal safeguards with regard to minors, such as the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child;

3.  Strongly condemns the practice of torture and ill-treatment of prisoners, the systematic and arbitrary use of prolonged solitary confinement, clandestine detention, the application of cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment, and impunity for human rights violations; urges the Iranian authorities to eliminate, in law and in practice, all forms of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, to uphold due process of law, and to end impunity for human rights violations;

4.  Strongly condemns the violent repression of political opponents, human rights defenders, journalists, web loggers, teachers, intellectuals, women, students, trade unionists, and persons belonging to religious, ethnic, linguistic or other minorities; urges the Iranian authorities to end the harassment, intimidation and persecution of these citizens, and to unconditionally release all prisoners of conscience;

5.  Takes note of the decision of the British Proscribed Organisations Appeal Commission of 30 November 2007 calling on the British Home Secretary to remove the PMOI (People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran) from the list of proscribed organisations immediately;

6.  Calls on the Commission and Council to respect the decision of the European Court of First Instance of 12 December 2006 which insisted on the removal of the PMOI from the EU's 'terror list', and to implement that decision;

7.  Urges the Iranian authorities to respect the internationally recognised legal safeguards with regard to persons belonging to religious, ethnic, linguistic or other minorities, recognised or otherwise; strongly condemns the current disrespect for minority rights, and calls for minorities to be enabled to exercise all rights granted by the Iranian Constitution and international law; urges the Iranian authorities to eliminate, in law and in practice, all forms of discrimination and other human rights violations against persons belonging to religious, ethnic, linguistic or other minorities, including, inter alia, Arabs, Azeris, Baluchis, Kurds, Baha'is, Christians, Jews, Sufis and Sunni Muslims; calls in particular for the de facto ban on practising the Baha'i faith to be lifted;

8.  Calls on the Council and Commission to continue their examination of the human rights situation in Iran and to submit to Parliament, in the first half of 2008, a comprehensive report on the matter, including proposals for projects that could be financed in the framework of the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights;

9.  Reaffirms that the proliferation risks of the Iranian nuclear programme remain a source of serious concern to the EU and the international community, as is expressed very clearly in UN Security Council Resolutions 1696, 1737, and 1747; regrets, therefore, that Iran has still not complied with its international obligations to suspend all enrichment-related and reprocessing activities;

10.  Repeats its calls on Iran to restore the transparency of its nuclear programme by providing full, clear and credible answers to the IAEA, to resolve all outstanding issues and concerns over that programme, including topics which could have a military dimension, to fully implement the provisions of the Comprehensive Safeguard Agreement, including its subsidiary arrangements, and to ratify and implement the Additional Protocol;

11.  Reaffirms its support for the efforts to find a negotiated long-term solution to the Iranian nuclear issue via a dual-track approach, and gives its full backing to the efforts of the High Representative and the international community to encourage Iran to return to talks on long-term arrangements which would give it everything it needs to develop a civil nuclear power industry while addressing international concerns and rebuilding confidence concerning its nuclear programme;

12.  Reiterates its full support for a third UN Security Council Sanctions Resolution under Article 41 of Chapter VII in support of the UN process and the shared objectives of the international community, unless there is clear evidence of Iran's full cooperation with the IAEA, the full transparency of its nuclear programme and the suspension of its enrichment activities;

13.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the High Representative for the CFSP, the UN Secretary-General, the UN Human Rights Council, the Head of the State Supreme Court of Iran, and the Government and Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran.