Motion for a resolution - B8-0086/2019Motion for a resolution

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the situation in Venezuela

30.1.2019 - (2019/2543(RSP))

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

João Pimenta Lopes, João Ferreira, Miguel Viegas, Marina Albiol Guzmán, Paloma López Bermejo, Neoklis Sylikiotis, Takis Hadjigeorgiou, Nikolaos Chountis, Eleonora Forenza, Maria Lidia Senra Rodríguez, Younous Omarjee on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group

Procedure : 2019/2543(RSP)
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European Parliament resolution on the situation in Venezuela


The European Parliament,

–  having regard to Chapter 1, Article 1(2) of the UN Charter of 1945, with its stated purpose ‘to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace’,

–  having regard to Article 1 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and Article 1 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, both of which state that ‘all peoples have the right of self-determination’ and that ‘by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development’,

–  having regard to the principle of non-intervention laid down in the UN Charter,

–  having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,

–  having regard to the declaration of the Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and the EU of 10 and 11 June 2015, in which the signatories reaffirmed their commitment to all the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and their support for all efforts to uphold the sovereign equality of all states and to respect their territorial integrity and political independence,

–  having regard to the Venezuelan Constitution,

–  having regard to the declaration of the Latin American Parliament, in particular, its rejection of any attempt at foreign intervention, direct or indirect, in the internal affairs of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and its calls for a constructive dialogue,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas on 20 May 2018, Venezuela held constitutional, free and democratic presidential and regional legislative council elections; whereas 16 parties participated in the elections and four candidates ran for president; whereas only three opposition parties decided to boycott these elections;

B.  whereas the presidential elections were brought forward at the request of the opposition; whereas a political and electoral agreement drawn up in the Dominican Republic and moderated by former Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero was not signed by the opposition at the very last minute;

C.  whereas the elections took place under equal, fair and transparent conditions, supervised by a balanced National Electoral Council, and offered sufficient guarantees for all participants;

D.  whereas 200 independent international observers, such as the former President of Spain, José Luis Zapatero, the former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus, Marcos Cipriani, and the former President of the French Senate, Jean-Pierre Bel, attended the Venezuelan elections by invitation of the relevant Venezuelan authorities;

E.  whereas on 20 May 2018, Nicolás Maduro won the elections with 68 % of the votes;

F.  whereas gubernatorial elections were held in October 2018 and municipal elections in December 2018, with the participation of parties from the opposition; whereas the opposition is only contesting the presidential elections, which were held under the same circumstances as the other three elections;

G.  whereas on 23 January 2019, Venezuela faced an attempted coup, with Juan Guaidó declaring himself interim President of the country; whereas this act has no constitutional or legal basis, since the premises of the constitutional articles invoked have not been met;

H.  whereas the US and the so-called Lima Group validated the coup attempt, recognising Juan Guaidó as interim President of the country, while at the same time other countries recognised Nicolás Maduro as the legitimate President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela;

I.  whereas on 24 January 2019, a US-sponsored statement urging the Organisation of American States (OAS) to recognise Juan Guaidó as interim President was rejected by 18 of its members;

J.  whereas a US proposal in support of Juan Guaidó’s coup was rejected in the UN Security Council; whereas the Security Council has instead called for an open and inclusive dialogue in the country to ease tensions;

K.  whereas more than 20 countries, including UN Security Council members, CARICOM member states, and many others, called for an open and inclusive dialogue in the country to solve its current problems;

L.  whereas the economic and social situation in Venezuela has deteriorated enormously in recent years as a consequence of increasing US and EU economic and financial sanctions, leading to hyperinflation, supply shortages, growing poverty, and scarcity of medicines and medical equipment;

M.  whereas there is an urgent need to overcome and negotiate a way out of the current situation in Venezuela;

O.  whereas this week, many countries in the region, such as Mexico and Uruguay, expressed their willingness to engage as mediators or facilitators in order to achieve a solution through inclusive national dialogue;

1.  Strongly condemns the attempted coup in Venezuela, Juan Guaidó’s self-proclamation as interim President of the country outside the constitutional framework and the strategy to legitimise a foreign intervention in Venezuela supported by US and the so-called Lima Group;

2.  Is concerned that the current situation may lead to an escalation of violence in Venezuela; underlines, in this regard, that a peaceful and political solution to the existing problems should be negotiated by the Venezuelans under the Venezuelan Constitution and without foreign interference;

3.  Calls on all political forces in the country to return to the path of dialogue and negotiations; recalls that the dialogue broken off by the opposition a year ago resulted in the text of the Agreement on Democratic Coexistence for Venezuela and stresses that this agreement could be the starting point for a renewed national dialogue;

4.  Welcomes the willingness expressed by countries in the region, such as Mexico and Uruguay, to engage as mediators or facilitators in order to achieve a solution through dialogue;

5.  Underlines that international recognition of any new government founded on self-proclamation seriously risks further deterioration of the political situation and producing spillover effects outside Venezuela, in the whole region;

6.  Demands strong condemnation of the attempted coup d’état by the Council and Member States, and respect for international law, namely the principles of the UN Charter, such as the principle of non-intervention;

7.  Condemns the increased escalation of political interference, the economic and financial blockade, the diplomatic destabilisation and the continuing threats promoted by the US, the self-designated Lima Group and the EU against Venezuela;

8.  Calls for the lifting of economic and financial sanctions against Venezuela, which have strongly contributed to the deterioration of the country’s economy, as demonstrated in the report by UN Independent Expert Alfred de Zayas;

9.  Calls on the Member States not to follow the irresponsible strategy adopted by the US President, Donald Trump, and some countries from the so-called Lima Group, which claims to legitimise foreign intervention in Venezuela rather than supporting and promoting peaceful solutions to the situation through dialogue;

10.  Welcomes the fact that the UN Security Council has rejected a US proposal to support the attempted coup in Venezuela;

11.  Deems unacceptable the statements made by EU institutions and some Member States against a sovereign and independent country, which will only contribute to the escalation of the conflict;

12.  Recalls that the President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, was elected by people’s vote on 20 May 2018;

13.  Expresses its solidarity with the Venezuelan people; recalls that ‘all peoples have the right to self-determination’ and that ‘by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development’[1]; rejects all attacks on Venezuelan democracy and sovereignty;

14.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the Mercosur Parliament, the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly, and the Latin American regional bodies, including Unasur, ALBA and CELAC.


Last updated: 31 January 2019
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