Motion for a resolution - B7-0058/2009Motion for a resolution
B7-0058/2009

    MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on energy security

    14.9.2009

    to wind up the debate on the statement by the Commission
    pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

    Michał Tomasz Kamiński, Charles Tannock, Roberts Zīle, Adam Bielan, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Ryszard Antoni Legutko on behalf of the ECR Group

    See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0040/2009

    Procedure : 2009/2532(RSP)
    Document stages in plenary
    Document selected :  
    B7-0058/2009

    B7‑0058/2009

    European Parliament resolution on energy security

    The European Parliament,

    –   having regard to its resolution of 26 September 2007, 'Towards a common European foreign policy on energy',

    –   having regard to the intergovernmental agreement between Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Turkey on the Nabucco gas pipeline project, which was signed on 13 July 2009 in Ankara,

    –   having regard to the acquisition by the Russian oil and gas company Surgutneftegaz of a large minority share (21.2 %) in the Hungarian petrochemical company MOL, a member of the Nabucco consortium,

    –   having regard to the protocol on cooperation in the gas sphere between Russia and Turkey, signed on 6 August 2009 in Ankara, under which Turkey gives preliminary consent to build the South Stream gas pipeline and authorises Russia to carry out survey work for the pipeline in Turkey's territorial waters,

    –   having regard to the Memorandum of Understanding signed on 13 July 2009 between 12 EU companies to establish a DESERTEC Industrial Initiative to exploit the vast potential for solar energy in the Middle East and north Africa,

    –   having regard to the Second Strategic Energy Review,

    –   having regard to the Commission proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning measures to safeguard security of gas supply and repealing Directive 2004/67/EC (COM(2009)363 final),

    –   having regard to the Commission proposal for a Council regulation concerning notification to the Commission of investment projects in energy infrastructure within the European Community and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 736/96 (COM(2009)361 final),

    –   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

    A. whereas energy security constitutes an essential component of the overall security, stability and prosperity of the European Union as well as a key element for the pursuit of economic and social development in Europe, for which, however, there is still no basis under the Treaties,

    B.  whereas the EU's dependence on energy imports is significant at present and, as things stand, is projected to increase,

    C. whereas, despite the drop in oil and gas prices as a result of the global financial crisis, it remains the case that the slow progress in switching to more sustainable fuels, declining output from the world's oil and gas fields and the continuing growth in demand inevitably mean a return to tighter fossil fuel markets and increasing import dependence for the consuming countries once the crisis is over,

    D. whereas several Member States are highly dependent on a single supplier of natural gas and whereas any unwarranted disruption in its supply can cause a severe crisis, as demonstrated during the last Russia-Ukraine gas crisis at the beginning of this year,

    E.  whereas a number of Member States do not possess sufficient natural reserves to cope with crises,

    F.  whereas, owing to existing and increasing energy-supply dependence on politically unstable regions, efforts to ensure security of supply exclusively at the national level have proved to be insufficient and do not safeguard the long-term interests of all EU Member States,

    G. whereas the existing early-warning instruments proved inadequate to predict the gas crisis of January 2009,

    H. whereas predictable threats to the security of energy supplies will continue to exist as long as the energy-producing and transit countries do not abide by common and transparent rules, as defined by the Energy Charter Treaty and the Transit Protocol,

    I.   whereas close cooperation in the field of energy supply constitutes one of the most effective and indispensable confidence-building measures in relations between the European Union and neighbouring countries,

    J.   whereas, despite some steps already taken, there is a need to create a truly common energy policy with regard to internal market regulation, though not with regard to the energy mix, which remains the prerogative of Member States, as well as external aspects, that takes into account the political and economic interests of all Member States,

    K. whereas a common external energy policy based on solidarity, diversification, unity in defending common interests and increased cooperation with the major energy-producing, transit and consumer countries would create synergies ensuring security of supply for the European Union and would enhance the EU's strength, capacity for action in foreign policy matters and credibility as a global actor,

    1.  Calls on the Commission and Member States to display stronger strategic leadership in establishing a genuine common European foreign policy on energy, as called for in its resolution of 26 September 2007, 'Towards a common European foreign policy on energy';

    2.  Welcomes the measures geared to diversification and improving the EU's energy security proposed by the Commission in the Second Strategic Energy Review; considers, however, that clearly defined priorities and speedy action are needed to implement them, whilst keeping Parliament fully informed;

