Procedure : 2019/2956(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B9-0042/2020

Texts tabled :


Debates :

Votes :

PV 15/01/2020 - 10.5
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :


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<TitreSuite>to wind up the debate on the statements by the Council and the Commission</TitreSuite>

<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 132(2) of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>

<Titre>on the European Green Deal</Titre>


<RepeatBlock-By><Depute>Esther de Lange</Depute>

<Commission>{PPE}on behalf of the PPE Group</Commission>


See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0040/2020


European Parliament resolution on the European Green Deal


The European Parliament,

 having regard to the Commission communication of 11 December 2019 on ‘The European Green Deal’ (COM(2019)0640),

 having regard to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol thereto,

 having regard to the Agreement adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP21) in Paris on 12 December 2015 (the Paris Agreement),

 having regard to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs),

 having regard to the European Council conclusions of 12 December 2019,

 having regard to its resolution of 14 March 2019 on climate change – a European strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate-neutral economy in accordance with the Paris Agreement[1],

 having regard to its resolution of 28 November 2019 on the 2019 UN Climate Change Conference in Madrid, Spain (COP 25)[2],

 having regard to Rule 132(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

1. Strongly welcomes the proposal for a European Green Deal by the Commission under Commission-President Ursula Von der Leyen;

2. Underlines that the European Green Deal must be part of a new growth strategy which will benefit European citizens and companies;

3. Welcomes, in particular, the holistic approach and the involvement of all stakeholders, as well as the indispensable objective to link environmental and climate policy with competitiveness in all sectors of the economy and a policy that puts people first; underlines the importance of policy coherence between the European Green Deal and the existing policy framework; considers the Green Deal an opportunity to evaluate existing policy coherence at EU level;

4. Recalls that all sectors have to contribute to achieving a carbon neutral economy and that all policies should be evidence and science based;

5. Welcomes the use of thorough impact assessments in this regard;

6. Supports the principle of climate neutrality and reiterates the fact that according to an analysis undertaken by the Commission in November 2018, when it is done in the correct way, implementing climate neutrality can create additional jobs and growth;

7. Underlines that the global challenges of climate change and environmental degradation require a global response; stresses the need to be ambitious, but also to mobilise other regions of the world to work in the same direction;

Increasing the EU’s climate ambition for 2030 and 2050

8. Supports the target of a climate-neutral economy by 2050;

9. Stresses that the ambitions of the Green Deal need to be based on a comprehensive impact assessment by an independent regulatory scrutiny board; stresses that such an assessment must take a sector-by-sector, region-by-region approach; considers, moreover, that for the purposes of this assessment, the Commission should also be obliged to deliver mandatory return-on-investment assessments and should take into consideration the potential impact on energy prices for the different regions and sectors when proposing new legislation or revising the existing legal framework within the policy fields of industry, energy and research;

10. Supports an EU target of at least a 50 % greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction by 2030 compared to 1990, as proposed by the President of the Commission; notes that this target will be based on a solid impact assessment with the option of moving to a higher target if a number of conditions are fulfilled, including within the framework of international negotiations and following an evaluation of their economic consequences, and bearing in mind the need to maintain economic competitiveness and include all people; acknowledges that the 50 % target is already very ambitious as, even assuming a strict implementation of existing law and the full cooperation of the UK in EU climate policy, we will only be able to achieve 45 %;

11. Underlines the importance of safeguarding the competiveness of our industry so that the existing measures to prevent carbon leakage can only be replaced if a WTO-compatible system of border adjustment can be fully implemented without major distortion in other areas; believes that the EU’s climate policy and industrial policy must go hand in hand in order to prevent carbon and investment leakage and protect jobs; considers that measures may need to be taken in order to ensure a level playing field; declares its willingness, in such a scenario, to evaluate the introduction of a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism which is WTO-compliant and can complement existing measures to prevent carbon leakage, based on an in-depth impact assessment; stresses that such a mechanism must be embedded within our industry strategy so as to incentivise industry to produce clean and competitive products and prevent carbon leakage without jeopardising trade opportunities;

Supplying clean, affordable and secure energy

12. Stresses that in order to achieve the Paris Agreement objectives, concrete implementing measures and enforcement are needed at national and EU level; considers that revising the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) and the Directive on the Promotion of Renewable Energy Resources (RES) before they are implemented should ensure certainty of legal investment;

13. Supports the Commission in its aim of increasing the supply of clean, affordable and secure energy; underlines the importance of cross-border interconnections for a fully integrated energy market and takes the view that Europe’s energy infrastructure must develop in the same direction and at the same pace in order to fully support this energy transition; considers it important to strengthen the use of natural gas as a transition energy source and the introduction of hydrogen for transport and industry in order to cope with a greater electrification of the economy; underlines the need to pursue a strategic approach towards EU energy clusters with the aim of utilising the most effective investments in solar power, wind power and other sustainable sources of energy;

14. Stresses the need to guarantee the right balance in order to secure an energy union that is not only cleaner, but also affordable and safer for European consumers, citizens and businesses; considers that adequate EU funding is necessary in order to keep energy bills affordable for consumers;

15. Underlines the high potential for CO2 reduction in the building sector and welcomes the Commission’s proposals in this regard, in particular its proposal to reduce national regulatory obstacles to renovation; encourages the promotion of timber construction and ecological building materials in public buildings;

16. Supports the idea of market-based measures in the building sector, based on a proper impact assessment; considers it of paramount importance to take proper account of the competitive impact of all measures on European enterprises and to counteract the relocation of activities to other countries in response to differing environmental standards;

17. Underlines that pursuant to the principle of subsidiarity enshrined in the Treaty on European Union (TEU), decisions on the national energy mix are a matter for the Member States; acknowledges the role that nuclear energy can play as a low-carbon technology in the national energy mix, provided that sufficient provisions are made for the highest safety standards and decommissioning, and that cross-border issues are taken into account;

Mobilising industry for a clean and circular economy

18. Fully supports the chapter on industry and the Commission’s commitment to submit an industry strategy as soon as March 2020; agrees with the Commission that energy-intensive industries such as steel, chemicals and cement are indispensable to Europe’s economy, while the modernisation and decarbonisation of these industries is crucial;

19. Believes that the Commission’s approach to the Green Deal must be brought into line with a coherent industrial policy in order to boost Europe’s competitiveness and global leadership; considers that the European Union needs a process of reindustrialisation, modernisation of its industrial base, strengthening of the internal market and the creation of a competitive framework for industry, including an effective strategy for SMEs, in order to support the measures set out in the Green Deal;

20. Underlines the need to review and revise EU public procurement rules in order to ensure a truly level playing field for EU companies, especially those producing sustainable products or services such as in the field of public transport, which may face unfair competition from companies from third countries that receive state aid or enjoy other advantages that undermine a level playing field, or which may not have equal access to public procurement in third countries;

21. Believes it is necessary to create the appropriate EU framework to foster green business models and address the specific problems and challenges faced by industry in support of the decarbonisation of the economy, such as electricity and gas prices, available technologies (cogeneration, gas, hydrogen, carbon capture and storage (CCS) and utilisation (CCU)) and industrial processes for CO2 emissions;

22. Welcomes the EU Action Plan for the Circular Economy and asks the Commission to put forward a comprehensive framework to encourage industry in this regard;

23. Believes that in order to be successful, a clean and circular economy requires an integral industrial policy, including for SMEs; stresses the need to create value for citizens, the environment and the economy; underlines that the strategy would need to include the digital and the environmental transformation and strengthen the competitiveness of European companies; considers that improving and maintaining the skills of EU workers will be a competitive advantage for EU industry;

24. Supports a strong statement to promote breakthrough technologies, including clean steal, and expects significant funding for these technologies; supports the strong link with digital technologies; stresses that the promotion of technologies and funding must be closely linked to the new strategy for SMEs and the legislative initiatives outlined herein in order to ensure rapid access to the market;

