Procedure : 2011/2756(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0389/2011

Texts tabled :


Debates :

PV 06/07/2011 - 12
CRE 06/07/2011 - 12

Votes :

PV 07/07/2011 - 7.2

Texts adopted :


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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0389/2011

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the situation in the Arab World

Charles Tannock, Ryszard Antoni Legutko, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Jacek Włosowicz on behalf of the ECR Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in the Arab World  

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to its previous resolutions on Syria,

–       having regard to numerous statements on the situation in Syria made by the High Representative/Vice President Catherine Ashton,

–       having regard to numerous statements on the situation in Yemen made by the High Representative/Vice President Catherine Ashton,

–       having regard to the policies and strategies adopted by the Commission and the Council in relation to the various countries of the Arab world,

–       having regard to the Commission’s communication to the Council and the European Parliament entitled ‘Wider Europe – Neighbourhood: A New Framework for Relations with our Eastern and Southern Neighbours’ (COM(2003)0104); its Strategy Paper on the European Neighbourhood Policy (COM(2004)0373); its proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down general provisions establishing a European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (COM(2004)0628); its communication to the Council on the Commission proposals for action plans under the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) (COM(2004)0795) and the action plans for the countries concerned; and its communication on strengthening the European Neighbourhood Policy (COM(2006)0726),

–       having regard to the previous EMPA resolutions and the European Union’s Mediterranean policy,

–       having regard to the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

–       having regard to the report of the Committee on Foreign Affairs (A6‑0127/2007),

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the pro democracy movement has gathered momentum in the Arab world January 2011 resulting in pro-democracy protests on the streets of capital cities from Cairo to Sanaa, in which tens of thousands have been injured or killed,

B.  whereas numerous cities from across the region remain under siege by ‘government-led’ forces, without access to food, medical supplies or communications,

C. whereas the G8 Summit agreed the Deauville Partnership which will provide over $20 billion dollars to Tunisia and Egypt,

D. whereas the new Libya Contact Group met for the fist time in Qatar in 13 April 2011,

E.  whereas the UN Special Envoy Mr Khatib has been working with the Libyan Interim National Council to take forward the political process,

F.  whereas it has been suggested by the British Government that a Temporary Financial Mechanism is established to assist the Interim National Council in delivering public services to Libyan people,

G. whereas NATO’s operations in Libya will be extended on 27 June,

H. whereas on 23rd May the Foreign Affairs Council of the EU agreed to intensify efforts to block Gaddafi’s access to resources including military hardware and mercenaries,

I.   whereas at the G8 Summit in Deauville on 26th May it was agreed that Gaddafi must leave his ‘position’ in Libya,

J.   whereas the Gulf Cooperation Council will work with the authorities in Syria to begin the transition of power from President Assad,

K. whereas there has been significant progress made in Tunisia towards democratisation,

L.  whereas Saleh fled to Saudi Arabia on 4 June where he received medical attention to his injuries, while President Saleh’s son, Ahmed, has remained in Yemen to lead the army’s republican guard,

M. whereas Yemen is home to al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), a terrorist group that attempted to blow up a US airliner over Detroit and to send bombs on cargo planes bound for the US last year,

1.  Stresses solidarity with the peoples of the Arab world and believes that the ‘Arab Spring’ demonstrates a clear will from the people for democracy in the region;

2.  Deplores in the strongest possible terms the use of violence against peaceful protesters everywhere and supports the right of protesters to take part in peaceful demonstrations and guarantee freedom of expression;

3.  Calls on all Governments and forces in the region to cease immediately the use of any force or violence against peaceful protesters; urges the security forces to show the utmost restraint when responding to protests;

4.  Deplores the prevalence of sexual violence and stresses that violence of a sexual nature towards girls and women is not acceptable; considers rape and sexual abuse to be war crimes under the ICC; strongly condemns the unlawful killings and torture of children;

5.  Calls on the Governments of the region to cooperate fully with the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights;

6.  Calls upon the authorities of the region who have imposed sanctions on newspapers and the internet to stop censorship of such media outlets, end repressive government control over newspapers and other publications, and to lift restrictions on the Internet;

7.  Calls upon all parties of all Arab Union countries involved in power sharing talks to enhance peaceful dialogue and take all steps necessary to defuse this situation without the occurrence of further violence and to work towards successful transitions to transparent and functioning democracies in the region;

8.  Notes that current economic crisis across the region will hinder the progress towards free and open elections and calls on the European Union to continue providing aid to assist in the economic and democratic reform of the region;

9.  Highlights that instability in many Arab countries threatens the stability of the entire region; notes that that the rise of Al Quaeda in the Arabic Peninsula (AQAP) presents an increasing threat to peace and that the current political crisis may be exploited by Al-Quaeda militants; notes that Egypt’s rapprochement with Iran may impact negatively on the Middle East Peace Agreement and reiterates continued support for the Camp David agreement between Israel, Jordan and Egypt;

10. In Libya, strongly supports the legitimacy of the Transitional National Council in Benghazi and urges the prompt implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1973; strongly calls for Gaddafi’s departure and supports the International Criminal Court in issuing an arrest warrant for Gaddafi;

11. Regrets all allegations and claims that the Gaddafi regime is receiving assistance and support from Algeria whilst has deep regrets regarding the position taken by Russia and China in vetoing international measures against Syria;

12. Calls on the European Union to continue to provide the necessary humanitarian aid to the displaced people of the region, many of whom now live as refugees on the borders of their country and insists that foreign workers in the country are evacuated as promptly as possible;

13. Calls upon all Governments in the region to desist from the arbitrary arrest and detention of political activists and human rights defenders, and release all prisoners of conscience;

14. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the governments/interim governments of Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya Syria Yemen, and the Gulf Cooperation Council.


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