Motion for a resolution - B7-0351/2011Motion for a resolution
B7-0351/2011

    MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the EU-Russia Summit

    6.6.2011

    to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
    pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

    Helmut Scholz on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group

    Procedure : 2011/2716(RSP)
    Document stages in plenary
    Document selected :  
    B7-0351/2011
    Texts tabled :
    B7-0351/2011
    Texts adopted :

    B7‑0351/2011

    European Parliament resolution on the EU-Russia Summit

    The European Parliament,

    –   having regard to the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and the Russian Federation, which entered into force in 1997 and has been extended pending its replacement by a new agreement,

    –   having regard to the ongoing negotiations for a new agreement providing a new comprehensive framework for EU-Russia relations, as well as to the ‘Partnership for Modernisation’ initiated in 2010,

    –   having regard to the forthcoming parliamentary and presidential elections in Russia,

    –   having regard to its previous resolutions on relations between the EU and Russia,

    –   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

    A. whereas Russia being a powerful political and economic factor in the Euro-Asian region and in the international Arena is of strategic importance for the EU and its Member States in the direct Eastern neighbourhood of the EU,

    B.  whereas economic relations between the EU and Russia have been steadily developing over the past decade, leading to deep and comprehensive economic cooperation and interdependency; whereas contrary the political relations are marked by mistrust and rivalry,

    C. whereas EU-Russia relations have faced a number of serious challenges over the last few years, notably as regards democracy and human rights in Russia,

    D. whereas European and Russian citizens have a legitimate interest in being granted the right to free movement within and beyond their borders; whereas the existing visa regime is a anachronism which needs to be overcome; whereas the citizens expect from the forthcoming summit tangible results in this area,

    E.  whereas there is a latent dispute between the EU and Russia on creating spheres of influence in the common neighbourhood; whereas the European Union and the Russian Federation could and should play together an active role in promoting peace and stability in the common neighbourhood,

    1.  Reaffirms its belief that Russia remains one of the EU’s most important partners in building long-term cooperation; deplores that the recent summits did not bring enough results and expects that the forthcoming and future summits are better used to give to the development of the relations strong new impetus;

    2.  Calls on the EU and Russia to intensify their negotiations on a new partnership and cooperation agreement, and reiterates its strong support for a broad, wide-ranging and legally binding agreement that goes beyond economic co-operation;

    3.  Notes the recent proposals of the Russian Prime Minister on a more close cooperation in industrial policy, research and education between the European Union and Russia as well as the vision of a common economic area between Russia, Ukraine and the EU including Trade; calls on the EU to consider these proposals seriously putting first the interest of the people of Russia and the EU;

    4.  Notes that cooperation in the energy sector between the EU and Russia offers the prospect of a win-win situation if the relations are based on the principles of mutual respect of interests, transparency and reciprocity; calls for a joint dialogue on present and future challenges of energy production, energy supply and energy safety within the wise use of all relevant resources in the interest of a sustainable development;

    5.  Calls on the two sides to give more emphasis to energy efficiency, energy saving and renewable energy; stresses that energy must be considered a public good;

    6.  Calls on the EU and Russia to draw the lessons from the Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear accidents; reiterates its position in favour of renewable energy and calls for the safe decommissioning of Russia’s first-generation nuclear reactors, which pose a latent threat to lives both in Russia and in neighbouring countries;

    7.  Stresses the importance of people-to-people contacts and their beneficial effects on the development of mutual understanding, respect of human and democratic rights; wishes that the summit results in real progress towards visa facilitation covering ordinary bona fide travellers not belonging to any pre-set categories, and a visa-free regime in the foreseeable term; calls on the EU Member States concerned to overcome their resistance against a more liberal visa regime for Russian citizens;

    8.  Calls for improved possibilities for Russian students and academics to make use of EU exchange programmes and vice versa; Calls for the mutual recognition of diploma and other academic certificates;

    9.  Reiterates it's concern about the human and democratic rights situation in Russia, expressed in many resolutions of the European Parliament; underlines that the rule of law and respect for human rights are important for the stability; takes the view that EU and Russia as all other countries have to work actively to guarantee these principles for all their citizens and regarding their political and social rights; insists that this is an important criteria for the further development of relations between the EU and Russia;

    10. Calls the Russian government to guaranty that the forthcoming parliamentary elections will be conducted in a free, fair and transparent manner giving to all political forces equal chances; deplores the still existing high threshold and administrative barriers for the registration and participation in particular of the smaller political parties in the elections;

    11. Calls on Russia to fully respect its obligations as a member of the OSCE and of the Council of Europe, including respect for the right of association and the right to peaceful demonstrations; deplores the forceful crackdown of demonstration, inter alia those in reference to Article 31 of the Russian constitution which permits peaceful demonstrations;

    12. Shares Russia’s concerns with regard to the Russian-speaking minorities in the neighbourhood countries as for example in the Baltic States;

    13. Considers that respect for minority rights – being one of the utmost basic values of the EU – must be implemented everywhere in the EU and the partner countries; Calls therefore for common efforts to contribute to still existing problems within Russian Federation, including the still latent Chechnya and Ingushetia conflicts;

    14. Calls on the EU and Russia to start constructive cooperation on the solution of the frozen conflicts in the common neighbourhood; takes the view that there are prospects for the solution of the Transnistria problem and calls on all parties concerned to intensify the negotiations; takes the view that success in this area would give to the solution of other conflicts in the common neighbourhood an important impetus, including the unsolved problems with Georgia on South Ossetia and Abkhazia;

    15. Calls on both sides to end the rivalry about the influence in the common neighbourhood and to fully respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all states, including the right of every state to seek to develop its relations with other states based on its own definition of its interests without outside interference;

    16. Notes with concern the NATO plans to deploy new anti-ballistic missile systems in Europe and the negotiations with Russia on this issue; reiterates its strong opposition against new ballistic and anti-ballistic missile systems in Europe; considers the plans of the United States as a destabilising element that could be a great hindrance on the way to further nuclear disarmament;

    17. Underlines the urgency of the continuation of the nuclear disarmament process; calls on the Russia and the US to intensify their nuclear disarmament efforts; calls for a nuclear-free Europe and for the dissolution of all nuclear sharing arrangements of EU Member States with the United States; calls on the EU and its Member States to undertake new initiatives with a view to starting negotiations to this end;

    18. Deplores that the United States and Russia will not succeed to implement their obligations to destroy their chemicals weapons before the next review conference on the Chemical Weapons Conventions in 2012; calls on both sides to intensify their efforts to fully destroy their chemical arsenals; calls for enhanced cooperation between the EU and Russia on conversion;

    19. Calls on the EU and Russia who are Members of the Quartet to bring about pressure on Israel to end the blockade of Gaza, to end any settlement activity and to support the establishment of an independent, sovereign and viable Palestinian state;

    20. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States and of the Russian Federation.