Accelerating the shift to sustainable and smart mobility

25. Acknowledges that the transport sector is key for our economy and that emissions reductions in transport pose a challenge; stresses the need to ensure that all modes of transport are accorded equal importance;

26. Considers that shipping must contribute to the green transition and that the EU should help it to move away from the use of heavy fuel oil; emphasises, in addition, that the EU should intensify its work towards an international agreement on shipping and push for a higher level of ambition, and evaluate the inclusion of intra-EU shipping in its Emissions Trading System;

27. Encourages the Commission to strengthen and deploy earlier the provisions of the Carbon Offsetting Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) and to support the adoption of a long-term goal to reduce the emissions of the aviation sector;

28. Supports the idea of market-based measures in the transport sector, based on a proper impact assessment; considers it of paramount importance to take proper account of the competitive impact of all measures on European enterprises, to maintain the affordability of mobility and to counteract the relocation of activities to other countries in response to differing environmental standards;

29. Encourages the decarbonisation of transport infrastructure and mobility systems, by making use of new technologies and digitalisation; calls on the Commission to look at emerging new technologies and services such as multi-modal, electric, autonomous, low-altitude aerial and on-demand mobility as a cornerstone for GHG mitigation and calls for the use of digitalisation and fully autonomous vehicles to be incentivised, as these will contribute to a drastic reduction in GHGs and CO2 as well as fatalities and injuries;

30. Recognises that multimodal transport needs to be improved, especially multimodal freight operations that involve rail and waterborne transport including short-sea shipping; calls for legislative action in order to unlock the potential of longer distance rail freight and calls on the Commission to strengthen the Rail Freight Corridors and improve coordination, accountability and flexibility for capacity in close connection with the development of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T);

31. Stresses that the Single European Railway Area is a prerequisite for the modal shift; urges the Commission to devise a strategy by the end of 2020, followed by concrete legislative proposals by the end of 2021, to put a stop to all forms of protectionism and the fragmentation of the internal market, which are hampering the EU’s competitiveness;

32. Urges the Commission to develop a coordinated EU framework of rules for inland waterways; asks the Commission to actively support intermodality involving inland waterways, especially the cross-border networking of national waterway systems, which must be improved;

33. Emphasises that despite good European initiatives such as Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), Single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR), the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS), SafeSeaNet and the River Information Services (RIS), the new EU transport strategy must tackle the challenges of fragmented deployment, especially as regards Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) and SESAR, which is hampering interoperability;

34. Reiterates that the Single European Sky (SES) alone is capable of reducing aviation emissions by at least 10 % with no major costs; calls, therefore, for a clear regulatory roadmap for aviation that is based on technological solutions, takes into account infrastructure and requirements for alternative fuels, and aims to achieve efficient operations; asks for continued and increased EU funding for SES, the Clean Sky programme, SESAR and the EU’s satellite navigation systems;

35. Calls on the Commission to come forward with a strategy by the end of 2020 in order to complete the TEN-T core network including the necessary digital equipment such as ERTMS and 5G by 2030, to be followed by legislative proposals which ensure that the strategy and the commitments made by the Member States are duly implemented;

36. Calls on the Member States to commit to proper funding and step up the pace for the deployment of innovative strategies, charging infrastructure and alternative fuels, while cooperating on technical issues to achieve a seamless system; asks the Commission to envisage how technical measures could be rolled out in order to produce large quantities of alternative fuels beyond 2030 and distribute alternative fuels across all new infrastructure projects;

37. Asks the Commission to address the current technological and financial shortcomings of synthetic fuels by presenting options to incentivise their production and market access, as well as additional means for research; stresses the importance of exploring options for a minimum percentage share of synthetic fuels which could rise over time;

38. Urges the Commission to review the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive and the TEN-T Regulation with a view to accelerating the deployment of zero- and low-emission vehicles and vessels;

From farm to fork: designing a fair, healthy and environmentally friendly food system

39. Welcomes the announcement of the Farm to Fork Strategy in 2020 and strongly insists that farmers and fishermen need to be included in the drafting of any potential measures; highlights that farmers in the EU will play a key role in tackling the challenges of the European Green Deal; emphasises, in this regard, the importance of new economic support and a well-funded Common Agricultural Policy (CAP);

40. Stresses that our farmers must be given the essential budget and all the necessary tools in order to fight and adapt to climate change, notably to better respond to volatility and crises; emphasises, moreover, that they must be allowed to organise themselves and invest in the transition to more sustainable agricultural systems based on double performance, which will both have a positive impact on the environment and increase the competitiveness of EU agriculture;

41. Points out that the Farm to Fork Strategy must address the issue of consumer responsibility and the fact that public demand for more sustainable food systems is not matched by the capacity of the food supply chain to deliver sustainable prices and incomes to farmers;

42. Highlights, furthermore, that the Farm to Fork Strategy must address how EU competition law impacts on the sustainability of the food supply chain, as evidenced by the pressure on producers, and how it fails to recognise the important contribution made by primary producers in supplying high-quality food and delivering public goods to society, for which society is not, at present, sufficiently rewarded;

43. Stresses the importance of encouraging the development and use of new innovative technologies to help farmers respond to climatic and environmental challenges and calls on the Commission to provide clarity on the EU legislative framework on new breeding techniques so as to ensure legal certainty for farmers and seed growers and ensure that new breeding techniques will be able to contribute to the goals of the Green Deal;

44. Insists that pesticide reduction targets should be subject to appropriate impact assessments;

45. Underlines that food and feed imported into the EU should be subject to EU environmental standards; supports the commitment to reduce food waste and fight food fraud and stresses the importance of setting up a legal framework for imported food products to ensure they comply with EU environmental standards;

46. Believes that we must encourage transparency for consumers through objective, non-discriminatory and non-misleading labelling in a sustainable, economically efficient way and in order to boost cross-border trade in the internal market, notably by developing new tools like block chains and introducing a pan-European approach, including country of origin labelling of certain foods, without fragmenting the internal market or hampering cross-border cooperation among producers;

47. Strongly supports the idea of encouraging the production and consumption of European agricultural produce that contributes to a healthy lifestyle, such as by urging Member States to make use of more targeted VAT rates for fruit and vegetables, amongst other products; is concerned about the serious flaws in the food supply chain, which is failing to reward farmers for providing high-quality food and public goods to society, with food commonly used as a loss-leader by retail;

Preserving and restoring ecosystems and biodiversity

48. Recalls the cross-cutting importance of the forest sector and sustainable forest management in providing sustainable solutions to the challenges of our time; stresses that sustainable and active forest management plays a key role in reaching the objectives and targets of EU climate and energy policy and should therefore be one of the key objectives of the EU Forest Strategy in the European Green Deal; points out that the forest sector permanently absorbs 10 % of the EU’s CO2 emissions already and thus constitutes an enormous carbon sink;

49. Strongly supports the Commission’s acknowledgement that forests are crucial for climate mitigation in Europe and that incentives for sustainable forest management will be part of the Green Deal; insists that the disproportionate cuts to the second pillar of the CAP are unacceptable and will not help to ensure such support; insists on the need to consider other financial recourses to support sustainable forest management and the greening of cities;

50. Highlights the multifaceted role of forests and how their economic, social and environmental dimensions contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation and the development of the bioeconomy, thereby promoting economic growth and creating jobs throughout the whole value chain; stresses, therefore, that the EU Forest Strategy post-2020 should be an integral and fundamental part of the European Green Deal in order to ensure coordination and synergies amongst the various forest-related policies; recalls, in this context, that the objectives of the new EU Forest Strategy should also include effective afforestation and forest preservation and restoration in Europe with a view to increasing the absorption of CO2 and reducing the incidence and extent of forest fires, as underlined in the Commission communication;

51. Recalls that the benefits of forests and forest-based sectors go far beyond biodiversity and climate change mitigation; points out that forests and the forest sector contribute to local and national economies and the EU economy as a whole, to rural development and to recreation; stresses, therefore, that the EU Forest Strategy should not become subordinate to the Biodiversity Strategy, but should be a holistic, strong and independent strategy;

