Motion for a resolution - B7-0611/2010Motion for a resolution
B7-0611/2010

    MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the forthcoming EU-US Summit and the Transatlantic Economic Council

    3.11.2010

    to wind up the debate on statements by the Council and the Commission
    pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

    Reinhard Bütikofer, Eva Lichtenberger, Yannick Jadot, Indrek Tarand, Jan Philipp Albrecht on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

    See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0608/2010

    Procedure : 2010/2898(RSP)
    Document stages in plenary
    Document selected :  
    B7-0611/2010

    B7‑0611/2010

    European Parliament resolution on the forthcoming EU-US Summit and the Transatlantic Economic Council

    The European Parliament,

    –   having regard to its previous resolutions on transatlantic relations, in particular its resolution of 26 March 2009 on the state of the transatlantic relations in the aftermath of the US election and its resolution on the TEC meeting of October 2009,

    –   having regard to the progress report adopted at the fourth Transatlantic Economic Council (TEC) meeting on 27 October 2009, and to the Joint Statement adopted at the Transatlantic Legislators’ Dialogue (TLD) meeting held in June 2010 in Madrid,

    –   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

    A. whereas the transatlantic partnership is founded on shared core values such as liberty, democracy, human rights and the rule of law, as well as common goals such as social progress and inclusiveness, open and integrated economies, sustainable development and the peaceful resolution of conflicts, and is the cornerstone of security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic area,

    B.  whereas the EU and the US play key roles in the global arena, and share responsibility for contributing to tackling the economic and financial crises, climate change, the resolution on conflicts and disarmament, the eradication of poverty and fulfilment of other MDGs, the protection and promotion of human rights and the rule of law, the fight against terrorism and nuclear proliferation, on the basis of international law and multilateral institutions, in particular the UN system, and to invite other partners to cooperate in this effort,

    C. whereas, in the fight against international terrorism, it is necessary to stress the importance of fully respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms as they are enshrined in international law and treaties, and ensuring proportionality as set out in the European Convention on Human Rights, and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union,

    D. whereas strong and stable transatlantic relations can give a decisive contribution to bolstering global governance and strengthening effectively international organisations,

    E.  whereas the work of the Transatlantic Economic Council (TEC) and the Transatlantic Energy Council aim at a better functioning of the transatlantic market that facilitates economic growth, sustainable development and social justice,

    F.  whereas the EU and the US share responsibility to obtain adequate global commitments in the upcoming COP/MOP meeting of the UNFCCC in December in Cancun to effectively combat climate change,

    Global Governance Challenges

     

    1.  Underlines the need to come to a far-reaching, ambitious and legally binding post-2012 regime on greenhouse gas emissions; proposes to design a transatlantic Green New Deal for investment and technology exchange in energy savings and renewable energy technologies, and to agree on an adequate level of financing for climate mitigation and adaptation in developing countries;

    2.  Urges both partners to increase efforts to accomplish the UN Reform Agenda, including the reform of the UN Security Council and of other multilateral forums within the global architecture;

    3.  Calls on both partners to promote respect for human rights at home and in the world as a key element of their policy; underlines the need for intensive coordination in preventive and crisis diplomacy; calls on the US administration to ratify and accede to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court;

    Defence, arms control, nuclear proliferation, and security matters

    4.  Takes note of the upcoming NATO summit in Lisbon 19-20 November 2010 and the work that has been done to agree on a new Strategic Concept; urges Heads of State and Governments to make nuclear disarmament and conventional arms control a priority and to reject proposals calling for the establishment of a separate NATO missile defence system; strongly welcomes the opportunity of the OSCE Summit to promote efforts towards developing a Charter for a Security Community for the OSCE; calls for a new global security architecture in the framework of the UN;

    5.  Welcomes the decision of January 2010 of the US Government to appoint a Special Envoy on the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) and the declaration made by Presidents Obama and Medvedev in June 2010 on the future of conventional arms control and the CFE Treaty; welcomes the agreement between the US and Russia on a new START Treaty and expresses confidence in its approval by the US Senate;

    6.  Recalls the Strasbourg Declaration of April 2009 by the NATO Alliance on nuclear weapons; calls upon the US Government and EU Member States to agree on an explicit commitment of NATO to work towards a world free of nuclear weapons; urges the US to negotiate with Russia the removal of tactical nuclear weapons from Europe; urges EU Member States to initiate their own concrete steps towards nuclear disarmament as agreed during the 2010 NPT Review Conference and to end NATO’s concept of Nuclear Sharing in order to signal strong support for the NPT regime;

