Motion for a resolution - B7-0429/2010Motion for a resolution
B7-0429/2010

    MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and the role of the European Union

    5.7.2010

    to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
    pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

    Elmar Brok, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Michael Gahler, Arnaud Danjean, Lena Kolarska-Bobińska, Mario Mauro on behalf of the PPE Group

    See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0413/2010

    Procedure : 2010/2772(RSP)
    Document stages in plenary
    Document selected :  
    B7-0429/2010
    Texts tabled :
    B7-0429/2010
    Texts adopted :

    B7‑0429/2010

    European Parliament resolution on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and the role of the European Union

    The European Parliament,

    –   having regard to the Convention on cluster munitions (CCM) adopted by 107 countries at the diplomatic conference held in Dublin from 19 to 30 May 2008,

    –   having regard to the message of 30 May 2008 from the United Nations Secretary-General encouraging ‘States to sign and ratify this important agreement without delay’ and stating that he looks forward ‘to its rapid entry into force’,

    –   having regard to its resolution of 20 November 2008 on the Convention on cluster munitions (P6_TA(2008)0565),

    –   having regard to its resolution of 10 March 2010 on the Implementation of the European Security Strategy and the Common Security and Defence Policy (P7_TA(2010)0061),

    –   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

    A. whereas the CCM has been open for signature since 3 December 2008 in Oslo, and thereafter at the United Nations in New York, and will enter into force on the first day of the sixth month after the thirtieth ratification, which is 1st of August 2010,

    B.  whereas the CCM defines cluster munitions designed to disperse or release explosive submunitions, each weighing less than 20 kilograms, and includes those explosive submunitions,

    C. whereas the CCM specifies ambitious requirements on precision-guided munitions acknowledging a higher degree on humanitarian considerations and underlining the fundamental difference with cluster munitions,

    D. whereas the CCM preserves the obligations of certain EU Member States, which see their common defence realised in the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO),

    E.  whereas the CCM will prohibit the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions,

    F.  whereas the CCM will require states parties to destroy stockpiles of such munitions,

    G. whereas the CCM will establish a new humanitarian standard for the assistance of victims and will require affected States to clear unexploded cluster munitions remnants that are left behind after conflicts,

    H. whereas until now twenty EU Member States have signed, eleven have ratified, and seven have neither signed nor ratified CCM,

    I.   whereas the support of most EU Member States, inter-parliamentary initiatives and a huge number of civil society organisations has been decisive for the successful conclusion of the 'Oslo Process' by the CCM,

    1.  Welcomes the entering into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) on 1 August 2010;

    2.  Calls on all EU Member States to sign and ratify the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) at the earliest opportunity;

    3.  Calls on all EU member states that have signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions to take every opportunity to encourage States not party to the CCM to sign and ratify or accede to the Convention as soon as possible, including through bilateral meetings, military-to-military dialogue and multilateral fora, as they are obligated to under Article 21 of the Convention;

    4.  Calls on the EU Member States not to take any action that might circumvent or jeopardise the CCM and its provisions; in particular, calls on all EU Member States not to adopt, endorse or subsequently ratify a possible Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) protocol allowing for the use of cluster munitions which would not be compatible with the prohibition of such munitions pursuant to Articles 1 and 2 of the CCM; calls on the Council and EU Members States to act respectively at the next CCW meeting on 30 August – 3 September 2010 in Geneva;

    5.  Calls on EU Member States that are not yet party to this Convention to take interim steps pending adherence, including to adopt a moratorium on the use, production and transfer of cluster munitions and to start the destruction of cluster munitions stockpiles as a matter of urgency;

    6.  Calls on EU Member States to take steps to begin to implement the Convention including by destroying stockpiles, undertaking clearance and providing victim assistance, and contributing to funding or different forms of assistance to other states in order to undertake the implementation of the Convention within the framework of existing resources;

    7.  Calls on the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy to make all efforts in order to realise the accession of the Union to the CCM which is possible after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and, in addition, to make all efforts to develop a strategy for the first review conference in the form of a Council Decision on a Common Position;

    8.  Calls on Council and Commission to include a ban on cluster munitions as a standard clause in agreements with third countries in addition to the standard clause on non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction;

    9.  Calls on EU Member States, Council and Commission to hinder and restrict third countries in proliferating cluster munitions to non-state actors;

    10. Calls on EU Member States that have signed the Convention to pass legislation to implement it at a national level; bearing in mind the differences between cluster munitions and precision-guided munitions, as this differentiation is central to an effective use of the existing mechanisms of the CCM;

    11. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the EU Member States, the UN Secretary-General and the Cluster Munitions Coalition.