52. Recalls that the world’s soils hold around twice the amount of carbon that is found in the atmosphere; acknowledges the potential for carbon sequestration in grassland soils, provided that regional circumstances are taken into account; supports the enhancement of grasslands for carbon sequestration through grazing management, the sowing of favourable forage species, fertiliser application and irrigation, and the restoration of degraded grasslands and grassland biodiversity;

53. Stresses the need to preserve biodiversity and welcomes the Commission’s commitment to present a Biodiversity Strategy by March 2020; calls for improvements to conservation funding for the Natura 2000 network in order to better adapt to the effects of climate change, while protecting and conserving family farms; deems it important to give the Member States greater flexibility in reaching their biodiversity goals, including the possibility to adapt their efforts in this regard in line with the best practices and experiences in other Member States;

54. Welcomes the launch of the ‘Natur’Africa’ biodiversity initiative; recalls the recent findings on the deteriorating situation of the world’s forests and points out their systemic importance with regard to climate, biodiversity and their role as a homeland to indigenous people; calls on the Commission to establish mandatory rules for sustainable supply chains and to promote sustainable land use, afforestation, certification systems and alternative sources of income for local communities;

55. Demands the establishment of systematic and standardised monitoring for wild species;

A zero pollution ambition for a toxic-free environment

56. Supports the introduction of further legislation to ensure better air quality, but insists that it should embrace a broader approach by addressing, for instance, the sources of pollution in shipping, and should not only focus on symbolic measures such as bans for diesel cars in cities;

57. Supports the ‘one substance – one assessment’ principle and reiterates that any bans of chemicals should only be introduced if there are practical alternatives available and administrative burdens, especially for SMEs, are reduced;

58. Calls on the Commission to make the assessment of the chronic toxicity of chemicals a legal requirement;

Financing the European Green Deal and ensuring a just transition

59. Highlights that the European Green Deal, as the EU’s new growth strategy, will need to be jointly underpinned by the EU budget, financing from the EIB and other financial institutions as well as national budgets, and should be provided with the necessary means in order to achieve its objectives; points, therefore, to the additional financial contribution required to cover the significant investments that are needed in this area;

60. Stresses the instrumental role of the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework (MFF) for delivering the European Green Deal, which should include significant climate mainstreaming in MFF policies and programmes for the next period; considers that the European Green Deal further substantiates Parliament’s position on the level of funding for the next MFF, as underscored in the adoption of the MFF interim report and subsequent resolutions; strongly opposes any attempts to reduce the level of funding of the next MFF, which would also jeopardise the implementation, credibility and inclusiveness of the European Green Deal; underlines its long-standing position that new initiatives should always be financed through fresh appropriations and should not be to the detriment of other policies; considers, therefore, that the financing of any new legislative proposals deriving from the European Green Deal should be calculated in addition to the Commission’s previous proposals for the next MFF; reiterates its support for the Commission proposals for the establishment of new own resources, which correspond to essential EU objectives including the fight against climate change and the protection of the environment;

61. Welcomes the principle of a EUR 100-billion Just Transition Mechanism and requests that sufficient financial resources be allocated to this relevant project; is convinced that robust financing of this instrument will be a key element for building consensus on the next MFF and for the successful implementation of the European Green Deal; deems it important to ensure an appropriate monitoring framework in order to follow up on how Member States make use of this mechanism;

62. Emphasises that the Just Transition Mechanism must be much more than a fund, by taking into account the needs of companies, SMEs, regions and people; believes that a credible and robust Just Transition Fund, based on the preparatory work done by the EU Platform for Coal Regions in Transition, has to support the clean energy transition, especially in all coal- and carbon-intensive regions; believes that this fund should be dedicated primarily to all coal- and carbon-intensive regions in transition, including peat-firing regions; considers that the pace of transition in each of these coal regions and project maturity should be key factors for approval; stresses that this fund will require additional budgetary resources, through fresh appropriations, and a separate budget line in the next MFF, should not reduce or replace other EU funding programmes, and must be given priority if new budgetary funding possibilities arise;

