Procedure : 2019/2543(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0084/2019

Texts tabled :


Debates :

Votes :

PV 31/01/2019 - 9.16
CRE 31/01/2019 - 9.16
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :


PDF 139kWORD 52k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0082/2019

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the situation in Venezuela (2019/2543(RSP))

Javier Nart, Petras Auštrevičius, Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Enrique Calvet Chambon, Dita Charanzová, Gérard Deprez, María Teresa Giménez Barbat, Ivan Jakovčić, Petr Ježek, Valentinas Mazuronis, Gesine Meissner, Ulrike Müller, Maite Pagazaurtundúa Ruiz, Jozo Radoš, Pavel Telička, Ivo Vajgl, Renate Weber on behalf of the ALDE Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Venezuela (2019/2543(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on Venezuela, in particular those of 3 May 2018 on the elections in Venezuela(1), of 5 July 2018 on the migration crisis and humanitarian situation in Venezuela and at its terrestrial borders with Colombia and Brazil(2) and of 25 October 2018 on the situation in Venezuela(3),

–  having regard to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC),

–  having regard to the Venezuelan Constitution, and in particular Article 233 thereof,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the elections held on 20 May 2018 were conducted without complying with the minimum international standards for a credible process, and failed to respect political pluralism, democracy, transparency and the rule of law; whereas the EU, together with other democratic countries and regional organisations, recognised neither the elections nor the authorities put in place by this illegitimate process;

B.  whereas on 10 January 2019 Nicolás Maduro illegitimately usurped presidential power before the Supreme Court of Justice, in breach of the constitutional order;

C.  whereas on 23 January 2019 the legitimately and democratically elected President of the National Assembly Juan Guaidó was sworn in as the interim President of Venezuela, in accordance with Article 233 of the Venezuelan Constitution;

D.  whereas there have been protests and demonstrations in more than 60 cities around the country since 21 January 2019, the largest among them on 23 January in Caracas; whereas many deaths are being reported in the context of demonstrations and unrest; whereas serious human rights violations persist, resulting from acts of violence against and repression of social protests, illegal raids, arbitrary arrests, and stigmatisation and persecution of opposition activists;

E.  whereas on 25 January 2019 the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) granted protective precautionary measures in favour of Juan Guaidó;

F.  whereas the EU has repeatedly called for ‘the restoration of democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela through a credible political process’;

G.  whereas on 8 February 2018 the Prosecutor of the ICC opened a preliminary examination into the situation in Venezuela, supported by claims received by NGOs and individuals;

H.  whereas in December 2017 the European Parliament awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought to Venezuela’s democratic opposition;

1.  Recognises and expresses its full support for the President of the National Assembly Juan Guaidó, who on 23 January 2019 assumed the role of interim President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, in view of the illegitimacy of the regime of Nicolás Maduro and in accordance with Article 233 of the Venezuelan Constitution;

2.  Calls on the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR), together with the Member States, to adopt a strong, unified stance and to recognise Juan Guaidó as the only legitimate interim president of the country until new elections can be called, within the shortest possible time; welcomes the fact that many other democratic states have already recognised the new interim presidency;

3.  Urges the EU, as well as the Member States, to work together with the countries belonging to the Lima Group, in particular, and with those that have recognised the interim presidency of Juan Guaidó on a common agenda for fully restoring democracy and the rule of law and solving the humanitarian crisis in Venezuela;

4.  Reiterates its full support to the National Assembly, which is the democratically elected and legitimate body of Venezuela, and whose powers need to be restored and respected, including the prerogatives and safety of its members; Welcomes, in this regard, the protective precautionary measures granted by the IACHR in favour of Juan Guaidó;

5.  Urges Maduro’s de facto administration therefore to respect the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all the members of the National Assembly, including its President, Juan Guaidó, and the country’s wider population;

6.  Condemns the fierce repression targeting peaceful opposition and the democratically elected members of the National Assembly and its President, Juan Guaidó, especially after his swearing in as interim President of Venezuela;

7.  Strongly condemns the violence, resulting in killings and casualties, and expresses its sincere condolences to the families and friends of its victims; urges the Venezuelan authorities to halt all human rights violations and to hold those responsible ti account, and to ensure that all fundamental freedoms and human rights are fully respected;

8.  Strongly supports the call by the UN Secretary-General for an independent and full investigation to be carried out into the reported casualties; reiterates its full support for the opening of an investigation by the ICC;

9.  Continues to support the EU’s imposition of additional targeted and reversible sanctions but considers that more needs to be done; calls on the Council therefore to extend the sanctions list to include other representatives of the illegitimate Venezuelan authorities and their family members; requests that the Council consider imposing sanctions on Venezuelan oil, including dealings with the state-owned company PDVSA;

10.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the legitimate interim President of the Republic and National Assembly of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the governments and parliaments of the Lima Group, the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly and the Secretary-General of the Organisation of American States.


Texts adopted, P8_TA(2018)0199.


Texts adopted, P8_TA(2018)0313.


Texts adopted, P8_TA(2018)0436.

Last updated: 31 January 2019Legal notice - Privacy policy