Procedure : 2014/2716(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0060/2014

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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0059/2014

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the situation in Iraq (2014/2716(RSP))

Cristian Dan Preda, Arnaud Danjean, Jacek Saryusz-Wolski, Elmar Brok, Mariya Gabriel, Andrey Kovatchev, Esther de Lange, Michèle Alliot-Marie, Tunne Kelam, Lars Adaktusson, Davor Ivo Stier, Philippe Juvin on behalf of the PPE Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Iraq (2014/2716(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to its previous resolutions on Iraq,

–       having regard to the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Iraq, of the other,

–       having regard to the Foreign Affairs Council conclusions on Iraq, in particular those of 23 June 2014,

–       having regard to the statements by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) on Iraq,

–       having regard to the EU guidelines on the promotion and protection of freedom of religion or belief adopted on 24 June 2013,

–       having regard to the statements by the Secretary-General of the United Nations on Iraq,

–       having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.     whereas Iraq continues to face serious political, security and socioeconomic challenges, and whereas its political scene is extremely fragmented and plagued by violence and sectarian politics, to the severe detriment of the Iraqi people’s legitimate aspirations for peace, prosperity and a genuine transition to democracy; whereas Iraq is facing the most severe wave of violence since 2008;

B.     whereas according to casualty figures released by the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) on 1 July 2014, a total of 2 417 Iraqis were killed and another 2 287 wounded (Anbar province excluded) in acts of terrorism and violence in June 2014;

C.     whereas according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) there are an estimated 1.2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in central and northern Iraq and an estimated 1.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance;

D.     whereas the ongoing civil war in Syria has facilitated access for militants – in particular those of the Islamic State (IS), formerly known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) – and foreign fighters; whereas on 10 June 2014 the ISIL seized control of Mosul, the second-largest city in Iraq;

E.     whereas up to 10 000 people from the predominately Christian communities of Qaraqosh (also known as Al-Hamdaniya), a historic Assyrian town, fled their homes on 25 June 2014 after mortar rounds landed near the town; whereas since 2003 at least half of Iraq’s Christians are believed to have left the country; whereas according to Open Doors International the number of Christians in Iraq has significantly dropped from 1.2 million at the beginning of the 1990s to between 330 000 and 350 000 now; whereas the protection of Iraq’s Christians relies mainly on the armed forces of the Kurdistan Regional Government (Peshmergas), without adequate support from the Iraqi Government;

F.     whereas the IS declared the establishment of a caliphate, a new Islamic state, on 29 June 2014 on the territories it controls in Iraq and Syria, and its leader, Abdu Bakr al-Baghdadi, has declared himself as the caliph;

G.     whereas the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq (SRSG), Mr Nickolay Mladenov, has expressed grave concern at the increasingly sectarian dimension of the fighting in Iraq and continued reports that the IS and other armed/terrorist opposition groups are persecuting members of Iraq’s religious and ethnic communities;

H.     whereas the EU has acknowledged the burden placed on the Kurdistan region and the Kurdistan Regional Government, which are hosting a large number of IDPs;

1.      Strongly condemns the attacks perpetrated by the IS and other armed/terrorist groups against Iraqi citizens and the Iraqi state; is deeply concerned about the deteriorating security situation in Iraq and the continuing acts of violence perpetrated against the civilian population, vulnerable groups and religious communities; underlines the fact that the IS is not only a threat to the stability of Iraq, but a threat to the entire region; extends its condolences to the families and friends of the deceased and injured;

2.      Strongly condemns attacks directed at civilian targets, including hospitals, schools and places of worship, and the use of executions and sexual violence in the conflict; underlines the fact that there should be no impunity for the perpetrators of these acts; is deeply concerned about the humanitarian crisis and the massive displacement of civilians;

3.      Calls on the Iraqi Government and on all political leaders to take the necessary measures to provide security and protection for all people in Iraq, in particular members of vulnerable groups and religious communities, including Christians; calls on the Iraqi Government to ensure a response to the needs of the populations affected, provide essential services, facilitate safe and unhindered passage for civilians fleeing the violence, and ensure safe access for humanitarian actors to all populations affected;

4.      Underlines the fact that Iraq’s unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity are essential for stability and economic development in the country and the region; stresses that the EU has reiterated its support for the Iraqi authorities in the fight against terrorism and has emphasised that the security response needs to be combined with a sustainable political solution by the Government of Iraq, involving all Iraqi leaders and communities in a spirit of national unity; recalls that a real, inclusive political dialogue has been lacking so far, contributing to the worsening of the security context; calls on the Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government to find an agreement on all pending issues;

5.      Notes with concern that the conflict in Syria has triggered a renewed flow of foreign fighters in the region; calls on all regional actors to contribute to efforts to promote stability in Iraq and the region;

6.      Stresses that the ISIL is subject to the arms embargo and assets freeze imposed by United Nations Security Council resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011), and underlines the importance of prompt and effective implementation of those measures;

7.      Welcomes the conduct of the third elections to the Council of Representatives on schedule and in accordance with the Iraqi Constitution; pays tribute to the courage of the many Iraqi citizens who went out to cast their votes; urges all political leaders, especially Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, to make sure that an inclusive government is formed as a matter of urgency; regrets that the Iraqi Parliament cancelled its session of 8 July 2014, despite the calls from the SRSG to elect a speaker during this session;

8.      Welcomes the EU’s decision of 19 June 2014 to increase its humanitarian assistance to Iraq by EUR 5 million to provide basic assistance to displaced people, thus bringing humanitarian funding for Iraq to EUR 12 million so far in 2014;

9.      Supports the EU’s efforts to assist Iraq in promoting democracy, human rights, good governance and the rule of law, including by building on the experiences and achievements of the EUJUST LEX-Iraq mission, which – regrettably – completed its mandate on 31 December 2013; supports, also, the efforts of UNAMI and those of the SRSG to assist the Government of Iraq in strengthening its democratic institutions and processes, promoting the rule of law, facilitating regional dialogue, improving the provision of basic services and ensuring the protection of human rights;

10.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Council, the Commission, the EU Special Representative for Human Rights, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Government and Council of Representatives of Iraq, the Kurdistan Regional Government, the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the United Nations Human Rights Council.

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