63. Supports the aim of including environmental considerations in national budgets; strongly insists that the Stability and Growth Pact must not be weakened, as we must not pass on unsustainable environmental or financial debt to future generations;

64. Stresses that the Green Deal should be fully accounted for in the next MFF; insists on the need to substantially increase climate-related development funding over the next budgetary period, with a particular focus on food security, smart and sustainable agriculture, sustainable energy, forestry and biodiversity, water and sanitation;

65. Highlights that a substantial amount of the financing required by the Green Deal will have to come from Member States’ budgets; stresses that this financing cannot be considered a one-off measure under EU fiscal rules; expresses concern that unless there is a sustainable fiscal policy and Member States’ finances are credible, a future financing model for the Green Deal could be in jeopardy; demands, therefore, that public ‘green investment’ must be dealt with under the Stability and Growth Pact just like any other item of public spending; stresses that whatever financing model is chosen must not undermine the sustainability of public finances in the EU and must preserve the EIB’s existing triple-A credit rating; underlines, however, that sustainable investments under the Green Deal should be truly additional and not lead to market financing being crowded out; stresses, moreover, that the EIB’s funding should be primarily aimed at SMEs and mid-caps in order to incentivise a transition of production processes towards a greener economy;

66. Believes that the advancement of the Green Deal will require a large pool of viable projects over the coming decades in order to deliver on its ambition; considers, therefore, that appropriate incentives must be designed, within a comprehensive EU framework, to support private sector initiatives; considers that aggregation of such projects, including cross-border and regional projects, must be part of the answer; deems it necessary to offer a comprehensive advisory service, like the European Investment Hub within the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI), in order to help the private sector successfully adjust to regulatory requirements;

67. Considers it of the utmost importance that any financial or non-financial incentives set out under the Green Deal must not be undermined by overburdening applicants with additional administrative procedures; stresses, on the contrary, that simplified, rapid accessibility must be the main principle behind implementing the Green Deal; considers that capital requirements must be risk-based and designed primarily to preserve the stability of the banking sector; therefore opposes the introduction of any green supporting factor;

68. Calls, in particular, for the EU to step up its climate funding to developing countries, notably least developed countries, small island developing states (SIDS) and fragile countries, and to prioritise investment in resilience-building, innovation, adaptation and low-carbon technologies, and climate-friendly infrastructure; believes that more efforts are needed in terms of knowledge-sharing, capacity-building and technology transfer to developing countries;

69. Recalls that development assistance is indispensable but not sufficient to help partner countries reach their climate targets and support their transition to a more sustainable economic model; highlights the need to develop innovative financing methods and to maximise the role of private companies, financial institutions and development banks in climate action and the implementation of the SDGs, notably through the creation of adequate incentives and the promotion of public-private partnerships;

Mobilising research and fostering innovation

70. Stresses that development and innovation in research and technology are crucial for the clean transition of society; considers that in today’s changing world, Europe’s industry, including SMEs, must adjust and adapt to stay ahead of the curve; stresses the need to foster investment in research and innovation;

71. Strongly endorses the clear commitment to research and innovation in the Green Deal; recalls the importance of ensuring an ambitious budget for Horizon Europe and asks the Council and the Commission to agree to Parliament’s position on the proposed funding for the programme; stresses that other EU funds should earmark a greater budget share for research and innovation in the field of clean technologies;

72. Underlines that the Commission’s current proposal focuses mainly on the reduction of CO2 emissions; asks the Commission to support the research, including frontier research, and uptake of innovative technologies in relation to the development of CO2 absorption capacities and the development of innovative negative emissions technologies, including the latest scientific developments in the field of climate-resilient agriculture;

73. Stresses the importance of enabling digital technologies such as artificial intelligence, 5G and supercomputing in order to better design climate and environment policies; believes that proper investment in digital research and innovation will be instrumental for increasing the global competitiveness of Europe’s industries while helping to achieve the climate goals; expects the Green Deal to set out a comprehensive and ambitious technology- and science-based strategy for achieving a carbon-neutral Europe by 2050 at the latest;

