Procedure : 2016/2956(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-1161/2016

Texts tabled :


Debates :

PV 26/10/2016 - 12
CRE 26/10/2016 - 12

Votes :

Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :


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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-1159/2016

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the situation in Northern Iraq/Mosul (2016/2956(RSP))

Enrique Guerrero Salom, Elena Valenciano, Pier Antonio Panzeri, Ana Gomes, Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Nikos Androulakis, Zigmantas Balčytis, Hugues Bayet, Brando Benifei, José Blanco López, Vilija Blinkevičiūtė, Simona Bonafè, Biljana Borzan, Soledad Cabezón Ruiz, Nicola Caputo, Andrea Cozzolino, Andi Cristea, Miriam Dalli, Viorica Dăncilă, Isabella De Monte, Tanja Fajon, Jonás Fernández, Monika Flašíková Beňová, Doru-Claudian Frunzulică, Enrico Gasbarra, Michela Giuffrida, Theresa Griffin, Sergio Gutiérrez Prieto, Cătălin Sorin Ivan, Liisa Jaakonsaari, Eva Kaili, Cécile Kashetu Kyenge, Javi López, Krystyna Łybacka, Vladimír Maňka, Louis-Joseph Manscour, Costas Mavrides, Marlene Mizzi, Sorin Moisă, Alessia Maria Mosca, Victor Negrescu, Momchil Nekov, Demetris Papadakis, Emilian Pavel, Vincent Peillon, Pina Picierno, Tonino Picula, Kati Piri, Miroslav Poche, Liliana Rodrigues, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Piñero Fernández, Daciana Octavia Sârbu, Siôn Simon, Tibor Szanyi, Claudiu Ciprian Tănăsescu, Paul Tang, Claudia Țapardel, Marc Tarabella, Julie Ward, Carlos Zorrinho on behalf of the S&D Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Northern Iraq/Mosul (2016/2956(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the statement by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay, of 16 June 2014, condemning summary executions by ISIL and expressing the view that these almost certainly amounted to war crimes,

–  having regard to the UN Security Council resolutions on Iraq, in particular Resolutions 2299 (2016) and 2249 (2015) condemning recent terrorists attacks by Da’esh,

–  having regard to its resolutions of 27 February 2014 on the situation in Iraq(1), of 18 September 2014 on the situation in Iraq and Syria, and the IS offensive, including the persecution of minorities(2) and of 12 February 2015 on the humanitarian crisis in Iraq and Syria, in particular in the IS context(3),

–  having regard to the remarks by Vice-President / High Representative Federica Mogherini of 18 October 2016, following the second EU-Iraq Cooperation Council under the EU-Iraq Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA),

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the Iraqi army, with the support of the global anti-Da’esh coalition and the Peshmerga forces of the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) and Popular Mobilisation Forces, has launched an operation to liberate Mosul, Iraq´s second largest city, and many towns and villages in the ‘Mosul corridor’ from Da’esh;

B.  whereas up to 1.5 million people living in Mosul may be impacted by military operations to liberate the city from Da’esh; whereas, according to the assessment of the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, depending on the intensity and scope of fighting as many as one million people may be forced to flee their homes;

C.  whereas the EU is one of the main contributors to humanitarian assistance for people affected by the conflict throughout Iraq, on the basis of humanitarian principles and needs, and is actively involved in the humanitarian response to the ongoing Mosul and Hawija humanitarian emergencies, with the provision of life-saving emergency aid to all the most vulnerable people;

D.  whereas Mosul has been a multi-ethnic city where a Sunni-Arab majority has lived side by side with Chaldeans/Syriacs/Assyrians (CSA), Kurds, Yazidis, Shabak, Kakai and Turkmens (Shia and Sunni); whereas the areas surrounding the city also have a history of ethno-religious diversity, with a concentration of Christians on the Nineveh plains, Yazidis around the Sinjar mountains and Muslim Turkmens in Tal Afar;

E.  whereas the way in which hostilities are conducted and civilians are treated matters as a fundamental political cornerstone for reconciliation and development;

F.  whereas Parliament recognised on 4 February 2016 that Da’esh is committing genocide against Christians and Yazidis, and other religious minorities, as well as subjecting Muslims who do not agree with the Da’esh interpretation of Islam to persecution, atrocities and crimes which amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity;

G.  whereas the Cooperation Council under the EU-Iraq PCA met for the second time in Brussels on 18 October 2016 to discuss Iraq’s immediate humanitarian and stabilisation challenges;

1.  Strongly supports the operation started by Iraq to liberate Mosul from Da’esh; sees this operation as a decisive part of an ongoing global effort to inflict a lasting defeat on Da’esh; expresses its confidence that Iraq will prevail in this fight against a common enemy and liberate Mosul and other parts of the country from the Da’esh presence;

