Procedure : 2019/2993(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B9-0272/2019

Texts tabled :


Debates :

PV 18/12/2019 - 22
CRE 18/12/2019 - 22

Votes :

PV 19/12/2019 - 6.7
CRE 19/12/2019 - 6.7
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :


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<TitreSuite>to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy</TitreSuite>

<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 132(2) of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>

<Titre>on the violent crackdown on the recent protests in Iran</Titre>


<RepeatBlock-By><Depute>Kati Piri, Jytte Guteland</Depute>

<Commission>{S&D}on behalf of the S&D Group</Commission>


See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0271/2019


European Parliament resolution on the violent crackdown on the recent protests in Iran


The European Parliament,

 having regard to its previous resolutions on Iran,

 having regard to the Council conclusions on Iran of 4 February 2019,

 having regard to the declaration of 8 December 2019 by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR), Josep Borrell Fontelles, on behalf of the EU on the recent protests in Iran,

 having regard to the statement of 21 November 2019 by the Spokesperson of the European External Action Service (EEAS) on the developments in Iran,

 having regard to its resolution of 25 October 2016 on the EU strategy towards Iran after the nuclear agreement[1],

 having regard to the EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders,

 having regard to the EU Guidelines on the death penalty, the EU Guidelines on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, and the EU Human Rights Guidelines on freedom of expression online and offline,

 having regard to the report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran of 30 January 2019,

 having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 10 December 1948,

 having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966 (ICCPR), to which Iran is a party,

 having regard to Rule 132(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas tens of thousands of people in Iran have exercised their fundamental right to freedom of assembly and expressed their mounting economic and political grievances; whereas the protest may be the largest unrest in 40 years;

B. whereas the Iranian security forces, in what may have been their deadliest‑ever response to demonstrations, used disproportionate means and force against protestors, reportedly killing over 200 people and arresting up to 7 000, according to international human rights organisations such as Human Rights Watch;

C. whereas under the UN’s Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, law enforcement officers may use force only when strictly necessary and to the extent required to achieve a legitimate policing objective;

D. whereas after the protests began in Iran, the Iranian authorities instituted a five‑day shutdown of the internet nationwide, thus imposing a disproportionate limitation on freedom of expression and access to information;

E. whereas human rights defenders, journalists, lawyers and activists in Iran continue to face harassment, arbitrary arrest, detention and prosecution for their work; whereas the Iranian Ministry of Intelligence and other forces have unleashed a severe clampdown on civil society;

F. whereas 77 members of the reformist opposition, mostly members of the Islamic Iran Participation Front, issued an open statement condemning the excessive use of force in quelling the protests; whereas some of them were brought before the judiciary in Iran for ‘spreading propaganda against the Islamic Republic’, and two were arrested , namely Mohammad Kianoosh Rad and Mehdi Mahmoudian;

G. whereas Iranian courts regularly fail to provide fair trials, and use confessions obtained under torture as evidence in court;

1. Condemns the widespread and disproportionate use of force by Iran against non‑violent protestors solely expressing their legitimate demands; stresses that such actions are unacceptable, and urges the Iranian authorities to make public the total numbers of deaths and detainees, conduct transparent investigations into allegations of excessive use of force, including direct targeting of protestors by security forces, and hold all perpetrators of violence accountable;

2. Demands that the authorities inform all families of the location of their detained relatives, and ensure that detainees are informed promptly of any charges against them and have prompt access to legal counsel and family members;

3. Condemns the decision by the Iranian authorities to shut down internet access to global networks, thereby preventing communication and the free flow of information for Iranian citizens; highlights that such actions are a clear violation of freedom of speech;

4. Stresses that fundamental rights such as freedom of expression and assembly must always be respected, and calls on the Iranian authorities to live up to their international obligations, including under the ICCPR;

5. Calls for the EU, including the VP/HR, to continue raising human rights concerns with the Iranian authorities in bilateral and multilateral fora, in particular in the context of the EU-Iran high level political dialogue;

6. Calls on the EU Member States in the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) to convene a special session of the HRC in order to assess the situation in Iran, with the aim of mandating an independent inquiry into the allegations of grave human rights violations in the country since protests began, and calling on Iran to give full and unrestricted access to those conducting this inquiry, as well as to UN officials, including special procedures mandates, also to places of detention, and to monitor the trials related to the protests and their aftermath;

7. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the European External Action Service, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and the Members of the Iranian Majlis.


[1] OJ C 215, 19.6.2018, p. 86

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