Motion for a resolution - B7-0080/2010Motion for a resolution
B7-0080/2010

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the situation in Iran

3.2.2010

to wind up the debate on the statement by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Elmar Brok, Lena Kolarska-Bobińska, Mario Mauro, Michael Gahler, Marco Scurria, Alejo Vidal-Quadras, Potito Salatto, Tunne Kelam, Salvatore Tatarella, Monica Luisa Macovei on behalf of the PPE Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0078/2010

Procedure : 2010/2504(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected :  
B7-0080/2010
Texts tabled :
B7-0080/2010
Debates :
Texts adopted :

B7‑0080/2010

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Iran

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions on Iran, in particular those concerning human rights,

 

 having regard to its resolution of 24 April 2009 on the humanitarian situation of Camp Ashraf residents,

 

 having regard to the Declaration on Iran issued by the European Council at its meeting of 10 and 11 December 2009,

 

 having regard to the Presidency Statement of 28 December 2009 on the recent demonstrations in Iran,

 having regard to International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination, to which the Islamic Republic of Iran is a party,

 having regard to the Iranian Ministry of Intelligence Statement of 5 January 2010, declaring all contacts between Iranian citizens and 60 non-governmental organisations, plus numerous international media which broadcast in Farsi, to be ‘illegal’,

 having regard to the events of 27 December 2009, when at least 15 individuals, including the opposition leader's nephew Seyed Ali Mousavi, were killed during opposition protests, and to the events that have occurred since then,

 having regard to the High Representative's Declaration of 12 January 2010 on the trial against seven Baha'i leaders in Iran,

 having regard to the resolution adopted by the IAEA Board of Governors on 27 November 2009, on the implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and relevant provisions of United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008) and 1835 (2008),

 having regard to the letter of 29 November 2009 signed by the majority of Majlis members and directing the Atomic Energy Organisation of Iran to plan the construction of a further 10 uranium enrichment facilities, as well as to the comment of 30 November 2009 by the speaker of the Majlis calling into question the importance of the Non-Proliferation Treaty,

–   having regard to the cancellation by the Iranian authorities of the visit to Tehran by the European Parliament's Delegation for Relations with Iran, scheduled for 8-11 January 2010,

 having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the general human rights situation in Iran is continuing to deteriorate, in particular as regards the exercise of civil rights and political freedoms,

B.  whereas tens of thousands of Iranian citizens have repeatedly taken to the streets to challenge the results of the presidential elections of 12 June 2009 and protest against violations of fundamental rights; whereas at least 150 people have reportedly been killed and thousands of demonstrators arrested, most recently following the death of Hoseyn Ali Montazeri and during and after the Shi'ite ritual of Ashura,

C. whereas the authorities have responded to these protests by the use of force resulting in loss of life, mass arrests and the sentencing to death of several protesters,

D. whereas the authorities have also claimed that foreign governments and organisations are behind these democratic protests and has therefore banned Iranian citizens from coming into contact with numerous foreign non-governmental organisations and has blocked international media access to Iran,

E.  whereas seven leaders of the Baha'i faith have been put on trial on charges that appear to be based on their membership of a religious minority,

F.  whereas Iran is a party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), has foresworn the acquisition of nuclear weapons by ratifying the NPT and is legally bound to declare and place all its nuclear activity, including nuclear material, under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards,

G.  whereas Article IV of the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) notes the inalienable right of all Parties to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination and in conformity with Articles I and II of the Treaty,

H. whereas Iran has operated a covert nuclear programme for nearly 20 years, in clear contravention of its explicit obligations under the NPT,

I.   whereas Iran concealed the construction of the uranium enrichment facility near the city of Qom until 21 September 2009, thus violating the provisions of the revised IAEA Code 3.1 as well as numerous UN Security Council resolutions demanding full suspension of its enrichment activities,

