Motion for a resolution - B8-0020/2015Motion for a resolution

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the situation in Ukraine

12.1.2015 - (2014/2965(RSP))

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

Charles Tannock, Anna Elżbieta Fotyga, Ryszard Czarnecki, Mark Demesmaeker, Ryszard Antoni Legutko, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Karol Karski, Roberts Zīle, Stanisław Ożóg, Ruža Tomašić, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Geoffrey Van Orden on behalf of the ECR Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0008/2015

Procedure : 2014/2965(RSP)
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European Parliament resolution on the situation in Ukraine


The European Parliament,

–       having regard to its previous resolutions on Ukraine and the Eastern Partnership,

–       having regard to the conclusions of the Foreign Affairs Council of 17 November 2014 on Ukraine,

–       having regard to its ratification of the Association Agreement/Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA),

–       having regard to the report of election observation delegation to the parliamentary elections in Ukraine of 26 October 2014,

–       having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.     whereas the EU has repeatedly stressed its commitment to and strong support of Ukraine’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, as well as right to decide on its allies and its future without any external pressure;

B.     whereas on 26 October 2014 Ukraine held parliamentary elections which – despite the extremely difficult situation in the country – were conducted efficiently, in an orderly and peaceful manner and in line with international standards, and which were won by a large majority of parties in support of the closer integration of Ukraine with the EU;

C.     whereas on 27 June 2014 the EU signed – and later ratified – an Association Agreement with Ukraine, along with Georgia and Moldova; whereas the signing of this agreement recognises the aspirations of the people of Ukraine to live in a country governed by European values, democracy and the rule of law;

D.     whereas 5 December 2014 marked the 20th anniversary of signing of the Budapest Memorandum, in which the US, Russia and the UK guaranteed to respect Ukrainian independence and sovereignty within its existing borders and to refrain from the threat or use of force against Ukraine;

E.     whereas on 5 September 2014 the Trilateral Contact Group agreed on a ceasefire, which entered into force on the same day; whereas since then the ceasefire regime has been violated by the separatists and Russian forces on a daily basis; whereas Russia continues to support the separatist militias through the provision of a steady flow of weapons, ammunition, armoured vehicles, equipment and mercenaries, as well as of regular Russian units, including main battle tanks, sophisticated anti-aircraft systems and artillery;

F.     whereas according to the Ukrainian authorities, by December 2014 the losses among servicemen had exceeded 1 250 people since the beginning of the conflict, while many people are still being held in captivity by militants, including soldiers, journalists, volunteers and local residents;

G.     whereas Russia’s direct and indirect military intervention in Ukraine, including the annexation of Crimea, violates international law, including the UN Charter, the Helsinki Final Act and the 1994 Budapest Memorandum; whereas Russia continues to reject the implementation of the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE);

H.     whereas Russia’s policy of punishing its neighbours, including Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova, for their European aspirations expressed in association agreements with the EU, by means of military and economic aggression, and by sustaining or creating frozen conflicts, is aimed at interfering in European affairs, destabilising Europe and weakening the unity of the EU;

I.      whereas the tragic downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 in the Donetsk region provoked outrage in international and European public opinion; whereas the UN and the EU have demanded a thorough international investigation of the circumstances of the accident;

J.      whereas on 17 November 2014 the Council reinforced the EU’s restrictive measures against separatists operating in eastern Ukraine, with 13 people and 5 entities being subjected to an assets freeze and an EU travel ban;

K.     whereas there are widespread abuses of human rights in both eastern Ukraine and Crimea, which is being experienced, in particular, by Crimean Tatars, including through intimidation and a new wave of disappearances;

1.      Expresses its full solidarity with Ukraine and the Ukrainian nation; reiterates, once again, its commitment to the independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and inviolability of the borders and European choice of Ukraine;

2.      Strongly condemns the Russian Federation for waging an undeclared hybrid war against Ukraine with the use of regular Russian forces and support for illegally armed groups; urges Russia to stop the flow of weapons and militants into the east of Ukraine; stresses that Russia’s actions against Ukraine constitute an act of aggression;

3.      Underlines the fact that sanctions against Russia adopted by both the EU and the US are having direct effects on the Russian economy; reiterates its call on the Member States and the European External Action Service (EEAS) to strengthen the sanctions and to adopt a clear set of benchmarks which, when achieved, could prevent the adoption of the new restrictive measures against Russia or lead to the lifting of the previous ones, these benchmarks including: the complete withdrawal of Russian troops and mercenaries from the territory of Ukraine, ending the supply of arms and equipment to terrorists, full respect by Russia of the ceasefire regime, the establishment of effective international control and verification of the ceasefire regime and the restoration of Ukraine’s control over its whole territory, including Crimea;

