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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the Philippines

17.4.2018 - (2018/2662(RSP))

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 135 of the Rules of Procedure

Urmas Paet, Nedzhmi Ali, Petras Auštrevičius, Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Dita Charanzová, Gérard Deprez, Martina Dlabajová, María Teresa Giménez Barbat, Nathalie Griesbeck, Marian Harkin, Filiz Hyusmenova, Ivan Jakovčić, Petr Ježek, Ilhan Kyuchyuk, Patricia Lalonde, Javier Nart, Maite Pagazaurtundúa Ruiz, Jozo Radoš, Marietje Schaake, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Ivo Vajgl, Hilde Vautmans, Valentinas Mazuronis on behalf of the ALDE Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0198/2018

Eljárás : 2018/2662(RSP)
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European Parliament resolution on the Philippines


The European Parliament,


·having regard to its previous resolutions on the situation in the Philippines, in particular that of 16 March 2017,


·having regard to the statements by the EU Delegation and the spokesperson of the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR),


·having regard to the diplomatic relations between the Philippines and the EU (formerly the European Economic Community (EEC)) established on 12 May 1964 with the appointment of the Philippine Ambassador to the EEC,


·having regard to the status of the Philippines as a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN),


·having regard to the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of the Philippines, of the other part,


·having regard to the EU Guidelines on Human Rights,


·having regard to the Rome Statute,


·having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,


·having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR),


·having regard to Rules 135(5) and 123(4) of its Rules of Procedure,




A.Whereas over 12.000 drug-related killings by the police and vigilantes have been reported since President Rodrigo Duterte took office in June 2016; whereas, in January 2017,  President Duterte ordered the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) to replace the Philippine National Police in the anti- drug campaign;


B.Whereas Senator Leila De Lima, human rights activist and highest profile critic of Philippine President Duterte’s anti-drugs campaign was removed from her position as chairperson of the Senate Committee on Justice and Human Rights on 19 September 2016 and was arrested on 23 February 2017;  Whereas Senator De Lima led the investigations into the extrajudicial killings in Davao while President Duterte was mayor of the city; whereas there are serious concerns that the offences Senator De Lima has been charged with are almost entirely fabricated and politically motivated; whereas Amnesty International regards Senator De Lima as a prisoner of conscience;


C.whereas the UN Special Rapporteur for Indigenous Peoples, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, a Philippine national has been accused of terrorism by the Philippines government in March 2018; whereas UN experts enjoy legal immunity; whereas the accusations followed Tauli-Corpuz’s condemnation of the army’s attacks against the indigenous Lumad peoples in Mindanao;  Whereas Tauli-Corpuz noted the use of harassment, torture and arrests against indigenous people peacefully protecting their property; Whereas President Duterte openly threatened to kill human rights defenders; whereas human rights defenders, activists and journalists in the Philippines face regular threats, harassment, intimidation and cyber bullying; whereas no proper investigations are being conducted against these violations;


D.Whereas the Philippines have signed the Rome Statute on 28 December 2000 and ratified the Statute on 30 August 2011; Whereas President Duterte has indicated, in March 2018, to withdraw the Philippines from the international criminal court (ICC) after the ICC opened an investigation against crimes against humanity during the war on drugs;


E.Whereas on 7 March 2017 the House of Representatives approved House Bill 4727 to reinstate the death penalty; whereas this bill did not receive enough votes in the Senate in April 2017; whereas the Philippines was the first country in the region to abolish the death penalty in 2007; whereas the reintroduction would be in clear violation of the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which the Philippines is party as of 2007;  


1.Calls on the government of the Philippines to immediately put an end to the war on drugs; urges the government to support the creation of an official UN-led investigation into the thousands of killings, in order to facilitate accountability for the unlawful deaths; Strongly condemns the high number of extrajudicial killings by the armed forces and vigilante groups related to the anti-drug campaign; expresses its condolences to the families of the victims; expresses grave concern over credible reports to the effect that the Philippine police force is falsifying evidence to justify extrajudicial killings, and that overwhelmingly the urban poor are those being targeted;


2.calls on the authorities of the Philippines to immediately carry out impartial and meaningful investigations into these extrajudicial killings and to prosecute and bring all perpetrators to justice; calls on the EU to support such investigations; calls on the authorities of the Philippines to adopt all necessary measures to prevent further killings; calls for the EU to support the independent international investigation into the unlawful killings and other violations by the Philippines in the context of President Duterte’s war on drugs;


3.Calls for the immediate release of Senator Leila M. De Lima and for her to be provided with adequate security whilst in detention; calls on the authorities of the Philippines to ensure a fair trial, recalling the right to the presumption of innocence, to drop all politically motivated charges against her and to end any further acts of harassment against her; Calls for the EU to keep closely monitoring the case against Senator De Lima;


4.calls on the authorities of the Philippines to remove the UNSR Tauli-Corpuz from the terrorist list and fully respect the independence and immunity of UN experts;


5.compliments the Philippines on being a State party to the Rome Statute and being a member to the International Criminal Court for 18 years; regrets the statements made by President Duterte on withdrawing from the ICC and strongly encourages the President to reconsider this decision;


6.Reiterates its deep concern with the decision of the House of Representatives to reintroduce the death penalty; calls again on the authorities of the Philippines to immediately halt ongoing proceedings to reinstate the death penalty; recalls that the EU considers capital punishment to be a cruel and inhuman punishment, which fails to act as a deterrent to criminal behaviour; calls on the Philippine Government to refrain from lowering the minimum age for criminal responsibility;


7.Reiterates that the Commission should use all available instruments to persuade the Philippines to put an end to extrajudicial killings related to the anti-drug campaign including, in the absence of any substantive improvements in the next few months, procedural steps with a view to the possible removal of GSP+ preferences;


8.Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Government and Parliament of the Philippines, the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Council, the Commission, the parliaments and governments of the Member States, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the governments of the ASEAN Member States.


Utolsó frissítés: 2018. április 17.
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