Motion for a resolution - B9-0048/2020Motion for a resolution

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the situation in Venezuela after the attempt of the illegal election of the new National Assembly Presidency and Bureau (parliamentary coup)

13.1.2020 - (2020/2507(RSP))

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
pursuant to Rule 132(2) of the Rules of Procedure

Esteban González Pons, Antonio Tajani, Michael Gahler, Dolors Montserrat, Sandra Kalniete, David McAllister, Željana Zovko, Leopoldo López Gil, Antonio López‑Istúriz White, Pilar del Castillo Vera, Javier Zarzalejos, Francisco José Millán Mon, Juan Ignacio Zoido Álvarez, Nuno Melo, Paulo Rangel, Isabel Wiseler‑Lima, Ivan Štefanec, Vladimír Bilčík, Stelios Kympouropoulos, Esther de Lange, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar
on behalf of the PPE Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0048/2020

Procedure : 2020/2507(RSP)
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European Parliament resolution on the situation in Venezuela after the attempt of the illegal election of the new National Assembly Presidency and Bureau (parliamentary coup)


The European Parliament,

 having regard to its previous resolutions on Venezuela, in particular that of 31 January 2019[1] recognising Juan Guaidó as the interim president of Venezuela,

 having regard to the statement of 5 January 2020 by the spokesperson for the Vice‑President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) on the events in the National Assembly in Venezuela,

 having regard to the declaration of 9 January 2020 by the VP/HR on the latest developments on the National Assembly,

 having regard to the statement of 5 January 2020 of the Secretariat General of the Organisation of American States on the situation in Venezuela,

 having regard to statement of 9 January 2020 by the International Contact Group on Venezuela,

 having regard to the Venezuelan constitution,

 having regard to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court,

 having regard to Rule 132(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas under the Venezuelan constitution, every year on 5 January parliamentarians elect their president and bureau for a one-year term;

B. whereas the events surrounding the scheduled election of the President of the National Assembly in Venezuela on 5 January 2020 involved an attempt by the illegal Maduro regime to stage a parliamentary coup and were marked by serious irregularities and acts against the democratic and constitutional functioning of the National Assembly;

C. whereas the President of the Assembly, Juan Guaidó, was violently blocked by security forces from presiding over the session, many parliamentarians were prevented from entering the National Assembly and local and international press were prevented from accessing the building;

D. whereas attempts to appoint a new pro-Maduro Bureau were null and void, as the session was never formally opened, there was no chair of the meeting, no quorum count took place and no formal roll call vote was verified, as required by Articles 7, 8 and 11 of the rules of procedure of the National Assembly and Article 221 of the Venezuelan Constitution;

E. whereas hours later, owing to the forced circumstances, an overwhelming majority of parliamentarians held an extraordinary meeting at the headquarters of the newspaper El Nacional, in accordance with the Venezuelan Constitution and the rules of procedure of the National Assembly, which allow for sessions to be held outside of the legislative premises; whereas 100 of the 167 parliamentarians, fulfilling the requirements governing the quorum condition and roll call vote of Article 221 of the Venezuelan Constitution, voted to re-elect Juan Guaidó and his Bureau as the leaders for the final year of the 2015-2020 term;

F. whereas a formal sitting of the National Assembly on 7 January 2020 concluded with Juan Guaidó’s swearing-in as president, despite attempts by forces from the Maduro regime to prevent the session from taking place, including by obstructing the entrance to the building and cutting off electricity inside;

G. whereas the ongoing actions against the elected members of the National Assembly, including torture, harassment, forced disappearances, intimidation and arbitrary arrests, are hampering the constitutional work of the National Assembly;

H. whereas the political, economic, institutional, social and multidimensional humanitarian crisis has significantly worsened; whereas increased shortages of medicines and food, massive human rights violations, hyperinflation, political oppression, corruption and violence are endangering people’s lives and forcing them to flee the country;

1. Reiterates its acknowledgement that, as a result of the transparent and democratic vote of the National Assembly, Juan Guaidó is the legitimate President of the National Assembly and the legitimate interim President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in accordance with Article 223 of the Venezuelan Constitution;

2. Strongly condemns the attempted parliamentary coup by the Maduro regime and its allies, and their efforts to prevent the National Assembly – the only legitimate democratic body of Venezuela – from properly carrying out the constitutional mandate extended to it by the Venezuelan people;

3. Reiterates its full support for the National Assembly, which is the only legitimately elected democratic body of Venezuela and whose powers need to be respected, including the prerogatives and safety of its members; insists that a peaceful and political solution can only be reached by fully respecting the National Assembly’s constitutional prerogatives;

4. Recalls that respecting democratic institutions and principles and upholding the rule of law are essential conditions for finding a solution to the crisis in Venezuela for the benefit of its people;

5. Calls for the transition to democracy by means of the road map, consisting of the cessation of usurpation, the transitional government and the creation of conditions leading to free, transparent and credible presidential elections based on a fixed calendar, fair conditions for all actors, transparency and the presence of credible international observers;

6. Calls for those Member States that have not yet done so to recognise the legitimate mandate of President Guaidó, and welcomes the High Representative’s acknowledgment of him as the only democratic authority recognised by the EU;

7. Requests the dispatching of a fact‑finding mission to the country in order to assess the situation;

8. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the legitimate interim President of the Republic and National Assembly of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the governments and parliaments of the Lima Group countries, the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly and the Secretary-General of the Organisation of American States.


Last updated: 14 January 2020
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