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Proposta de resolução - B8-0367/2017Proposta de resolução
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16.5.2017 - (2017/2683(RSP))

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 135 of the Rules of Procedure

Cristian Dan Preda, Tomáš Zdechovský, Deirdre Clune, Mariya Gabriel, Pavel Svoboda, Jarosław Wałęsa, Jaromír Štětina, Agnieszka Kozłowska-Rajewicz, Tunne Kelam, Milan Zver, Krzysztof Hetman, Dubravka Šuica, Maurice Ponga, Sven Schulze, Stanislav Polčák, Michaela Šojdrová, Lefteris Christoforou, Marijana Petir, Claude Rolin, Ivan Štefanec, Eva Maydell, Bogdan Brunon Wenta, Csaba Sógor, Adam Szejnfeld, Sandra Kalniete, Patricija Šulin, Brian Hayes, Luděk Niedermayer, Elisabetta Gardini, Željana Zovko, Laima Liucija Andrikienė, Ivana Maletić, Andrey Kovatchev, Jiří Pospíšil, Mairead McGuinness, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Roberta Metsola, Francisco José Millán Mon, Ramón Luis Valcárcel Siso, Seán Kelly, Inese Vaidere on behalf of the PPE Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0358/2017

Processo : 2017/2683(RSP)
Ciclo de vida em sessão
Ciclo relativo ao documento :  
Textos apresentados :
Textos aprovados :


European Parliament resolution on South Soudan


The European Parliament,

– having regard to its previous resolutions on South Sudan,


having regard to the statement of 29 April 2017 by the Spokesman of the UN Secretary-General on South Sudan,


– having regard to the Communiqué of 25 March 2017 of the 30th extraordinary summit of IGAD on South Sudan,


– having regard to the statement of 23 March 2017 by the President of the UN Security Council on South Sudan,


– having regard to the report of 16 March 2017 of the UN Secretary-General on South Sudan,


– having regard to the statement by the Troika and EU on the security situation in South Sudan,


– having regard to the UN security council press statement of 10 February 2017 on fighting in South Sudan,


– having regard to the joint press statement of 29 January 2017 by the AU, IGAD and the UN on South Sudan,


– having regard to the UN Security Council Resolution 2327 of 16 December 2016,


– having regard to the UN Human Rights Council’s resolution of 14 December 2016 on the situation of human rights in South Sudan,


– having regard to the joint statement of 10 July 2016, by the HR/VP Federica Mogherini, EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development cooperation, Neven Mimica, and EU Commissioner for Humanitarian aid and Crisis management, Christos Stylianides on the situation in Juba, South Sudan,


– having regard to the Council conclusions South Sudan, in particular those of 23 May 2016 and 12 December 2016,


– having regard to the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) signed in August 2015,


– having regard to the ceasefire and power sharing agreement signed under the auspices of IGAD in Addis Ababa on 2 February 2015 between President Salva Kiir and Riek Machar,


–  having regard to the Sudanese Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005,


– having regard to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights,


– having regard to Rule 135 of its Rules of Procedure,


A. whereas since December 2013, South Sudan has been in a state of civil war between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and rebels led by former Vice President Riek Machar;


B. whereas tens of thousands of people have been killed as a consequence of the conflict and in escalating ethnic violence; whereas in December 2016, the UN has warned about the serious risk of genocide;


C. whereas nearly 2 million people are internally displaced, of which more than a half are children; whereas 1,6 million people have fled to neighbouring countries, with 800,000 South-Sudanese refugees in Uganda alone;


D. whereas due to the conflict, the situation in South Sudan has achieved a level 3 emergency and the humanitarian needs continue to escalate to alarming levels with an estimated 7,5 millions people in need of humanitarian assistance;


E. whereas in February 2017, famine was declared in parts of the country; whereas, according to the WFP, 4,9 million people are in urgent need of food and nutrition assistance; whereas the famine is considered to be “man-made” and a UN report blamed the South Sudanese government and its arms spending for it;


