Motion for a resolution - B9-0008/2019Motion for a resolution

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the situation in Venezuela

15.7.2019 - (2019/2730(RSP))

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
pursuant to Rule 132(2) of the Rules of Procedure

Anna Fotyga, Hermann Tertsch, Karol Karski, Zdzisław Krasnodębski, Geoffrey Van Orden, Assita Kanko, Ruža Tomašić, Raffaele Fitto, Ryszard Czarnecki, Nicola Procaccini, Raffaele Stancanelli, Carlo Fidanza, Alexandr Vondra, Charlie Weimers
on behalf of the ECR Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0006/2019

Procedure : 2019/2730(RSP)
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European Parliament resolution on the situation in Venezuela


The European Parliament,

 having regard to its previous resolutions on Venezuela, in particular those of 3 May 2018 on the elections in Venezuela, of 5 July 2018 on the migration crisis and humanitarian situation in Venezuela and at its terrestrial borders with Colombia and Brazil, of 25 October 2018 on the situation in Venezuela, of 31 January 2019 on the situation in Venezuela and of 28 March 2019 on the emergency situation in Venezuela,

 having regard to the report on Venezuela by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) of 4 July 2019,

 having regard to the declarations by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) on Venezuela of 10 January 2019, 26 January 2019, 24 February 2019 and 28 March 2019,

 having regard to Rule 132(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas Venezuelans are facing a range of interrelated and worsening violations of their economic and social rights: their shrinking purchasing power has meant that they cannot meet their basic needs; misallocation of resources, corruption, lack of maintenance of public infrastructure and severe underinvestment have resulted in the collapse of public services such as healthcare, public transport, and access to electricity, water and natural gas; and the scarcity and high prices of food have made it difficult for Venezuelans to access food, therefore leading to hunger;

B. whereas from 19 to 21 June 2019, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, visited Venezuela, following which she submitted a report to the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC), which contained recommendations for the Government of Venezuela to halt and remedy its grave violations of human rights;

C. whereas the number of people who have been forced to leave Venezuela has increased dramatically since 2018 and reached over 4 million as of 6 June 2019; whereas the forced migration of Venezuelans will surpass 5 million people by the end of 2019, thus constituting the second biggest migrant and refugee crisis in the world;

D. whereas the de facto government of Venezuela has eroded the rule of law, dismantled democratic institutions and taken measures intended to neutralise, repress and criminalise political opponents and people who criticise it; whereas torture is used as a systemic tool by the regime for purposes of intimidation and dissuasion;

E. whereas nearly 7 000 people have been killed extrajudicially during security operations in Venezuela carried out by the forces of the de facto government in the past year and a half; whereas the families of those killed extrajudicially during the protests continue to be denied their rights to truth, justice and reparation;

F. whereas 22 parliamentarians, including the President of the National Assembly, have been stripped of their parliamentary immunity; whereas 2 parliamentarians are in detention and 16 have either sought protection in embassies, left the country or gone into hiding;

G. whereas the mediation dialogue launched on 16 May 2018 between de facto President Nicolás Maduro and the opposition forces, led by Juan Guaidó and mediated by Norway, failed to find a solution to the crisis; whereas on 8 July 2019 the dialogue resumed in Barbados, although the de facto government failed to comply with any requirements that would make for an improved attempt at dialogue;

H. whereas on 23 January 2019, the legitimately and democratically elected President of the National Assembly, Juan Guaidó, was sworn in as the interim President of Venezuela, in accordance with Article 233 of the Venezuelan constitution;

I. whereas official forces and paramilitary gangs have resorted to increased cruelty in their actions, as shown by the torture to death of Captain Rafael Acosta or the blinding of the 16-year-old Rupo Velandria, who was shot in the face when protesting with his mother about the lack of cooking gas;

1. Reiterates its deep concern at the severe state of emergency in Venezuela, which is seriously endangering the lives and rights of the country’s citizens;

2. Condemns the fierce repression and violence, which have left people dead and injured; expresses its solidarity with the people of Venezuela;

3. Highlights the direct responsibility of Nicolás Maduro and of the security forces in the service of his illegitimate regime for the indiscriminate use of violence to repress the process of democratic transition and the restoration of the rule of law in Venezuela;

4. Denounces the abuses perpetrated by law enforcement officers and the brutal repression carried out by the security forces; calls for the establishment of an impartial and independent national mechanism operating under a transitional government with the support of the international community to investigate the extrajudicial executions carried out during security operations, so as to ensure that those responsible are held to account and that the families of the victims are provided with redress and afforded protection against intimidation and reprisals;

5. Condemns the violations of the right to food and the right to medical care; urgently calls for the availability and accessibility of food, medicine and healthcare services to be guaranteed, with special attention to maternal and children’s services;

6. Stresses the need to cease, condemn and punish all acts of persecution and selective repression for political reasons; calls for the release of all persons arbitrarily deprived of their freedom;

7. Draws attention to the increasingly serious migratory crisis across the entire region, and praises the efforts and solidarity shown by neighbouring countries; requests that the Commission continue to cooperate with these countries, providing not only humanitarian assistance but also additional resources channelled via EU development policy;

8. Suggests that both sides agree on an interim government that can create the requisite conditions for fair elections, so that dialogue can be successfully held and free elections can take place – something which has been impossible under the Maduro government;

9. Insists that the sole aim of the dialogue must be to find a peaceful solution that terminates the dictatorship, solves the current crisis and puts an end to the suffering of the people of Venezuela;

10. Calls for the establishment of conditions leading to free, transparent and credible presidential elections, under a transitional government and based on a fixed calendar, in addition to fair conditions for all actors, transparency, and the presence of credible international observers;

11. Calls on the Council to impose additional sanctions targeting the foreign assets of illegitimate state authorities and of individuals responsible for human rights violations and repression; believes that the EU authorities must restrict the movements of these individuals, as well as those of their closest relatives, freeze their assets and suspend their visas;

12. Asks the VP/HR to lead the EU’s policy on the situation in Venezuela, in cooperation with the contact group comprised of democratic countries of the region, as represented by the Lima Group;

13. Expresses its concern with the fact that the Cuban police force and military intelligence service are the strategic element that made it possible for Maduro’s illegal regime to persist, thus constituting mass foreign, political and military interference in Venezuela;

14. Expresses its concern over Russia’s support to the regime in Venezuela and, in particular, its sending of technical and military experts and advisers; condemns this unlawful interference in Venezuelan internal affairs;

15. Fully supports the investigations by the International Criminal Court (ICC) into the extensive crimes and acts of repression perpetrated by the Venezuelan regime; urges the EU to join the initiative of ICC States Parties for opening an investigation into the crimes against humanity committed by the de facto government of Maduro, with a view to holding those responsible to account;

16. Supports the initiative for establishing a Commission of Inquiry together with the UNHRC for the determination of individual responsibilities in the systematic violations of human rights in Venezuela;

17. Urges the de facto government of Venezuela to comply swiftly with the recommendations listed in the report of the UNHCHR on the situation of human rights in Venezuela;

18. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the VP/HR, the legitimate interim president of the Republic and National Assembly of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the governments and parliaments of the Lima Group countries, the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly and the Secretary-General of the Organisation of American States.


Last updated: 16 July 2019
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