Procedure : 2014/2717(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0026/2014

Texts tabled :

B8-0026/2014

Debates :

Votes :

PV 17/07/2014 - 10.5
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2014)0009

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 130kWORD 63k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0025/2014
15.7.2014
PE534.970v01-00
 
B8-0026/2014

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the situation in Ukraine (2014/2717(RSP))


Knut Fleckenstein, Victor Boştinaru, Richard Howitt, Ana Gomes, Pier Antonio Panzeri, Ioan Mircea Paşcu, Tonino Picula, Kati Piri, Marju Lauristin, Boris Zala, Andrejs Mamikins, Liisa Jaakonsaari, Goffredo Maria Bettini, Afzal Khan, Jo Leinen, Francisco Assis, Arne Lietz, Miltiadis Kyrkos on behalf of the S&D Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Ukraine (2014/2717(RSP))  
B8‑0026/2014

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to the Joint Declaration by the Foreign Ministers of Ukraine, Russia, France and Germany of 2 July 2014,

–       having regard to the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement (AA), including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA), signed on 27 June 2014,

–       having regard to the conclusions by the EU Foreign Affairs Council of 23 June 2014 and to the European Council Conclusions on Ukraine of 27 June 2014,

–       having regard to the reports by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine of 15 May and 15 June 2014,

–       having regard to the Statement of the Heads of State or Government on Ukraine of 27 May 2014,

–       having regard to the Statement of Preliminary Findings and Conclusions of the International Observation Mission on the presidential elections of 25 May 2014,

–       having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.     whereas Ukraine continues to face serious security, political and socioeconomic challenges; whereas the conflict in the east of Ukraine represents a serious impediment to the country’s development and prosperity;

B.     whereas the Ukrainian authorities managed, despite the crisis in the eastern part of Ukraine, to organise presidential elections that were largely in line with international commitments and respectful of fundamental freedoms in the vast majority of the country;

C.     whereas the newly elected President of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, presented a plan for peaceful settlement of the crisis; whereas a Trilateral Contact Group of senior representatives of Ukraine, the Russian Federation and the OSCE is seeking ways for concrete progress towards a peaceful resolution of the conflict, based on the proposed peace plan and the joint statement by the Foreign Ministers of Germany, France, Russia and Ukraine of 2 July 2014, that stressed the need for a sustainable ceasefire monitored by the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine;

D.     whereas the AA/DCFTA offers political association and economic integration based on common values and a commitment on the part of the Ukrainian authorities to carry out reforms that meet the expectations of the country’s people for a better life, notably in the area of the rule of law, democracy, justice, human rights and the fight against corruption;

1.      Warmly welcomes the signing of the remaining chapters of the EU-Ukraine AA/DCFTA, as well as of the EU-Moldova and EU-Georgia AAs/DCFTAs, which mark the beginning of a new era in the political and economic relations of these countries with the EU; expects that provisional application of the agreements can start in autumn 2014 and invites the three countries in question and the EU Member States to rapidly conclude the ratification processes; calls for implementation of the related reforms and reconfirms the commitment of the EU to support the associated countries in their efforts;

2.      Refutes the adoption of ‘punitive’ trade measures by Russia against those countries that have signed Association Agreements with the EU, as these agreements do not pose threats to Russia; notes with satisfaction that the expert consultations between the EU, Ukraine and Russia on the implementation of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement and free trade have progressed and that a three-party ministerial meeting was held in Brussels on 11 July 2014; believes that this is a useful process that could help end long-lasting misunderstandings, by explaining the benefits of the AA/DCFTA and taking into account the legitimate concerns of all parties;

3.      Regrets the fact that the ceasefire offered unilaterally by Kyiv has failed to achieve a negotiated settlement and that fighting has reassumed and intensified; is deeply concerned about the safety of ordinary people who remain trapped in the Donetsk and Luhansk areas; deplores the loss of lives and the fact that children have been registered among the victims; expresses its heartfelt condolences to their family members; condemns any targeting of the civilian population and calls for strict respect of international humanitarian law; urges the insurgents to accept and facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance, and not to create obstacles for refugees seeking to leave the conflict zone;

4.      Stresses the fundamental right of the Ukrainian people to freely determine their country’s future and reaffirms the right of Ukraine to self-defence, in line with Article 51 of the UN Charter; is convinced, however, that there can be no military solution to the current crisis and therefore urges all sides to demonstrate restraint, stick to the ceasefire and engage in serious negotiations leading to a political settlement that respects the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine;

5.      Welcomes the peace plan proposed by President Poroshenko as a major opportunity for de-escalation of the situation in east Ukraine and for strengthening the unity of the country; fully supports the work of the Trilateral Contact Group and the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine, and commends the efforts of individual EU Member States to secure a negotiated settlement of the crisis; regrets, however, the fact that the EU, through its High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy / Vice-President of the European Commission, has no prominent role in the process; expects that the new President of the Commission will work in tandem with the future HR/VP to redress this unfortunate situation and that individual EU Member States will contribute to strengthening the EU’s immediate response and long-term commitment;

6.      Welcomes the decision of the Russian Federation Council to repeal its resolution ‘On the use of the Armed Forces of Russia on the territory of Ukraine’, which allowed the use of the Russian Armed Forces in Ukraine, as well as the declared Russian readiness to grant Ukrainian border guards access to Russian territory in order to control border crossing at the checkpoints of Gukovo and Donetsk, while a mutually agreed ceasefire has been acceded to;

7.      Calls for a collective ban on the sale of arms to Russia and urges its implementation until the situation in eastern Ukraine has normalised; recalls that, according to criterion 4 of the Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP of 8 December 2008 defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment, the EU Member States should not issue an export licence in cases where there is a clear risk for the preservation of regional peace, security and stability and that the intended recipient would use the exported military technology or equipment aggressively against another country or to assert a territorial claim by force; welcomes the fact that several Member States have already applied this rule; deplores, however, the absence up to now of a collective EU decision;

8.      Warns that any further steps by the Russian Federation to destabilise Ukraine will lead to additional sanctions and far-reaching consequences for EU-Russian relations;

9.      Stresses the need for international observation of the situation on the ground and supports the expansion and prolongation of the OSCE observation mission in order to be able to monitor the implementation of a ceasefire and ensure that the rights of all communities are protected;

10.    Welcomes the release of the members of the OSCE special monitoring mission in Donetsk and Luhansk and urgently requests the immediate release of other hostages;

11.    Reiterates its condemnation of the annexation of Crimea and supports the decision of the Council not to recognise it, inter alia, by banning the import of goods from Crimea and Sevastopol which do not have a Ukrainian certificate;

12.    Expresses concern over the reports that Crimean Tatars are continuing to experience significant pressure, and urgently requests that particular international attention be paid to their situation; stresses the obligations of the local authorities to respect the cultural rights of Crimean Tatars and their right to freedoms of expression, religion or belief, peaceful assembly, association;

13.    Notes with particular concern the curtailment of freedom of expression, the banning or closing of TV stations, and the episodes of harassment and violence against journalists working in Ukraine, especially in the east of the country;

14.    Underlines the need for confidence-building between various communities in society and calls for a sustainable reconciliation process; in this context, emphasises the importance of establishing an inclusive national dialogue, avoiding hate speech and rhetoric which may further aggravate the conflict, while ensuring thorough, comprehensive and transparent investigation of the February 2014 sniper killings in Maidan and the tragic events that took place in Odesa on 2 May 2014, making sure that those responsible face justice;

 

15.    Recalls that a core demand of the Euromaidan movement was ending the systematic and structural curtailment of human rights, the bad governance, the widespread corruption and the colossal shadow economy; stresses the importance of the ongoing process of constitutional reform in Ukraine and encourages the Ukrainian parliament and Government not to lose this opportunity to create a new system that promotes and protects human rights, ensuring justice and good governance for all people in all regions of the country and thus contributing to its security and stability; underlines the importance of supporting the development of civil society in achieving a true participatory democracy;

16.    Believes that decentralisation of power will contribute to maintaining sustainable peace in eastern Ukraine and expresses satisfaction that this is one of the main points of President Poroshenko’s peace plan, and that this plan provides for early local and parliamentary elections; takes the view that parliamentary elections in Ukraine should be organised as soon as possible and in accordance with the Venice Commission recommendations;

17.    Stresses the need to strengthen the rule of law, also by engaging in judicial reform which would contribute to restoring citizens’ trust in the judiciary, and the need to de-politicise and de-militarise the structure of the law enforcement bodies; welcomes the decision of the Council to establish a CSDP mission to assist Ukraine in the field of civilian security sector reform, including police and the rule of law;

18.    Calls for additional efforts in the field of anti-discrimination, noting with particular concern the negative attitude towards LGBT and the fact that two right-wing parties of Ukraine openly identify combatting homosexuality as one of their political tasks;

19.    Reconfirms the commitment of the EU to support Ukraine in its efforts to implement the AA/DCFTA; invites the European Commission to build upon the European Agenda for Reform and come forward with a specific and more concrete roadmap which will help Ukraine to implement the necessary reforms, stabilise its economy and meet the basic needs of its people;

20.    Welcomes the European Commission’s initiative to host a high-level coordination donor meeting in Brussels on 8 July 2014, which decided on the creation of the organising committee for preparations related to holding a donor conference this autumn; welcomes the disbursement of the first loan tranche from the new EU Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA II) programme for the country, as well as the approval by the World Bank of a USD 0.3 bn loan for Ukraine to help modernise its social assistance system; looks forward to more substantial assistance from the scheduled donor conference;

21.    Regrets the fact that the consultations between Ukraine, Russia and the EU with a view to ensuring security of energy supply and transit have not borne positive results yet; stresses the need for the EU and all its Member States to rebalance the energy dependency on Russia and to enhance their commitment towards EU initiatives for increased energy diversification through alternative sources and routes; from this point of view, is concerned that the South Stream project would increase the EU’s dependence on Russia rather than representing a solution to the problem; emphasises that all solutions to guarantee the security of EU energy supply should be designed and negotiated taking into account the needs of all the 28 Member States, and not based on the interest of individual Member States; in this context, welcomes the recent communication from the Commission on a ‘European Energy Security Strategy’ (COM(2014)0330); believes that the EU should support the Ukrainian Government in the reform of the energy sector, its modernisation, and integration of the Ukrainian energy market into the EU energy market;

22.    Underlines the necessity of finding a clear, fair and stable solution to ensure the security of gas supply from Russia to Ukraine, as this is a necessary prerequisite for the economic development and for the stability of Ukraine; believes that the EU should continue to play its role in facilitating an agreement;

23.    Welcomes the fact that Ukraine has moved to the second phase of the visa liberalisation process and looks forward to its implementation, which will allow visa-free travel for Ukrainian citizens;

24.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the EU Member States, to the President, government and parliament of Ukraine and to the President, government and parliament of the Russian Federation.

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