2.  Reaffirms its full support for Iraq´s independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty and its right to take the steps necessary to preserve these;

3.  Urges the EU, the UN and the international community as a whole to continue to support sustainably the Iraqi Government with humanitarian and military assistance during the ongoing liberation operations across several Iraqi regions; welcomes the EUR 50 million of humanitarian assistance provided by the EU to the region of Mosul;

4.  Calls for the EU and its Member States to cooperate in order to help Iraqi and KRG authorities secure and rebuild liberated areas such as the Sinjar Mountains, the Ninewa Plains and the city of Mosul, so that refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are able to return and resettle;

5.  Is concerned at the recent tension between Turkey and Iraq; calls on Turkey to fully respect Iraq´s territorial integrity and sovereignty and refrain from taking any military action in Iraq without the consent of the Iraqi Government; stresses the importance of fostering dialogue between Iraq and the other countries in the region with the aim of building a more secure Middle East;

6.  Stresses that Da’esh is a symptom of wider problems in Iraq and in the region and in particular the fact that there is an absolute need to work for a political accommodation between the Shias and Sunnis in Iraq, especially after the liberation of Mosul, and in the broader region ; stresses the inter-connectedness of the fight against Da’esh in Iraq and Syria; is concerned, therefore, about reports of Dae’sh militants relocating from Mosul to Syria; insists that fighting Da’esh, the Al-Nusra Front (now known as Jabhat Fatah al-Sham) and other UNSC-designated terrorist organisations remains a priority in both Iraq and Syria and reminds all parties to the conflict that the protection of civilians and respect for international law must be the absolute priority;

7.  Calls on all parties to the conflict to abide by international humanitarian law during and after hostilities and, in the conflict, to abide by the principles of proportionality, distinction and precaution; urges all parties to the conflict to open humanitarian corridors in order to allow and help civilians to flee the conflict, to avoid civilians remaining trapped in Mosul and being used by Da’esh as human shields, to provide access to safety and humanitarian assistance and guarantee assistance and protection for civilians during the security screening process, in accordance with national and international standards, in particular to ensure that families are not separated and that children are not put at risk, and to establish a UN third-party monitoring mechanism; calls, in particular, for all the necessary precautions to be taken to ensure that children and their families are protected from bombing, and to minimise casualties and protect civilian infrastructure, notably schools and hospitals;

8.  Recalls that saving civilian lives and respecting international humanitarian law is a fundamental political cornerstone of reconciliation and development, the only way to defeat hatred and division, and that it is essential not to fuel further tensions among communities and to lay the ground for a stable and prosperous Iraq;

9.  Urges the Iraq-led military coalition to take all the necessary measures to preserve the evidence of the war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by Da’esh in order to ensure accountability;

10.  Stresses the vital importance of timely and effective provision of safety, through genuine safe routes where protection can be sustained, including through de-mining and the re-establishment of the rule of law, and basic services, such as healthcare, electricity and education, in the liberated areas; warns that failure to provide basic services, safety and a long-term strategy on tackling root causes and social cohesion efforts could lead to the re-emergence of extremist forces; calls, therefore, for a strong humanitarian aid and development cooperation nexus in order to guarantee an aid continuum from humanitarian aid to stabilisation, resilience and development of Iraq;

11.  Underlines the importance of Mosul for the whole of Iraq and calls for the representation of minorities in a new Mosul administration; stresses the legitimate right of ethnic and religious minorities to political participation, as well as having their property rights restored; calls for peaceful coexistence and full respect for the rights of the different ethnic and religious minorities that have historically had a strong presence and lived peacefully alongside one another, particular in the Sinjar mountains (Yazidi), on the Nineveh Plain (CSA), in Tel Afar and in parts of the Kirkuk Governorate, and calls also for measures to guarantee the safe return of displaced refugees;

12.  Calls for the EU and its Member States, and the UN and its member states, to work with the national and regional governments of Iraq and with all the relevant national and international actors to oversee the peaceful reintegration of the indigenous peoples – now internally displaced persons, refugees or people seeking asylum elsewhere – of the Nineveh Plain, Tal Afar and Sinjar to their ancestral homeland;

13.  Emphasises the need to continue to fight the further spread in the region and beyond of Islamist-jihadist ideologies, including Salafi jihadism which serves as a theological and political instigation for Da’esh´s crimes, including after the liberation of Mosul; calls on the EU Member States to push for referral to the International Criminal Court of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Iraq, Syria, Libya and elsewhere by Da’esh militants, including the attempted crime of genocide against the Yazidi people;

14.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the EU Special Representative for Human Rights, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Government and Council of Representatives of Iraq, the Regional Government of Kurdistan, the Government of Turkey, the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the United Nations Human Rights Council.


Texts adopted, P7_TA(2014)0171.


Texts adopted, P8_TA(2014)0027.


Texts adopted, P8_TA(2015)0040.

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