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Процедура : 2008/2542(RSP)
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Етапи на разглеждане на документа : B6-0300/2008

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PV 18/06/2008 - 13
CRE 18/06/2008 - 13

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PV 19/06/2008 - 5.5

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to wind up the debate on statements by the Council and Commission
pursuant to Rule 103(2) of the Rules of Procedure
by Jan Marinus Wiersma, Hannes Swoboda, Kristian Vigenin, Reino Paasilinna and Adrian Severin
on behalf of the PSE Group
on the EU-Russia Summit of 26-27 June 2008 in Khanty-Mansiysk

European Parliament resolution on the EU-Russia Summit of 26-27 June 2008 in Khanty-Mansiysk 

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Russian Federation, of the other part (PCA)(1), which entered into force in 1997 and expired in 2007,

–  having regard to the decisions of the General Affairs Council of 26 May 2008 approving the negotiating directives for an agreement that will provide a new comprehensive framework for the EU's relations with Russia,

–  having regard to the objective of the EU and Russia, set out in the joint statement issued following the St Petersburg Summit held on 31 May 2003, to create a common economic space, a common space of freedom, security and justice, a common space of cooperation in the field of external security and a common space of research and education, including cultural aspects,

–  having regard to the EU-Russia human rights consultations, and in particular to the most recent consultations, which took place on 17 April 2008,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on EU relations with Russia, and in particular its resolution of 14 November 2007(2) on the EU/Russia Summit in Mafra,

–  having regard to Rule 103(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas relations between the EU and Russia have been steadily developing over the past decade, leading to deep and comprehensive economic integration and interdependency, which is bound to increase even more in the near future,

B.  whereas enhanced cooperation and good-neighbourly relations between the EU and Russia are of key importance to the stability, security and prosperity of the whole of Europe,

C.  whereas the conclusion of a Strategic Partnership Agreement between the EU and the Russian Federation remains of the utmost importance for the further development and intensification of cooperation between the two partners,

D.  whereas the negotiations on such a new Strategic Partnership Agreement should be started as soon as possible on the basis of the progress already achieved on the road to the establishment of the four common areas ('spaces'), with a common economic space, a space of freedom, security and justice, a space of external security and a space of research, education and culture; whereas the rapid implementation of these four common areas or spaces should be at the heart of the negotiations on the new Strategic Partnership Agreement,

E.  whereas the Council has finally been able to reach agreement on a mandate for the negotiations on such a new Partnership Agreement,

F.  whereas the new Russian President, Dmitry Medvedev, was inaugurated on 7 May 2008 and confirmed in his inauguration speech his commitment to the establishment of a mature and effective legal system as an essential condition for economic and social development in Russia as well as for increasing Russia’s influence in the international community and for making Russia more open to the world and facilitating dialogue as equals with other peoples; whereas President Medvedev has as a first step decreed the creation of an Anti-Corruption Council, which he himself will chair,

G.  whereas the rapid accession of the Russian Federation to the World Trade Organisation would make a substantial contribution to the further improvement of economic relations between Russia and the European Union,

H.  whereas security of energy supply is one of the biggest challenges for Europe and one of the major fields of cooperation with Russia; whereas joint efforts must be made to make full and efficient use of the energy transmission systems, both those already existing and those to be further developed,

I.  whereas disputes about the conditions of supply and transmission of energy should be solved in a negotiated, non-discriminatory and transparent way and may never be used as an instrument to bring political pressure to bear on the EU Member States and on the countries in the common neighbourhood,

J.  whereas a future agreement between the European Union and the Russian Federation should therefore include the principles of the Energy Charter Treaty,

K.  whereas the European Union and the Russian Federation could and should together play an active role in establishing peace and stability on the European continent, in particular in the common neighbourhood, and in other parts of the world,

L.  whereas the European Union and the Russian Federation should in particular work together to find a final solution for the international status of Kosovo and the peaceful settlement of the persistently dangerous conflicts in the Abkhazian and South Ossetian regions of Georgia,

M.  whereas there remains serious concern about developments in the Russian Federation with regard to respect for and the protection of human rights and respect for commonly agreed democratic principles, rules and procedures; whereas the Russian Federation is a full member of the Council of Europe and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe and has therefore committed itself to the principles of democracy and respect for basic human rights,

N.  whereas it is important that the EU speak with one voice, show solidarity and display unity in its relations with the Russian Federation, and base those relations on mutual interests and common values,

1.  Reaffirms its conviction that Russia remains an important partner for the purpose of building strategic cooperation, with which the EU shares not only economic and trade interests but also the objective of cooperating closely in the international arena as well as in the common neighbourhood;