4.      Calls, in this regard, for the streamlining of the military embargo and sanctions regime to prevent any EU cooperation with Russia in the defence sector, including as regards space technologies;

5.      Considers the annexation of Crimea to be illegal and refuses to recognise Russian de facto rule of the peninsula through, inter alia, the decision to prohibit the importation of goods from Crimea and Sevastopol which do not have a Ukrainian certificate and to ban the issuing of Schengen visas to residents of Crimea with Russian passports; welcomes the decision by Mastercard and Visa to stop all services in the annexed Crimea region of Russia;

6.      Reiterates its call on the Council to put the so-called Donetsk and Luhansk people’s republics on the list of terrorist organisations;

7.      Is deeply concerned by the deteriorating human rights situation in eastern Ukraine and in Crimea; deplores the ongoing intimidation and harassment of Crimean Tatars, ethnic Ukrainians and all those who have refused Russian citizenship in Crimea; underlines the fact that Russia is directly responsible for worsening the human rights situation in the illegally annexed Crimea and in the Donbas region;

8.      Commends the Ukrainian authorities on the efficient and orderly conduct of the parliamentary elections of 26 October 2014 despite the extremely difficult situation in the country;

9.      Condemns the organisation and conduct of illegal and illegitimate ‘presidential and parliamentary’ elections in ‘Donetsk People’s Republic’ and ‘Luhansk People’s Republic’ on 2 November 2014; deplores the fact that Russia found them legitimate, thus undermining the Minsk arrangements;

10.    Reiterates its call on Russia to immediately release Ukrainian political prisoners, including Nadiya Savchenko, who has been recently elected to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and is currently on hunger strike;

11.    Welcomes the formation of the Yatsenyuk Government and hopes that it will implement duly and without delay the reforms necessary to bring Ukraine closer to the EU; underlines, in this regard, the need to reform and increase the efficiency of the Verkhovna Rada by, inter alia, prolonging the two-week deadline for tabling amendments to proposed acts, ensuring proper vacation legis for the adopted regulations, and ensuring higher participation by deputies in the work of the assembly; reiterates its call to step up the efforts in the fight against corruption; welcomes the appointment of foreign experts for important posts in the new administration;

12.    Encourages the Ukrainian authorities to further develop a fully professional and independent civil service based on best practices and experiences from the Member States; calls on Members States and the Commission to consider sending experts and experienced civil servants who could assist in training their Ukrainian counterparts;

13.    Invites the Commission and the Member States to step up their efforts in rendering assistance to Ukraine, by organizing a donor/investment conference and cooperating with international financial institutions to define further steps to address the economic and financial recovery of Ukraine;

14.    Calls, in this regard, on the VP/HR and the Commission to take concrete actions and organise the special transport of supplies and non-lethal military equipment, including night vision goggles and body armour for the Ukrainian soldiers who are fighting in the east of the country;

15.    Invites Member States to provide military and technical assistance to the Ukrainian armed forces, thereby increasing their combat readiness and capabilities;

16.    Welcomes the signing of the Association Agreement with Ukraine and underlines Ukraine’s legally recognised perspective for eventual membership of the EU, which is granted in principle under Article 49 of the Treaty on European Union; invites the Member States to ratify the AA before the Riga Summit in 2015;

17.    underlines, in light of the announced halting of the South Stream project, the increased strategic importance of the Ukrainian Gas Transportation System and calls on the Commission to come up with plans for the adequate modernisation of Ukraine’s pipelines; welcomes the solidarity shown by the EU and the increased amounts of gas going to Ukraine through reverse flows from the Member States;

18.    Welcomes the efforts of the Ukrainian Government of Prime Minister Yatsenyuk to diversify energy supplies and to open procurement up to international companies, for example in the sourcing of nuclear fuels, and in the supply of equipment to power‑generating plants;

19.    Deplores Russia’s propaganda in state‑owned media aimed at Ukraine, inciting hatred and prejudice towards the country in Russian society;

20.    Calls for the EU to show solidarity and speak with one voice when reacting to Russia’s actions in Ukraine and in other Eastern Partnership countries;

21.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice‑President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Member States, the President of Ukraine, the governments and parliaments of the Eastern Partnership countries and of the Russian Federation, the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly, and the Parliamentary Assemblies of the Council of Europe and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe.