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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on Security and Human Trafficking in the Sinai

11.3.2014 - (2014/2630(RSP))

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 122 of the Rules of Procedure

Cristian Dan Preda, Bernd Posselt, Filip Kaczmarek, Tunne Kelam, Elena Băsescu, Monica Luisa Macovei, Eduard Kukan, Mariya Gabriel, Philippe Boulland, Jean Roatta, Roberta Angelilli, Petri Sarvamaa, Eija-Riitta Korhola, Giovanni La Via, Sergio Paolo Francesco Silvestris, Sari Essayah, Krzysztof Lisek, Davor Ivo Stier, Jarosław Leszek Wałęsa on behalf of the PPE Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0254/2014

Procedura : 2014/2630(RSP)
Ciclo di vita in Aula
Ciclo del documento :  
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European Parliament resolution on Security and Human Trafficking in the Sinai


The European Parliament,

-       having regard to its resolutions of 16 December 2010 on Eritrean refugees held hostage in the Sinai, and of 15 March 2012 on human trafficking in Sinai, in particular the case of Solomon W.,


-       having regard to the statement by the Spokesperson of VP/HR Catherine Ashton of 17 February 2014 on the terrorist attack in Sinai,

-       having regard the Barcelona Declaration of November 1995,

- having regard to the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, especially Article 3, "Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person" and Articles 4 and 5 thereof, affirming that the slave trade shall be prohibited in all its forms,

-       having regard to Article 3 of the European Convention on Human rights of 1950,

-       having regard to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, particularly Articles 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6 thereof,

-       having regard the first Conference of the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network in Cairo 26-27 January 2006,

-       having regard to the Brussels Declaration on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, adopted on 20 September 2002,

-       having regard to Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings 2005,

-       having regard to the 1951 UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 protocol thereto,

–    having regard to Rule 122 of its Rules of Procedure,

A.    Whereas the security situation in the Sinai area is increasingly instable and becoming the nest of terrorist groups and illegal trafficking;

B.     Whereas it is affecting the stability of bordering countries, such as Egypt suffering terrorists attacks in different regions, and even in the capital Cairo;

C.     Whereas the instability in the Sinai area might be a safety problem for the Suez Canal and the tourist flows in this area;

D.    Whereas Egyptian authorities are trying to reinforce and enhance security in the Country; and the Egyptian army is trying to strike the terrorist groups in the Sinai Area;

E.     Whereas since the former president, Mohamed Morsi had been toppled, several extremist groups are destabilising the security situation;

F.     Whereas the security situation is unstable in Sinai, Bedouin Tribes have started to manage illegal trafficking and kidnapping since 2007 which is an extremely profitable business for organised crime; whereas thousands of asylum seekers, refugees and migrants lose their lives and disappear in Sinai every year while others, including many women and children, are kidnapped and held hostage for ransom by these human traffickers;

G.     Whereas victims, in particular women of human traffickers and kidnappers are abused and sometimes tortured in the most dehumanising manner and are subject to systemic violence acts, rape and sexual abuse, and forced labour;

H.    Whereas several non-governmental organizations said that hundreds of illegal refugees from the Horn of Africa, especially from Eritrea have been held for months on the outskirts of a town in Sinai for ransoms;

I.      Whereas since December 2011, hundreds of individuals were kidnapped outside a UN refugee camp in Sudan by human traffickers of Bedouin Tribes as the Rashaida;

J.      Whereas police arrested hundreds of irregular migrants, primarily Eritreans, Ethiopians, and Sudanese, and detained them in police stations and prisons in Sinai and Upper Egypt without access to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, thereby denying them the right to make an asylum claim;

K.    Whereas, some isolated non-controlled members of the police from Sudan and Egypt are suspected by several non-governmental organizations to encourage and participate to the kidnapping and tortures acts of individuals from the Horn of Africa;

L.     Whereas according to the human rights organizations, hostages are tortured in order to put under pressure the hostage families to pay the ransoms; whereas  those who fail to pay the price for their release are killed and have their;

M.    Whereas the EU has repeatedly invited Egypt and Israel to develop and improve the quality of the assistance an protection offered to asylum seekers and refugees residing or transiting on their territory;

1.     Expresses its deep concern regarding the reported causes of human trafficking in the Sinai and condemns in the strongest terms the terrible abuses to which the victims of traffickers are subjected;

2.     Supports the Egyptian Authorities in the struggle against the terrorist groups in the Sinai Area;

3.     Stresses the need for concerted efforts in order to stop asylum-seekers and refugees being kidnapped and severely abused in the Sinai desert;

4.     Acknowledges the difficult current political situation in Egypt following the revolution in 2011 and the fall of presidents Mubarrak and Morsi and the unstable security brought by several terrorist groups;

5.     Calls on Egypt and Sudan to intensify their efforts to combat human trafficking, to uphold their international obligations and to investigate and prosecute traffickers who severely abuse their victims;

6.     Urges the Egyptian and Sudanese Authorities to investigate about the possible implication of isolated police members in the organised crime and human trafficking in the Sinai Area and to condemn them if their implication is confirmed;

7.     Reiterates its call on the Egyptian Authorities to intensify their efforts to restore security in Sinai and, in particular, to use the current counterterrorist actions in order to fight the kidnapping of individuals and refugees from the Horn of Africa; advises the Egyptian Authorities to rapidly intervene in order to ensure that these hostages are rescued;

8.     Urges the Egyptian Authorities to take all necessary measures to stop torture and extortion and human trafficking of Eritrean Refugees, and to prosecute those who attempt against refugees human rights and to those who practice any form of slavery with special regard to women and children;

9.     Applauds the activities of Egyptian and Israeli human rights organisations providing help, assistance and medical treatment to victims of human traffickers in Sinai and urges the international community and the EU to support their work;

10.    Acknowledges that irregular migrants in Sinai and the presence of terrorist groups pose a security risk for Egypt and Israel; however, urges again Egyptian and Israeli security forces to avoid the use of lethal force against illegal migrants;

11.    Stresses the responsibility of Egyptian and Israeli authorities to stop the human traffickers and kidnappers in Sinai as well as to protect the victims; welcomes the efforts of the Egyptian and Israeli governments in this regard; calls, however, for more assistance and support for the victims, with special regard to women and children;

12.    Welcomes Egypt’s efforts in combating Human Trafficking specially the establishment of ‘the National Coordinating Committee for combating and preventing trafficking in persons’ and calls on the Egyptian Authorities to implement the 2010 anti-trafficking law and to undertake measures such as research, information and mass media campaigns and social and economic initiatives to prevent and combat trafficking in persons;

13.    Calls for full access of UN agencies and human rights organisations to the areas affected by human smuggling and trafficking in Sinai;

14.    Calls on the VP/HR and the Commission to put this topic with high priority on the agenda of political dialogue with Egypt, Israel and Sudan, as well to promote international cooperation on action against trafficking in human beings;

15.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the VP/HR, the Council and the Commission, to the Governments and the Parliaments of the Member States, to the Sudanese, Egyptian and the Israeli Governments, to the Sudanese and Egyptian Parliament and to the Israeli Knesset, to the UN Secretary General and the UN Human Rights Council.