Motion for a resolution - B8-0085/2019Motion for a resolution

    MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the situation in Venezuela

    30.1.2019 - (2019/2543(RSP))

    to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
    pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

    Ramón Jáuregui Atondo, Francisco Assis, Elena Valenciano on behalf of the S&D Group

    See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0082/2019

    Procedure : 2019/2543(RSP)
    Document stages in plenary
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    European Parliament resolution on the situation in Venezuela


    The European Parliament,

    –  having regard to Council Decision (CFSP) 2018/1656 of 6 November 2018 amending Decision (CFSP) 2017/2074 concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Venezuela[1], which renews until 14 November 2019 the targeted restrictive measures currently in place,

    –  having regard to the Foreign Affairs Council conclusions of 15 October 2018,

    –  having regard to the declaration of 26 January 2019 by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) on behalf of the EU on the situation in Venezuela,

    –  having regard to the declaration of 10 January 2019 by the VP/HR on behalf of the EU on the new mandate of President Maduro,

    –  having regard to its previous resolutions on the situation in Venezuela, in particular those of 27 February 2014 on the situation in Venezuela[2], of 18 December 2014 on the persecution of the democratic opposition in Venezuela[3], of 12 March 2015 on the situation in Venezuela[4], of 8 June 2016 on the situation in Venezuela[5], of 27 April 2017 on the situation in Venezuela[6], of 8 February 2018 on the situation in Venezuela[7], of 3 May 2018 on the elections in Venezuela[8], of 5 July 2018 on the migration crisis and humanitarian situation in Venezuela and at its terrestrial borders with Colombia and Brazil[9] and of 25 October 2018 on the situation in Venezuela[10],

    –  having regard to the Venezuelan Constitution, in particular Article 233 thereof,

    –  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

    A.  whereas the Venezuelan population is facing a terrible social and economic situation in which, according to the UN, more than 3 million Venezuelans have already migrated to neighbouring countries, last year’s inflation rate soared to above 1 650 000 % and, according to the Venezuelan Pharmaceutical Federation (Fefarven), the country is lacking 85 % of regularly sold medicines;

    B.  whereas the Foreign Affairs Council conclusions of 15 October 2018 include a reference to a political solution to the current crisis, to be sought by exploring the possibility of establishing a contact group whose objective would be to promote an initiative to be led jointly with key regional and international partners with a view to creating conditions that could lead to a political process;

    C.  whereas the elections held on 20 May 2018 were conducted without complying with the minimum international standards for a credible process, and failed to respect political pluralism, democracy, transparency and the rule of law; whereas the EU, together with other democratic countries and regional organisations, recognised neither the elections nor the authorities put in place by this illegitimate process;

    D.  whereas, despite the lack of recognition of the 20 May 2018 elections, Nicolás Maduro took oath on 10 January 2019 in front of the Supreme Court of Justice for the period 2019-2025;

    E.  whereas public demonstrations have been taking place in Venezuela over the past few days; whereas 26 people have been killed during this period, owing to indiscriminate violence on the part of the authorities;

    F.  whereas on 23 January 2019 the President of the National Assembly, Juan Guaidó, was sworn in as the interim President of Venezuela, in accordance with Article 233 of the Venezuelan Constitution;

    G.  whereas the EU remains convinced that a peaceful, democratic political solution is the only sustainable way out of the Venezuelan crisis and is engaging with international and regional partners to see how the EU could help to create the conditions required for a credible political process among relevant Venezuelan actors; whereas the EU has reiterated its willingness to keep the channels of communication open;

    1.  Expresses its solidarity with the people of Venezuela, strongly condemns the violence, resulting in killings and casualties, and expresses its sincere condolences to the families and friends of the victims; urges the Venezuelan authorities to halt all human rights violations, hold those responsible for them to account, and ensure that all fundamental freedoms and human rights are fully respected;

    2.  Reiterates its full support to the National Assembly, which is the only legitimate democratic body of Venezuela and whose powers need to be restored and respected, including the prerogatives and safety of its members;

    3.  Reaffirms its previous positions stating that a peaceful, democratic and inclusive solution is the only sustainable way out of the current political impasse and the severe social crisis it has provoked; condemns and rejects, therefore, any proposal or attempt to resolve the crisis that might imply the use of arms or violence;

    4.  Calls for the urgent holding of free, transparent and credible presidential elections in accordance with internationally recognised democratic standards and the Venezuelan constitutional order;

    5.  Calls on the European External Action Service to engage with the countries of the region and any other key actors with the aim of creating an International Contact Group, as stated in the Council conclusions of 15 October 2018; stresses that this group should promote a common understanding and concerted approach among key international actors on the situation in Venezuela, aiming at a peaceful and democratic solution to the current crisis, while avoiding any direct mediation between the Venezuelan parties, but rather building the necessary conditions for a credible process to emerge, enabling Venezuelans to determine their own future through the holding of new elections with all guarantees, including an agreed calendar, equal conditions for all actors, transparency and international observation; reiterates that it will only be possible to put an end to the institutional crisis that the country is suffering if all these conditions are met;

    6.  Recalls the request put forward by the EU to call urgently for free, transparent and credible elections, and declares that, in the absence of such an announcement, a request will be made to the VP/HR, the EU and the Member States to take a strong unified position and to recognise Juan Guaidó as interim President of the country until new elections are called;

    7.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the legitimate interim President of the Republic and National Assembly of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the governments and parliaments of the Lima Group, the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly and the Secretary-General of the Organisation of American States.


    Last updated: 31 January 2019
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