J.   whereas Iran has not yet suspended any of its enrichment-related, reprocessing and heavy water activities and has not ratified the NPT Additional Protocols as it is required to do under UNSC resolutions 1696 (2006), 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008) and 1835 (2008), as a step which should contribute to restoring confidence in the peaceful nature of its programme,

K.  whereas the Iranian Parliament, the Majlis, is empowered by Iranian law to ratify the Additional Protocol, and has taken steps to prevent such ratification,

L.  whereas in the above-mentioned report of 16 November 2009 the outgoing IAEA Director-General, Dr ElBaradei, noted that unless Iran implements the Additional Protocol and clarifies the outstanding issues to the satisfaction of the IAEA, the Agency will not be in a position to provide credible assurances about the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities in Iran, and that there remain a number of outstanding issues which give rise to concerns about possible military dimensions to Iran's nuclear programme,

M. whereas an Iranian nuclear weapons capability would pose a grave threat to global peace and security by fundamentally altering and destabilising the strategic balance in the Middle East, and would severely undermine the Non-Proliferation Treaty,

N. whereas Iran is continuing to develop ballistic missile technology and is pursuing the capability to field intercontinental ballistic missiles, a delivery system suited to nuclear weapons payloads,

O. whereas UN Security Council Resolution 1803 (2008) calls for vigilance in entering into new commitments for publicly provided financial support for trade with Iran, as well as over the activities of financial institutions with all of the banks domiciled in Iran,

P.  whereas, during their annual summit held from 8 to 10 July 2009 in L'Aquila, Italy, the G8 leaders expressed serious concern at the proliferation risks posed by Iran's nuclear programme and the country's continued failure to meet its international obligations,

Q. whereas the Iranian Government is persisting in exerting pressure on the Iraqi authorities to forcibly displace the residents of Camp Ashraf,

R.  whereas the cancellation of a visit by an official European Parliament delegation to Iran may be seen as further proof of the Iranian authorities' desire to restrict foreign access to the country and ensure that there are no witnesses to its actions,

On human rights

1.  Reiterates its strong condemnation of the continued use of police force, including the firing upon unarmed crowds that has been reported; deplores the arbitrary arrest and killing of demonstrators and opposition leaders by Iranian security forces and paramilitary organisations; urges the Iranian authorities to respect fundamental civil and political rights, especially freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and freedom of information, and to cease its suppression of these rights;

2.  Is deeply shocked by the Iranian authorities' decision to hang two young men, Mohammad Reza Ali-Zamani and Arash Rahmanpur, who were charged with 'Moharebeh'’ (waging war against God), but who merely expressed their opposition to the regime during the post-electoral protests in June 2009;

3.  Calls for the release of all those arrested during the recent protests and those opposition members – whether students, academics, campaigners, journalists, or human rights activists – who were arrested in the wider context of the recent unrest and often taken from their home or place of work without warning; calls on the Iranian authorities to grant the International Committee of the Red Cross access to all prisoners, without exception;

4.  Calls on the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to dispatch a Special Envoy to examine the situation of political detainees and ensure that the Iranian authorities adhere to international procedural standards and comply with their legal human rights obligations;

5.  Calls on the Iranian authorities to enter into a constructive dialogue with the opposition, with the aim of bringing full democracy to Iran;

6.  Condemns the decision of the Iranian authorities to ban contacts with foreign non-governmental organisations, in particular those whose aim is to defend of civil liberties and rights, and calls on those authorities to lift this ban immediately;

7.  Strongly condemns the death sentences and executions in Iran, and calls for the abolition of the death penalty; considers the use of the charge of 'Moharebeh', a crime against the Islamic religion, to be unacceptable;

8.  Strongly condemns the Iranian Government's decision to commence the trial against seven leaders of the Iranian Baha'i community; reiterates its appeal to the Iranian authorities to live up to the government's obligation to respect religious minorities and to promptly release the leaders of the Baha'i community and all those currently detained in Iran solely on the basis of their religious beliefs;

