MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on Turkish actions creating tensions in the exclusive economic zone of Cyprus
5.11.2014 - (2014/2921(RSP))
pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure
Gabriele Zimmer, Neoklis Sylikiotis, Takis Hadjigeorgiou, Javier Couso Permuy, Sofia Sakorafa, João Ferreira, Miloslav Ransdorf, Patrick Le Hyaric, Merja Kyllönen, Inês Cristina Zuber, Miguel Viegas, Dimitrios Papadimoulis, Kostas Chrysogonos, Emmanouil Glezos, Kateřina Konečná on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0211/2014
European Parliament resolution on Turkish actions creating tensions in the exclusive economic zone of Cyprus
The European Parliament,
– having regard to international law on the Law of the Sea, including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which is part of the acquis communautaire,
– having regard to the customary international Law of the Sea in particular, by which all members of the international community are bound,
– having regard to the Negotiating Framework for Turkey of 3 October 2005,
– having regard to the declaration of the European Community and its Member States of 21 September 2005,
– having regard to Council Decision 2008/157/EC of 18 February 2008 on the principles, priorities and conditions contained in the Accession Partnership with the Republic of Turkey (‘the Accession Partnership’), as well as to the previous Council decisions on the Accession Partnership of 2001, 2003 and 2006,
– having regard to the Council conclusions of 14 December 2010, 5 December 2011, 11 December 2012, 17 December 2013 and 24 October 2014,
– having regard to previous Commission staff working documents reporting Turkey’s progress in the accession negotiations, including the Commission document entitled ‘Turkey: 2014 progress report’ (SWD(2014) 0307), the Commission staff working document entitled ‘Turkey: 2013 progress report’ (SWD(2013)0417) and the Commission staff working document entitled ‘Turkey: 2012 progress report’ (SWD(2012)0336),
– having regard to the Commission communication of 8 October 2014 entitled ‘Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2014-15’ (COM(2014)0700), to the Commission communication of 16 October 2013 entitled ‘Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2013-2014’ (COM(2013)0700), and to previous Commission communications on this subject,
– having regard to its previous resolutions, in particular those of 9 March 2011 on Turkey’s 2010 progress report, of 29 March 2012 on the 2011 Progress Report on Turkey, of 18 April 2013 on the 2012 Progress Report on Turkey, of 13 June 2013 on the situation in Turkey and of 12 March 2014 on the 2013 progress report on Turkey,
– having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,
A. whereas on 3 October 2014 Turkey issued a Navigational Telex (NAVTEX Directive) through which it unlawfully ‘designated’ a large area within the southern part of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of the Republic of Cyprus, almost adjacent to the Republic of Cyprus’s territorial waters, for seismic surveys between 20 October and 30 December 2014;
B. whereas Turkey’s NAVTEX concerns large parts of the Republic of Cyprus’s EEZ in the south, an area which has been delineated following respective bilateral agreements with Egypt, to which Cyprus’s southern maritime areas are adjacent;
C. whereas Turkey’s ‘designation’ of a large part of the Republic of Cyprus’s southern EEZ affects, inter alia, blocks that have been lawfully attributed by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus to the Italian company ENI, and to KOGAS, for exploring possible hydrocarbon reserves in the seabed soil, and thus amounts to an act of aggression;
D. whereas this has been the culmination of a continued provocative policy by Turkey of disputing, not recognising, and interfering with the Republic of Cyprus’s sovereign rights in its EEZ;
E. whereas Turkey’s renewed aggression has de facto jeopardised the process of the direct negotiations for a comprehensive peace settlement in Cyprus, since it hinders the climate at the negotiations;
F. whereas the convergences achieved between Christofias and Talat indicate that the issue of Cypriot hydrocarbons would be conclusively and constructively resolved through the comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem; whereas they included an agreement on federal responsibility over the delineation of maritime zones and the resolution of disputes, all according to UNCLOS, and on the federal ownership of natural resources, including hydrocarbons; whereas another convergence under the Economy negotiating chapter concerned the distribution of relevant profit;
G. whereas accession negotiations with Turkey were opened on 3 October 2005, and whereas the recognition of all EU Member States is a necessary component of the accession process;
H. whereas the EU recognises only the Republic of Cyprus as a subject of international law, and Turkey’s normalisation of relations with all EU Member States remains a precondition for accession;
I. whereas Turkey has committed itself to the fulfilment of the Copenhagen criteria, adequate and effective reforms, good neighbourly relations and progressive alignment with the EU;
J. whereas full compliance with international law remains a sine qua non for all candidate countries for accession to the EU;
K. whereas Turkey has been urged several times to refrain from issuing statements and engaging in actions challenging the Republic of Cyprus’s right to exploit hydrocarbon resources in Cyprus’s exclusive economic zone for the benefit of all Cypriots;
L. whereas the EU has repeatedly stressed the sovereign rights of all EU Member States, which include entering into bilateral agreements, and exploring and exploiting their natural resources in accordance with the EU acquis and international law, including UNCLOS and the relevant customary international law;
M. whereas, for the benefit of all actors involved and with a view to enhancing stability and complying with the much-advertised foreign policy of zero problems, Turkey must withdraw its troops from Cyprus, terminate its illegal military presence and, inter alia, resolve disputes over the maritime borders, in accordance with the provisions of the UN Charter, UNCLOS and international law in general;
N. whereas Turkey has the potential to play a pivotal role in diversifying energy resources and routes for oil, gas and electricity transit from neighbouring countries to the EU, albeit while respecting the sovereign rights of its neighbours;
O. whereas Turkey has not revoked its Navigational Telex;
1. Condemns Turkey’s constant violations of international law against the Republic of Cyprus, on this occasion of the Law of Sea, including both UNCLOS and the customary international Law of the Sea;
2. Urges Turkey to revoke its NAVTEX immediately, and to refrain from any actions amounting to flagrant violations of the sovereign rights of the Republic of Cyprus, including the delineation of its maritime zones, the conclusion of bilateral agreements on its EEZ, and the exploration and exploitation of its natural resources for the benefit of all Cypriots;
3. Regrets the fact that Turkey persists with its aggressive policy against the Republic of Cyprus, which endangers stability in the region; notes, furthermore, that owing to the proximity of the maritime area ‘designated’ by Turkey to the territorial waters of the Republic of Cyprus, Turkey’s violation is also being perceived as a threat to the security of Cyprus’s citizens, as well as adding to mistrust as regards compliance with a future solution by Turkey;
4. Calls on Turkey to respect the sovereign rights of the Republic of Cyprus, an EU Member State, recalling that these include the right to enter into bilateral agreements and to explore and exploit its natural resources in accordance with the provisions of the international Law of the Sea as a whole;
5. Calls on the Turkish Government to sign and ratify UNCLOS, which is part of the acquis communautaire, without further delay;
6. Expresses deep concern and dissatisfaction at the lack of genuine commitment on the part of Turkey to the direct negotiations; deplores Turkey’s recent aggression, and urges Ankara to abandon its intransigent policy against the Republic of Cyprus and to refrain from any actions that do not condone the peace process;
7. Underlines that such provocations will not be ignored, and reminds Turkey that its accession, including the opening of chapters, remains dependent upon the fulfilment of all its contractual commitments vis-à-vis the European Union and all its Member States;
8. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the UN Secretary-General, the governments and parliaments of the Member States and the Government and Parliament of the Republic of Turkey.
-  OJ C 199E, 7.7.2012, p. 98.
-  Texts adopted, P7_TA(2012)0116.
-  Texts adopted, P7_TA(2013)0184.
-  Texts adopted, P7_TA(2013)0277.
-  Texts adopted, P7_TA (2014)0235.