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Процедура : 2019/2982(RSP)
Етапи на разглеждане в заседание
Етапи на разглеждане на документа : B9-0263/2019

Внесени текстове :

B9-0263/2019

Разисквания :

PV 19/12/2019 - 2.3
CRE 19/12/2019 - 2.3

Гласувания :

PV 19/12/2019 - 6.3

Приети текстове :

P9_TA(2019)0108

<Date>{17/12/2019}17.12.2019</Date>
<NoDocSe>B9‑0263/2019</NoDocSe>
PDF 179kWORD 47k

<TitreType>MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION</TitreType>

<TitreSuite>with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law</TitreSuite>

<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 144 of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>


<Titre>on the Russia "Foreign Agents" Law</Titre>

<DocRef>(2019/2982(RSP))</DocRef>


<RepeatBlock-By><Depute>Antony Hook, Abir Al‑Sahlani, Petras Auštrevičius, Malik Azmani, José Ramón Bauzá Díaz, Phil Bennion, Gilles Boyer, Sylvie Brunet, Olivier Chastel, Katalin Cseh, Jérémy Decerle, Anna Júlia Donáth, Engin Eroglu, Christophe Grudler, Bernard Guetta, Ivars Ijabs, Ondřej Kovařík, Nathalie Loiseau, Radka Maxová, Karen Melchior, Jan‑Christoph Oetjen, Dragoş Pîslaru, Frédérique Ries, Monica Semedo, Susana Solís Pérez, María Soraya Rodríguez Ramos, Ramona Strugariu, Irène Tolleret, Hilde Vautmans, Marie‑Pierre Vedrenne, Chrysoula Zacharopoulou, Chrysoula Zacharopoulou</Depute>

<Commission>{Renew}on behalf of the Renew Group</Commission>

</RepeatBlock-By>

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0258/2019
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

B9‑0263/2019

European Parliament resolution on the Russia "Foreign Agents" Law

(2019/2982(RSP))

The European Parliament,

  having regard to its previous resolutions on Russia;

 

  having regard to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms;

  having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;

  having regard to the European Convention on Human Rights and the Protocols thereto;

  having regard to the Statement by the HR/VP Spokesperson on amendments to the “foreign agents” law in the Russian Federation of 23 November 2019;

  having regard to the Statement by the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media of 20 November 2019;

  having regard to Rule 144 of its Rules of Procedure;

  1. whereas the State Duma of the Russian Federation passed in November 2019, in the third and final reading, a legislative act widening the scope of the already existing law "On Amendments to Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation regarding the Regulation of the Activities of Non-profit Organisations Performing the Functions of a Foreign Agent", commonly known as "foreign agent" media law, under which not only juridical persons, but also individuals may be recognised as "foreign agents" and as a consequence be held individually liable for their publications; whereas the new provisions are bound to enter into force as from 1 February 2020;
  2. whereas continuous attempts by Russian authorities to limit the freedom of thought, expression, association and assembly, including to shrink the space for independent journalism and media, and to control Internet, comes only few months after restoring the voting rights of the Russian Federation at the Plenary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE); 
  3. whereas more than 60 prominent journalists, writers and activists urged the president in an open letter not to sign the law which provisions go against para 1 and para 4 of Russian Constitution;
  4. whereas the existing Russian legislation on labelling both NGOs and media outlets as "foreign agents" imposes additional administrative and financial burden as well as stigmatises the media or NGO concerned, thus restricting the exercise of fundamental freedoms; whereas 10 international organisations have been declared ‘undesirable’;
  5. whereas the extension of the law will allow the Russian authorities to label individuals as “foreign agents” when they publish offline or online information and receive any funding or other assets from foreign or international governmental and non-governmental sources;
  6. whereas the law would impose significant administrative burdens upon the concerned individuals and media organizations; whereas it would also tighten the punishment for non-compliance with the new regulations, including by immediate blocking of access to the online materials when information is disseminated without the notification of having originated from a “foreign agent”;
  7. whereas, among others; the Sakharov price awarded human rights organisation Memorial and its chairman Aleksander Cherkasov has been charged for not having added the reference ‘foreign agent’ on social media sites, and so far fined RUB 1 400 000 (approximately € 19 800); 
  8. whereas the amended law will compromise the ability of independent journalists and bloggers to operate in the country, further undermining the freedom of expression; whereas the law is  bound to lead to self-censorship and discourage not only from publishing, but also from sharing publications;
  9. whereas a number of human rights defending organisations and NGOs, such as Amnesty International and the Human Rights Watch, consider that the law will have a detrimental effect on the freedom of press and opinion in Russia;
  1. calls on the authorities of the Russian Federation to take urgent measures to restore the rule of law throughout the Russian Federation, and to uphold and respect the Russian Constitution, domestic Russian law and the country`s obligations under international law;
  2. calls on the Russian parliament to withdraw the proposed amendments to the “law on foreign agents”, which extend the status of a “media outlet - foreign agent” to individuals; considers this law and the excessive use of fines and liquidations of human rights and civil society organisations to be a deliberate attempt to force the targeted individuals and organisations to focus their entire resources on paying fines and judicial defence and thus to restrain the freedom of expression;
  3. expresses its concern over the risk of selective applicability of the law to target concrete individuals, particularly  independent journalists and political opposition activists, due to the lack of clear criteria; stresses that the law leaves legal uncertainties over the grounds and the consequences of its application to ordinary citizens;
  4. expresses its concerns about continuously deteriorating safety and working environment for journalists in Russia; according to the Committee to Protect Journalists, between 1992 and 2019, 58 journalists were killed and currently 7 journalists are missing and another 7 are imprisoned in connection with their reporting;
  5. expresses its concerns about decreasing impartiality of media channels in Russia, particularly of those owned by Russian state companies; the use of state owned media to launch propaganda attacks on Russian civil society activists who have different ideas than Russian authorities and to discredit their work and reputation by branding them as enemies of Russia is unjustifiable; launch of similar propaganda campaigns against European diplomats and international programmes initiated to provide Russian journalists and activists with opportunities to study abroad is considered as an attack against the Union and will have a negative impact on the bilateral relations between the Union and the Russian Federation;
  6. deplores the ongoing attacks on civil society, journalists, and the repression of voices of opposition in Russia; calls on the Russian authorities to put an end to all acts of harassment against civil society organisations, human rights defenders, pro-democracy and environmental groups and activists, journalists and all others that the Russian authorities, sometimes rather arbitrarily, identify and target as potential risks to the prevailing regime; 
  7. calls on Russian authorities to support impartiality of media channels, including of those owned by Russian state companies; also, to improve safety and working environment of journalists in Russia, including possibility to deepen and advance their professional skills by taking use of existing international programmes; 
  8. expresses its support and solidarity with the individuals, organisations and media outlets targeted by these restrictive and oppressive measures; reiterates that international media cooperation should be led in the spirit of freedom of information;
  9. regrets that the amended law enters in contradiction with the existing legal provision of art 54 of the Russian Mass Media Act N 2124-1 from 27.12.1991, whereby any citizen of the Russian Federation has the right of unhindered access to the materials and communications of the foreign mass media sources;
  10. calls on the Russian Federation to abide its commitments as a recently reinstated member of the Council of Europe and to respect the right to freedom of thought, expression,  association and assembly as enshrined in Article 9, 10 and 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and Article 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR);
  11. calls on the High Representative/Vice President to elaborate a new comprehensive EU -Russia strategy aimed at strengthening peace and stability; underlines that any dialogue should be based on firm principles, including the respect of international law and the territorial integrity of Russia’s neighbours, while at the same time strengthening people-to-people contacts with the citizens of Russia; underlines that the sanctions against Russia can be lifted only when Russia fully respects its obligations;
  12. reiterates its strong support for a European Union ‘Magnitsky Act’, which should sanction perpetrators of serious human rights violations and calls on the Council to pursue its work on this matter without delay; stresses that perpetrators of human right abuses should not be granted EU-visas nor be allowed to keep assets in EU Member States;
  13. reiterates its call on the HR/VP, and on the EEAS, to ensure that all cases of persons prosecuted for political reasons are raised in their communications with the Russian authorities and that Russian representatives are formally requested to respond in each case; asks the HR/VP and the EEAS to report back to Parliament on their exchanges with the Russian authorities;
  14. calls on Russian Federation to refrain from adoption of legislative provisions that aim not at the achievement of legal clarity, but at the achievement of political goals, whereby undermining the principle of the rule of law; underlines that broad formulation and legal contradiction with the constitution and other legal sources creates a broad margin of interpretation of what can qualify as “foreign agent” activity and by this means leaves to the discretion of law enforcement authorities the capacity to deny important fundamental rights, such as the freedom of access, creation and sharing of information;
  15. urges the HR/VP and the EEAS to ensure that the Union seeks every opportunity within the boundaries of Russian domestic law, to continue to engage with and support Russian civil society organisations and independent journalism, including those working to promote the values of democracy, human rights and the rule of law;
  16. instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Council and Commission, the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and to the President, Government and the State Duma of the Russian Federation.

 

Последно осъвременяване: 17 декември 2019 г.Правна информация - Политика за поверителност