Motion for a resolution - B7-0430/2010Motion for a resolution
B7-0430/2010

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and the role of the EU

5.7.2010

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

Roberto Gualtieri on behalf of the S&D Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0413/2010

Procedure : 2010/2772(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected :  
B7-0430/2010
Texts tabled :
B7-0430/2010
Texts adopted :

B7‑0430/2010

European Parliament resolution on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and the role of the EU

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) adopted by 107 countries at the diplomatic conference held in Dublin from 19 to 30 May 2008,

–   having regard to the message of 30 May 2008 from the United Nations Secretary-General encouraging ‘States to sign and ratify this important agreement without delay’ and stating that he looks forward ‘to its rapid entry into force’,

–   having regard to its resolution of 20 November 2008 on the Convention on Cluster Munitions (P6_TA(2008)0565),

–   having regard to its resolution of 10 March 2010 on the Implementation of the European Security Strategy and the Common Security and Defence Policy (P7_TA(2010)0061),

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the CCM has been open for signature since 3 December 2008 in Oslo, and thereafter at the United Nations in New York, and will enter into force on the first day of the sixth month after the thirtieth ratification, which is 1 August 2010,

B.  whereas the CCM will prohibit the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions as an entire category of weapons,

C. whereas the CCM will require states parties to destroy stockpiles of such munitions,

D. whereas cluster munitions pose serious risks to civilians, even after their initial deployment and after a conflict has ceased; whereas, in addition, cluster munitions are arguably counterproductive to military effectiveness,

E.  whereas the CCM will establish a new humanitarian standard for the assistance of victims and will require States to clear unexploded cluster munitions remnants that are left behind after conflicts,

F.  whereas until now twenty EU Member States have signed, eleven have ratified, and seven have neither signed nor ratified CCM,

G. whereas the support of most EU Member States and a huge number of civil society organisations has been decisive for the successful conclusion of the ‘Oslo Process’ by the CCM,

H. whereas the signature and ratification by all 27 EU Member States prior to the entry into force of CCW on 1 August 2010 would represent a strong political signal for a global ban on the use and export of cluster munitions and the EU's objectives with regard to the fight against the proliferation of weapons that kill indiscriminately,

1.  Welcomes the entering into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) on 1 August 2010;

2.  Urges all EU Member States and candidate countries to sign and ratify the CCM as a matter of urgency, preferably before 1 August 2010, including the non signatory states Estonia, Finland, Greece, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and the states that have signed but not yet ratified as Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Sweden;

3.  Urges all EU member states that have signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions to take every opportunity to encourage States not party to the CCM to sign and ratify or accede to the Convention as soon as possible, and to make their best efforts to discourage States not party to the Convention from using cluster munitions, as they are obligated to under Article 21 of the CCM;

4.  Calls on the EU Member States not to take any action that might circumvent or jeopardise the CCM and its provisions; in particular, calls on all EU Member States not to adopt, endorse or subsequently consent to be bound by a possible Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) protocol allowing for the use of cluster munitions which would not be compatible with the prohibition of such munitions pursuant to Articles 1 and 2 of the CCM; calls on the Council and EU Members States to act respectively at the next CCW meeting on 30 August – 3 September 2010 in Geneva;

5.  Urges EU Member States to take steps to begin to implement the Convention including by destroying stockpiles, undertaking clearance and providing victim assistance, and contribute to funding or different forms of assistance to other states to undertake implementation of the Convention;

6.  Calls on the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy to make all efforts in order to realise the accession of the Union to the CCM which is possible after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and, in addition, to make all efforts in order to develop a strategy for the first review conference in the form of a Council Decision on a Common Position;

7.  Calls on Council and Commission to include the ban on cluster munitions as a standard clause in agreements with third countries in addition to the standard clause on non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction;

8.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the EU Member States and candidate countries, the UN Secretary-General and the Cluster Munitions Coalition.