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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the situation of the Rohingya Minority in Myanmar

13.12.2016 - (2016/3027(RSP))

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 135 of the Rules of Procedure

Ignazio Corrao, Fabio Massimo Castaldo, Marco Zanni, Rolandas Paksas, Beatrix von Storch on behalf of the EFDD Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-1345/2016

Procedură : 2016/3027(RSP)
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European Parliament resolution on the situation of the Rohingya Minority in Myanmar


The European Parliament,

– having regard to its previous resolutions on Burma/Myanmar and the Rohingya, in particular those of 20 April 2012, 13 September 2012, 22 November 2012, 13 June 2013,21 May 2015 and 7 July 2016;


- having regard to the statement by the EEAS Spokesperson on the escalation of violence in Myanmar of 2 December 2016;


– having regard to the conclusions of the 3rd Myanmar-EU Human Rights Dialogue of 22 November 2016;


– having regard to the Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the situation of human rights of Rohingya Muslims and other minorities in Myanmar of 28 June 2016,


– having regard to the EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders,


– having regard to the EU Human Rights Guidelines on Freedom of Expression,


– having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 10 December 1948,


– having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966,


– having regard to the 1951 UN Convention on the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol thereto,


– having regard to Rules 135 of its Rules of Procedure,


A. whereas the Rohingya are a largely stateless ethno-religious Muslim minority who has been suffering for decades brutal oppression, systematic persecution, segregation, exclusion, discrimination and other serious human rights violations;


B. whereas the Rohingya represent the largest percentage of Muslims in Myanmar, with the majority living in Rakhine State;


C. whereas the approximately one million Rohingya are one of the world’s most persecuted minorities, and have been officially stateless since the 1982 Burmese Citizenship Law;


D. whereas systemic human rights violations and lack of opportunities have triggered migration flows of Rohingya from Rakhine State to Thailand, Bangladesh and Malaysia, and trafficking and smuggling networks have facilitated these flows;


E. whereas the systematic persecution and discrimination of Rohingya could also provide a dangerous ground for possible radicalisation of some people;


F. whereas on 9 November 2015 the National League for Democracy (NLD), under the leadership of Nobel Peace Prize and Sakharov Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, won the general elections in Myanmar;


G. whereas violence against the Rohingya Muslim minority has flared up since last October 2016, a bloody reaction to deadly strikes by unknown assailants on police posts near the border with Bangladesh;

H. whereas several Rohingya villages in northern Rakhine have been destroyed in the last few weeks;

I. whereas ongoing clashes in Rakhine State are resulting in continued human suffering and undermining confidence in the peace process;

J. whereas an estimated 30,000 Rohingya have been forced to leave their homes since a bloody October crackdown by the Myanmar army in the western Rakhine state;

K. whereas more than 56,000 Rohingya are registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Malaysia after fleeing violence in Myanmar's Rahkine state;

L. whereas Malaysia does not legally recognise asylum seekers and refugees as it is not a signatory to the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (1951) and the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees (1967);

M. whereas according the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) an estimated 21,000 Rohingya have arrived in Cox's Bazar (Bangladesh) between 9 October and 2 December 2016;

N. whereas Bangladesh has also proved reluctant to accept the Rohingya people, resisting calls to open its borders to the half a million still inside Burma and increasing border patrols;

O. whereas Bangladesh does not recognise the Rohingya as refugees and hundreds of thousands of undocumented Rohingya are believed to live there;


1. Calls on the Myanmar government to urgently allow the United Nations to assist in investigating recent events in Rakhine State’s Maungdaw district;

2. Urges the Myanmar authorities to conduct prompt and impartial investigations of alleged violations, such as summary killings, sexual violence, arson, and other rights abuses, that government security forces could have committed Rakhine State’s Maungdaw district against Rohingya people;

3. Calls on the Myanmar government to allow humanitarian aid from international and domestic sources to areas where conflict and displacement are making thousands vulnerable, including Rakhine State;

4. Calls on the Myanmar government to ensure free and unimpeded access to Rakhine state to humanitarian actors, the United Nations (UN), international human rights organisations journalists and other international observers;

5. Urges the Myanmar government to ensure that the Rohingya have equal access to citizenship rights based on objective criteria that comply with the principle of non-discrimination and are not rendered stateless under the 1982 citizenship law;

6. Urges the Myanmar authorities to revoke all local orders which place both arbitrary and discriminatory restrictions on Rohingya in northern Rakhine State, and to remove all restrictions on freedom of movement imposed on the Rohingya;

7. Call on the Myanmar government to condemn unequivocally all incitement to racial or religious hatred, to take concrete steps to end it immediately and to implement specific measures and policies to avoid future direct and indirect discrimination of Rohingya people;

8. Asks to neighbouring Countries, in particular Bangladesh, to keep their borders open to any civilians fleeing the violence, and to fully respect the principle of non-refoulement – an absolute prohibition under international law on forcibly returning people to a country or place where they would be at real risk of serious human rights violations;

9. Insists that the EU should continue to sponsor item 4 resolutions on Burma/Myanmar in the UN Human Rights Council, including the mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur for Burma ensuring vital independent and impartial UN human rights monitoring and reporting;

10. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Government and Parliament of Burma/Myanmar, the Secretary-General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights, the UN Special Representative for Human Rights in Myanmar, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the UN Human Rights Council and the governments and parliaments of other States in the region.