Procedure : 2014/2627(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0266/2014

Texts tabled :

B7-0266/2014

Debates :

PV 12/03/2014 - 6
CRE 12/03/2014 - 6

Votes :

PV 13/03/2014 - 14.12
CRE 13/03/2014 - 14.12
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2014)0248

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 128kWORD 60k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0263/2014
11.3.2014
PE529.668v01-00
 
B7-0266/2014

to wind up the debate on the statements by the Council and the Commission

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the invasion of Ukraine by Russia  (2014/2627(RSP))


Rebecca Harms, Mark Demesmaeker, Werner Schulz, Tarja Cronberg, Ulrike Lunacek, Nicole Kiil-Nielsen, Raül Romeva i Rueda, Nikos Chrysogelos, Helga Trüpel on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

European Parliament resolution on the invasion of Ukraine by Russia  (2014/2627(RSP))  
B7‑0266/2014

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to its previous resolutions on Ukraine with regard, in particular, to its resolution of 27 February 2014(1),

–       having regard to the conclusions of the extraordinary meeting of the Foreign Affairs Council on Ukraine of 3March 2014,

–       having regard to the statement of the Heads of State or Government on Ukraine at the European Council of 6 March 2014,

–       having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.     whereas a new government coalition was announced on 27 February 2014 in the Verkhovna Rada; whereas the new Prime Minister took office with the support of 371 votes in the Ukrainian Parliament, well beyond the total number of members from the parties that make up the government coalition,

B.     whereas on 1 March the Russian Federation Council granted President Putin the authority to use the Russian armed forces on the territory of Ukraine at the request of the President himself, using the false pretext that the situation in Ukraine posed a threat to the lives of Russian citizens and personnel of the Crimean contingent of the Russian armed forces;

C.     whereas no instances whatever of attacks on or intimidation of Russian or ethnic Russian citizens have been reported recently in Crimea;

D.     whereas since 28 February the main infrastructures and public buildings of the main cities in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea have been blocked and seized by troops without insignia, including elements of the Russian Black Sea Fleet stationed in Ukraine and other units of the Russian Federation armed forces; whereas since the beginning of the crisis at least 6 000 additional Russian troops have reportedly been deployed in Ukraine;

E.     whereas on 5 March the Parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea voted in favour of Crimea joining the Russian Federation and holding a referendum in Crimea on the issue on 16 March;

F.     whereas protests and demonstrations in support of Russia took place in other cities in the east and south of Ukraine; whereas the local authorities managed to maintain control of the situation;

H.     whereas the Russian public company Gazprom has threatened to cut off gas supplies to Ukraine unless the country pays back its arrears;

I.      whereas strong international diplomatic action at all levels is needed in order to de-escalate the situation and prevent the crisis from spiralling out of control; whereas the EU must respond effectively so as to allow Ukraine to fully exercise and enjoy its sovereignty free from external pressure;

1.      Firmly condemns the invasion of Ukraine by Russian troops, and calls on Moscow to immediately withdraw its soldiers to its military bases in Crimea, in compliance with previous bilateral agreements and thus respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of its neighbour;

2.      Reminds Russia of its legal obligations as signatory to the 1994 Budapest Memorandum under which the parties agreed to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine; regrets, in this regard, the decision of the Russian Federation not to attend the meeting on Ukraine’s security called by the signatories to the memorandum and scheduled for 5 March in Paris;

3.      Calls on Russia to order its masked men and soldiers in uniform without insignia in Crimea to stop besieging Ukrainian military installations and to lift the blockade on Ukrainian ships; stresses that any change in the status of Crimea must be effected in full compliance with the procedures foreseen by the Constitution of Ukraine and in accordance with international law;

4.      Urges Russia and Ukraine to start direct negotiations with a view to defusing tension and preventing any further escalation of the confrontation in Crimea; calls, in this regard, for the deployment of a fully-fledged OSCE monitoring mission in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;

5.      Deplores the threats by unidentified armed men against the UN Special Envoy, Robert Serry, who was forced to leave Crimea, and calls for access to the peninsula to be granted to the OSCE experts, who have up till now been hindered by local militias;

6.      Regrets the fact that the decisions of the Foreign Affairs Council of 3 March to suspend bilateral talks with the Russian Federation on visa matters, as well as talks on the new agreement and the preparation of the G8 summit, were not followed by more stringent and effective political, trade and economic measures;

7.      Recalls, in this respect, that the export of arms and military technology can endanger the stability and peace of the entire region; deeply deplores the fact that EU Member States have extensively exported arms and military technology to Russia, including major strategic conventional capacities; regrets the fact that between 2007 and 2011 arms and technology worth more than EUR 900 million were exported from the EU to Russia; is convinced that these exports violate at least Criteria One (respect for international obligations), Two (human rights and respect for humanitarian law), Three (existence of tensions), Five (national security of EU Member States and threats to regional peace, security and stability), and Six (respect for international law) of the EU Common Position 2008/944/CFSP on arms exports; calls on France, Germany and Italy, as the biggest arms exporters to Russia, to fundamentally review their export policies towards Russia and to assume responsibility and compliance with the EU arms control regime; regrets the decision of the French Government to export at least two state-of-the art Mistral battleships to Russia; recalls that a Mistral battleship is an effective offensive capability as it carries 16 combat helicopters, 4 landing vessels, 13 heavy battle tanks and around 450 soldiers; urges the French Government to stop this export and not to deliver the first Mistral class battleship on 1 November 2014 as hitherto planned; also deeply regrets the fact that the German Government authorised the export by Rheinmetall of a state-of-the-art combat training centre allowing Russia to train some 30 000 infantry and armoured units per year; urges the German Government to immediately stop cooperation between Rheinmetall and the Russian armed forces;

