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Procedure : 2013/2823(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0399/2013

Texts tabled :


Debates :

PV 12/09/2013 - 17.2
CRE 12/09/2013 - 17.2

Votes :

PV 12/09/2013 - 19.2

Texts adopted :


PDF 132kWORD 52k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0399/2013

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law

pursuant to Rule 122 of the Rules of Procedure

on the situation in the Central African Republic (2013/2823(RSP))

Charles Tannock, Adam Bielan

on behalf of the ECR Group

NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

European Parliament resolution on the situation in the Central African Republic (2013/2823(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

-    having regard to the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations (UN);

-    having regard to the Cotonou Partnership Agreement signed in June 2000;

-    having regard to the European Parliament legislative resolution of 19 April 2012 on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of a Voluntary Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Central African Republic on forest law enforcement, governance and trade in timber and derived products to the European Union (FLEGT) (14034/2011 C7-0046/2012 – 2011/0127(NLE));

-    having regard to the European Parliament resolution of 15th January 2013 (2013/2514(RSP));

-    having regard to the Statement of 21st April 2013 by the Spokesperson of the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Commission Vice-President (HRVP) Catherine Ashton on the situation in Central Africa;

-    having regard to the Statement of 21 December 2012 by Commissioner Kristalina Georgieva on the new outbreak of conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR);

-    having regard to Rule 122(5) of its Rules of Procedure;

A. Whereas the Central African Republic (CAR) has faced decades of instability and political unrest since it gained independence in 1960; whereas, despite the fact that it is a country rich in natural resources (timber, gold, diamonds, uranium, etc), the CAR ranks only 179th out of 187 in terms of its Human Development Index and, with around 70 % of its population living below the poverty line, remains one of the poorest countries in the world;

B.  Whereas on 24th March 2013 the Seleka rebel coalition (meaning coalition in Sango), an alliance of various rebel armed movements originating predominantly in the north-east of the country, ousted President François Bozizé;

C. Whereas President Michel Djotodia was sworn in on 18th August 2013 and mandated to conclude the transition to a democratically elected government within 18 months;

D. Whereas the Seleka have committed serious crimes against civilians including summary executions, rape, and torture in addition to widespread looting;

E.  Whereas basic infrastructure including schools, businesses and private homes continue to be pillaged by the Seleka;

F.  Whereas on 29th August 2013 5,000 residents of Bangui took refuge at the city's airport following attempts by Séléka to "disarm" Bozizé troops in the Boy-Rabe neighbourhood resulting in further civilian casualties;

G. Whereas respect for human rights is a fundamental value of the European Union and represents an essential element of the Cotonou Agreement;

1.  Condemns all violations of human rights and is deeply concerned by the serious human rights violations perpetrated by the Seleka; strongly condemns the attacks against civilian populations, particularly the cases of physical and sexual violence, looting and the systematic destruction of basic infrastructure;

2.  Calls on the ruling parties to strive to ensure the safety and security of the civilian population;

3.  Calls for thorough investigations and prosecutions of all persons deemed responsible for the recent abuses, including Seleka members, in accordance with internationally accepted norms of criminal law and due process;

4.  Is deeply concerned by the effects of the recent crisis on the humanitarian situation in the country; calls on all parties to respect international humanitarian law and to allow safe and unhindered access by humanitarian agencies to affected populations; calls on the Commission to step up its humanitarian aid efforts in the CAR;

5.  Reaffirms its support for the African-led International Support Mission to the Central African Republic (MISCA) that was established in order to strengthen the action already being carried out by the Central African states;

6.  Believes that the transition to an elected government will be extremely difficult if the current situation continues and fears that CAR risks becoming another failed state;

7.  Calls therefore on the EU and the UN to support the stabilisation efforts in order to support a timely political transition in accordance with the international community’s expectations, better ensure respect for human rights and improve humanitarian access to the population;

8.  Welcomes the initiatives of the Economic Community of Central African States and the AU to find a lasting solution to the crisis in the Central African Republic;

9.  Is particularly worried by reports indicating an increase in the recruitment and use of child soldiers; reiterates its strong opposition to these practices and calls on all parties to the conflict to end them;

10. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the UN Security Council, the UN Secretary-General, the institutions of the African Union, ECCAS, the ACP-EU Parliamentary Assembly and the Member States of the European Union.


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