    3.  Reiterates that a properly functioning internal energy market is of vital importance with a view to preventing future gas disruptions and crises, as well as diversifying energy sources; therefore underlines the need for more investments in renewable and low-carbon energy and energy efficiency, which should be a central part of the Energy Action Plan for 2010-2014;

    4.  Welcomes the proposals for regulations on measures to safeguard security of gas supply and on energy infrastructure investment projects within the European Community which contribute to better security of gas supply in the European Union by ensuring that Member States take preventive action and improve crisis management mechanisms and by means of greater transparency and less red tape;

    5.  Underlines the urgency of the realisation of strategic projects aimed at the diversification of energy supplies, especially in the Southern Corridor; congratulates in this context the Governments of Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Turkey on the 13 July signing of the Intergovernmental Agreement on the legal framework for the Nabucco pipeline project, which constitutes an important step in realising this project, but underlines at the same time the importance of a general regime for the development of the corridor to link the EU to new sources of gas from the Middle East and the Caspian region, independent of a particular company or pipeline and aimed primarily at the speedy realisation of this link; urges the companies and Member States involved, in close cooperation with the Commission, to secure the initial agreements with the prospective suppliers to feed the pipelines;

    6.  Calls on the Commission to step up efforts to diversify energy forms and sources; expects a strong EU commitment to and reaffirms its support for the Nabucco pipeline and takes the view that this project should be a priority for the European Union with appropriate specific support from the EU budget; calls on the Commission to continue its efforts to adopt a genuine common external energy security policy, while respecting the principles of subsidiarity;

    7.  Calls on the Commission to speed up efforts to pursue the construction of the Nabucco pipeline, as the most serious alternative to the projects undertaken in cooperation with Russia, which will all potentially increase the economic and political dependence of the EU Member States on Russia, which has just announced that it has formally withdrawn all participation in the Energy Charter Treaty;

    8.  Stresses that the South Stream gas pipeline project that is being led by Gazprom and ENI is putting at risk the Nabucco pipeline project, which should be considered a strategic priority by the EU;

    9.  Stresses that Russia cannot be considered a reliable energy supplier to Europe after repeatedly cutting off gas supplies to Europe; underlines that reliability of trading partners and solidarity between EU Member States is crucial for the future security of gas supplies in Europe;

    10. Calls on the Commission to provide political, legal and financial assistance to companies which are either involved or are seeking involvement in the realisation of strategic projects and take a lead in standardising agreements that underpin pipeline development;

    11. Considers the improvement of interconnections within Europe essential, since filling the existing gaps is vital to the efficient functioning of the internal market and energy solidarity; welcomes, in this regard, the agreement on the financing of infrastructure projects as part of the European Economic Recovery Plan, but insists that a general increase in public financing in the field of energy security is indispensable;

    12. Calls on the Member States to inform each other and the Commission about strategic decisions and agreements concerning energy infrastructure projects; notes that the recent agreement on the third liberalisation package renewed the procedure for exemptions for new infrastructure and sets the legal framework for certification as a Transmission System Operator in relation to third countries;

    13. Calls on the Commission to take immediate action against hostile takeover moves by non-transparent foreign entities in the EU's energy market and to apply strictly the EU rules on competition; is alarmed by Surgutneftegaz's recent acquisition of a stake in the Hungarian energy company MOL and Surgutneftegaz's inability to disclose its ownership structure and the identity of its ultimate beneficial owners, as legitimately requested by the Hungarian energy market regulator;

    14. Calls on the Council and Commission to cooperate with the countries of the Mediterranean region and North Africa in view of their significant energy resource potential and substantial opportunities for their own development; encourages in particular the use of solar and wind energy in these regions; welcomes the recent progress of the DESERTEC Industrial Initiative to develop the vast solar energy potential in the Middle East and North Africa;

    15. Emphasises the strategic importance of the Arctic region for the EU, with regard to energy resources and environmental and transport issues; in view of the growing accessibility of resources due to the effects of climate change, underlines the necessity to develop a comprehensive strategy for cooperation in the far north; is therefore convinced that in order to safeguard its long-term interests, the EU should ensure that partners in the region, such as Norway and Iceland, are actively involved in such a strategy; calls for fresh reflection on a pragmatic long-term EU policy with other stakeholders, such as Russia, the United States and Canada, on energy and security as well as transport and the environment, in order to avoid potential conflict in this sensitive region;

    16. Emphasises that progress in building a common European energy policy depends on the common political will of all 27 Member States; urges the EU and Member States to take steps to secure a legal basis for a common European energy supply and security;

    17. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States.