Procedure : 2014/2713(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0058/2014

Texts tabled :


Debates :

Votes :

PV 17/07/2014 - 10.6
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :


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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0027/2014

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Commission

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on Youth Employment (2014/2713(RSP))

Marian Harkin, Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea, Martina Dlabajová, Mircea Diaconu, Ivo Vajgl, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Marietje Schaake on behalf of the ALDE Group

European Parliament resolution on Youth Employment  (2014/2713(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to the Commission communication of 20 December 2011 entitled ‘Youth Opportunities Initiative’ (COM(2011)0933),

–       having regard to the question for oral answer to the Commission and the accompanying Parliament resolution of 24 May 2012 on the Youth Opportunities Initiative(1),

–       having regard to the Commission communication of 5 December 2012 entitled ‘Moving Youth into Employment’ (COM(2012)0727),

–       having regard to its resolution of 16 January 2013 on a Youth Guarantee(2),

–       having regard to the Council recommendation of 10 March 2014 on a Quality Framework for Traineeships,

–       having regard to the Council recommendation of 22 April 2013 on establishing a Youth Guarantee,

–       having regard to its resolution of 11 September 2013 on tackling youth unemployment: possible ways out(3),

–       having regard to its resolution of 16 January 2014 on respect for the fundamental right of free movement in the EU(4),

–       having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.     whereas the EU economy is gradually recovering and, for the first time since 2011, employment, GDP and household incomes are growing;

B.     whereas unemployment levels for young people remain alarming, where in April 2014 22.5 % of active young people were jobless, ranging from 7.8 % in Germany to over 50 % in Greece, Spain and Croatia, indicating marked geographical differences;

C.     whereas 7.5 million Europeans under the age of 25 are neither in employment nor in education or training (NEETs); whereas these figures are continuing to rise, posing the risk of a lost generation;

D.     whereas active labour market policies and activation strategies are key to help the unemployed find a decent job;

E.     whereas an EU growth strategy, capitalising on the use of the full potential of our common markets, is equally necessary to ensure sustainable job creation;

F.     whereas despite high overall levels of youth unemployment, certain sectors such as the ICT and health sectors face increasing difficulty in filling vacancies with qualified personnel;

G.     whereas an increasing gap between the qualifications of graduates and the skills requirements of the labour market can be observed in some Member States;

H.     whereas by emphasis on practical skills, the dual system of vocational training and the combined academic-vocational degree courses employed in some Member States have proven their worth during the crisis in particular, keeping levels of youth unemployment lower by making young people more employable;

I.      whereas geographical mismatches between the supply and demand of jobs and skills can be observed both within and between Member States;

J.      whereas there are 2 million vacancies across the EU and there is an opportunity to tap the potential of the freedom of movement of workers; whereas mobility between Member States, however, only counts for 2.8 %;

K.     whereas EU financial support can help Member States in combating youth unemployment, most notably from the European Social Fund and in the context of the Youth Employment Initiative and the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund;

1.      Urges the Member States to take strong measures to fight youth unemployment, in particular through preventive action against early dropout from school, or by promoting training and apprenticeship schemes (e.g. by implanting a dual educational system or other equally efficient types of framework), to develop comprehensive strategies for young people who are not in employment, education or training (NEETs) and to implement the national Youth Guarantee Schemes in full;

2.      Calls on Member States to foster growth-promoting policies and calls for action at EU level in terms of a European growth strategy where investment in and development of key sectors such as the digital market, the telecom market and a common energy community will provide sustainable jobs;

3.      Calls on Member States to focus on creating educational, training or apprenticeship opportunities for sectors that face increasing difficulties in filling vacancies with qualified personnel;

4.      Believes, furthermore, that easier access to financing and simpler rules for the setting up of new businesses have to be prioritised in order to boost new SMEs and to ensure the survival of existing SMEs, in which most new jobs are created;

5.      Calls on the European Commission to actively request support and initiatives as well as other forms of cooperation with the private sector in tackling youth unemployment;