F. whereas this worrying numbers are expected to increase and the situation will deteriorate furthermore with the continuation of the conflict;


G. whereas an estimated number of 17 000 of children, mostly boys, have been recruited or used as soldiers by armed forces and groups in the country; whereas thousands of children were reportedly killed, raped, displaced or orphaned;


H. whereas in August 2015 the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan was signed, stipulating that the mandate of the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGNU) should end following elections in August 2018; whereas the agreement keeps being violated;


I. whereas on 14 December 2016, the President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir, announced the launch of a national dialogue initiative under his patronage;


J. Whereas despite previous agreements to cease hostilities and continuous efforts by the IGAD to negotiate a political solution to the conflict, fighting has continued characterized by a total impunity and disregard for international human rights and humanitarian law; whereas civilians have been continuously subjected to gross human rights violations, including mass atrocities, murder, intimidation, sexual violence and acts amounting to torture;


K. whereas nearly 14,000 soldiers and police are currently deployed in the UN Mission in South Sudan; whereas criticism has been voiced as to the mission’s ability to protect civilians;


L. whereas the number of attacks against humanitarian convoys and personnel is extremely worrisome; whereas at least 79 aid workers have been killed since December 2013; whereas most recently, in April 2017, six aid workers have been killed in what was the deadliest attack against humanitarians so far;


M. whereas women and children are the first victims of the conflict; whereas sexual and gender-based violence, often used as a war tactic, is widespread and has increased by 64 percent in 2016;


N. whereas in February 2017, the EU has announced a 82 million euro emergency aid package for most urgent humanitarian needs and help neighbouring countries cope with the massive influx of refugees; whereas this brought to 381 million the total amount of humanitarian assistance made available since the beginning of the conflict in 2013;


1. Strongly condemns all human rights violations and abuses perpetrated against civilians, such as those involving abduction, killing, torture, rape and other sexual violence;


2. Is deeply concerned by the worsening of the security and humanitarian situation in the country and the looming famine threatening the life of about forty percent of the South Sudanese population; urges the opening of all humanitarian corridors to allow the safe and unlimited access to affected populations;


3. Condemns all attacks conducted on humanitarian personnel and facilities;


4. Reminds the government of South Sudan of its responsibility to guarantee human rights and protect the civilian population; calls on the authorities to conduct credible, impartial and transparent investigations to hold accountable all those responsible of violations of international human rights and humanitarian law in this conflict;


5. Stresses that investigation and human rights reporting are critical and calls for the establishment of an internationally supported independent judicial mechanism in order to bring perpetrators to account;


6. Recalls President Kiir’s commitment to a unilateral ceasefire on 25 March 2017 and deplores that it has been shamelessly disregarded; reiterates therefore its call for an immediate ceasefire and urges all warring parties to lay down their arms and to resume their dialogue on national conciliation;


7. Urges the government of South Sudan to fully recommit to the ARCSS and its implementation;


8. Calls on the EU and its Member States to continue to actively support the effort of the IGAD and African Union to bring peace and stability in South Sudan; regrets however that until now no significant progress has been made; condemns the lack of political will by both parties to end the cycle of violence and to actively seek for a long lasting political solution to the conflict;


9. Reiterates its full support to work of the UN Special Representative for South Sudan and to the mandate of the United Nations mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and its Regional Protection Force, to protect civilians and deter violence against them, and create the conditions necessary for delivery of humanitarian aid;


10. Points out the relative ineffectiveness of the current sanctions and calls for their expansion; also insist that the EU and international arms embargo against South Sudan should be effectively enforced by all;


11. Calls on the authorities to ensure that any return and relocation of IDPs is conducted in a safe and dignified manner;


12. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the HRVP, the Member States, the government of South Sudan, the institutions of the African Union and the UN Secretary-General.