Procedure : 2019/2896(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B9-0191/2019

Texts tabled :

B9-0191/2019

Debates :

Votes :

PV 28/11/2019 - 8.6
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P9_TA(2019)0077

<Date>{25/11/2019}25.11.2019</Date>
<NoDocSe>B9‑0191/2019</NoDocSe>
PDF 148kWORD 48k

<TitreType>MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION</TitreType>

<TitreSuite>to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy</TitreSuite>

<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 132(2) of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>


<Titre>on the situation in Bolivia</Titre>

<DocRef>(2019/2896(RSP))</DocRef>


<RepeatBlock-By><Depute>Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Atidzhe Alieva‑Veli, Abir Al‑Sahlani, Petras Auštrevičius, Malik Azmani, Phil Bennion, Gilles Boyer, Jane Brophy, Sylvie Brunet, Jordi Cañas, Dita Charanzová, Olivier Chastel, Anna Júlia Donáth, Fredrick Federley, Barbara Ann Gibson, Klemen Grošelj, Christophe Grudler, Antony Hook, Ivars Ijabs, Ondřej Kovařík, Ilhan Kyuchyuk, Nathalie Loiseau, Javier Nart, Urmas Paet, Stéphane Séjourné, Michal Šimečka, Susana Solís Pérez, Ramona Strugariu, Yana Toom, Hilde Vautmans, Marie‑Pierre Vedrenne</Depute>

<Commission>{Renew}on behalf of the Renew Group</Commission>

</RepeatBlock-By>

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0187/2019

B9‑0191/2019

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Bolivia

(2019/2896(RSP))

The European Parliament,

 having regard to its previous resolutions on the situation in Bolivia,

 having regard to the statements by the Spokesperson of the Vice-President / High Representative on the electoral process and the situation in Bolivia of 22 October 2019, 24 October 2019 and 9 November 2019, and the statements by the VP/HR of 10 November and 15 November 2019,

 having regard to the statement of the OAS Electoral Observation Mission in Bolivia of 21 October 2019,

 having regard to the statement of the Group of Auditors Electoral Process in Bolivia of 10 November 2019,

 having regard to the statement attributable to the Spokesman for the UN Secretary-General on the situation in Bolivia of 10 November 2019,

 having regard to the statement by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet of 16 November 2019 on the repression and the unnecessary and disproportionate use of force that risks inflaming the situation in Bolivia,

 having regard to the constitutional referendum held in Bolivia on 21 February 2016,

 having regard to the Joint European Strategy for Bolivia 2017-2020,

 having regard to the American Convention on Human Rights, which has been signed and ratified by Bolivia,

 having regard to the latest press statements issued by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on Bolivia, in particular those of 23 October, 12 November and 19 November 2019, warning of the risk of impunity over human rights violations in Bolivia,

 having regard to the Bolivian Constitution, including its Article 4 and Titles VII and VIII,

 having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

 having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

 having regard to Rule 132(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas, after failing to win a referendum to amend the Bolivian Constitution in 2016, Evo Morales ran for a fourth term in office with the approval of the Constitutional Court, a decision that showed a clear lack of independence of the judiciary in Bolivia;

B. whereas the presidential and legislative elections that took place in Bolivia on 20 October 2019 were marked by several irregularities in favour of Evo Morales’s party; whereas citizens participated in great numbers in a peaceful and orderly manner;

C. whereas after more than 80 % of the votes had been counted by the Fast and Secure Transmission of Preliminary Results System (TREP), the Supreme Electoral Court stopped disclosing the preliminary results; whereas at this point the figures clearly indicated that there should be a second round of voting; whereas 24 hours later the Supreme Electoral Court ‘presented data with an inexplicable change in trend that drastically modified the fate of the election and generated a loss of confidence in the electoral process’, as stated by the Organization of American States (OAS);

D. whereas the Supreme Electoral Court ruled out the possibility of a second round of elections on the basis that the required percentage difference of 10 % between the top two candidates had been reached;

E. whereas this decision raised doubts among national and international observers and the international community regarding the transparency and credibility of the process, as well as suspicions of fraud; whereas the EU and the OAS, among others, expressed great concern over the unjustified interruption of the counting of votes and called for a second round to be held in order to restore trust and ensure that the democratic choice of the Bolivian people was fully respected;

F. whereas the release of the results and the proclamation of victory by Evo Morales was not recognised by the opposition which claimed there had been electoral fraud; whereas the Bolivian authorities invited the OAS to carry out a binding technical audit; whereas on 10 November the OAS audit revealed major irregularities and manipulation during the poll, called for the annulment of the election result and recommended a new electoral process that should include new electoral authorities in order to ensure the conduct of credible elections;

G. whereas senior members of the armed forces suggested that former President Evo Morales resign; whereas the armed forces and the police should refrain from influencing political processes and should be subject to civilian control;

H. whereas Evo Morales and some other members of his government resigned from office and decided to leave the country and abandon their functions; whereas several resignations have entitled second vice‑president Jeanine Áñez to assume the interim presidency, with the constitutional obligation and political responsibility to quickly call new presidential elections being the only democratic and constitutional way to resolve the current crisis;

I. whereas on 23 November 2019 Bolivian lawmakers approved a bill that establishes the time frame to elect a new Supreme Electoral Court, allows for new elections and annuls the results of the 20 October 2019 election; whereas the bill was signed by Ms Áñez on 24 November, but the timeline for the new elections remains unclear;

J. whereas Bolivia is experiencing civil unrest, massive protests and demonstrations that have already resulted in at least 32 deaths, more than 700 injured and over 600 arrests;

K. whereas the country is suffering from food and fuel shortages that are having serious consequences on the civilian population due to street blockades by pro-Morales supporters; whereas there is increasing concern over the escalation of violence, allegations of unnecessary and disproportionate use of force by the security forces and the fracturing of society;

1. Deplores and condemns the civil unrest and violence that Bolivia is undergoing following the elections, and conveys its condolences to all family members of the victims; calls on all the different political actors and those responsible in the army and the police to refrain from violence, to reduce tensions and to exercise maximum restraint; calls on former political figures both inside and outside Bolivia to stop encouraging actions that lead to shortages of goods and the escalation of violence; calls on the security forces to exercise proportionality and restraint in maintaining security and public order; calls for prompt, impartial, transparent and thorough investigations into the violence;

2. Supports the statement of 19 November 2019 by the Inter-American Human Rights Commission expressing concern regarding Decree 4078 which encourages impunity for members of the armed forces who participate in the control of public security and which contravenes the obligation of states to investigate, prosecute, judge and punish human rights violations;

3. Denounces the Bolivian authorities for their lack of transparency and credibility and for attempted electoral fraud; defends the free will of Bolivian citizens to democratically elect their President in strict adherence to the constitution and its complementary laws; expresses its full support for the findings of the OAS and the electoral audit;

4. Urges all actors to establish a dialogue that will commit to achieving a peaceful solution to the current crisis through peaceful national reconciliation and the organisation of immediate, transparent, fair and credible elections, including the setting up of a newly composed electoral body; calls on all actors to assume their democratic responsibility for this to happen;

5. Welcomes the first steps made in this regard and the approval of a bill that allows for new elections to be held in 2020; underlines the need to ensure that the process of democratic and peaceful dialogue is pursued in accordance with the Bolivian constitution; calls on all actors to abide by international law and, notably, fundamental human rights principles;

6. Reiterates the fact that respect for the independence of the judiciary, political pluralism, and freedom of assembly and expression for all Bolivians, including the peasant indigenous nations and peoples, are fundamental rights and essential pillars of democracy and the rule of law;

7. Stresses the importance of the presence of credible international observers who can operate freely and independently, and calls on the VP/HR to deploy a fully-fledged EU election observation mission; encourages the EEAS and the EU Delegation in Bolivia to also fund citizen election observation training for election day in order to strengthen democratic participation, in particular that of the young people in Bolivia who led the peaceful protests against the electoral fraud;

8. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the parliaments and governments of the Member States, the Government and Parliament of Bolivia, the Andean Parliament and the EUROLAT Assembly.

 

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