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Motion for a resolution - B8-0256/2018Motion for a resolution

    MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the situation of imprisoned EU-Iranian dual nationals in Iran

    29.5.2018 - (2018/2717(RSP))

    with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
    pursuant to Rule 135 of the Rules of Procedure

    Elena Valenciano, Victor Boştinaru, Soraya Post, Knut Fleckenstein, Josef Weidenholzer on behalf of the S&D Group

    See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0254/2018

    NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.
    Procedure : 2018/2717(RSP)
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    European Parliament resolution on the situation of imprisoned EU-Iranian dual nationals in Iran


    The European Parliament,

    –  having regard to the Joint statement by the High Representative/Vice-President of the European Union, Federica Mogherini and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Javad Zarif of 16 April 2016,



    – having regard to the EU Guidelines on the Death Penalty, on Torture, on Freedom of Expression and on Human Rights Defenders,



    –  having regard to the new EU Strategic Framework and Action Plan on Human Rights, which aims to place the protection and surveillance of human rights at the heart of all EU policies,



    –  having regard to the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Iran is a party,



    –  having regard to its report on EU strategy towards Iran after the nuclear agreement of 24 October 2016,



    – ​having regard to Rule 135 of its Rules of Procedure,



    A. whereas among the EU dual nationals currently imprisoned in Iran are, among others, Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe (UK/Iran), Ahmadreza Djalali (Sweden/Iran), Kamran Ghaderi (Austria/Iran), Abbas Edalat (UK/Iran);



    B. whereas the arrests are followed by a pattern of prolonged solitary confinement and interrogations; lack of due process; denial of consular access or visits by the UN or humanitarian organizations; secretive trials in which the detainee is given limited access to counsel; long prison sentences based on vague or unspecified “national security” and “espionage” charges, and state-sponsored smear campaigns against the imprisoned individuals;



    C. whereas Iran does not recognize dual nationals, whose rights to consular assistance are enshrined in the U.N. Vienna Convention;



    D. whereas the imprisoned dual nationals are used as bargaining chips by some parts of the Iranians security establishment in order to advance their domestic political agenda and to extract concessions from other nations;



    E. whereas several political prisoners and individuals charged with national security crimes suffered from a lack of adequate access to medical care during detention;


    F. whereas a number of detainees including, Kavous Seyed Emami, an Iranian- Canadian university professor and environmentalist, has died under suspicious circumstances in detention since January 2018, with no independent investigation conducted into the circumstances of their death;


    G. whereas no Iranian official has ever been held accountable for the violations of human rights of these detainees in state custody; whereas Iranian judicial officials have also never been held accountable for their collusion with the arresting authorities, which often influence or dictate prison sentences and other forms of punishment;



    H. whereas the head of Iran’s Department of Environment, Vice President Isa Kalantari, has publicly rejected claims by judicial officials that environmentalists, including dual nationals, detained in a crackdown in 2018 engaged in espionage, citing the findings of the Intelligence Ministry;



    I. whereas the EU has adopted restrictive measures related to violations of human rights, including asset freeze and visa bans for individuals and entities responsible for grave human rights violations and ban on exports to Iran of equipment which might be used for internal repression and of equipment for monitoring telecommunications; whereas these measures are regularly updated and remain in place; whereas the last update, from 12 April 2018, extended them until 13 April 2019;



    J. whereas after the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the EU and Iran expressed their determination to enhance and promote human rights, and, in this context, to engage in a human rights dialogue;



    1. Condemns the continuing practice of imprisonment of EU-Iranian dual nationals by Iranian authorities following unfair trials, calls for their immediate and unconditional release and for the officials responsible for the violations of their rights to be held accountable;



    2. Is particularly concerned about the cases when the imprisoned individuals are sentenced to death penalty based on forced confessions and other violations of fair trial; reiterates its principled opposition to the death penalty in all cases;



    3. Urges Iran to cease the widespread and systematic use of arbitrary detention, including the use of such practices to target dual and foreign nationals, and to uphold, in law and in practice, procedural guarantees to ensure fair trial standards, including timely access to legal representation of one’s choice from the time of arrest through all stages of trial and all appeals;



    4. Urges Iran to address the poor conditions of the country’s prisons, particularly, denial of access to adequate medical treatment;



    5. Urge Iran to allow for independent investigation into arbitrary arrests, and allegations of excessive use of force during the country’s recent protests, as well as into the reported deaths in detentions;



    6. Notes that President Hassan Rouhani has appointed a committee to investigate recent death at detention centres in Iran, but no information has been made available to public so far;


    7. Notes some positive developments in the area of human rights, such as raising significantly the bar for drug-related crimes punishable by death and high turnout during the presidential elections in 2017; deplores, however, the continued crackdown on citizens for the legitimate exercise of their rights, in particular freedom speech, assembly and access to information, in disregard to the country´s international and domestic legal obligations; notes, in this context, that Iranian dual nationals are at particular risk of being targeted by the intelligence services;


    8. Calls on the UN Human Rights Council to renew the mandate of the special rapporteur on the human rights situation in the Islamic Republic;



    9. Calls on Iran to deepen its engagement with international human rights mechanisms by cooperating with the special rapporteurs and special mechanisms, including by approving requests for access to the country by mandate holders;



    10. Supports discussions on human rights taking place in the context of the EU-Iran High Level Dialogue launched after the conclusion of the JCPOA; stresses that the EU should remain determined to continue raising its human rights concerns with Iran both bilaterally and in the multilateral fora;



    11. Stresses the importance of a continued and full implementation of the JCPOA by all sides as a necessary pre-condition to maintain the dialogue with the Iranian authorities, including with a view of securing the release of all EU-Iranian dual nationals unfairly imprisoned by Iran;



    12. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice‑President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Islamic Consultative Assembly and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and the Office of the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran.




    Last updated: 30 May 2018
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