Procedure : 2010/2709(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0298/2010

Texts tabled :

B7-0298/2010

Debates :

PV 16/06/2010 - 7
CRE 16/06/2010 - 7

Votes :

PV 17/06/2010 - 7.10
CRE 17/06/2010 - 7.10

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2010)0234
P7_TA(2010)0235

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 132kWORD 75k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0296/2010
9.6.2010
PE441.916v01-00
 
B7-0298/2010

to wind up the debate on statements by the Council and Commission

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the conclusions of the EU/Russia summit


Michał Tomasz Kamiński, Charles Tannock, Ryszard Antoni Legutko, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Ryszard Czarnecki, Adam Bielan, Jacek Olgierd Kurski, Konrad Szymański, Paweł Robert Kowal, Marek Henryk Migalski, Janusz Wojciechowski, Edvard Kožušník, Roberts Zīle on behalf of the ECR Group

European Parliament resolution on the conclusions of the EU/Russia summit  
B7‑0298/2010

The European Parliament,

–     having regard to the existing Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Russian Federation, of the other part, and the negotiations initiated in 2008 on a new EU-Russia treaty,

–     having regard to the Partnership for Modernization initiative,

–     having regard to the EU-Russia Human Rights Consultations,

–     having regard to its previous resolutions on the EU – Russia relations,

–     having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.    whereas the EU and Russia, which is a permanent member of the UN Security Council, share a responsibility for global stability and whereas enhanced cooperation and good-neighborly relations between the EU and Russia are of particular importance to the stability, security and prosperity of Europe; whereas Russia and EU Member States are all members of the OSCE and the Council of Europe,

B.    whereas the Summit in Rostov on Don was the first EU – Russia high level meeting after entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty,

C.    whereas the new EU – Russia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement, which is to provide a solid basis for deepened bilateral relations covering all aspects of the relationship, is currently being negotiated by both sides,

D.    whereas at the Summit EU and Russia signed a joint declaration on the “Partnership for Modernization”, which is aimed at giving Russia easier access to Western know-how and technology while committing the country to more democratic reforms and fighting corruption,

E.    whereas a fully functioning civil society is a cornerstone of any democratic country and an indication of the level of freedom and rule of law,

F.    whereas the working conditions of journalists in Russia are still far from satisfactory, with continued harassment, prosecution and even murders; whereas this situation may further deteriorate with the adoption of a new proposed legislation -introduced to the State Duma on 24 April 2010 - that would give the Federal Security Service (FSB) the right to summon journalists for questioning and demand that editors remove articles that ‘aid extremists' or ‘appear undesirable' from their publications,

G.    whereas intimidation of human rights activists, opposition politicians and independent journalists in an atmosphere of fear is still common, especially in the North Caucasus,

H.    whereas after more than 3.5 years the murderers of Anna Politkovskaya still have not been brought to justice, and lengthy delays are currently the case for investigations in many similar cases,

I.     whereas Council and Commission have launched an evaluation of the results of human rights consultations between EU and Russia, which are held twice a year,

J.     whereas more than 20,000 cases are currently pending against Russia at the European Court of Human Rights, with the vast majority of the cases where the Court has been able to deliver a judgment being lost by the Russian Federation,

K.   whereas the trial against former YUKOS oil company chief Mikhail Khodorkovsky and his associate Platon Lebedev is raising concerns over fair trial standards in Russia, adding to prevailing assessments of this case, including by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, as being unjust and politically-motivated,

L.    whereas Russia is the only Member State of the Council of Europe which does not routinely give its consent to the publication of reports of the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT),

M.   whereas in clashes in Moscow and St. Petersburg on 31st of May police detained about 200 protesters who demonstrated in support of Article 31 of the Constitution guaranteeing freedom of assembly,

N.   whereas Russian authorities cancelled direct elections of Mayors in many cities, like Nizhny Novgorod, Chelyabinsk, Ulyanovsk and Penza and are planning to do so in others, including Yekaterinburg, Perm and Volgograd; whereas the direct election of mayors has been already canceled in almost half of all municipalities,

O.   whereas on 5th of June Germany and Russia proposed creating an EU-Russia Political and Security Committee, working at a ministerial level and aimed at resolving regional crises and conflicts,

P.    whereas according to Georgian authorities Russia has not fully complied with the commitments it entered into under the cease-fire agreement from 12 August and 8 September 2008, by killing of at least 23 Georgian citizens with sniper fire from the occupied territories, building new military bases, significantly increasing its military presence in Abkhazia and South Ossetia and blocking the EUMM access to these provinces,

Q.   whereas on 27 April 2010, the Russian and Ukrainian parliaments ratified an agreement to extend Russia's lease of the Crimean port of Sevastopol for its Black Sea Fleet until 2042,

R.    whereas the revolution in Kyrgyzstan in April 2010 still raise the question about the independence of the country and eventual influence of Russia,

S.    whereas the accession of Russia to the World Trade Organization (WTO) would make a substantial contribution to the further improvement of economic relations between the EU and Russia, subject to a binding commitment to full compliance with and implementation of WTO commitments and obligations,

T.    whereas the Nord Stream and South Stream projects are going to increase the dependency of EU countries on Russian gas; whereas the plans to proceed with the Nabucco pipeline have lost their momentum, with the decision of Azerbaijani authorities to postpone the production from the deposits in the Caspian Sea which was supposed to become the main source of gas for this project,

1.    Calls for inclusion of a binding human rights section in the new Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between Russia and the European Union, as well as regarding human rights as a foundation for cooperation between the EU and Russia in the development of the Partnership for Modernisation;

2.    Urges Council and Commission to take concrete steps to ensure that the Partnership for Modernisation reflects the European Union’s and Russia’s jointly declared commitment to cooperation based on democracy and the rule of law as well as to prioritise ensuring the effective functioning of the judiciary and strengthening the fight against corruption;

3.    Calls on the Russian authorities to fully respect freedom of assembly and any other rights granted by the constitution to its citizens, and regrets that there was no reaction of EU representatives taking part in the Summit to the brutal police action in Moscow and St. Petersburg on the 31st of May;

4.    Urges Council and Commission to consider the current trial and upcoming verdict against Michail Khodorkovsky and Platon Lebedev as an indication of Russia's progress on rule of law, democratic reforms and fight against corruption;

5.    Reiterates its calls on the Russian authorities to ensure that the murderers of Natalia Estemirova, Andrei Kulagin, Zarema Sadulayeva, Alik Dzhabrailov, Maksharip Aushev and Anna Politkovskaya are found and brought to justice;

6.    Reiterates its call on the Russian authorities to ensure freedom of speech and to refrain from adopting laws that would enable them to prosecute and censor media on the pretext of anti-extremist and anti-terrorist activities;

7.    Welcomes progress in the development of civil society in Russia and reminds Russian authorities that the best way to enable its development is to refrain from hindering local initiatives;

8.    Calls on Russian authorities to fully implement the judgments of the ECHR and – apart from paying due financial compensations – to comply with the courts' orders to carry out meaningful investigations, uncover the underlying causes of abuses and introduce necessary reforms to prevent these from taking place in the future;

9.    Calls on Russian authorities to honour its commitment in the Ceasefire Agreement with Georgia, stop harassment of Georgian citizens on the borders of occupied territories and cease blocking of EUMM access to South Ossetia and Abkhazia;

10.  Notes the political and social unrest in Ukraine caused by the extension of Russia's lease of the Crimean port of Sevastopol for its Black Sea Fleet; believes that the prolonged presence of the Russian Black Sea Fleet in the Crimea may have destabilizing consequences for the territorial integrity of Ukraine and the entire region; underlines that instability in Ukraine goes against the interest of both the EU and all of our Eastern Partners;

11.  Notes the offer of Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, made on 30 April 2010, to merge Ukraine's national oil and gas company Naftohaz Ukrainy with Gazprom; believes that a joint venture between Naftohaz and Gazprom could be the beginning of Gazprom's takeover of Ukraine's energy sector and would hinder the energy security of EU Member States; reiterates that it is in the EU's interest to foster security of energy supplies flowing from Russia via Ukraine, to guarantee transparency and predictability of supply routes, and to ensure the modernization of the Ukrainian gas transit system under joint EU-Ukrainian endeavours;

12. Calls on the Council and the Commission to fully commit to the development of the Southern Corridor, including the Nabucco pipeline, to ensure the funds necessary for its construction and to enter into dialogue with the Azerbaijani authorities on enabling the gas deposits for the project;

13.  Welcomes the progress in negotiations on visa liberalization and reminds that introduction of a visa – free regime should be based on Russia‘s advancement in the areas of democracy, rule of law and respect for human rights;

14.  Welcomes the decision of the Commission and the Council to evaluate the impact of the human rights consultations with Russia and calls for publication of the full report and open discussion on its findings with the European Parliament, Member States and NGOs;

15.  Voices its concern over withdrawing from direct Mayoral elections in Russian municipalities and return to the policy of the nomination for this post on the basis of political merits;

16.  Notes the proposal to create the EU – Russia Political and Security Committee; reminds the Commission and the Council that should such body be created, it is crucial that EU speaks with one voice, negotiates common position on important matters and takes into account reservations voiced by any Member State;

17.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Member States, the Government and Parliament of the Russian Federation and the Council of Europe.

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