74. Takes the view that the Green Deal is also an opportunity to establish links between the different sectors involved, which should have symbiotic benefits; believes, in this connection, that the bioeconomy gives us the chance to create such symbiotic benefits across different sectors and complement the circular economy; stresses the need to invest in research and innovation in order to find new ways to make our economy more sustainable and efficient with the agricultural sector part of the solution;

‘Do no harm’ – mainstreaming sustainability in all EU policies

75. Welcomes the idea of cutting the red tape that is hindering investment in environmentally friendly technologies and asks experts from all fields to contribute to the ‘one in – one out’ principle in this respect;

The EU as a global leader

76. Strongly welcomes the chapter entitled ‘the EU as a global leader’, as it is essential that the EU must show leadership in so far as it accounts for 9 % of the world’s emissions and 6.8 % of its population; stresses, however, that dangerous trigger points can only be avoided if other economies pursue an ambitious climate policy and increase their nationally determined contributions (NDCs);

77. Underlines the need for an additional external supply of renewable energy sources and for energy policy to become a central aspect of the EU’s foreign and neighbourhood policy;

78. Calls for the appointment of an EU ambassador for the fight against climate change who would be entrusted, on behalf of the EU, with engaging with third countries and major global economies, to mobilise their support to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050, and even lead the way for more ambitious goals; considers, in this context, that the European Parliament should lead by example and become a climate-neutral institution by 2050;

79. Calls on the Commission and the Council to prepare the EU-China summit with a view to reaching agreement between the two parties on shared, concerted endeavours;

80. Welcomes the commitment to use trade policy to facilitate the implementation of the Paris Agreement and other important environmental targets; stresses that climate, trade and industrial policies should go hand in hand; underlines that in order to create a global level playing field, any measures should always be WTO-compliant, based on a thorough impact assessment, embedded in an industrial strategy and not jeopardise trade opportunities;

81. Recalls that climate change undermines progress in development and poverty reduction and may force millions of people into extreme poverty by 2030; insists, therefore, that the Green Deal and the implementation of the 2030 Agenda should be closely interrelated; affirms that big CO2 emitters, including the EU, have a moral duty to help developing countries to adapt to climate change and to prevent climate change-induced, involuntary migration;

82. Points out that protecting the climate and the environment is a global task with differentiated responsibilities; underlines that international carbon markets can help to reduce costs and serve to boost the ambition of other major economies; underlines the utmost importance, therefore, of establishing a binding framework for clean development mechanisms under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, which should include the necessary safeguards to prevent double counting and ensure that projects are of high quality;

83. Considers that the EU’s cooperation with developing countries should integrate climate strategies as an essential part, in a tailor-made and needs-based approach, should ensure the involvement of local and regional stakeholders, including governments, the private sector and civil society, and should align with partner countries’ national plans and climate strategies;

84. Welcomes the emphasis on climate diplomacy and insists that in order to bring about results, the EU must speak with one voice, ensure consistency and coherence across all of its policies and the policy cycle in general, in accordance with the principle of policy coherence for sustainable development, and should use all of its relevant external instruments as leverage for collective progress; stresses, in addition, that all of the EU’s external activities should undergo ‘green screening’;

85. Stresses that the Comprehensive Strategy for Africa and the future ACP-EU partnership agreement provide unique opportunities to realise the external aspects of the Green Deal, review the EU’s partnership with developing countries in terms of climate and environment, and align the EU’s policies with its most recent international commitments;

86. Reiterates the importance of reconciling sustainable development with long-term growth and considers that any partnership with developing countries should take due account of the social and economic impact of climate action, notably in terms of job creation and with particular attention to the needs of SMEs;

87. Stresses that the EU should take steps tailored to the needs of the local population in order to maintain the economic growth of developing countries;

88. Stresses the need to limit the EU’s exports of waste resources, to enhance the circular economy worldwide, and to introduce a global ban on single-use plastics;


° °

89. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, and the governments and parliaments of the Member States.


[1] Texts adopted, P8_TA(2019)0217.

[2] Texts adopted, P9_TA(2019)0079.

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