    7.  Welcomes the outcome of the Nuclear Security Summit of April 2010 highlighting the global importance of preventing nuclear terrorism and securing all vulnerable nuclear materials in four years and agreeing on a Work Plan for improving and universalising existing nuclear security agreements and programmes; supports the initiatives taken by individual countries for improving security at home and encourages other states to join; recalls that by definition nuclear power is a dual use technology and therefore even the promotion and export of nuclear technology for ‘civilian’ use always carries the inherent risk of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; reminds that more than 40 countries are currently working on the build-up of nuclear programmes and that several of these countries are located in crisis regions such as the Middle East;

    8.  Reminds the enhanced operational cooperation between NATO and EU in the field of crisis management regarding the regions of the Balkans and the Horn of Africa; welcomes the good cooperation between NATO’s KFOR and the EU’s justice, rule of law and police mission EULEX in Kosovo; takes note of the presence of two naval missions at the Horn of Africa aiming at combating piracy; demands both EU and NATO to make sure that the presence of both ATALANTA and Operation Ocean Shield executed by Task Force 508 does not lead to duplication and unnecessary coordination problems; calls on both sides to draw lessons from these experiences for a closer crisis management cooperation in the future;

    International Cooperation

    9.  Reiterates the importance of the promotion by both partners, in a spirit of trust and transparency, of coordinated approaches in their policies towards Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan; believes that the experience over the past decade of military involved in countries such as Afghanistan and Iraq have to be evaluated; calls on the EU and the US to continue work on a comprehensive global strategy which favours socio-economic and sustainable development, highlighting in particular the enhancement of women;

    10. Appreciates increased engagement of other G-20 members at promoting regional stability and cooperation, particularly with regard to Iran, the Middle East, the Korean Peninsula; expresses its ambition to reduce conflicts around the Mediterranean and in this context considers Turkey’s role of utmost importance; underlines that the EU has as its neighbours many Muslim countries; therefore welcomes President Obama’s Cairo speech and supports more pro-active policies of bridge-building with the Muslim world;

    11. Welcomes the efforts made by President Obama and the US Administration to breath new life in the Middle East peace process; regrets the decision of the Israeli government not to extend the moratorium on settlement building and calls on the US and the EU to make all efforts so as to bring the parties back to direct peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians in order to reach a comprehensive agreement to the conflict that ends the occupation that began in 1967 and results in the emergence of an independent, democratic, contiguous, and viable Palestinian state living side-by-side in peace and security with Israel and its other neighbours; urges the European Union to play a more active political role, also in the framework of the Quartet, and calls, in this context, for a more active European engagement vis-à-vis Syria and Lebanon;

    Financial stability and international regulatory arbitrage

    12. Emphasises that the risk of financial and monetary turmoil, deleveraging and the risk of a renewed credit crunch are not over; stresses in this regard that coordinated macroeconomic policies are vital to achieving a sustainable global economic recovery;

    13. Underlines the importance of a coordinated approach for the definition, regulation and supervision of ‘too big to fail’ financial institutions between the newly created European Systemic Risk Board and Financial Oversight Committee;

    14. Underlines that comparability of accounting standards is essential in order to preserve a level playing field and ensure comparability of data globally; proposes the creation of a public and democratically controlled international accounting standards body, overcoming in particular the EU-US divergences in accounting and the resulting threat to financial stability;

    15. Insists on the need for a comprehensive Basel III agreement, including leverage ratios and capital surcharges for systemic financial institutions, liquidity management standards, and caps of risk-incentivising bonuses and dividends; underlines that Basel III should effectively end the existence of off-shore balance structures; regrets that the pre-agreements reached foresee transition periods which are too long and capital increases which are not sufficient in the light of the dramatic experience of the financial crisis;

    16. Stresses that regulatory standards achieved in one jurisdiction should serve as a benchmark for other jurisdiction, leading to steadily growing density in international financial regulation, especially with regard to OTC derivative clearing, regulation of CRAs, alternative investment funds, short selling and CDS;

    Energy policy and technological cooperation

    17. Encourages the EU-US Energy Council to work towards coordination of energy strategies supporting the diversification of energy sources as well as supply routes and the promotion of renewables-based and eco-efficient economies, potentially creating millions of new Green Jobs; calls on both sides to come to a maximum of convergence in the implementation of sustainability criteria for agro-fuels, including those affecting directly or indirectly greenhouse gases emissions;

    18. Emphasises that an adequate raw materials and rare earths policy is essential to the sustainable development and technological advance of both the US and European economies; calls for fostering US-EU cooperation specifically in the sphere of information generation and exchange as well as research and development on responsible extraction, processing, use, recovery, recycling and substitution of raw materials of mutually-identified criticality, in particular rare earths;