2.  Stresses the importance of unity among the EU Member States in their relations with Russia and calls on the Member States to give priority to the long-term benefits of a joint position in negotiations with the Russian Federation over the possible short-term advantages of bilateral deals on single issues;

3.  Welcomes the fact that Dmitry Medvedev has taken office as the new President of the Russian Federation; expresses the hope that he will commit himself and his government to a further fundamental improvement in relations between the European Union and the Russian Federation;

4.  Expresses its satisfaction that it has finally been possible to overcome the obstacles to reaching an agreement on the mandate for negotiations with the Russian Federation on a new Partnership Agreement;

5.  Urges the Council, the Commission and the Member States - together with the Government of the Russian Federation - to use the 21st EU-Russia Summit in Khanty-Mansiysk as a real new starting point for the further intensification of EU-Russia relations by making a start on the negotiations on a new Partnership and Cooperation Agreement and by thus creating the basis for further concrete results in the near future;

6.  Welcomes the continuous exchange of views on human rights in Russia as part of the EU-Russia human rights consultations and demands an improvement in the format of these meetings in order to gain efficacy, with special attention for common action against racism and xenophobia and allowing equal opportunities for participation by and consultation with human rights NGOs, whether the dialogue takes place in Russia or in an EU Member State; emphasises, however, that the current situation in Russia gives rise to serious concern in terms of respect for human rights, democracy, freedom of expression and the rights of civil society and individuals to challenge authorities and hold them accountable for their actions; underlines the importance of NGOs independent of national governments for the development of civil society;

7.  Reiterates, moreover, the importance of setting up the Common Economic Space (CES) and further developing the objectives agreed upon in the CES Road Map, especially as regards the creation of an open and integrated market between the EU and Russia;

8.  Expresses the hope that an agreement can soon be reached on the conditions for rapid accession of the Russian Federation to the World Trade Organisation; insists in this framework that an agreement be reached soon on the level of duties for the export of raw timber from the Russian Federation to the European Union;

9.  Stresses the importance of improving the climate for European investment in Russia, which can only be achieved by promoting and facilitating non-discriminatory and transparent business conditions, less bureaucracy and two-way investment; is concerned about the lack of predictability in the application of rules by authorities;

10.  Welcomes the intensified EU-Russia dialogue on energy issues and on environmental protection; underlines the importance of energy imports for European economies, representing as they do a potential opportunity for further trade and economic cooperation between the EU and Russia; stresses that the principles of interdependence and transparency should be the basis of such cooperation, together with equal access to markets, infrastructure and investment; welcomes Russia's accession to the Kyoto Protocol and stresses the need for full support from Russia for binding post-Kyoto climate change targets; calls on the Council and the Commission to ensure that the principles of the Energy Charter Treaty, the Transit Protocol annexed thereto and the G8 conclusions are included in a new Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between the EU and Russia, including further cooperation on energy efficiency, carbon emission reductions and renewable energy, including the use of bio-energy; points out that these principles should be applied to major energy infrastructure projects; calls for the European Union to speak to Russia with one voice on these sensitive energy matters;

11.  Appeals to the Governments of Russia and the United States to intensify the discussions on defence and security issues directly or indirectly involving the European Union Member States; urges the governments of both states fully to involve the European Union and its Member States in these discussions and to refrain from any steps and decisions which might be considered a threat to peace and stability on the European continent;

12.  Calls on the Russian Government - together with the European Union and the other members of the Contact Group for Kosovo - to make a positive contribution to the finding of a sustainable political solution for the future of Kosovo and for the further enhancement of the stability of the Western Balkans;

13.  Calls on the Council and Commission to pursue joint initiatives with the Russian Government aimed at strengthening security and stability in the common neighbourhood, in particular by means of enhanced dialogue on the establishment of democracy in Belarus and by joint efforts to finally resolve the conflicts in Nagorno Karabakh, Moldova and Georgia;  

14.  Calls on the EU and on Russia, as a member of the UN Security Council, to continue their efforts to make progress in the Middle East peace process and to find a solution for the Iranian nuclear issue;

15.  Welcomes the initiatives to achieve visa-free travel between the European Union and Russia; calls for further cooperation on illegal immigration, improved checks on identity documents and better information exchange on terrorism and organised crime; emphasises that the Council and Commission must ensure that Russia complies with all the conditions set in any negotiated agreement on the elimination of visas between the two sides, so as to prevent any breach of security and democracy in Europe;

16.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Governments and Parliaments of the Member States and of the Russian Federation, the Council of Europe and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

(1) OJ L 327, 28.11.1997, p. 1.
(2) P6_TA(2007)0528.

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