9.  Calls for unrestricted access to be given to international and all Iranian media to cover events in Iran; stresses that a clear picture of these events can only be given by independent media;

On the nuclear issue

10.  Reiterates that the proliferation risks in connection with the Iranian nuclear programme remain a source of serious concern to the EU and the international community, as expressed very clearly in UNSC Resolutions 1696 (2006), 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008) and 1835 (2008); makes clear once again, therefore, that Iran must without further delay comply with its international obligations to suspend all enrichment-related, reprocessing and heavy-water activities;

11.  Deplores the fact that no substantive progress has been made on key issues of serious concern, and repeats its calls to Iran to restore the transparency of its nuclear programme by providing full, clear and credible answers to the IAEA, to resolve all outstanding issues and concerns relating to this programme, including topics which could have a military dimension, to implement fully the provisions of the Comprehensive Safeguard Agreement, including its subsidiary arrangements, and to ratify and implement the Additional Protocol;

12.  Deplores the decision by the Iranian authorities to reject a draft agreement proposed by the P5+1 on the enrichment of nuclear fuel, thereby blocking further negotiations on the nuclear issue;

13.  Calls on Iran to confirm, as requested by the IAEA, that it has not authorised the construction of any other undeclared nuclear facilities;

14.  Reiterates its full support for the UNSC resolutions adopted under Chapter VII, Article 41, of the UN Charter, including the provisions concerning the imposition of sanctions on Iran as long as it refuses to suspend its nuclear activities and otherwise comply with the said resolutions; endorses the above-mentioned European Council conclusions; welcomes the fact that the international community is maintaining a common approach to the issue; expresses support for EU backing of UNSC action if Iran continues not to cooperate with the international community over its nuclear programme, as well as for EU readiness to take the necessary steps to supplement this UNSC process with independent European measures; urges a resumption of efforts by the Foreign Ministers of the UNSC permanent member countries and Germany, as well as the EU's High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, to reach agreement on a new draft resolution on Iran which makes provision for further measures; calls on all the EU Member States to minimise their dealings with Iran in the areas of trade and finance;

15.  Reiterates its position that a solution to the present nuclear escalation is possible; calls on the international community to continue the dual-track process, to proceed cautiously in engaging with Iran, and to prevent Iran from continuing to play for time;

16.  Stresses the importance of cooperation with the United States, Russia, China and non-aligned countries in order to consider complementary concepts with a view to achieving a comprehensive agreement with Iran on its nuclear facilities and their use which takes account of the possible military dimensions of Iran's nuclear programme;

On Ashraf Refugee Camp

17.  Calls on the Iranian Government to cease any interference in internal Iraqi affairs aimed at imposing a blockade on the Ashraf refugee camp and bringing about the forcible displacement of its residents;

On EU-Iran relations

18.  Deplores the decision by the Iranian authorities to prevent its delegation from visiting Iran to meet with both government and opposition officials; believes that this only serves to harm relations between the European Union and Iran further and to increase the Iranian regime's isolation of the country from the international community;

19.  Reminds the Iranian authorities that in order to develop fruitful relations with the EU Iran must guarantee fundamental human rights, respect for the principles of democracy, freedom of expression and the rule of law, as this is a prerequisite for all countries which maintain political and economic relations with the EU; emphasises that the possible conclusion of a Cooperation and Trade Agreement between Iran and the EU is contingent on respect for these values, on Iran's full compliance with UNSC and IAEA resolutions, and on the provision of verifiable guarantees regarding the peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear programme and on the cessation of Iran's support for terrorism;

20.  Urges that a comprehensive review be carried out of the EU's bilateral relationship with Iran; in this context, and in view of the role played by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard in suppressing post-election protests and in advancing Iran's WMD programme and facilitating international terrorism, calls for its inclusion in the EU list of terrorist organisations and persons linked to terrorist activities;

21.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Director-General of the IAEA, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the UN Human Rights Council and the Government and Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran.