Motion for a resolution - B7-0300/2010Motion for a resolution

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the outcome of the EU-Russia Summit in Rostov on-Don of 31 May and 1 June 2010


to wind up the debate on the statement by the Commission
pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

Kristiina Ojuland on behalf of the ALDE Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0296/2010

Procedure : 2010/2709(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
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European Parliament resolution on the outcome of the EU-Russia Summit in Rostov on-Don of 31 May and 1 June 2010

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the existing Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Russian Federation, of the other part[1], and the negotiations initiated in 2008 on a new EU-Russia treaty,

–   having regard to the objective of the EU and Russia, set out in the joint statement issued following the 11th EU-Russia Summit held in St Petersburg on 31 May 2003, of setting up a common economic space, a common space of freedom, security and justice, a common space of cooperation in the field of external security and a common space of research and education, including cultural aspects (Four Common Spaces),

–   having regard to its previous reports and resolutions on Russia and on EU-Russia relations, in particular its resolution of 12 November, prior to the Stockholm EU-Russia summit held on 18 November 2009, its resolution of 17 September 2009 on the murder of human rights activists in Russia[2] and its resolution of 17 September 2009 on external aspects of energy security[3],

–   having regard to the EU-Russia Human Rights Consultations,

–   having regard to the agreements signed and joint statements made at the EU-Russia summit in Rostov-on-Don on 31 May to 1 June 2010,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the European Union continues to be committed to further deepen and develop the relations between the European Union and Russia, which is shown by the EU’s commitment to seriously engage in negotiating a new framework agreement for the further development of EU-Russia relations,

B.  whereas EU-Russia relations have faced a number of serious challenges over the last years, notably as regards concern over democracy and human rights in Russia, over the independence of the judiciary, over undue political control of the media, over the inability of the Russian police and judicial authorities to find those responsible for murders of journalists, over repressive measures taken against the opposition, over the selective application of laws by the authorities and the fairness of elections,

C. whereas the Lisbon Treaty aimed at strengthening the European Union’s capability to speak with one voice in external relations, including in its relations with Russia and create a unified policy based on solidarity and adherence to EU’s values, despite Russia’s preference for focussing on bilateral relations with some of the EU Member States,

D. whereas the emphasis on a ‘strategic partnership based on common values’ is gradually being replaced by a more realistic policy based on pragmatic co-operation and a firm and united stand by all Member States behind EU policy towards Russia,

E.  whereas economic and trade relations between the EU and Russia are evidence of increasing mutual interdependency between the EU and Russia which necessitates a joint effort and commitment to ensure its sustainable growth,

1.  Welcomes the outcome of the summit in Rostov-on-Don, which included the launch of a ‘Partnership for Modernisation’ between the European Union and Russia, the signing of a protocol on the protection of classified information and a and a joint statement on Gaza from High Representative Ashton and Foreign Minister Lavrov;

2.  Expresses its satisfaction that the first EU-Russia summit to be held since the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty was conducted in a constructive manner, and with partial progress;

3.  Underlines however that the new ‘Partnership of Modernisation’ must be given specific objectives and be thoroughly carried out and implemented, and include a strong value based component, to cover and include issues like the rule of law, democracy and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms;

4.  Reiterates its support for the objective of Russia’s accession to the WTO in order to help Russia to attract more foreign investment and diversify its economy; encourages the Council and the Commission to clarify outstanding issues with Russia, including whether the customs union with Belarus and Kazakhstan is compatible with WTO membership criteria;

5.  Finds it appropriate for the ‘Partnership of Modernisation’ to form a new base for the on-going negotiations on a new agreement between the European Union and Russia but underlines its demand for the new agreement to go beyond purely economic co-operation and also include the areas of democracy, rule of law, respect for human and fundamental rights, although the current situation in Russia gives rise to serious concern as regards its commitment and ability to abide by these principles and values, as exemplified in connection with the second trial against Mihail Khodorkovsky;

6.  Welcomes the recent Russian ratification on protocol 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the legislative changes to expand jury trials nationwide and the confirmation of the moratorium on the death penalty as positive steps and hopes that this is the first steps in the declared intention to improve the respect of human rights in Russia, underlines that the preparations for the next elections in Russia should be closely monitored by all EU institutions;

7.  Welcomes the signing of an agreement on the protection of classified information, which will facilitate cooperation in crisis management, but asks for the European Parliament to be fully informed on the content and scope of this agreement, and for a speedy evaluation of how reciprocal the implementation is; asks the Council to make full use of the 2002 IIA ESDP Special Committee, for this purpose;

8.  Calls on the Council and the Commission to redouble their efforts in solving the problems in border-crossing at the EU-Russian borders and to engage in concrete projects and to fully use the Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument and the INTERREG funds for cross-border co-operation and to fully implement the earlier agreement on Siberian overflights;

9.  Looks forward to the signing of an agreement on the establishment of an early-warning mechanism on energy security between the European Union and Russia to cover notification, consultation and implementation and calls on the Council and the Commission to work with the Russian authorities and Gazprom and the Ukrainian authorities and Naftohaz Ukrainy in order to avoid any repetition of the delivery cuts that have occurred over the last years;

10. Reiterates that EU-Russia energy co-operation must be based on the principles of the Energy Charter which must be incorporated in the new framework agreement between the EU and Russia in order to ensure transparent and fair mutual investment conditions, equal access and a rule based market;

11. Asks the Council and the Commission to work intensely with the Russian side on climate change issues and on renewable energy;

12. Underlines the need to engage Russia in the EU’s ‘Baltic Sea Strategy’ and to swiftly engage with Russia on improved maritime safety and a high level of environmental protection in the sensitive Baltic Sea;

13. Reiterates the call for a stepping-up of the EU-Russia Human Rights Dialogue and to open this process to an effective input from the European Parliament and the State Duma; calls for civil society, NGOs and human rights organisations to be more involved in the bi-annual summits between the EU and Russia;

14. Underlines that full and effective implementation of the existing visa facilitation agreement is of utmost importance and a pre-requisite for any move towards further visa liberalisation; calls in particular on Russia to revive and facilitate the cumbersome requirements for registration that still exist for foreign visitors to Russia;

15. Asks the Council and the Commission, along with the High Representative, to use all opportunities to express EU concern over a range of international issues where Russia’s constructive cooperation is crucial; notes in particular the need to solve the outstanding issues in Georgia and in South Caucasus but also, due to Russia’s position in international politics, the need for increased cooperation in dealing with Iran, Afghanistan, the Middle-East and other crucial issues on the international agenda;

16. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the Governments and Parliaments of the Member States and of the Russian Federation.