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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on Nigeria, recent attacks by Boko Haram

15.7.2014 - (2014/2729(RSP))

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 135 of the Rules of Procedure
Josef Weidenholzer, Enrique Guerrero Salom, Victor Boştinaru, Linda McAvan, Norbert Neuser, Andi-Lucian Cristea, Pier Antonio Panzeri, Maria Arena, Ana Gomes, David Martin, Marc Tarabella, Lidia Joanna Geringer de Oedenberg, Liisa Jaakonsaari, Corina Creţu, Eva Kaili
on behalf of the S&D Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0016/2014

Procedura : 2014/2729(RSP)
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European Parliament resolution on Nigeria, recent attacks by Boko Haram


The European Parliament,


- Having regard to its previous resolutions,


- Having regard to the ACP-EU JPA resolutions on the situation in Nigeria


-    Having regard to the statements by High Representative Ashton of 26 June, 15 April 2014 on the violent attacks and the abduction of more than 100 of girls by Boko Haram,


- Having regard to Council of the European Union Foreign Affairs Council meeting conclusions on abductions in Nigeria, 12 May 2014


-    Having regard to the Conclusions of London Ministerial on Security in Nigeria, 12 June 2014


-    Having regard to the conclusion of the Paris summit on the security situation in Nigeria, 17 May 2014


- Having regard to the Security Council Press Statement on Terrorist attacks in Nigeria, 14

April 2014


-    Having regard to the Statement of the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on recent attacks in Nigeria, of 21 May and 30 June 2014 on the deadly attacks; of 16 April and 8 May 2014 on kidnapped girls


- Having regard to the statement on behalf of the Office of the African Union Commission

(AUC) Chairperson’s Special Envoy for Women, Peace and Security, on the Kidnapping

of the Nigerian School Girls, 12 May 2014


- Having regard to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child ratified by Nigeria, 1991

- Having regard to the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination

against Women (CEDAW), adopted in 1979


-    Having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;


-    Having regard to the second revision of the Cotonou Agreement 2007-2013, ratified by Nigeria on 27 September 2010;


-    Having regard to the African Charter on Human and People's Rights of 1981, ratified by Nigeria on 22 June 1983;


- Having regard to to Rule 122 of its Rules of Procedure,







A.       Whereas the violent attacks by Boko Haram in the Northern part of Nigeria continue leading to the killing, injuring and spreading terror among the civilian population; whereas it represents a threat to the whole region and requires a regional response,


B.        Whereas since the beginning of 2014 Boko Haram has been blamed for more than 3000 deaths among others in February, 100 men in the villages of Doron Baga and Izghe were killed and later that month 59 boys in the Federal Government College attack in northeastern Nigeria, another bombing took place in April in which at least 88 people died; On 5 May, at least 300 residents of the nearby town of Gamboru Ngala were killed


C.       Whereas the recent deathly attack on churches in northeast Nigeria Boko Haram killed more than 50 people;


D.       Whereas more than 200 girls have been kidnapped by Boko Haram  on the 14 April  2014  from the Government Secondary School in Chibok; whereas the students are being forced into  marriage and slavery, and they were subject to sexual violence; whereas Boko Haram wanted to swap the abducted girls for its jailed members; On 24 June 90 more women and children were abducted in other areas of Borno State.


E.        Whereas despite the efforts of national and international community the rescue efforts have not brought results by now and girls remained in hostage; whereas the Nigerian military faced criticism for its handling of the kidnapping


F.        Whereas in July the 6th more than 60 women and girls abducted have escaped their



G.       Whereas the countries of the region have all endorsed the Ending Sexual Violence in Conflict declaration


H.       Whereas the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and on the Rights of Women in Africa, states, “Every woman shall have the right to respect as a person and to the free development of her personality”; whereas women and girls have the right to live free from intimidation, persecution and all other forms of discrimination according to international conventions.


I.         Whereas Boko Haram has been added to the United Nations Al-Qaida Sanctions List which helped to close off avenues of funding, travel and weapons to Boko Haram



1.        Condemns strongly the multiple attacks and atrocities perpetrated by Boko Haram, the loss of hundreds of lives and injured innocent people, the horrific abduction of more than 200 girls who are subject to sexual violence, forced marriages and slavery ;



2.        Expressed its deep sympathy and condolences to the families of the victims and expressed their sympathy to all the families whose girls have been kidnapped and remain in a hostage;


3.        Urges the government of Nigeria to continue its efforts to end the violence as quickly as possible, and to guarantee the security and protection of its population


4.        Calls on the Nigerian Government, regional organizations, the AU and the international community to double their efforts to urgently and decisively act to bring the children home to their families and protect them from further danger.


5.        Reiterates that the targeting of children and schools is against international law and cannot be justified under any circumstances


6.        Urges the Nigerian authorities to ensure accountability for crimes committed in the middle belt as well as those by all sides in the northeast insurgency including enforced disappearances, extrajudicial killings, torture, abductions and sexual violence


7.        Considers that security and stability can be achieved only through an approach that includes respect for all human rights, alleviating poverty and creating jobs, strengthening rule of law and accountable governance, improving education, protecting the rights of women and girls, and including women and civil society in efforts to resolve conflict.


8.        Calls on the international community, the UN, the EU, the African Union and regional forces to continue strengthening, through their support and cooperation, the Nigerian Government’s capacity to deliver a coordinated and effective response to the terrorist threat by developing and implementing a comprehensive strategy , to find lasting security and protection of the population;


9.        Welcomes the work of the United Nations Office for West Africa, including the development of a UN integrated support package to assist Nigeria’s efforts against Boko Haram, the African Union Strategy for the Sahel,

10.      Considers that more efforts have to be put in ensuring that basic services and infrastructure are provided to the populations most menaced by terrorism and instability;

11.      Urges the Government of Nigeria to intensify the fight against corruption, poverty and inequality and to strengthen social, political and economic reforms which also requires the fair and equitable distribution of resources and wealth; Calls for operationalizing Nigeria’s Presidential Initiative on the North-East to accelerate economic recovery and redevelopment in the region.

12.      Stresses the importance of increasing the support for girls’ education in Nigeria as a driving force for development

13.      Is concerned that by adopting the Same-Sex Marriage (Prohibiton) Law the Nigerian government failed to fulfil obligations stemming from respect for human rights, democratic principles and the rule of law, referred to in Article 9 (2) of the Cotonou Agreement; calls for the abolition of this law, along with sections 214, 215 and 217 of the Nigerian Penal Code; Reiterates its calls on the EU Member States


14.      Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council and the Commission, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Federal Government of Nigeria, the institutions of the African Union and of ECOWAS, the United Nations Secretary-General, the United Nations General Assembly, the Co-Presidents of the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly and the PAN-African Parliament (PAP).