Procedure : 2016/2537(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0146/2016

Texts tabled :


Debates :

Votes :

PV 04/02/2016 - 8.6
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :


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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0146/2016

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the situation in Libya (2016/2537(RSP))

Charles Tannock, Raffaele Fitto, Angel Dzhambazki, Ruža Tomašić, Ryszard Antoni Legutko, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Ryszard Czarnecki, Monica Macovei, Pirkko Ruohonen-Lerner, Geoffrey Van Orden, Anna Elżbieta Fotyga, Jana Žitňanská, Branislav Škripek, Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski, Beatrix von Storch on behalf of the ECR Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Libya (2016/2537(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on the situation in Libya,

–  having regard to the Council conclusions of 18 January 2016,

–  having regard to various United Nations Security Council resolutions on the situation in Libya, including resolution 2259 (2015),

–  having regard to the Libyan Political Agreement signed in Skhirat, Morocco, on 17 December 2015,

–  having regard to the respective mandates of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) and of the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General,

–  having regard to the statements by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy on the situation in Libya,

–  having regard to the ongoing UN-facilitated talks on Libya,

–  having regard to the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

–  having regard to the mandate of EUNAVFOR MED Operation Sophia,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas Libya has been plagued by instability, infighting and sectarianism since the fall of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in 2011;

B.  whereas, despite national parliamentary elections in June 2014, the aspirations of the Libyan people following the fall of Colonel Gaddafi have been thwarted by political division and violence; whereas rival governments and parliaments have been operating in Tripoli and Tobruk;

C.  whereas the political vacuum and lack of stable government has been exploited by IS/Daesh and other extremist forces, threatening peace and security in the entire region;

D.  whereas the Libyan Political Agreement was signed on 17 December 2015 as part of the process of uniting the country’s warring factions and creating an inclusive, stable, sustainable government and political process;

E.  whereas civilians are the main victims of the violence and divisions in Libya, with deteriorating living standards and increased risk of injury or death from violence; whereas those committing violent acts appear to have little or no regard for the impact of their actions on innocent parties;

F.  whereas the political chaos and violence in Libya has given traffickers freedom to exploit migrants and refugees desperate to reach Europe; whereas, in June 2015, the EU military operation in the southern central Mediterranean, EU NAVFOR MED (now Sophia), was launched with the ultimate aim of identifying, capturing and disposing of vessels and other enabling assets used or suspected of being used by migrant smugglers or traffickers;

1.  Endorses the Libyan Political Agreement and the UN-led talks and calls on all parties to work together in the interests of national unity, stability and inclusivity;

2.  Remains deeply concerned at the impact of ongoing violence in Libya on the lives of ordinary Libyans; believes that such acts seriously jeopardise the hopes of creating a democratic, pluralistic, peaceful Libya following the fall of Colonel Gaddafi in 2011; condemns all those seeking to use violence to exploit political division;

3.  Remains extremely concerned at the presence of IS/Daesh forces in Libya and the security implications this poses to the wider region; believes furthermore that the formation of a new government in Libya is the best hope of bringing stability to the country and of tackling the growing threat from IS/Daesh;

4.  Believes that the root cause of instability in Libya lies in the decisions taken during the 40-year dictatorship of Colonel Gaddafi, as it left the country without a proper system of government and weak government institutions;

5.  Supports the Government of National Accord (GNA) as the legitimate government of Libya, and encourages all actors, as well as third countries, to accept its authority;

6.  Encourages Libyan ownership of the political process and stresses the importance of inclusivity, including through the participation of women, civil society, all religious and ethnic groups, and political and local actors;

7.  Commends the work of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya and the UN Special Representative in their efforts aimed at securing peace, reconciliation and stable, inclusive government;

8.  Offers its support to the GNA and to the Libyan people in the fight against violence and extremism; believes furthermore that the formation of the GNA is the only credible opportunity to ensure peace, stability and prosperity in Libya, and to tackle the multiple threats and challenges to such objectives, including terrorism and human trafficking;

9.  Expresses grave concern at the plight of refugees fleeing Libya to Europe by sea and further regrets that hundreds of people died making the crossing in 2015; further encourages the EU NAVFOR MED Sophia operation to be more effective in its efforts to tackle the refugee flow and the traffickers who exploit them;

10.  Calls on all regional actors, including the Arab League and the African Union, to work with the UN and other international organisations to help build a stable, inclusive, democratic Libya;

11.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the European External Action Service (EEAS), the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy / Vice-President of the European Commission, the parliaments and governments of the Member States, the UN Special Representative on Libya, the Arab League, the African Union, and representatives of the Libyan Presidency Council.

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