6.      Calls on Member States to eliminate red tape for self-employed and small enterprises, introduce favourable tax policies, establish a more favourable climate for private investments and address disproportionately punitive bankruptcy laws when combating unemployment;

7.      Urges Member States to share successful and best practices and to coordinate their strategies and find common solutions to the problem of youth unemployment, not only because it can best be tackled in some geographical areas by joint cross-border measures, but also because the unemployment level constitutes a challenge to the EU economy as a whole;

8.      Calls on the Commission and the Member States to support new types of economy, especially social entrepreneurship, co-working, crowdsourcing and providing supporting measures for youth cooperatives and social enterprises start-ups;

9.      Emphasises that the dual vocational training system and twin-track studies, with their focus on practical experience, have stood the test of the economic crisis particularly well, helping to reduce youth unemployment by making people more employable, and calls, therefore, on crisis-hit Member States to reform their training systems along these lines;

10.    Calls on the Member States to improve cooperation between businesses and the education sector at all levels, with a scope of better linking curricula to the demands of the labour market; urges them to prioritise EURES as a preferential tool for job seekers and job offers to guarantee mobility;

11.    Stresses, however, that the national Youth Guarantee Schemes must be implemented alongside structural efforts and reforms of labour markets in order to make all Member States fit for the challenges of the future;

12.    Calls on the EU Member States to actively incorporate an application under the Youth Employment Imitative when applying for the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund, where applicable, and asks the Member States to prioritise Youth entrepreneurship in this programme;

13.    Encourages the Member States to opt for the increase of the age of ‘youth unemployment measures’ recipients from 24 to 30, as after seven years of crisis, young people who have lost their jobs in sectors such as the property bubble, without prior solid training, are already over 24 years old;

14.    Urges the Member States to review labour market rules, as well as their social security schemes, where these pose obstacles for young people to access the labour market;

15.    Urges Member States to associate youth employment policies with quality and sustainable working contracts in order to tackle increasing structural precariousness and underemployment;

16.    Calls on Member States to rigorously implement the existing EU legislation on the protection of young people at work and combat any abuse by strengthening controls by national labour inspectorates;

17.    Stresses that the European economy requires efforts to be made to enhance free movement and labour mobility in the EU, rather than limitations being placed on this, and calls on the Member States to ensure the free movement of all citizens and workers in order to allow the development of a genuine Union labour market, to remove bottlenecks and to allow EU workers to move to areas where their skills are demanded;

18.    Calls on the Commission and Member States to further improve the transparency and recognition of qualifications within the Union, in particular through the European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training, Europass and the European Qualifications Framework;

19.    Underlines the importance for young people to acquire transversal skills such as ICT skills, leadership skills, critical thinking and language skills, also by studying abroad, to improve their prospects on the job market, their adaptability to future labour market developments and their active participation in society;

20.    Recalls that in the context of the current economic crisis, education, training and creativity are essential for creating innovation, productivity and growth in Europe; stresses, therefore, the importance of Erasmus for All and encourages the Commission to address the discrepancy in education standards between EU countries and the full recognition of diplomas across the EU;

21.    Urges Member States to remove existing barriers to cross-border apprenticeships, traineeships and internships to better match supply and demand of work-based training opportunities for youth;

22.    Calls on all institutions to ensure a swift adoption of the directive on conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of research, studies, pupil exchange, remunerated and unremunerated training, voluntary service and au-pairing, in order to facilitate the employability of young people;

23.    Supports the proposal from the Commission in the 2013 Citizenship Report to reform the social security coordination regulation to extend the mandatory minimum period during which home Member States must provide benefits for their citizens from three to six months; considers such a proposal will help provide security for jobseekers when they move to other EU countries and reduce the fiscal costs for host Member States, whilst also guarding against any abuse;

24.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Commission and the Council.


OJ C 264E, 13.9.2013, p. 69.


Texts adopted, P7_TA(2013)0016.


Texts adopted, P7_TA(2013)0365.


Texts adopted, P7_TA(2014)0037.

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