Procedure : 2018/2770(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0318/2018

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Debates :

Votes :

PV 05/07/2018 - 6.13
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

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to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the migration crisis and the humanitarian situation in Venezuela and at its borders (2018/2770(RSP))

Molly Scott Cato, Judith Sargentini, Ernest Urtasun on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

European Parliament resolution on the migration crisis and the humanitarian situation in Venezuela and at its borders (2018/2770(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the mission carried out from 25 to 30 June 2018 by a European Parliament delegation to Colombia and Brazil’s borders with Venezuela and the situation of Venezuelan refugees and migrants there,

–  having regard to the latest report on Venezuela of 22 June 2018 by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights,

–  having regard to the UNHCR Guidance Note on the Outflow of Venezuelans of March 2018,

–  having regard to the report on refugee policy of June 2018 by the Curaçao Ombudsman,

–  having regard to the decision of the Council of the European Union of 25 June 2018 to add 11 Venezuelan officials to the sanctions list,

–  having regard to the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants adopted unanimously by the UN General Assembly on 19 September 2016,

–  having regard to Article 3 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on Venezuela,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the current humanitarian and economic crisis in Venezuela has resulted in unprecedented numbers of migrants, as well as capital flight;

B.  whereas the number of Venezuelans living with and without papers in neighbouring countries varies significantly from country to country and depending on the source, but is still extraordinarily high regardless of the source or the country;

C.  whereas, according to the CIA World Fact Book, the net migration rate in Venezuela was estimated at -1.2 persons per 1 000 population in 2017;

D.  whereas the intake of Venezuelan migrants poses challenges in terms of reception and access to residence permits and to the labour market for its neighbouring countries, including European outermost regions such as the Dutch territories of Aruba, Bonaire and Curaçao, and even extending to the French regions of Guadeloupe, Martinique and Guyane; whereas Europe is also increasingly becoming a destination for Venezuelan nationals leaving the country;

E.  whereas, according to the Curaçao Ombudsman in his latest report from June 2018, the current policy of deporting Venezuelans who arrive in Curaçao by boat or plane violates the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms;

F.  whereas an adequate asylum, migration and reception policy entails measures that promote integration, access to residence permits and access to reception conditions such as short-term accommodation and long-term housing, food, healthcare and education services, as well as access to the labour market, not only in the proximity of border areas, but also in the urban areas of the receiving countries;

G.  whereas Spain ranks third in the list of countries receiving Venezuelans; whereas, according to the latest data available, in 2017 Spain granted refugee status to just 15 Venezuelans – 1 % of those who applied; whereas Spain received 10 350 requests for international protection from persons coming from Venezuela, but turned down 99 % of these;

H.  whereas, at the same time, Madrid is becoming one of the main destinations for wealthy Venezuelans investing in real estate and businesses;

I.  whereas the decisions taken by the Council of the European Union to impose sanctions on Venezuelan officials have to be complemented by quick and uncomplicated visa and asylum procedures for people leaving the country with the aim of reaching safety on European territories;

J.  whereas the current attitude and policy contradict the UNHCR Guidance Note on the Outflow of Venezuelans of March 2018, which calls on countries of destination and transit to allow Venezuelans safe and legal access to their territory, and to continue to adopt appropriate and pragmatic protection-oriented responses;

K.  whereas there is a widespread fear that the confrontation on both sides is preventing the adoption of a stabilising solution that is democratically legitimised by the country, while the EU does not provide for safe and legal access and protection in its territory for those fleeing the country;

1.  Is convinced that the future of Venezuela lies in the hands of the Venezuelan people, and that a solution to the current multiple crises and the achievement of political stability can only be found through peaceful negotiations;

2.  Asks the European Union to strongly support Venezuelan neighbourhood countries in their efforts to offer adequate reception to migrants and refugees from Venezuela, to duly honour any requests for assistance they may make and, at the same time, to establish channels for safe and legal access to the EU for those seeking protection;

3.  Draws attention to the decision by the Council of the European Union to impose sanctions on Venezuelan officials, while noting that Spain, the EU Member State which currently receives most asylum applications from Venezuelans, refuses 99 % of them; asks the EU and the Member States to quickly bring their foreign policies in line with their migration and refugee policies;

4.  Strongly recommends that the European Union seek ways and means to ensure that the authorities of EU islands in the vicinity of Venezuela are able to offer a dignified reception to all Venezuelans migrating to their territories;

5.  Calls on all actors both within and outside Venezuela to take stock of the current situation in the country and to exercise prudence and patience in refraining from any acts of or calls for violence, let alone military intervention, which would further destabilise and ultimately derail the country;

6.  Calls once again for the promotion and establishment of a truly enduring national dialogue by all peaceful means, including by engaging all relevant forces, in order to reach a consensual solution to the conflicting interests in Venezuela and to resolve any disputes between the different branches of public power in a spirit of trust;

7.  Strongly recommends that this political dialogue lead to a national agreement on economic policy to stabilise the situation;

8.  Calls on political actors outside Venezuela to avoid using the situation in the country for national political purposes;

9.  Is convinced that the political and social stability of Venezuela is a decisive factor for the safeguarding of peace in the entire region;

10.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the parliaments and governments of the Member States, the Government and authorities of Venezuela, and the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly.

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