Motion for a resolution - B7-0131/2009Motion for a resolution
B7-0131/2009

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the EU-Russia Summit in Stockholm on 18 November 2009

4.11.2009

to wind up the debate on statements by the Council and Commission
pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

Elmar Brok, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Ioannis Kasoulides on behalf of the PPE Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0128/2009

Procedure : 2009/2700(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected :  
B7-0131/2009

B7‑0131/2009

European Parliament resolution on the EU-Russia Summit in Stockholm on 18 November 2009

The European Parliament,

–         having regard to the EU-Russia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA), which entered into force in 1997 and expired in 2007,

–         having regard to the negotiations on a new general cooperation agreement between the EU and Russia which were launched at the EU-Russia Summit held on 26 and 27 June 2008 in Khanty-Mansiysk,

–         having regard to its previous reports and resolutions on Russia and on EU-Russia relations, in particular its resolution of 17 September 2009 on the murder of human rights activists in Russia, its resolution of 17 September 2009 on external aspects of energy security, and its resolution of 19 June 2008 on the EU-Russia Summit of 26-27 June 2008 in Khanty-Mansiysk,

–         having regard to the final statement and recommendations issued by the EU-Russia Parliamentary Cooperation Committee following its 11th meeting held in Brussels on 16-17 February 2009,

–         having regard to the EU-Russia Human Rights Consultations,

–         having regard to the outcome of the meeting of the EU-Russia Permanent Partnership Council held in Brussels on 19 October 2009,

–         having regard to the draft agenda for the forthcoming EU-Russia Summit in Stockholm on 18 November 2009,

–         having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

 

A.       whereas the European Union remains committed to the process of further developing its relations with Russia, leading to deep and comprehensive economic integration and interdependence,

B.       whereas the conclusion of a new general cooperation agreement between the EU and Russia, the sixth round of negotiations for which took place in early October 2009, with the next round scheduled for mid-December 2009, remains of the utmost importance for the further development and intensification of cooperation between the two partners,

C.       whereas the EU and Russia, which is a member of the UN Security Council, share a responsibility for maintaining global stability, and whereas enhanced cooperation and good-neighbourly relations between the EU and Russia are of particular importance for the stability, security and prosperity of Europe,

D.       whereas the accession of Russia to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) would make a substantial contribution to the further improvement of economic relations between the EU and Russia, subject to a binding commitment to full compliance with and implementation of WTO commitments and obligations, and would pave the way for a deep and comprehensive economic integration agreement between the two partners,

E.        whereas energy and security of energy supplies represent one of the biggest challenges facing Europe and one of the major areas of cooperation with Russia; whereas joint efforts are needed to make full and efficient use of energy transmission systems, both those which already exist and those to be further developed; and whereas the EU's heavy dependence on fossil fuels imported from Russia risks undermining the development of a balanced, coherent and value-driven European approach to Russia,

F.        whereas the EU and Russia could and should together play an active role in establishing peace and stability on the European continent and, in particular, work together to achieve a peaceful settlement under international law of the conflicts between Georgia and its breakaway regions South Ossetia and Abkhazia and those in Nagorno-Karabakh and Transnistria,

G.       whereas on 25 October 2009 Russian border guards seized 16 Georgian citizens from the Georgian village of Gremiskhevi who had allegedly crossed the administrative border between Georgia and the breakaway region of South Ossetia, and whereas disputes of this kind seriously affect freedom of movement and access to farmland on both sides of the administrative border and should be resolved between the parties concerned under the Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism co-chaired by the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM) in Georgia,

H.       whereas on 19 October 2009 Russia and the US resumed talks in Geneva on the drafting of a new agreement to succeed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), marking the first tangible step in the thaw in US-Russia relations announced by the Obama Administration; whereas on 23 October 2009 US Defense Secretary Robert Gates told a news conference held following the NATO ministerial meeting in Bratislava that the Russian radar stations in Gabala and Armavir, which Russia was proposing for joint use, could prove a real asset to the overall missile defence system for Europe that the US is currently establishing, thereby opening up the prospect of the US, NATO and Russia becoming partners in building a joint missile defence system; and whereas from 18 September to 5 October 2009 Russia and Belarus held strategic manoeuvres which were consistent with the procedures laid down in the OSCE Vienna Document of 1999, but gave rise to serious concerns about their compliance with the letter and spirit of the Eastern Partnership Programme and the EU-Russia PCA,

I.         whereas there is still serious concern about developments in Russia with regard to democracy, human rights, the independence of the judiciary, increased state control of the media, the inability of the police and judicial authorities to find those responsible for the murders of journalists and human rights defenders, the repressive measures taken against the opposition, the selective application of the law by the authorities and the fairness of elections, including the regional and local elections held on 11 October 2009; and whereas on 16 December 2009 the Sakharov Prize will be awarded to the organisation Memorial and other human rights defenders in Russia,

J.        whereas it is important that the EU should speak with one voice, show solidarity and display unity in its relations with Russia, and base those relations on mutual interests and shared values,

1.        Notes that the EU-Russia Summit in Stockholm on 18 November 2009 will focus on the economic and financial crisis, climate change, energy and energy security and on a number of regional and international issues and hopes that this meeting will further improve EU-Russia relations;

2.        Reaffirms its conviction that Russia remains an important partner for the purpose of building comprehensive cooperation and that the EU shares with Russia not only economic and trade interests, but also the objective of cooperating closely both at international level and in our common neighbourhood;

3.        Expresses its support for efforts to shape future relations with Russia in a pragmatic way by focusing on the ongoing cooperation based on the Four Common Spaces, the negotiations on a new general cooperation agreement and the implementation of commitments and agreements entered into so far;

4.        Welcomes the progress made in the negotiations on the new EU-Russia agreement, which should cover all areas of cooperation between the parties and represent an advance on the current PCA both in terms of the depth of the commitments and the subjects covered;

5.        Deplores the fact that the current situation in the areas of democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Russia, which is a member of the Council of Europe and of the OSCE, is giving rise to serious concern as regards Russia's willingness and ability to abide by these principles and values, and therefore insists that the protection of human rights should be a key item on the agenda for the EU-Russia Summit and an integral part of the new EU-Russia agreement;

6.        Reiterates its support for the objective of Russia's accession to the WTO, which will create a level playing field for the business communities on both sides and greatly help Russian efforts to build a modern, diversified, high-technology economy; calls on Russia to take the steps needed to remove the remaining obstacles to the accession process, namely Russian export duties, the level of railway fees for goods in transit through Russia and the restrictions on imports of meat, milk and plant products, following which the EU should open discussions on the conclusion of a free-trade agreement with the Russian Federation; welcomes, in this context, the decision by Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan to abandon their attempt to join the WTO as a single customs union, which could have added years to the negotiations;

7.        Expresses concern, however, at some of the measures that the Russian Government has introduced in response to the economic crisis; in that connection, calls on the Russian Government to reconsider such measures in the light of the undertakings given at the recent G20 Summit not to use protectionist measures to tackle the crisis;

8.        Reiterates, moreover, the importance of establishing the Common Economic Space (CES) between the EU and Russia and further developing the objectives agreed upon in the CES Road Map, particularly as regards the creation of an open and integrated market between the EU and Russia;

9.        Calls on the Council and Commission to redouble their efforts to solve the problems at EU-Russia border crossings, to become involved in concrete projects and to make full use of the new Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument and INTERREG funds for cross-border cooperation; deplores the fact that Russia is still not honouring its commitment to phase out Siberian overflight payments and calls on Russia to sign the agreement reached on this issue at the summit in Samara;

10.      Welcomes the intensified EU-Russia dialogue on energy, which is one of the most important aspects of cooperation between the two sides; underlines the importance of energy imports for European economies, a fact which creates a potential opportunity for further trade and economic cooperation between the EU and Russia; stresses that such cooperation should be based on the principles of interdependence and transparency, along with equal access to markets, infrastructure and investment; calls on the Council and the Commission to ensure that the principles of the Energy Charter Treaty and the Transit Protocol annexed thereto are incorporated in the new agreement between the EU and Russia;

11.      Looks forward to the signing between the European Union and Russia of an agreement on the establishment of an early-warning mechanism on energy security to cover notification, consultation and implementation, and calls on the Swedish Presidency and on the Commission to work with the Russian authorities, Gazprom, the Ukrainian authorities and Naftohaz Ukrainy in order to avoid any repetition of the supply shut-offs that have occurred in recent years;

 

12.      Stresses the need for Russia to lend its full support to binding post-Kyoto climate change targets, and calls on the Swedish Presidency and the Council to cooperate with Russia in order to secure a global agreement at the UN Climate Change Conference to be held in Copenhagen from 7 to 18 December 2009;

 

13.      Welcomes the progress which the EU and Russia have made in implementing their Common Space of Freedom, Security and Justice and repeats its call on both the EU Member States and on Russia fully to implement the visa facilitation and readmission agreements; calls for further cooperation on illegal immigration, improved checks on identity documents and better information exchange on terrorism and organised crime; emphasises that the Council and Commission must ensure that Russia complies with all the conditions laid down in any negotiated agreement on the abolition of visas in the long term, so as to prevent any breach of security in Europe;

 

14.      Calls on the Council and Commission to pursue joint initiatives with the Russian Government aimed at strengthening security and stability in the world and, in particular, in the common neighbourhood and at achieving a peaceful settlement under international law of the conflicts in Nagorno-Karabakh and Transnistria and, above all, that between Georgia and its breakaway regions South Ossetia and Abkhazia;

 

15.      Welcomes, in this context, the achievements of EUMM, which has demonstrated the EU's willingness and ability to act resolutely to promote peace and stability and helped to create the necessary conditions for the implementation of the agreements of 12 August and 8 September 2008; reiterates its commitment to Georgia's territorial integrity and calls on all the parties fully to honour their commitments; points out that EUMM has a country-wide mandate and calls for it to be granted unhindered access to Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which it has so far been denied; reaffirms its full commitment to the Geneva talks and the continued co-chairmanship of this forum by the EU, the UN and the OSCE;

 

16.      Asks the Presidency to express the EU's support for the talks between Russia and the US on a new agreement to succeed START and for the initiatives aimed at developing a joint missile defence system involving the US, Russia and NATO;

 

17.      Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Government and Parliament of the Russian Federation, the Council of Europe and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe.