Motion for a resolution - B7-0059/2013Motion for a resolution

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the 22nd session of the United Nations Human Rights Council

4.2.2013 - (2013/2533(RSP))

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

Barbara Lochbihler, Rui Tavares, Nicole Kiil-Nielsen, Tarja Cronberg, Catherine Grèze on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0055/2013

Procedure : 2013/2533(RSP)
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European Parliament resolution on the 22nd session of the United Nations Human Rights Council


The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and to UN human rights conventions and optional protocols thereto,

–   having regard to the European Convention on Human Rights, the European Social Charter and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights,

–   having regard to the EU Strategic Framework on Human Rights and Democracy, and the EU Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy as adopted at the 3179th Foreign Affairs Council meeting of 25 June 2012,

–   having regard to its recommendation to the Council of 13 June 2012 on the EU Special Representative for Human Rights[1],

–   having regard to its previous resolutions on the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), including Parliament’s priorities in this context; having regard, in particular, to its resolution of 16 February 2012 on Parliament’s position on the 19th session of the UN Human Rights Council[2],

–   having regard to the report of the delegation from its Subcommittee on Human Rights concerning its visit to the 19th session of the UNHRC; and to the joint delegation of Parliament made up of representatives of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Subcommittee on Human Rights and the Subcommittee for Security and Defence that attended the 67th session of the UN General Assembly,

–   having regard to its urgency resolutions on human rights issues,

–   having regard to its resolution of 13 December 2012 on the review of the EU’s human rights strategy[3],

–   having regard to its Annual Report on Human Rights and Democracy in the World 2011 and the European Union’s policy on the matter, adopted on 13 December 2012[4],

–   having regard to Articles 2, 3(5), 18, 21, 27 and 47 of the Treaty on European Union,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the forthcoming sessions of the UNHRC in 2013, in particular the 22nd regular session to be held from 25 February to 22 March 2013,

A. whereas respect for, and the promotion and safeguarding of, the universality of human rights is part of the European Union’s ethical and legal acquis and one of the cornerstones of European unity and integrity;

B.  whereas successful implementation of the EU’s recent review of its human rights strategy should enhance the EU’s credibility in the UNHRC by increasing consistency between its internal and external policies;

C. whereas the EU should strive towards speaking out with a united voice against human rights violations in order to achieve the most effective results, and should, in this context, continue strengthening cooperation and coordination between its Member States;

D. whereas the Council of the European Union has adopted a Strategic Framework on Human Rights and Democracy and an Action Plan for its implementation, with the aim of achieving a more effective and consistent EU policy in this field;

E.  whereas an EU Special Representative for Human Rights (EUSR) has been appointed, whose role is to enhance the effectiveness and visibility of EU human rights policy and help put the Strategic Framework and Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy into practice;

F.  whereas a delegation from its Subcommittee on Human Rights will travel to Geneva during the 22nd session of the UNHRC, as has been the case for previous years’ UNHRC sessions;

1.  Takes note of the EU’s priorities for the 22nd Session of the UNHRC as presented by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy at the plenary session of Parliament of 6 February 2013; welcomes the intention of the EU to focus inter alia on the situation in Syria, Burma/Myanmar, North Korea, and Mali, as well as its support for the extension of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Iran; also endorses the focus on thematic issues such as freedom of religion and belief, rights of the child, violence against women, and LGBTI rights;

2.  Welcomes the fact that on the agenda of the 22nd regular session there are, among others, panel discussions on human rights mainstreaming, the negative impact of corruption on the enjoyment of human rights, and the commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the adoption of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action; also welcomes the interactive debates such as those on the rights of persons with disabilities, as well as the extensive meetings on various issues, such as children’s right to enjoy the highest attainable standards of health; calls on the European External Action Service and the EU Member States to contribute actively to these debates and state clearly that human rights are universal, indivisible and interdependent;

3.  Welcomes the reports to be presented by the Special Rapporteurs on, among other subjects, the human rights situations in Iran, Burma/Myanmar and the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, as well as a written report by the High Commissioner on the situation of human rights in Mali, particularly the northern part of the country; also welcomes the reports on housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, on the right to non-discrimination in this context, on freedom of religion or belief, and on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism;

The work of the UN Human Rights Council

4.  Notes that 18 new members were elected to the UNHRC in September 2012, and took up their membership on 1 January 2013, namely Argentina, Brazil, Côte d’Ivoire, Estonia, Ethiopia, Gabon, Germany, Ireland, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Montenegro, Pakistan, the Republic of Korea, Sierra Leone, the United Arab Emirates, the United States of America, and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela; and notes that nine EU countries are current UNHRC members;

5.  Notes the election of a new President of the UNHRC, Remigiusz A. Henczel, from Poland, and of four Vice-Presidents for 2013, Cheikh Ahmed Ould Zahaf (Mauritania), Iruthisham Adam (Maldives), Luis Gallegos Chiriboga (Ecuador) and Alexandre Fasel (Switzerland);

6.  Stresses that elections to the UNHRC need to be competitive, and expresses its opposition to the arranging of uncontested elections by regional groups; reiterates the importance of standards for UNHRC membership as regards commitment and performance in the human rights field; emphasises that UNHRC members are required to uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights; reiterates the importance of strong and transparent criteria for reinstating suspended members;

7.  Regrets the fact that the authorities of Kazakhstan, which is a newly elected member of the UNHRC, have so far refused to allow for an international and independent investigation into the Zhanaozen events, in spite of the calls of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and of the European Parliament;

8.  Remains concerned about the phenomenon of ‘bloc politics’ and its effect on the credibility of the UNHRC and the effectiveness of its work;

9.  Welcomes the appointment by the UN General Assembly of Ms Navanethem Pillay for a second term as High Commissioner for Human Rights; reiterates its strong support for the Office of the High Commissioner, and for its independence and effectiveness;

10. Commends the High Commissioner for Human Rights for her efforts in the treaty body strengthening process and welcomes her report on this issue published on 22 June 2012; reaffirms the multi-stakeholder nature of the treaty bodies and emphasises that civil society needs to be continuously included in these processes; stresses furthermore that the independence and effectiveness of the treaty bodies must be preserved and enhanced; emphasises that sufficient funding needs to be secured in order to cover the treaty bodies’ increasing workload; calls for the EU to adopt a leadership role in ensuring the effective functioning of the treaty body system, including with regard to adequate funding;

Arab Spring countries

11. Condemns in the strongest terms the indiscriminate violence used by the Syrian regime against its own population, including the widespread recourse to heavy artillery and shelling against populated areas, summary executions and enforced disappearances; condemns unequivocally the continued systematic human rights violations by the regime, which may amount to crimes against humanity; expresses grave concern about the continuously deteriorating situation for the civilian population; condemns human rights violations committed by opposition groups and forces; calls on the Syrian regime to put an immediate end to all human rights violations and attacks against civilians, and reiterates its call for the Assad regime to immediately step down and for the initiation of a peaceful process of political transition;

12. Expresses its concern about the effects of the Syrian crisis on security and stability in the region; calls on the Commission and the Member States to provide further assistance to the neighbouring countries in their efforts to provide humanitarian relief for refugees from Syria;

13. Welcomes the continued attention of the UNHRC to the horrendous human rights and humanitarian situation in Syria, as evidenced by the resolutions on the situation in that country adopted at the UNHRC’s 19th, 20th and 21st sessions and at its Special Session on Syria held on 1 June 2012; urges the European External Action Service and the Member States to ensure that the situation in Syria continues to be treated with the highest priority within the UN framework, notably in the UNHCR;

14. Reiterates the importance of ensuring accountability for the violations of international human rights and humanitarian law that have been committed during the conflict; expresses its full support for the Independent Commission of Inquiry on Syria and for the extension of its mandate by the UNHRC; welcomes the appointment of Carla del Ponte and Vitit Muntarbhorn as new members, and the appointment as Special Rapporteur on Syria of Paolo Pinheiro, who will start his work once the mandate of the Commission of Inquiry ends; welcomes the Commission’s report exposing the atrocities perpetrated in Syria;

15. Regrets that the adoption of a resolution in the UN Security Council (UNSC) on the situation in Syria has not yet been agreed upon, and particularly that this is stifling the ability to exert effective pressure to end the violence in the country; recalls the particular responsibility of the UNSC Members towards the Syrian people; commends the diplomatic efforts of the HR / VP and the Member States in engaging China and Russia on this issue, and calls on them to continue with these efforts;

16. Welcomes the Swiss-led initiative of a joint letter on behalf of 58 countries, including 26 EU Member States, calling for the UNSC to refer the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court; deplores the lack of EU unanimity in support of this initiative; urges the European External Action Service and the Member States to actively support the referral of the Syrian situation to the ICC;

17. Welcomes the report by the Independent Commission of Inquiry (COI) on Libya, presented in the UNHRC’s 19th session and highlighting the human rights violations committed in that country; urges the UNHRC to continue to follow closely the situation in Libya;

18. Expresses concern about the deterioration of the situation in Egypt, including, in the most recent period, the excessive use of force by the police against protestors leading to heavy losses of life; deplores the increasing recourse by the Egyptian judiciary to the death penalty, and recalls its principled stand against capital punishment in all cases and under all circumstances;

19. Expresses concern about the critical human rights situation in Bahrain, including the ongoing crackdown on human rights defenders and opposition activists; reiterates its call on the Member States to work towards the adoption at the 22nd session of the UNHRC of a resolution on the human rights situation in Bahrain, which should include a call for the establishment of an international mechanism to monitor the implementation of the recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Bahrain and of the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry;

20. Welcomes the UNHRC resolution on technical assistance and capacity-building for Yemen in the field of human rights and the establishment of an OHCHR Country Office in Yemen; urges the UNHRC to continue to follow the situation in the country;

Other issues

21. Welcomes the decision of the UNHRC to appoint a Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus, and takes note of the cross-regional support for the resolution establishing this mandate, which illustrates that the dire human rights situation in that country is being acknowledged by states all over the world;

22. Welcomes the extension of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights Situation in Iran and calls for its further extension; also welcomes the extension of the mandates of the Independent Experts on Côte d’Ivoire, Haiti and Somalia; urges the authorities of these four countries to cooperate fully with the mandate-holders;

23. Welcomes the extension of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) for another year; welcomes the fact that the resolution on the DPRK was adopted by consensus, which illustrates the strong level of support for the mandate; urges the DPRK Government to fully cooperate with the Rapporteur and facilitate his visits to the country; calls for the establishment at the forthcoming UNHRC session of a commission of inquiry into human rights abuses in the DPRK;

24. Welcomes the resolution on Burma/Myanmar in the UNHRC and the extension of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in that country; takes note of the steps taken by the Burmese Government since early 2011 to restore civil liberties in the country; expresses grave concern, however, about the heavy civilian casualties resulting from the military operations in Kashin state as well as the upsurge in communal violence in Rakhine state and the subsequent deaths and injuries, destruction of property and displacement of local populations; believes that the underlying cause of the situation lies in the longstanding discriminatory policies against the Rohingya population; encourages the swift establishment of a country office by the OHCHR in the country;

25. Welcomes also the resolution on Sri Lanka emphasising reconciliation and accountability in the country; reiterates its support for the recommendation, made by the UN Secretary-General’s Panel of Experts on Sri Lanka, that a UN Commission of Inquiry be established into all the crimes committed;

26. Welcomes the resolution establishing a Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea; takes note that this is the first time the UNHRC has addressed this issue, and commends the African leadership on this matter;

27. Welcomes the fact that the situation in Mali is being kept under close scrutiny by the UNHRC, and applauds the leadership shown by the African states that brought the issue to the UNHRC’s attention;

28. Was pleased to note the adoption of the resolution on the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), but remains concerned about the human rights situation there, notably in North Kivu province in the eastern part of the country; strongly condemns the attacks by rebel forces in the east of the country, notably by the M23; welcomes the efforts made by the member states of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGRL), the African Union and the UN to find a peaceful political solution to the crisis; calls again for the re-establishment of a UN Independent Expert on the human rights situation in the DRC in order to provide a reliable mechanism focusing on improving the situation regarding the grave and longstanding human rights concerns in the country;

29. Expresses concern about the situation in the Central African Republic (CAR), where armed groups have attacked and occupied several towns in the north-east of the country; welcomes the agreements signed in Libreville on 11 January 2013, including the ceasefire agreement and the political agreement on the resolution of the crisis in the country; stresses the importance of the swift implementation of these agreements; welcomes the HR/VP’s statement of 11 January 2013 calling for all signatories to uphold these agreements; urges the Member States to raise this issue at the UNHRC, in order to keep the issue of the situation in the CAR high on the international agenda;

30. Expresses its concern at the situation in Israel and Gaza after the escalation of the conflict at the end of 2012, and condemns the acts of violence committed by both sides; reiterates its call for the lifting of the blockade of the Gaza Strip while taking into account Israel’s legitimate security concerns, and calls for steps to be taken towards the reconstruction and economic recovery of the Gaza Strip;

31. Condemns the decision taken by the Israeli Government on 2 December 2012 to construct 3000 new settlement units in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, in particular in the E1 area, which, if realised, would cut the West Bank in two; stresses that the settlement policy of the Israeli Government undermines international law and the viability of a two-state solution; welcomes the international fact-finding mission on Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories established at the UNHRC’s 19th session, and looks forward to its reporting back at the UNHRC’s 22nd session;

32. Welcomes the UN General Assembly’s adoption on 29 November 2012 of the resolution making Palestine a UN non-member observer state; takes note of the overwhelming majority by which the resolution on this matter was adopted, with 138 votes in favour, 9 against and 41 abstentions; takes note, too, that only one EU Member State voted against it; reiterates its support for this endeavour; notes the support expressed by the EU for Palestine to become a full member of the UN as part of a political solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict; reaffirms that the EU will not accept any changes to the pre-1967 borders, including with regard to Jerusalem, other than those agreed by the parties;

33. Deplores the executions carried out in Japan in 2012 after the moratorium on this practice during 2011, as well as those that have occurred in Taiwan and Saudi Arabia; also condemns in this context the recent mass executions in Iran; reaffirms its strong stance against the death penalty, in all cases and under all circumstances;

34. Recalls the critical importance attached by the EU to the fight against torture and other forms of ill-treatment; urges the Commission and the Member States to demonstrate their common commitment to eradicating the scourge of torture and to supporting victims, notably by contributing to the UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture and the Special Fund established by the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture;

35. Commends the work done by the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief; stresses the importance of the renewal of this mandate during the 22nd session of the UNHRC; notes with satisfaction the adoption of the UNHRC resolution on Freedom of Religion or Belief; stresses the emphasis the EU places on this issue; calls on the Member States to continue working on the issue, and looks forward to the new EU Guidelines which are expected this year;

36. Welcomes the ongoing follow-up process to the Report by the High Commissioner on discriminatory laws and practices and acts of violence against individuals based on their sexual orientation and gender identity; encourages further follow-up, including through regional meetings, and the active participation of EU Member States, the Council and the European External Action Service;

37. Welcomes the leadership of the UN Secretary-General and the High Commissioner regarding discrimination and violence against people based on their sexual orientation and gender identity, both inside and outside the UNHRC; regrets the ongoing attempts to undermine the universality and indivisibility of human rights, notably through a resolution on ‘traditional values’;

38. Takes note of the first annual Forum on Business and Human Rights held in Geneva 4-6 December 2012, which brought together a broad range of stakeholders to discuss the implementation of the UN Guiding Principles within this area; supports the Forum’s initial consultations on how governments and business can be made to adopt regulatory, policy and implementation frameworks to counter business-related human rights abuses;

39. Welcomes the work of the open-ended intergovernmental working group set up to consider the possibility of elaborating an international regulatory framework on the regulation, monitoring and oversight of the activities of private military and security organisations; expresses its support for such a legally binding regulatory framework; insists on a strong accountability component; invites security companies who have not yet signed the Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers to do so; looks forward to the presentation of the Working Group’s report, and calls for the continuation of its mandate;

Universal Periodic Review

40. Emphasises the significance of the universal nature of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) exercise, and reaffirms the importance of the UPR with a view to achieving a full understanding of the human rights situation on the ground in all UN member states;

41. Deplores the recent refusal by Israel to participate in the UPR process, which sets a very regrettable precedent and undermines the universal nature of this exercise; urges the European External Action Service and the Member States to firmly encourage Israel to reconsider its decision and resume its cooperation with the OHCHR and the UNHRC, inter alia through participation in the mandatory UPR exercise;

42. Welcomes the commencement of the Universal Periodic Review’s second cycle and the adoption of the first outcomes thereof; reiterates the importance of the second cycle focusing on the implementation of the recommendations accepted during the first cycle; calls again, however, for the recommendations that were not accepted by states during the first cycle to be reconsidered in the continuation of the UPR process;

43. Believes that implementation is a key aspect in realising the potential of the UPR process; and reiterates, therefore, the importance of the Commission and the Member States providing technical assistance in order to help the states under review to implement the recommendations; also encourages states to present mid-term updates in order to contribute to the strengthening of implementation;

44. Recommends including the UPR recommendations systematically in EU human rights dialogues and consultations, and in EU human rights country strategies in order to ensure follow-up on the UPR outcomes; recommends, in a similar fashion, that Parliament should raise these recommendations during its own delegation visits to third countries;

45. Welcomes steps that allow the full participation in the UPR process of a wide range of stakeholders; welcomes, in this connection, the changes to the speakers’ list, which gives all states that wish to speak during the UPR process a chance to do so; reiterates its appreciation of the stronger role which national human rights institutions have gained, in line with the Paris Principles; welcomes the enhanced participation from the field due to the increased use of videoconferencing;

46. Believes that more can be done to involve civil society in the UPR process, including in the implementation of the outcomes of the UPR, as well as more generally, in the work of the UNHRC;

Special Procedures

47. Reaffirms the crucial role which the Special Procedures play in the credibility and effectiveness of the work of the UNHRC and its core position in the UN human rights machinery; reiterates its strong support for the Special Procedures and stresses the fundamental importance of the independence of these mandates;

48. Urges states to fully cooperate with the Special Procedures, including by receiving mandate-holders for country visits without delay, replying to their urgent actions and allegations of violations and ensuring a proper follow-up to the recommendations made by the mandate-holders; urges UNHRC members to lead by example on these issues;

49. Welcomes the action taken by the EU to jointly extend a standing invitation to all UN Special Procedures on Human Rights, thereby leading by example on this issue; encourages other UN member states to do the same;

50. Condemns all forms of reprisals against persons who cooperate with the UPR process and the Special Procedures; stresses that such action undermines the whole UN human rights system; urges all states to provide adequate protection against such acts of intimidation;

EU involvement

51. Cannot stress highly enough the importance of active participation by the EU in the UN human rights mechanisms, including the UNHRC; encourages Member States to do so by co-sponsoring resolutions and actively participating in debates and interactive dialogues and issuing statements; strongly supports the increasing recourse by the EU to cross-regional initiatives, which have led to a number of positive outcomes such as the UNHRC resolution on violence against LGBTI persons;

52. Stresses the need to integrate the work being done in Geneva in the context of the UNHRC in the relevant internal and external activities of the EU, including those of Parliament;

53. Welcomes the appointment of the EU Special Representative on Human Rights (EUSR), Mr Stavros Lambrinidis; encourages the EUSR to work towards the effectiveness and visibility of the EU’s human rights policy in the context of the UNHRC, and to develop close cooperation with the OHCHR and the Special Procedures; looks forward to cooperating with the EUSR on these issues; welcomes the participation of the EUSR in the Forum on Business and Human Rights to be held in Geneva on 4 and 5 December 2013;

54. Encourages the EU HR/VP and the EUSR to be present at the High Level Segment of the UNHRC;

55. Reiterates its conviction of the potential effectiveness of EU action when the Union and its Member States harness their collective weight; stresses the importance of continuing to enhance coordination and cooperation between the Member States in this regard in order to reach common ground on human rights issues; calls again for bolder and more ambitious action instead of resorting to accepting the lowest common denominator;

56. Stresses the significance of the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the first occasion on which the EU ratified a UN Convention as a legal entity;

57. Reiterates once more the need for the EU Member States to work towards the fulfilment of the indivisibility and universality of human rights and to support the work of the UNHRC in this respect, in particular by ratifying all the international human rights instruments that this body has established, including the recent Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure; reiterates its regret that no EU Member State has ratified the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and Members of their Families; reiterates, too, its regret that several Member States have not yet adopted and/or ratified the Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance and that only two Member States have ratified the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; stresses the importance of EU Member States submitting their periodic reports to the UN monitoring bodies in a timely manner;

58. Reiterates the vital importance of the EU defending the independence of the OHCHR and of ensuring that the Office can continue to exercise its tasks in an impartial manner; recalls the importance of providing sufficient funding to keep the OHCHR regional offices open;

59. Notes that the protection of human rights defenders is a key priority within EU human rights policy; emphasises that reprisals and intimidation against human rights defenders (HRDs) who cooperate with the UN human rights mechanisms threaten to undermine the system; appreciates, therefore, the practical and financial support allocated for purposes of urgent protection of and support for HRDs under the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR);

60. Welcomes the planned establishment of a Brussels-based Council Working Party on Human Rights (COHOM); welcomes its efforts to improve the preparation and coordination of EU positions for the UNHRC sessions, including the organisation of COHOM meetings in Geneva; reiterates its expectations that COHOM will be instrumental in addressing the issue of consistency between the EU’s external and internal human rights policies;

61. Reiterates its recommendation that EU country strategies on human rights be made public, in order to provide visibility to the EU’s commitment to human rights in third countries and so that those struggling for human rights can find support in these documents;

62. Stresses the importance of highlighting in the UNHRC the worrisome issue of shrinking NGO space in a number of countries around the world; encourages the EEAS and the Member States to make concerted efforts to raise this issue;

63. Calls again, in the light of new reports of EU companies being complicit in human rights abuses in third countries, on the HR/VP to draw attention to this issue; calls on the Commission to develop a more ambitious policy on Corporate Social Responsibility; urges the EEAS, the Commission and the Member States to take effective measures towards ensuring corporate accountability for human rights violations; reiterates in this context the importance of ensuring greater consistency between internal and external policies and of full respect for human rights in internal policies, in order to avoid double standards;

64. Mandates its delegation to the 22nd session of the UNHRC to voice the concerns and views expressed in this resolution; calls on the delegation to report to the Subcommittee on Human Rights regarding its visit; considers it indispensable to continue the practice of sending an EP delegation to relevant UNHRC and UNGA sessions;


o        o

65. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the EU Special Representative on Human Rights, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the UN Security Council, the UN Secretary-General, the President of the 67th UN General Assembly, the President of the UN Human Rights Council, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the EU-UN Working Group established by the Committee on Foreign Affairs.