8.      Stresses that the decision of Russia to intervene militarily in Crimea violates the founding principles of the Council of Europe as well as the Helsinki Final Act; calls on the EU Member States, in this respect, to immediately activate all the procedures for the suspension of the Russian Federation from the Council of Europe; calls, furthermore, for the suspension of Russia from the G8;

9.      Points out that the weakness of the EU’s response to the invasion of Ukraine by Russia is also due to its strong dependence on the Russian Federation for energy supplies; believes, in this regard, that it is of the utmost importance to reduce in the medium term the EU’s dependence on Moscow and on other authoritarian regimes and to take into account the possibility of a full boycott, while putting in place concrete alternatives to help those Member States which currently have no other energy source than Russia; calls on the Commission, in this regard, to work for the full implementation of the Third Energy Package and to support projects in the Southern Corridor that effectively diversify energy supplies, and urges Member States not to engage their public companies in projects with Russian companies that increase European vulnerability; also calls on the European Council to adopt binding national targets for renewable energy and energy efficiency for 2030 that will reduce European dependency on fossil imports, in line with the Commission’s Impact Assessment accompanying its communication on the climate and energy package for 2030, which is on the agenda of the European Council to be held on 20-21 March;

10.    Calls on the Commission to urgently adopt the necessary measures to enable Ukraine to tackle an energy crisis in case Russia cuts gas supplies to Kyiv;

11.    Regrets, furthermore, that no visa restrictions were decided by the European Council for Russian officials who were considered to be threatening the sovereignty of Ukraine, as the US administration, on the contrary, did; calls for the adoption of such measures, as well as for a freeze on assets held in the EU by those targeted by sanctions and for the stepping-up of money-laundering investigations into Russian assets held in the EU;

12.    Welcomes the decision of the Council of 3 March to freeze and recover assets of persons identified as responsible for misappropriation of state funds in Ukraine, and expects the full collaboration of the financial institutions of all the Member States;

13.    Welcomes the comprehensive assistance package for Ukraine proposed by the Commission, and calls for its swift implementation; draws attention, however, to the dramatic social situation of the country, and calls for accompanying measures aimed at alleviating the current situation;

14.    Reiterates its call for the setting-up and quick and full operational functioning of an independent commission to investigate the human rights violations that have taken place since the beginning of the demonstrations, in close collaboration with and under the supervision of the Council of Europe International Advisory Panel;

15.    Condemns and calls for an immediate end to all acts of intimidation, harassment and threats against members and activists of parties that do not support the new government; urges the quick transfer back to the police forces of all law enforcement duties in Kyiv, and calls on all components of EuroMaidan to avoid any interference with the enforcement of public order;

16.    Welcomes the decision of the Acting President not to sign the bill aimed at repealing the Language Policy Law of 3 July 2012, and calls on the Verkhovna Rada to eventually reform the existing legislation, bringing it in line with Ukraine’s obligations under the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages;

17.    Points out that the proposal to sign the Association Agreement is still valid, and that the EU remains ready to sign it, as soon as the current political crisis is resolved and provided the benchmarks set by the Foreign Affairs Council of December 2012 are met and the Constitution of Ukraine allows for it; takes note, in this respect, of the Council decision to adopt unilateral measures which would allow Ukraine to benefit substantially from the advantages offered by the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area;

18.    Expects the Council and Commission to come forward as swiftly as possible, together with the IMF, the World Bank, the EBRD and the EIB, with a long-term package of concrete financial support to help Ukraine tackle its worsening economic and social situation and provide economic support to launch the necessary deep and comprehensive reforms of the Ukrainian economy;

19.    Reiterates its view that the quick finalisation of a visa-free travel agreement between the EU and Ukraine is the best way to respond to the calls of Ukrainian civil society and of the students who demonstrated in the squares in recent days in favour of Ukraine’s European choice; points out that this agreement will step up and facilitate exchanges and people-to-people contacts between civil societies, thus increasing mutual understanding and providing the opportunity for Ukrainian public opinion to familiarise itself with European standards and best practices in all fields; calls, in the meantime, for the immediate introduction on a temporary basis of very simple and inexpensive visa procedures;

20.    Calls, furthermore, on the Commission to work together with the Ukrainian authorities in order to find ways to counterbalance the effects of the retaliatory measures adopted by Moscow to stop the signing of the Association Agreement;

21.    Believes, furthermore, that the time has come to offer a true European perspective to Ukraine once the country gives concrete proof of its readiness to engage in reforms and adopt and share EU values;

22.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments of the Member States, the President, Government and Parliament of Ukraine, the Council of Europe, the OSCE, and the President, Government and Parliament of the Russian Federation.

(1)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2014)0170.

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