    19. Is interested to fathom the possible potential of shale gas in Europe as an indigenous source of energy, and to learn from the US experience, including the environmental dimension of shale gas development;

    Transatlantic Economic Cooperation

    20. Underlines that a closer transatlantic partnership with a view of a better functioning of the transatlantic market, based on the principle of a social market economy, is an important instrument for shaping globalisation and for dealing with global economic and social crises;

    21. Welcomes considerations to provide the TEC with a distinctive role of strategic economic policy coordination, especially regarding issues linked to the G-20 process; reminds, however, that any new role of the TEC should be carefully balanced with continuous work of finding solutions to concrete issues on the transatlantic political agenda, such as financial markets, green economy, digital agenda, high technology, and innovation policies. In this regard, welcomes the recent creation of the Innovation Dialogue and calls for high-level engagement of both partners in the Innovation Action Partnership;

    22. Reiterates its call on the leadership of the EU and the US, as well as the co-chairs of the TEC, to take account of the crucial role of legislators for the success of the TEC; urges them to involve the representatives of the TLD fully and directly in the TEC, as legislators share with their respective executive branches responsibility for the enactment and oversight of many of the TEC decisions;

    23. Welcomes that the TEC is advised by a range of stakeholders, including representatives of business, and calls once again for a comparable role to be given to representatives of the trade union movement on each side of the Atlantic, so that the social dimension is fully included; calls for the heads of the Transatlantic Labour Dialogue and the Transatlantic Energy Dialogue to be included in the Group of Advisers;

    24. Recalls the acknowledgment in the declaration of the G-20 meeting in Pittsburgh that global trade imbalances have been at the roots of the financial crisis, and that a cooperative process of mutual assessment of national trade policy frameworks should be launched; calls on both sides to acknowledge the linkages of trade policy with the prospects of achieving global financial stability and a fair currency exchange alignment among the main economies; calls for a new agenda for the WTO, under the premise of the adaptation of global trade rules to financial crisis prevention, currency alignment, poverty reduction and climate change mitigation goals;

    25. Commends both sides to agree on principles which could help achieving more sustainable global trade balances, including through measures discouraging aggressive export-orientation, binding social standards, a redefinition of the anti-dumping rules to include the dimension of environmental dumping, the elaboration of criteria and limits for the liberalisation of trade in financial services, a ban on all agricultural export subsidies, and criteria for foreign investment in the food and distribution sectors;

    26. Believes that reducing speculation on commodities markets, which has been a factor in the recent extreme food price volatility, should become an item for dialogue between both sides; reminds in this respect of the need to discourage speculators from cherry picking between various regulatory systems and from continuing to create instability through massive speculative movements on commodity markets; welcomes recent legislation on both sides aiming to provide greater transparency of markets and to limit speculative behaviour;

    27. Considers it of importance to engage in the dialogue on novel foods and the use of new technologies in food production, especially regarding cloning in animal breeding;

    28. Deplores the introduction of ‘travel promotion’ and administrative fees for the granting of Electronic System for Travel Authorisations (ESTA) to EU citizens travelling to the US as a retrograde step, amounting to the reintroduction of visa requirement as well as the exclusion of Romania, Poland, Bulgaria and Cyprus from the Visa Waiver Program which leads to discriminatory treatment among EU citizens, and reiterates its call on the Commission to treat the matter as an urgent priority, including the option of imposing reciprocity;

    Fundamental Rights and Security

    29. Calls on the US authorities and the Commission to further intensify their cooperation concerning data protection; recalls that the EU is based on the rule of law and that all transfers of European personal data to third countries for security purposes have to contain procedural guarantees and judicial redress rights;

    30. Welcomes preparations for a transatlantic framework agreement on the protection of personal data when transferred and processed for the purpose of preventing, investigating, detecting or prosecuting criminal offences, including terrorism, in the framework of police and judicial cooperation; underlines that enforceable data protection rights on both sides of the Atlantic are essential for the acceptance of any data sharing agreements with the United States, including the planned new agreement on the exchange of Passenger Name Records (PNR); believes that the upcoming review of the EU data protection directive should bring a fresh start to the transatlantic dialogue on privacy and data protection in the public and private sectors and aim at enhancing the level of protection;

    31. Repeats its appeal for the abolition of the death penalty in the USA;

    32. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the US Congress, the co-chairs of the Transatlantic Legislators’ Dialogue, and the co-chairs and secretariat of the Transatlantic Economic Council.